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Beloved of the Lord;

Remember: O Timothy, keep-φύλαξον (phulaxon)-to keep guard, watch, (by implication, to preserve) that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding-ἐκτρεπόμενος (ektrepomenos)-to turn off from, (to deflect, i.e. turn away)) profane-βεβήλους (bebelous)-profane, impious) and vain babblings-κενοφωνίας (kenophonias)-vain, empty sound, (i.e. empty discussion, discussion of vain and useless matters, fruitless discussion:—vain)), and oppositions-ἀντιθέσεις (antitheseis)-a placing over against,  (i.e. a conflict (of theories):—opposition)) of science-γνώσεως (gnoseos)-knowledge), falsely so called-ψευδωνύμου (pseudonumon)-falsely named, (untruly named:—falsely so called):”-(1 Timothy 6:20)

  • keep-φύλαξον: Verb, Aorist, Active, Imperative, 2nd Person, Singular: ["GUARD-YOU"//"guard-you!"]

1. Flat or Ball Earth?

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Circle
or
Ball Earth?

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The Flat Earth

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This matter, as to whether the earth is a circle or a sphere should not be contended as a salvific issue. Neither, should we

(-slander, -accuse, -defame, -smear, -disfellowship) a fellow Christian for believing otherwise. What I present to you below is for your edification. 

 

 

Bibles:

 

Authorized Version 1611 [Punctuation, Capitalization, & Italics]

&

King James Bible 1769 [Spelling]

Concordance / Lexicon:

  • Analytical Concordance to the Bible: Robert Young, 1880.

  • The New Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible.

  • Thayer's Greek Lexicon.

  • Friberg Analytical Greek Lexicon

  • Gingrich, Greek New Testament Lexicon

  • Danker, Greek New Testament Lexicon

  • Brown-Driver-Briggs Lexicon

Greek Text:

Stephanus 1550 & Beza's 1598 & Scrivener's 1894 Textus Receptus.

Hebrew Text:

Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex.

Key:

  •  H/G#### : Strong's Exhaustive Concordance Number:— used when comparing Hebrew or Greek words that share the same root word, but not the same inflection / parsing.

  • Brackets w/ Parenthesis [(abc)] : My commentary insert/input.

Commentaries:

  • StudyLight.org: SL (click)

  • BibleHub.com: BH (click)

Greek Interlinear:

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The 

Earth

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The Firmament

(A) What is the firmament?

(A1) Genesis 1:6

6And God said, Let there be H7549-a //firmament-רָקִיעַ (rā-qî-a‘)-extended surface (solid), expanse (as if beaten out), expansion, (i.e. the firmament or (apparently) visible arch of the sky:—firmament)(Heb. Expansion) H8432-in the midst of-בְּת֣וֹךְ (bə-ṯō-wḵ)-middle, among(-st), with(-in), between) the waters-הַמָּ֑יִם (ham-mā-yim;)-waters): and let it divide-מַבְדִּיל (maḇ-dîl,)-to separate) the waters from-בֵּין (bên)-between) the waters.

(A2) Note: There is one (1) other verse that also uses the Hebrew word:

(H7549-רָקִיעַ-a firmament) as found in Genesis 1:6 :

(A3) Ezekiel 1:22

22 “And the likeness H7549-of the firmament-רָקִיעַ upon the heads of the living creature was as the colour of the terrible crystal, stretched forth-נָטוּי (nā-ṭui)-to stretch out, incline, (Spread out, i.e. pitch)) over-עַל־ (‘al-)-over, above) their heads above.

 

(A4) Note: The Hebrew word: (H7549-רָקִיעַ-a firmament) stems from the root word: H7554-רָקַע râqaʻ; a primitive root; to pound the earth (as a sign of passion); by analogy to expand (by hammering); by implication, to overlay (with thin sheets of metal, (beat, stamp, beat out, spread out).

(A5) Note: Below are two (2) examples of the Strong's Number: (H7554).  

(A6) Exodus 39:3

3H7554-And they did beat-וַֽיְרַקְּעוּ (way-raq-qə-‘ū)-to stamp, beat out) the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, with cunning work.

 

(A7) Job 37:18

18 H7554-Hast thou with him spread out-תַּרְקִיעַ (tar-qî-a‘)-to (cause) to spread out or over) the sky-לִשְׁחָקִים (liš-ḥā-qîm;)-small dust, thin cloud, (a powder (as beaten small); by analogy, a thin vapor; by extension, the firmament:—cloud, small dust, heaven, sky), which is strong-חֲזָקִים (ḥă-zā-qîm,)-strong, hard), and as a molten-מוּצָֽק (mū-ṣāq.)-to be poured out, cast firm, (a primitive root; properly, to pour out; by implication, to melt or cast as metal) looking glass-כִּרְאִי (kir-’î)-looking glass, (a mirror (as seen):—looking glass)?”

(A8) H8432 בְּת֣וֹךְ-in the midst of

 

(A9) Note: The Hebrew word:

(“...Let there be a firmament H8432 בְּת֣וֹךְ-in the midst of the waters, ... )

as found in Genesis 1:6 can be found 175 times.

Below are two (2) Examples.  

(A10) Exodus 14:16

16 “But lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thine hand over the Sea, and divide it-וּבְקָעֵהוּ (ū-ḇə-qā-‘ê-hū;)-to cleave, rend, (to split): and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground H8432-through the midst-בְּתוֹךְ (bə-ṯō-wḵ)-middle, among(-st), with(-in), between, (a bisection, i.e. (by implication) the centre:—among(-st)) of the sea.

(A11) Note: Cross-reference: Exo 14:22Exo 14:27Exo 14:29

(A12) Genesis 3:8

And they heard the voice of the LORD God, walking in the garden in the //cool (Hebr. wind) of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves-וַיִּתְחַבֵּא (way-yiṯ-ḥab-bê)-to hide self) from the presence of the LORD God, H8432-amongst-בְּתוֹךְ (bə-ṯō-wḵ)-in the midst of) the trees of the garden.

(A13) H4325 הַמָּ֑יִם-the waters

(A14) Note: The Hebrew word:

(“...Let there be a firmament in the midst of H4325-בְּתוֹךְ-the waters, ... )

as found in Genesis 1:6 can be found thirty (30) times.

Below are two (2) Examples.

(A15) Genesis 7:18

18 “And the waters prevailed, and were increased greatly upon the earth: and the Ark went upon-עַל־ (‘al-)-over, upon) the face of-פְּנֵי (pə-nê)-face, (i.e. surface)) H4325-the waters-הַמָּ֑יִם.

(A16) Note: Remember, in Genesis 1:6 the (firmament) is (in the midst of) (H4325-the waters-הַמָּ֑יִם)  

(A17) Exodus 14:21

21 “And Moses stretched out his hand over the Sea, and the LORD caused the Sea to go back by a strong East wind all that night, and made the Sea dry land, and H4325-the waters-הַמָּ֑יִם were divided-וַיִּבָּקְעוּ (way-yib-bā-qə-‘ū)-to cleave, rend, (i.e. divide, split).

 

 

 

 

 

(A18) Genesis 1:7

7And God made-וַיַּעַשׂ (way-ya-‘aś)-to do, fashion, accomplish, make) H7949-the firmament-הָרָקִיעַ (hā-rā-qî-a‘)-extended surface (solid), expanse, (i.e. the firmament or (apparently) visible arch of the sky:—firmament)); H914-and divided-וַיַּבְדֵּל (way-yaḇ-dêl,)-to divide, to separate) H4325-the waters-הַמַּיִם (ham-ma-yim)-waters), which were under-מִתַּחַת (mit-ta-ḥaṯ)-under, beneath) the firmament, from-וּבֵין (ū-ḇên)-between) the waters, which were above-מֵעַל (mê-‘al)-above, over) the firmament: and it was so.

(A19Note: Below is another Example of the Hebrew word:

(H914-וַיַּבְדֵּל-and divided).

(A20Genesis 1:4

4And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided-וַיַּבְדֵּל (way-yaḇ-dêl)-to divide, to separate) //the light from the darkness (Hebr. between the light and between the darkness).

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Lights in the Firmament.

(BThe Sun, Moon, and Stars.

 

(B1) Genesis 1:14-19

14 And God said, Let there be lights-מָאוֹר (maor)-light giver, luminary) in the firmament of-בִּרְקִיעַ (bir-qî-a‘)-extended surface (solid), expanse, firmament, (i.e. the firmament or (apparently) visible arch of the sky:—firmament)) the heaven-הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם (haš-šā-ma-yim,)-heavens, sky, visible heavens), to divide //the day from the night (Hebr. between the day and between the night): and let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years.

(B2) Note: The English word: (in the firmament of) is supported by the Hebrew word: (בִּרְקִיעַ); which is a Preposition, OR, 

(in-בִּרְקִיעַ  the firmament of-בִּרְקִיעַ) .

(B3) Note: Even for those who read the LXX Septuagint, the English word: ('in' the firmament) is supported by the Greek Preposition:

(in-ἐν the-τῷ firmament-στερεώματι). Definition of the Greek Preposition (ἐν): A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state).   

 (B4) Cross-Reference: Jeremiah 31:35 

35 “Thus saith the LORD which giveth-נֹתֵן (nō-ṯên)-to give, put, set) the Sun-שֶׁ֙מֶשׁ֙ (še-meš)-ministrant, sun) for a light-לְאוֹר (lə-’ō-wr)-light, lighting) by day, and the ordinances- חֻקֹּ֛ת (ḥuq-qōṯ)- statute, ordinance, limit, enactment, something prescribed) of the moon- יָרֵ֥חַ (yā-rê-aḥ)- moon, wandering) and of the stars-וְכוֹכָבִ֖ים (wə-ḵō-w-ḵā-ḇîm)-a star, (as round or as shining)) for a light-לְאוֹר (lə-’ō-wr)-light, lightning) by night, which divideth the sea when the waves thereof roar, The LORD of hosts is his name.” 

(B5) Note:  The (Sun), (moon), and (stars) are placed

('in'-בִּרְקִיעַ) the firmament. (c.) modern science rejects God as the giver of the sun, moon, and stars.

(B6Genesis 1:14-18

15And let them be for light-לִמְאוֹרֹת (lim-’ō-w-rōṯ)-light giver, luminary) in the firmament of-בִּרְקִ֣יעַ (bir-qî-a‘)-extended surface (solid), expanse, firmament, (i.e. the firmament or (apparently) visible arch of the sky:—firmament)) the heaven, to give light-לְהָאִיר (lə-hā-’îr)-to cause or give light) upon-עַל־ (‘al-)-over, upon) the earth-הָאָרֶץ (hā-’ā-reṣ;)-earth, land): and it was so.

(B7Note: Notice it does not say: 

("...to give light upon the (-solar system, -planets), but, "upon the earth". This is the only home God created for you and me.

 (C2b) Note: Here is an example of the Hebrew word: (אֶ֔רֶץ (’e-reṣ)-earth) in:

Genesis 1:10 “And God called the dry land, Earth-אֶ֔רֶץ (’e-reṣ)-land, earth), and the gathering together of the waters called he, Seas: and God saw that it was good.

(B8) Cross-Reference: Psalms 24:1 

1 “A Psalm of David. The earth is the LORD'S, and the fulness thereof; the world-תֵּבֵל (tê-ḇêl,)-fruit bearing or habitable earth), and they that dwell therein.

 (B9Note: Ask yourself, why would David, who was moved by the Spirit of God, say: ("The earth"-singular) and not: (the (-universe, -planets, -galaxies, -solar system, etc.)

(B10Note: (a.) The word: ("the world"-תֵּבֵל) is not synonymous to the words:

'sphere', or 'globe', or 'planet'. But rather, it emphasizes a (fruit bearing or habitable (i.e. fit to live in // suitable or good to live in) earth). The Hebrew word: (תֵּבֵל-"the world") has its roots from the Hebrew word: (H2986-יָבַל-(tēḇēl):—a primitive root; properly, to flow; causatively, to bring (especially with pomp):—bring (forth), carry, lead (forth)). Hence the definition of the Hebrew word: (תֵּבֵל-"the world"):— fruit bearing or habitable.

(b.) The word: ("the world"-תֵּבֵל) does not provide any description of the

geometrical shape of-the (habitable earth).

(c.) The same can be said for the word: (earth-אֶ֔רֶץ), it is not synonymous to the words: 'sphere', or 'globe', or 'planet'. But rather, it emphasizes (ground, land). Remember, in Genesis 1:10 “...God called the dry land, Earth-אֶ֔רֶץ (’e-reṣ)-land, earth).

(d.) Thru the manipulation of Hollywood and craftiness of words, you have been led to believe that (world) & (earth) are synonymous to (-globe, -planet:— a spherical shape).  

(B11Note: Do not confuse:

(habitable (i.e. fit to live in // suitable or good to live in) earth)

with:

(inhabited (i.e. occupied // populated) earth)

 

(B12Note: The Hebrew word: (H8398 תֵּבֵל-"the world") can be found twenty-two (22) times. below are two (2) examples:

 

(B13) 1 Samuel 2:8

  8 “He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth up the beggar from the dunghill, to set them among princes, and to make them inherit the throne of glory: for the pillars of-מְצֻקֵי (mə-ṣu-qê)-any thing fixed, a fixture, (the supports of the earth) the earth-אֶרֶץ (’e-reṣ,)-earth, land) are the LORD'S, and he hath set-וַיָּשֶׁת (way-yā-šeṯ)-to set, put, place) H8398 the world-תֵּבֵל (tê-ḇêl,)-fruit bearing or habitable (i.e. fit to live in // suitable or good to live in) earth) upon them-עֲלֵיהֶם (‘ă-lê-hem)-on, upon, above, over).

(B14Note: This verse alone opposes much of what mainstream science has to say. Mainstream science would like you to believe that the earth is a sphere, floating in 'space', and that there is a metal core at the earth's center. 

(B15) Psalms 93:1-2

  1 “The LORD reigneth, he is clothed with Majesty, the LORD is clothed with strength, wherewith he hath girded himself: H8398 the world-תֵּבֵל (tê-ḇêl,)-fruit bearing or habitable earth) also H3559 is stablished-תִּכּוֹן (tik-kō-wn)-firmly established, fixed, be firm), that it cannot-בַּל־ (bal-)-properly, a failure; by implication nothing; usually (adverb) not at all) be moved-תִּמּֽוֹט (tim-mō-wṭ.)-to be moved, (by implication, to slip, shake, fall:—be carried, cast, be out of course)). 2 Thy throne H3559 is established-נָכוֹן (nā-ḵō-wn)-to be formed, prepared, be set up, established) //of old (Heb. from then): thou art from everlasting.

(B16Note: Both, (is stablished-תִּכּוֹן) & (is established-נָכוֹן) share the same Strong's number: H3559. The difference is in the the inflection and application of these two Hebrew words.

 

(B17) H3559-is stablished-תִּכּוֹן Psalms 93:1

(Hebrew Verb: Niphal Imperfect (yiqtol) 3rd Person Feminine Singular)

OR, ["she-is-being-established"]

 

(B18) H3559-is established-נָכוֹן Psalms 93:2

(Hebrew Verb: Niphal Participle Active Masculine Singular Absolute)

OR, ["one-being-established"]

(B19Note: For more about the differences between:

(H3559-is stablished) & (H3559-is established) in section (2d).

(B20Note: The following three Hebrew words:

(תֵּבֵל-the world) & (תִּכּוֹן-is stablished) & (תִּמּֽוֹט-it be moved)

share the following Inflection:

תֵּבֵל-the world:—Feminine, Singular: ["habitance"] 

תִּכּוֹן-is stablished:—Feminine, Singular["she-is-being-established"]

תִּמּֽוֹט-it cannot be moved:—Third PersonFeminine, Singular: no ["she-shall-slip"]

that is, the focus is placed upon the:

 H8398 the world-תֵּבֵל (tê-ḇêl,)-'habitable (i.e. fit to live in // suitable or good to live in) earth'; and not: upon the inhabitants (as some suppose it to be). OR, the habitable earth is stablished that it cannot be moved.

Compare to:

(B21) 1 Samuel 2:8, the same Hebrew word: (תֵּבֵל-the world) is also used:

 

8“...for the pillars of-מְצֻקֵי (mə-ṣu-qê)-any thing fixed, a fixture, (the supports of the earth)) the earth-אֶרֶץ (’e-reṣ,)-earth, land) are the LORD'S, and he hath set-וַיָּשֶׁת (way-yā-šeṯ)-to set, put, place) the world-תֵּבֵל-fruit bearing or habitable earth) upon them-עֲלֵיהֶם (‘ă-lê-hem)-on, upon, over).

(B22) The Hebrew word: (H4690-מְצֻקֵי-the pillars of) does not mean "columns", but a fixture. Both: (מְצֻקֵי-the pillars of) & (עֲלֵיהֶם-upon them) are in the Plural.

OR, "...the fixtures of the earth ..."

 

(B23) Note: More over, the 'root word' for the Hebrew word: (H4690-מְצֻקֵי-the pillars of) is the Hebrew word: (H6693-צוּק-tsûwq), which is a primitive root; to compress, constrain, press upon.

OR,

[amplified]

("...the [press upon fixtures] of the earth are the LORD'S, and he hath set-וַיָּשֶׁת (way-yā-šeṯ)-to set, put, place) the world-תֵּבֵל-fruit bearing or habitable (i.e. fit to live in // suitable or good to live in) earth) upon them-עֲלֵיהֶם (‘ă-lê-hem)-on, upon, over)....").

 

(B24) Note: In Job 38:4, they are called ("foundations of the earth").

4 “//Where wast thou (Hebr. make me know) when I laid the foundations of-בְּיָסְדִי־ (bə-yā-sə-ḏî-)-to found, lay a foundation, establish) the earth-אָרֶץ (’ā-reṣ;)-earth, land)? declare, //if thou hast understanding (Hebr. if thou knowest).

GREEK PREPOSITIONS.jpg

(B25) Note: In Job 38:6, the ("foundations") are said to be secured to something else. 

6Whereuponמָהעַל־ (al-māh)-on to what, upon what) are the //foundations thereof-אֲדָנֶיהָ (’ă-ḏā-ne-hā)-socket, ((in the sense of strength); a basis (of a building, a column, etc.):—foundation, socket) (Hebr. sockets) //fastened-הָטְבָּעוּ (hā-ṭə-bā-‘ū;)-to be sunk, (a primitive root; to sink:—fasten, settle, sink) (Hebr. made to sink)? or who laid the corner stone thereof?

(B26) Note: Psalms 24:1 makes a distinction between (the world) and (they that dwell therein).   

1 “A Psalm of David. The earth is the LORD'S, and the fulness thereof; the world-תֵּבֵל (tê-ḇêl,)-fruit bearing or habitable earth), and they that dwell-וְיֹשְׁבֵי (wə-yō-šə-ḇê)-to sit down or still, (by implication, to dwell, to remain) therein.

(B27) Note: Did you notice the contrast between:

(H776-The earth-earth, land) & (H4393-and the fulness thereof).

As well of

(H8398-the world-fruit bearing or habitable (i.e. fit to live in) earth) &

(H3427-they that dwell therein).

(B28) Note: Do not assume the word: (H8398-the world) automatically includes (they that dwell therein). The (H8398-world) simply describes a habitable (i.e. fit to live in) earth (land). Neither do the words: (world) & (earth) offer a geometrical description of the shape of (the world/earth).

(B29) Compare to: Psalms 33:8

“Let all the earth fear the LORD: let all H3427-the inhabitants of-יֹשְׁבֵי (yō-šə-ḇê)-to sit still, or down, dwell, inhabit) H8398-the world-יֹשְׁבֵי (ṯê-ḇêl.)-fruit bearing or habitable (i.e. fit to live in // suitable or good to live in) earth) stand in awe of him.

(B30) Note: The (earth) & (world) describe our home, that is, it has land and its habitable. While (the fulness thereof) & (they that dwell therein // the inhabitants of) allude to everyone and/or everything that resides therein. 

 

(B31)  Back to Psalms 93:1.

“... The world also is stablished, that it cannot be moved. ...

(B32Note: The Hebrew words: (תִּכּוֹן-is stablished) & (תִּמּֽוֹט-it be moved) are in the Imperfect. Definition of the Imperfect

 

Generally designates an action which is continuous, incomplete, or open-ended. Rather than depicting an action as a single event, the imperfect depicts it as a continuing process. It is therefore typically translated as a present “He is running” or a future “He will be running,” although it can sometimes be translated as a continuous past “He was running.” The meaning of the imperfect therefore has more to do with how an action took place than with when it took place. The imperfect is most often treated as a present or future because it is easier to think of present or future events as incomplete and open-ended than it is to think of past actions that way.

Meaning, the words:

(“...the world-(habitable earth) also is stablished-(firmly established, fixed, be firm), that it cannot be moved...):— are a 'continuous action'-(Imperfect).

(B33) Note: Below is another verse with the word:

(the world) but in conjunction with the word: (established)

 

(B34) Jeremiah 10:12

He hath made the earth by his power, he hath established-מֵכִין (mê-ḵîn)-to be formed, prepared, be set up, established) the world-תֵּבֵל (tê-ḇêl)-fruit bearing or habitable earth) by his wisdom, and hath stretched out the heavens by his discretion.

(B35) Note: Jeremiah 10:12 is about the creation:

(a.) made the earth by his power. (b.) established the world by his wisdom (c.) stretched out the heavens by his discretion.

(B36) Conclusion.

There is a difference between the words:

 

(H3559-stablished-firmly established, fixed, be firm)

&

(H3559-established-to be formed, prepared, be set up, established) 

The translators of the 1611 AV were wise in making a distinction between

the words: (stablished) & (established), so that you can better understand in what manner this words are used. 

(B37) Summary.

 (B38) Psalms 93:1,

(...H8398-the world-(habitable (i.e. fit to live in // suitable or good to live in) earth) also H3559-is stablished-(firmly stablished, fixed, be firm), that it cannot be moved,...)

(B39)  Jeremiah 10:12,

(...H3559-he hath established-to be formed, prepared, be set up, established) H8398-the world-(habitable (i.e. fit to live in // suitable or good to live in) earthby his wisdom,...)

(B40) Note: And even though (Psalms 93:1) & (Jeremiah 10:12) share the same Strong's Number (H3559) for the words: (stablished) & (established), the proper definition for these two words is based upon the context.

(B41) Note: As a reminder, the Strong's Number: (H3559 כּוּן kûwn) is a primitive root; properly, to be erect (i.e. stand perpendicular). Perhaps you can understand why the definition can be several.

(B42) Note: And finally, I give you two (2) additional examples of the differences between:

(stablished-Psalms 148:6) & (established-Proverbs 16:3):

(B43) Psalms 148:4-6

4Praise him, ye heavens of heavens: and ye waters that be above-מֵעַל (mê-‘al)-above, over) the heavens-הַשָּׁמָֽיִם (haš-šā-mā-yim.)-heavens, (heaved up things), visible heavens, sky). 5 Let them praise the Name of the LORD: for he commanded, and they were created. H3559-He hath also stablished-וַיַּעֲמִידֵם (way-ya-‘ă-mî-ḏêm)-firmly established, fixed, be firm) them for ever and ever: he hath made a decree which shall not pass.

(B44) Note: Notice it does not say: "and ye waters that be in the heavens".

 

(B45Note: Compare to Job 26:8 

He bindeth up-צֹרֵֽר־ (ṣō-rêr-)-to compress) the waters in his thick clouds-בְּעָבָיו (bə-‘ā-ḇāw;)-thick cloud, (mass of clouds), of density), and the cloud is not rent under them.

 

(B46) Note: The word: (in his thick clouds) is supported by the Hebrew word: (בְּעָבָיו), which is a Preposition.

I do not endorse the 'LXX Septuagint', but for those who do, it is the Greek Preposition (ἐν): A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state). OR,

(ἐν-in(αὐτοῦ-his) (νεφέλαις-thick clouds).

Below is a Greek Preposition chart. The Greek preposition: (ἐν) is highlighted in yellow, inside the cube, or He bindeth up the waters in his thick clouds.

Furthermore, in Psalms 148:4, the 'LXX Septuagint' uses

the Greek word: (ὑπεράνω) for the Hebrew word: (מֵעַל):

OR,

(“... and ye waters that be above-(H-מֵעַל//G-ὑπεράνωthe heavens ...”)

The Greek word: (ὑπεράνω) is a compound of two Greek Prepositions:

(ὑπέρ hupĕr-up, over, above, beyond) + (ἄνω ánō-upward or on the top:—above, high, up).

 

(B47) Note: A good example of the Greek word: (ὑπεράνω) can be found in:

 Ephesians 1:20-21

20 “Which he wrought in Christ when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, 21 Far above-ὑπεράνω (huperano) all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:”

(B48) Note: Again, Psalms 148:4 does not say:

 “...and ye waters that be in the heavens..."

but rather, 

“...and ye waters that be (above-מֵעַל//ὑπεράνω) the heavens..."

 

(B49) Proverbs 16:3

3Commit thy works unto the LORD, H3559-and thy thoughts shall be established-וְיִכֹּנוּ (wə-yik-kō-nū,)-to be formed, prepared, be set up, established).

 

(C1) Genesis 1:14-18

16And God made-וַיַּעַשׂ (way-ya-‘aś)-to be made, (often of God's making (creating)) two great-הַגְּדֹלִים (hag-gə-ḏō-lîm;)-great) lights-הַמְּאֹרֹת (ham-mə-’ō-rōṯ)-light giver): the greater-הַגָּדֹל (hag-gā-ḏōl)-great, (great (in any sense)) light-הַמָּא֤וֹר (ham-mā-’ō-wr)-light giver) //to rule the day (Hebr. for the rule of the day), and the lesser-הַקָּטֹן (haq-qā-ṭōn)-little, small, (i.e. diminutive, literally (in quantity, size or number)) light-הַמָּא֤וֹר (ham-mā-’ō-wr)-light giver) to rule the night: he made the stars also.

(C2) Note: The (the greater light) is the sun, and (the lesser light) is the moon. Unlike mainstream science, who would want you to believe in 'the giant-impact theory', sometimes called the 'Big Splash', or 'the Theia Impact'. It proposes that the Moon formed during a collision between the Earth and another small planet, about the size of Mars. The debris from this impact collected in an orbit around Earth to form the Moon.

(C3) Note: Again, God made the two lights, and the stars, not: some

(-theoretical, -hypothetical, -conceptual) Big Bang explosion. I speak to you  my Christian brother.

(C4) Note: Consider Matthew 24:29, it reads: Immediately after the tribulation of those days, shall the Sun-ἥλιος (helios)-sun, solar light) be darkened-σκοτισθήσεται (skotisthesetai)-to be darkened, made dark, (to darken; passive, to be covered with darkness, be darkened), and the Moon-σελήνη (selene)-the moon, (brilliancy; probably akin to the alternate of G138, through the idea of attractiveness); the moon:—moon) shall not-οὐ (ou)-no, not, (the absolute negative)) give-δώσει (dosei)-to give, (produce, give forth from oneself) her-αὐτῆς (autes)-of her, (the reflexive pronoun self) light-φέγγος (pheggos)-splendour, brightness, a shinning light), and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken.  

(C5) Note: In case you were unaware, the word: 'heliocentric' was taken from the Greek word: (ἡλίῳ-(helio)), which means "Sun", OR,

(helio)-Sun (centric)-center/central/at the center. The 'heliocentric model' is an inversion of God's true cosmology. This model was introduced in the 1500's.

(D) Genesis 1:14-18

17And God set-וַיִּתֵּן (way-yit-tên)-to give, put, set, lay) them in the firmament of-בִּרְקִיעַ (bir-qî-a‘)-extended surface (solid), expanse, firmament, (i.e. the firmament or (apparently) visible arch of the sky:—firmament) the heaven-הַשָּׁמָיִם (haš-šā-mā-yim;)-heavens (heaved up things), (visible heavens, sky (as aloft), to give light-לְהָאִיר (lə-hā-’îr)-to cause or give light) upon-עַל־ (‘al-)-on, upon, over) the earth-הָאָֽרֶץ (hā-’ā-reṣ.)-Earth, land):

(D1) Note: The English word: (in the firmament) is supported by the Hebrew word: (בִּרְקִיעַ); which is a Preposition.

(D2Note: In Genesis 1:8, God calls the firmament: Heaven.

“And God called the firmament, Heaven: And the evening and the morning were the second day.Please note that the word: (firmament) is in the singular, but the word: (Heaven) is in the plural. OR, 

“And God called the firmament["heavens"]...

(D3Note: The Hebrew word: (הַשָּׁמָיִם-the heaven) is in the Plural:

Hebrew, Noun: Common, Masculine, Plural, Absolute OR,

And God set them in the firmament of ["the-heavens"],....

However, the same heaven is in view here; as aloft. This type of expression is also used for other words such as:

 (waters)-Genesis 1:6 & (Seas)-Genesis 1:10. (skies)-2 Samuel 22:12

(D4Note: There is a mention of a third heaven in:

2 Corinthians 12:2 

 I knew a man in Christ above fourteen years ago, whether in the body, I cannot tell, or whether out of the body, I cannot tell, God knoweth: such an one, caught up to the third heaven. 3 And I knew such a man (whether in the body, or out of the body, I cannot tell, God knoweth.) 4 How that he was caught up into Paradise, and heard unspeakable words, which it is not //lawful (Or, possible) for a man to utter. 

 

(D5Note: The word: (heaven) in 2 Corinthians 12:2 is in the singular. OR,

...such an one, caught up to the third ["heaven"]...

(E1) Genesis 1:14-18

18And to rule-וְלִמְשֹׁל (wə-lim-šōl)-to rule, (have dominion, reign)) over the day, and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.

(E2Note: As you can see brothers, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is not in harmony with the word of God. 

(E3Note: Did you know, the Hebrew word: (נָשָׁא-nāšā') means: to beguile, deceiveThis Hebrew word has the Strong's Number: H5377, and it is first used in Genesis 3:13

“And the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The Serpent-הַנָּחָשׁ (han-nā-ḥāš)-a serpent, (as crafty tempter) H5377-beguiled me-הִשִּׁיאַנִי (hiš-šî-’a-nî)-a primitive root; to lead astray, i.e. (mentally) to delude, or (morally) to seduce:—beguile, deceive), and I did eat.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(E4Note: Brothers, you should by now what Genesis 3 says about the Serpent; he is a 'double-tongue' creature; a deceiver.

 

Genesis 3:1

1 Now the serpent-וְהַנָּחָשׁ (wə-han-nā-ḥāš)-a snake (from its hiss):—serpent, (as a crafty tempter) was more subtil-עָרוּם (‘ā-rūm,)-cunning (usually in a bad sense):—crafty, prudent, subtil) than any beast of the field, which the LORD God had made, And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?”

(E5Note: The Hebrew word: (H5175 וְהַנָּחָשׁ) OR,

 וְ[Now] הַ[the] (H5175 נָּחָשׁ[serpent]), stems from the root word:

(H5172 נָּחָשׁ -naw-khash'; a primitive root; properly, to hiss, i.e. whisper a (magic) spell; generally, to prognosticate.

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A Strong Firmament.

(FStrong as molten looking glass.

 

(F1) Job 37:18

18 Hast thou with him spread out-תַּרְקִיעַ (tar-qî-a‘)-to (cause) to spread out or over) the sky-לִשְׁחָקִים (liš-ḥā-qîm;)-small dust, thin cloud, (a powder (as beaten small); by analogy, a thin vapor; by extension, the firmament:—cloud, small dust, heaven, sky), which is strong-חֲזָקִים (ḥă-zā-qîm,)-strong, hard), and H7209-as a H3220-molten-מוּצָֽק (mū-ṣāq.)-to be poured out, cast firm, (a primitive root; properly, to pour out; by implication, to melt or cast) looking glass-כִּרְאִי (kir-’î)-looking glass, (a mirror (as seen):—looking glass)?”

(F2Note: The Hebrew word: (H7209-כִּרְאִי-as looking glass) cannot be found elsewhere, nor other inflections of H7209; it is a unique word. However, the Hebrew word: (H7209-כִּרְאִי) has its roots from the Hebrew word: (H7200 רָאָה râʼâh), a primitive root; 'to see'

(F3H3220-מוּצָֽק-molten

 

(F4Note: The Hebrew word:

(“...which is strong, and as a H3220-מוּצָֽק-molten looking glass? )

can be found seven (7) times.

Below is one (1) Examples.

(F51 Kings 7:23

23 And he made a H3220-molten-מוּצָק (mū-ṣāq;)-to be poured out, cast firm, (properly, to pour out; by implication, to melt or cast)) Sea-הַיָּם (hay-yām)-sea (the great basin in temple-court, called 'the bronze sea'), ten cubits-בָּאַמָּה (bā-’am-māh)-cubit, (a measure of distance (the forearm), roughly 18 in ea.) //from the one brim to the other (Hebr. from his brim, to his brim): it was round-עָגֹל (‘ā-ḡōl)-round) all about-סָבִיב (sā-ḇîḇ,)-round about, around, compass), and his height was five cubits: and a line of thirty cubits did compass it round about24 And under the brim of it round about there were knops compassing it, ten in a cubit, compassing the sea round about: the knops were cast in two rows, when it was cast. 25 It stood-עֹמֵד (‘ō-mêḏ)-to stand, stand still or fast) upon-עַל־ (‘al-)-on, upon) twelve oxen-בָּקָר (bā-qār,)-oxen, cattle, herd (of the twelve brazen bulls beneath the sea in Solomon's temple), three looking toward the North, and three looking toward the West, and three looking toward the South, and three looking toward the East: and the Sea was set above-מִלְמָעְלָה (mil-mā-‘ə-lāh;)-from on, or upon) upon them, and all their hinder parts were inward. 26 And it was an hand breadth-טֶפַח (ṭe-p̄aḥ,)-hand breath, (a spread of the hand, i.e. a palm-breadth (not 'span' of the fingers)) thick-וְעָבְיוֹ (wə-‘ā-ḇə-yōw)-thickness, (density, i.e. width; of the molten sea), and the brim thereof was wrought like the brim of a cup, with flowers of lilies: it contained two thousand-אַלְפַּיִם (’al-pa-yim)-a thousand (numeral)) Baths-בַּת (baṯ)-a measure for fluids, (each bath is about 9 imperial gallons or 40 litres).”

(F6Note: In case you haven't figured it out:

  •  ten [10] cubits from the one brim to the other” is the Diameter.

  • height was five [5] cubits same as the Radius.

  • “a line of thirty [30] cubits did compass it round about is the Circumference.

  • “it was an hand breadth thick” is the Thickness.

  • “it contained two thousand [2,000] baths is the Volume.

 

 

 

 

(F7Note: (a.) Don't you find it peculiar that the same Hebrew word: (H3220-molten-מוּצָק), which is used to describe the strong firmament in

Job 37:18, is also used in 1 Kings 7:23 to describe a strong molten basin; which just happens to be the formula for a 'half sphere' (hemispherical). OR,

 

Radius  r = diameter ÷ 2

  = 10 cubits ÷ 2

= 5 cubits

Circumference  c = 2 × π × radius 

 c= 2 × 3.14159 (π)

c= 6 × cubits (r)

c= 30 cubits

Diameter  = radius × 2

= 5 cubits × 2

10 cubits

Height  = 2r