Justification / Sanctification
Beloved of the Lord;
Remember: “Because it is written, Be ye-γένεσθε (genesthe)-to become) holy; for I am holy.” (1 Peter 1:16)
Be ye-γένεσθε: Verb, Second Aorist, Middle Deponent, Imperative, 2nd Person, Plural: ["be-ye-becoming!"]
(AV/KJV) Bible Verses
24"But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead;25 Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification."
delivered-παραδίδωμι (paradidōmi)-to give over to or alongside of): Christ was delivered into the hands of men, and into the hands of justice, and unto death; and he was delivered by men, by Judas, to the chief priests, and by them to Pilate, and by Pilate to the Jews and Roman soldiers to be put to death; and he was also delivered up by his Father into the hands of justice and death, according to his determinate counsel and foreknowledge; but not without his own free consent, who voluntarily laid down his life, and gave himself a ransom for his people.
*** example of Greek word: παραδίδωμι (paradidōmi) click: Matthew 5:25
offences-παράπτωμα (paraptōma)-a falling aside or away): he was delivered to death, not for any offences of his own, for he committed none; nor for the offences of angels, for these were not spared; nor for the offences, of all men, since all will not be saved; but for the offences of all God's believers: he was delivered for them, as the causes of his death, and as the end for which he died; namely, to make reconciliation, atonement, and satisfaction for them.
*** example of Greek word: παράπτωμα (paraptōma) click: Romans 5:18
justification-δικαίωσις (dikaiōsis)-a setting right, the act of God declaring men free from guilt and acceptable to him, aquittal (for Christ's sake): On account of our justification. In order that we may be justified. The word "justification" here seems to be used in a large sense, to denote acceptance with God; including not merely the formal act by which God pardons sins, and by which we become reconciled to him, but also the completion of the work - the treatment of us as righteous, and raising us up to a state of glory. By the death of Christ an atonement is made for sin. If it be asked how his resurrection contributes to our acceptance with God, we may answer, (1) It rendered his work complete. (2) his resurrection was a proof that his work was accepted by the Father. (3) his resurrection is the main-spring of all our hopes, and of all our efforts to be saved.
*** example of Greek word: δικαίωσις (dikaiōsis) click: Romans 5:18
23"For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; 24 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:25 Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation, through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins, that are past, through the forbearance of God;"
freely-δωρεάν (dōrean)-freely, gratis, undeservedly) by his grace- χάρις (charis)-good will, loving-kindness, favour): Justifying faith respects Christ as a Saviour; trusting in him, accepting him, and cleaving to him: in all these; Jews and Gentiles are alike welcome to God through Christ. There is no difference, his righteousness is upon all that believe; not only offered to them, but put upon them as a crown, as a robe. It is free grace, mere mercy; there is nothing in us to deserve such favours. It comes freely unto us, but Christ bought it, and paid the price.
8"But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.9 Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him."
justified-δικαιόω (dikaioō)-to make or declare right, to render righteous or such he ought to be): The blood of Christ intends his death, as appears from the context, and shows it to be a violent death; death by the effusion of blood. There is an emphasis upon it, "his blood"; not the blood of bulls and goats, nor of a mere innocent creature, but of Christ the Son of God; which is therefore efficacious to all the purposes for which it was shed, and particularly justification.
saved-σῴζω (sōzō)- to make or keep sound or safe)
*** example of Greek word: σῴζω (sōzō) click: Matthew 10:22
wrath-ὀργή (orgē)-anger, wrath, indignation): not from chastening and correcting due to corruption in their own hearts, which at times breaks forth; nor as appearing among the people of God one towards another, which is sometimes very bitter; or as in their avowed enemies, the effects of which they often feel; nor from the wrath of devils, which is as the roaring of a lion; but from the wrath of God, from a sense and apprehension of it in their own consciences, which the Law works; from which justification by the blood of Christ frees them; though under first awakenings they feel it, and sometimes, under afflictive dispensations of Providence, are ready to fear it: and also from the infliction of vindictive wrath or punishment for sin; for though they are as deserving of it as others, yet as they are not appointed to it, so they are entirely delivered from it, through Christ's sustaining it in their room and stead: wherefore they are secure from it both in this life, and in the world to come.
*** example of Greek word: ὀργή (orgē) click: Matthew 3:7
29"For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.30 Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.31 What shall we then say to these things? If God be for us, who can be against us?"
predestinate-προορίζω (proorizō)-to predetermine, decide beforehand, to foreordain): Not to sufferings, which are not expressed nor designed, but to grace and glory after mentioned. This predestination is of particular persons, who, in consequence of it, are called, justified, and glorified; it is the effect of divine grace, and entirely owing to it; it is the source of all the other blessings of grace, and is therefore placed at the head of them, and secures them all
called-καλέω (kaleō)- to call, i.e. to name, by name): many may be called to afflictions, and endure them, who are neither justified nor glorified; besides, the people of God, though they meet with many afflictions, between their call to eternal glory, and their enjoyment of it, yet they are not so much called to afflictions, as to patience under them: their call is of grace, by special grace, to peculiar blessings of grace, and to a kingdom and glory.
*** example of Greek word: καλέω (kaleō) click: Matthew 1:21
justified-δικαιόω (dikaioō)-to make or declare right, to render righteous): the meaning of which is, not that he approved of them as sincere and faithful, on account of their faith and patience in sufferings; for neither of their sufferings, nor of their faith and patience in them, is there the least mention in the passage; nor can any instance be produced of the use of the word "justified" in this epistle, or elsewhere in this sense: but the meaning is, that such persons whom God predestinates and calls, he makes them righteous by the imputation of the righteousness of his Son unto them; which is unto all, and upon all them that believe; by which they are justified before God, and in their own consciences, from all sin, and so secured from all wrath and condemnation.
*** example of Greek word: δικαιόω (dikaioō) click: Galatians 2:16
glorified-δοξάζω (doxazō)-to honor)
*** example of Greek word: δοξάζω (doxazō) click: Matthew 5:16
7"That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.8 This is a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable unto men."
justified-δικαιόω (dikaioō)-to make or declare right, to render righteous) by his grace-χάρις (charis)-good will, loving-kindness, favour, pleasure): whom God saves, he justifies by the righteousness of his Son; and whomsoever he justifies, them he saves. The justification here spoken of is a declarative one, which takes place in regeneration; and which that is in order to, as here expressed, "that being justified": regeneration does not justify any, but makes the justified to appear to be such; justification is an act of God's gracious will conceived in his mind from eternity, by which he wills not to impute sin to his people, but to Christ their surety; and that they should be accounted righteous through the righteousness of his Son.
*** example of Greek word: χάρις (charis) click: Luke 2:40
heirs-κληρονόμος (klēronomos)- one who receives a lot or portion, in Messianic usage: one who receives his allotted possession by right of sonship)
*** example of Greek word: κληρονόμος (klēronomos) click: Hebrews 1:2
hope-ἐλπίς (elpis)- confidence:—faith, hope)
*** example of Greek word: ἐλπίς (elpis) click: Acts 23:6
eternal-αἰώνιος (aiōnios)-without end, never to cease, everlasting, age lasting) life-ζωή (zōē)-life, motion): Eternal life is an inheritance, and so is not acquired by labour and industry, nor purchased, but is a free gift; it is a bequest of God the Father to his children, of his own free good will and pleasure; and it belongs only to children; they only are heirs, and they become such by adopting grace; neither regeneration, nor justification alone, make them the children of God, and heirs of the grace of life, but make them appear to be so: God, by his gracious act of adoption puts them among the children, and gives them the goodly heritage; and this adoption lies in eternal predestination in Christ, in whom the inheritance is obtained on that account.
*** example of Greek word: αἰώνιος (aiōnios) click: Matthew 19:16
1 Thessalonians 4:2-4
2"For ye know what commandments we gave you, by the Lord Jesus.3 For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication:4 That every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honour:"
will-θέλημα (thelēma)-desire, pleasure, will) of God: the will of his purpose and decree; for in the same decree that he wills the salvation of any by Jesus Christ, he also wills their sanctification in heart and life, and here and hereafter: and this is his approving will, or what is well pleasing in his sight, being agreeable to his nature, and divine perfections, particularly his holiness, in which he is glorious.
sanctification-ἁγιασμός (hagiasmos)-separation, a setting apart, consecration, purification): "Sanctification" is internal or external. Internal sanctification is the work of the Spirit of God, and is a principle of spiritual life in the soul, a divine and spiritual light in the understanding, a flexion of the will to the will of God, and a settlement of the affections on divine things, and is an implantation of every grace in the heart. External sanctification arises from this, and lies in holiness of life and conversation.
*** example of Greek word: ἁγιασμός (hagiasmos) click: 1-Corinthians 1:30
possess-κτάομαι (ktaomai)-to acquire, posses, get or prucure a thing for oneself, acquire (by any means; own)
*** example of Greek word: κτάομαι (ktaomai) click: Luke 18:12
vessel- σκεῦος (skeuos)-a vessel, implement, equipment or apparatus (literally or figuratively): By which may be meant, either a man's wife, or his body. Either, "that each one of you know how to possess himself of;" hence it admits of the translation, "to obtain the mastery over" his vessel. This word has given rise to a diversity of interpretation. Especially two meanings have been given to it. By some it is supposed to be a figurative expression for "wife," in which sense the word is used, though rarely, by Hebrew writers. Peter speaks of the wife "as the weaker vessel" (1 Peter 3:7).
*** example of Greek word: σκεῦος (skeuos) click: Acts 9:15
sanctification-ἁγιασμός (hagiasmos)-separation, a setting apart, consecration, purification) and honour-τιμή (timē)-weight, esteem (especially of the highest degree), or the dignity itself): every one should obtain the mastery over his own body, and that whereas, and they should now, as Christians, yield their members (body/limbs) servants to righteousness unto holiness.
*** example of Greek word: τιμή (timē) click: Romans 13:7
2 Thessalonians 2:12-14
12"That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.13 But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren, beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the spirit, and belief of the truth,14 Whereunto he called you by our Gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ."
to God-θεός (theos)- God): God is the Father of mercies, whether spiritual or temporal, thanks are to be given to him; and saints are not only to bless his name for what they themselves receive from him, but for what others enjoy also, and that continually; because spiritual blessings, especially such as are afterwards instanced in, are permanent and durable, yea, everlasting.
beloved- ἀγαπάω (agapaō)-to love dearly, to have a preference for, wish well to, regard the welfare of) of the Lord: they were the brethren of Christ, being the dear children of God, born of him, and belonging to his family, and of the apostles, and of one another, being of the household of faith; and they were beloved by God the Father, as the instances of their election to salvation by him, and their calling to eternal glory.
*** example of Greek word: ἀγαπάω (agapaō) click: Colossians 3:12
beginning- ἀρχή (archē)-beginning, origin, (in various applications of order, time, place, or rank) chosen-αἱρέω (haireō)-to take, lift up for oneself, to choose, prefer) you: An appointment of persons to grace and glory: and this is an act of God the Father, in Christ; through the preaching of the Gospel and which arises from his sovereign good will and pleasure, and is an instance of his free grace and favour, for the glorifying of himself.
*** example of Greek word: ἀρχή (archē) click: Hebrews 11:25
through-ἐν (en)-by means of, by, etc.) sanctification- ἁγιασμός (hagiasmos)- separation, a setting apart, consecration, purification): internal holiness, which lies in a principle of spiritual life in the soul, and in a principle of spiritual light on the understanding; in a flexion of the will to the will of God, and the way of salvation by Christ; in a settlement of the affections on divine and spiritual things, and in an implantation of all grace in the heart; and is called the sanctification of "the spirit", partly from the spirit or soul of man being the principal seat of it, and chiefly from the Spirit of God being the author of it.
1 Peter 1:2-5
2"Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit unto obedience, and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied. 3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy, hath begotten us again unto a lively hope, by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,4 To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you,5 Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation, ready to be revealed in the last time."
Elect-ἐκλεκτός (eklektos)-picked out, chosen, laid out, the chosen or elect of God chosen): That is, "chosen." The meaning here is, that they were in fact chosen. The word does not refer to the purpose to choose, but to the fact that they were chosen or selected by God as His people. It is a word commonly applied to the people of God as being chosen out of the world, and called to be His. The use of the word does not determine whether God had a previous eternal purpose to choose them or not. That must be determined by something else than the mere use of the term.
*** example of Greek word: ἐκλεκτός (eklektos) click: Matthew 24:22
according-κατά (kata)-according to, by)
*** example of Greek word: κατά (kata) click: 1-Corinthians 3:10
foreknowledge-πρόγνωσις (prognō)- forethought, pre-arrangement): The foreknowledge spoken of is of what proceeds; sanctification of the Spirit unto obedience, and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ.
*** example of Greek word: πρόγνωσις (prognō) click: Acts 2:23
sanctification-ἁγιασμός (hagiasmos)-separation, a setting apart, consecration, purification) of the Spirit-πνεῦμα (pneuma)- various uses, here: Holy Spirit): God's election places the Christian in the sphere of the sanctifying influences of the Holy Spirit; he lives in the Spirit, he walks in the Spirit, he prays in the Holy Ghost; and the blessed Spirit sanctifieth the elect people of God: he worketh in them that holiness, without which they cannot see God.
obedience-ὑπακοή (hypakoē)-compliance, submissively, hearkening)
*** example of Greek word: ὑπακοή (hypakoē) click: Romans 1:5
sprinkling-ῥαντισμός (rhantismos)-a sprinkling (purification) of the blood-αἷμα (haima)- blood, literally (of men or animals), specially (the atoning blood of Christ): Those who are elect unto obedience are elect unto the sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ; the loving obedience of faith keeps them in the presence of the cross, within the cleansing range of the one all-sufficient sacrifice.
*** example of Greek word: πῥαντισμός (rhantismos) click: Hebrews 12:24
10"For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the Captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.11 For both he that sanctifieth, and they who are sanctified, are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren,12 Saying, I will declare thy Name unto my brethren, in the midst of the church will I sing praise unto thee."
perfect- τελειόω (teleioō)-to make perfect or complete, to end, i.e. (literally) accomplish)
*** example of Greek word: τελειόω (teleioō) click: John 17:23
sufferings-πάθημα (pathēma)-suffering, affection, enduring, undergoing, suffering)
*** example of Greek word: πάθημα (pathēma) click: Romans 8:18
he that sanctifieth-ἁγιάζω (hagiazōto) set apart, to render or acknowledge to be venerable, to hallow): they are sanctified in Jesus Christ, he being made sanctification to them; and they have their sanctification from him, all their grace and holiness; and they are sanctified by him, both by his blood, which expiates their sins, and removes the guilt of them, and by his Spirit, working internal principles of grace and holiness in them, who are by nature, and in their unregenerate state, guilty and unclean.
*** example of Greek word: ἁγιάζω (hagiazōto) click: 1 Peter 3:15
they who are sanctified- ἁγιάζω (hagiazō)-to separate, set apart): The sons brought to glory; they are not naturally holy, nor so of themselves, they are made holy; all that are sons are made holy; whom God adopts into his family, he regenerates: sanctification is absolutely necessary to their being brought to glory; and between the sanctifier and the sanctified there is a likeness, as there ought to be.
*** example of Greek word: ἁγιάζω (hagiazō) click: Romans 15:16
brethren-ἀδελφός (adelphoi)-has many uses, literally or figuratively, here: a fellow believer, united to another by the bond of affection): Christ, and these sons that are sanctified, stand in the relation of brethren to each other; Christ is the firstborn among many brethren; he is a brother born for the day of adversity, and one that sticks closer than a brother: and this relation is founded both upon the incarnation of Christ, who thereby became his people's near kinsman, yea, brother, and upon their adoption unto his Father's family, which is made manifest by their regeneration, and by their doing his Father's will under the influence of his grace and Spirit.
*** example of Greek word: ἀδελφός (adelphoi) click: John 20:17
14"For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.15 Whereof the holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for after that he had said before,16 This is the Covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord: I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them;17 And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more."
one offering-προσφορά (prosphora)-what is borne forward or toward, the act of offering, a bringing to): through the "great High Priest" "we draw nigh to God". Under the old covenant, sacrifices must be often repeated, and after all, only pardon as to this world was to be obtained by them. Under the new, one Sacrifice is enough to procure for all nations and ages, spiritual pardon, or being freed from punishment in the world to come.
*** example of Greek word: προσφορά (prosphora) click: Ephesians 5:2
perfected-τελειόω (teleioō)- to end, complete, i.e. (literally) accomplish) for ever-εἰς τό διηνεκής (eis to diēnekēs)-continuously, continuous): He hath laid the foundation of the eternal perfection. The offering is of such a character that it secures their final freedom from sin, and will make them forever holy. It cannot mean that those for whom he died are made at once perfectly holy, for that is not true; but the idea is, that the offering was complete, and did not need to be repeated; and that it was of such a nature as entirely to remove the penalty due to sin, and to lay the foundation for their final and eternal holiness. The offerings made under the Jewish Law were so defective that there was a necessity for repeating them every day; the offering made by the Saviour was so perfect that it needed not to be repeated, and that it secured the complete and final salvation of those who availed themselves of it.
*** example of Greek word: τελειόω (teleioō) click: 1 John 4:18
*** example of Greek word: εἰς τό διηνεκής (eis to diēnekēs) click: Hebrews 10:12
** please contact me if you believe I need to omit or add information to this page. Also, please read the Word of God and study it.
"16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: 17 That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works." (2 Timothy 3:16-17)