Beloved of the Lord;
Remember: “And when he had found him, he brought him unto Antioch. And it came to pass, that a whole year they assembled themselves with the church, and taught much people. And the disciples were called-χρηματίσαι (chrematisai)-to declare by an oracle, (universally, to receive a name or title, be called)) Christians-Χριστιανούς (Christianous)-belonging to Christ, (a Christian, i.e. follower of Christ:—Christian)) first-πρώτον (proton)-firstly (in time, place, order, or importance):—before, at the beginning, chiefly (at, at the) first (of all)) in Antioch-Ἀντιοχείᾳ (Antiocheia)-Antiochia, a place in Syria:—Antioch.”
1. Why the King James Bible?
Authorized Version 1611 [Punctuation, Capitalization, & Italics]
King James Bible 1769 [Spelling]
Concordance / Lexicon:
Analytical Concordance to the Bible: Robert Young, 1880.
The New Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible.
Thayer's Greek Lexicon.
Friberg Analytical Greek Lexicon
Gingrich, Greek New Testament Lexicon
Danker, Greek New Testament Lexicon
Stephanus 1550 & Beza's 1598 & Scrivener's 1894 Textus Receptus.
H/G#### : Strong's Exhaustive Concordance Number:— used when comparing Greek or Hebrew words that share the same Root Word, but not the same Inflection / Parsing.
Brackets w/ Parenthesis [(abc)] : My commentary insert/input.
StudyLight.org: SL (click)
BibleHub.com: BH (click)
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someone might think to ask, Am I saved even if I read another Bible translation other than the King James Version?
“Of course you are! for we are saved by grace through 'the faith'-(τῆς πίστεως-Ephesians 2:8), and not by the Bible version. I myself, began using both the KJV and NASB side by side. And although I am a King James Bible advocate, I do not disfellowship any Christian believer for simply reading a different Bible translation, Or, as Romans 14:4 will say it: “Who art thou that judgest another man's servant? to his own master he standeth or falleth. Yea, he shall be holden up: for God is able to make him stand.”
As your fellow-laborer of the faith, I sow, let another water, but it is God who gives the increase of knowledge and understanding. To be frank, I rely primarily on the Greek text (Textus Receptus) above any English translation. However, I favor Bible versions that stem out of the majority line of manuscripts (Antioch) such as the 'Youngs Literal Translation'; I find this translation to be a reliable as well.
If you seek truth and accuracy, then learn the history of your Bible; for I tell you, not all Bibles are translated from the same family line of manuscripts.
I believe the King James Bible to be a faithful translation for the English speaking tongue.
We hear much talk these days about "older" and "more authoritative" manuscripts (DaVinci Code), but we aren't hearing much about the origin of these manuscripts. It is a well established fact that there are only two lines of Bibles: one coming from Antioch, Syria (known as the Syrian or Byzantine type text), and one coming from Alexandria, Egypt (known as the Egyptian or Hesycnian type text). The Syrian text from Antioch is the Majority text from which our King James 1611 comes, and the Egyptian text is the minority text from which the new perversions come. (Never mind Rome and her Western text, for she got her manuscripts from Alexandria.)
The manuscripts from Antioch were mostly copied by Bible-believing Christians for the purpose of winning souls and spreading the word of God. The manuscripts from Alexandria were produced by infidels such as Origen Adamantius and Clement of Alexandria. These manuscripts are corrupted with Greek philosophy "Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ." (Colossians 2:8), and allegorical foolishness (not believing God's word literally). The strange thing is that most Christians aren't paying any attention to what God's word says about these two places! Notice how the Holy Spirit casts Egypt and Alexandria in a NEGATIVE light, while His comments on Antioch tend to be very positive:
EGYPT / ALEXANDRIA / ROME
Minority text // LXX // Vaticanus // Sinaticus
The word: Egypt can be found 611 times.
The first time Egypt is mentioned,
is about Abram not trusting Egyptians around his wife.
10 “And there was a famine in the land, and Abram went down into Egypt, to sojourn there: for the famine was grievous in the land.
11 And it came to pass when he was come near to enter into Egypt, that he said unto Sarai his wife, Behold now, I know that thou art a fair woman to look upon.
12 Therefore it shall come to pass, when the Egyptians-הַמִּצְרִים (ham-miṣ-rîm,)-inhabitants of Egypt) shall see thee, that they shall say, This is his wife: and they will kill-וְהָרְגוּ (wə-hā-rə-ḡū)-kill, slay, murder) me, but they will save thee alive.
13 Say, I pray thee, thou art my sister-אֲחֹתִי (’ă-ḥō-ṯî)-sister (i.e: half sister-see Genesis 20:12), that it may be well with me, for thy sake; and my soul-נַפְשִׁי (nap̄-šî)-soul, self, life) shall live, because of thee.”
Joseph, a type of Christ,
was sold into Egypt as a slave.
36 “And the Midianites-מְדָנִי (Medaniy)-a member of the tribe of Midian) sold him into Egypt unto Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, and //captain of the guard-טַבָּח (tabbach)-slaughterer, executioner, a slayer) (Heb. chief of the slaughter, or executioners Or, chief Marshall).”
Joseph did not want his body (bones) left in Egypt.
24 “And Joseph said unto his brethren, I die: and God will surely visit you, and bring you out of this land, unto the land which he sware to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.
25 And Joseph took an oath of the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you, and ye shall carry up my bones-עַצְמֹתַי (‘aṣ-mō-ṯay)-bone, substance, self) from hence.
26 So Joseph died, being an hundred and ten years old: and they embalmed-וַיַּחַנְטוּ (way-ya-ḥan-ṭū)-to embalm, (i.e; embalm corpses, to spice; by implication, to embalm; also to ripen:—embalm, put forth) him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.”
God killed all
the firstborn of the land of Egypt.
12 “For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite-וְהִכֵּיתִי (wə-hik-kê-ṯî)-to (cause to) smite, (i.e; to be (fatally) smitten, be killed, be slain) all the firstborn-בְּכוֹר֙ (bə-ḵō-wr)-firstborn, firstling, first-born) in the land of Egypt, both man and beast, and against all the //gods-אֱלֹהֵ֥י (’ĕ-lō-hê)-rulers, judges, princess, divine ones, or else; the idols of the Egyptians) (Or, princess) of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.”
God calls Egypt
"the house of bondage."
1 “And God spake all these words, saying,
2 I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house-מִבֵּית (mib-bêṯ)-house, household, dwelling habitation) of //bondage-עֲבָדִֽים (‘ă-ḇā-ḏîm.)-slave, servant, ((bond-) servant, (man-) servant) (Hebr. servants):”
God calls Egypt
an "iron furnace."
20 “But the LORD hath taken you, and brought you forth out of the iron-הַבַּרְזֶל (hab-bar-zel)-iron, (fig. harshness, strength, oppression)) furnace-מִכּוּר (mik-kūr)-furnace, a crucible, (metaph. furnace of affliction), even out of Egypt, to be unto him a people of inheritance, as ye are this day.”
The Kings of Israel
were forbidden to get horses from Egypt, so why should we look there for a Bible?
14 “When thou art come unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, and shalt possess it, and shalt dwell therein, and shalt say, I will set a King over me, like as all the nations that are about me:
15 Thou shalt in any wise set him King over thee, whom the LORD thy God shall choose. One from among thy brethren shalt thou set King over thee: thou mayest not set a stranger over thee, which is not thy brother.
16 But he shall not multiply horses to himself, nor cause the people to return-יָשִׁיב (yā-šîḇ)-to return, turn back, go back) to Egypt, to the end that he should multiply horses: for as much as the LORD hath said unto you, Ye shall henceforth-תֹסִפוּן (ṯō-si-p̄ūn,)-to do more, do again) return-לָשׁוּב (lā-šūḇ)-to return, turn back, go back) no-לֹא (lō)-no, not) more-עֽוֹד (‘ō-wḏ.)-again, still, yet, more) that way-בַּדֶּרֶךְ (bad-de-reḵ)-trodden path or way).”
"The use of these animals was not absolutely prohibited, nor is there any reason to conclude that they might not be employed as part of the state equipage. But the multiplication of horses would inevitably lead to many evils, to increased intercourse with foreign nations, especially with Egypt, to the importation of an animal to which the character of the country was not suited, to the establishment of an Oriental military despotism, to proud and pompous parade in peace, to a dependence upon Egypt in time of war, and a consequent withdrawal of trust and confidence in God."
A remnant of Judah are told not to go and dwell in Egypt.
13 “But if ye say, We will not dwell in this land, neither obey the voice of the LORD your God,
14 Saying, No, but we will go-נָבוֹא (nā-ḇō-w,)-to go in, (to enter, come in) into the land of Egypt, where we shall see no war, nor hear the sound of the Trumpet, nor have hunger of bread, and there will we dwell-נֵשֵֽׁב (nê-šêḇ.)-to sit down or still, (to dwell, remain, sit, abide):
15 (And now therefore hear the word of the LORD, ye remnant of Judah, Thus saith the LORD of hosts the God of Israel, If ye wholly set your faces to enter-לָבֹא (lā-ḇō)-to go or come in) into Egypt, and go to sojourn-לָגוּר (lā-ḡūr)-to sojourn, abide, dwell in, dwell with, remain, inhabit) there:)
16 Then it shall come to pass, that the sword-הַחֶרֶב (ha-ḥe-reḇ,)-sword, knife, (symb. "as laying waste")) which ye feared-יְרֵאִים (yə-rê-’îm)-fearing, (be afraid of), shall overtake-תַּשִּׂיג (taś-śîḡ)-to cause to reach, attain, overtake) you there in the land of Egypt, and the famine-וְהָרָעָב (wə-hā-rā-‘āḇ)-hunger, famine) whereof ye were afraid-דֹּאֲגִים (dō-’ă-ḡîm)-to be grieved, melted, (a primitive root; be anxious), //shall follow close-יִדְבַּק (yiḏ-baq)-to cleave, adhere to, cling) after you-אַחֲרֵיכֶם (’a-ḥă-rê-ḵem)-after, behind) (Hebr. shall cleave after you) in Egypt, and there ye shall die-תָּמֻֽתוּ (tā-mu-ṯū.)-to die).
17 //So shall it be with all the men (Hebr. so shall all the men be) that set their faces to go into Egypt to sojourn-לָגוּר (lā-ḡūr)-to sojourn, abide, dwell in, dwell with, remain, inhabit) there, they shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence: and none of them shall remain or escape from the evil that I will bring upon them.
18 For thus saith the LORD of hosts the God of Israel, As mine anger and my fury hath been poured forth upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem: so shall my fury be poured forth upon you, when ye shall enter-בְּבֹאֲכֶם (bə-ḇō-’ă-ḵem)-to go in, (to enter, come in) into Egypt: and ye shall be an execration-לְאָלָה (lə-’ā-lāh)-execration, oath, curse, (an oath, to enter into an oath, i.e. to bind oneself by oath), and an astonishment-וּלְשַׁמָּה (ū-lə-šam-māh)-astonishment, (by implication, consternation:—astonishment, desolate(-ion), waste, appalment), and a curse-וְלִקְלָלָה (wə-liq-lā-lāh)-a reviling, thing lightly esteemed), and a reproach-וּלְחֶרְפָּה (ū-lə-ḥer-pāh,)-reproach, (from H2778; contumely, disgrace, the pudenda:—rebuke, reproach(-fully), shame), and ye shall see this place no more.
19 The LORD hath said concerning you, O ye remnant of Judah, Go ye-תָּבֹאוּ (tā-ḇō-’ū)-to go in, (to enter, come in)) not-אַל־ (’al-)-not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative)) into Egypt: know certainly, that I have //admonished-הַעִידֹתִי (ha-‘î-ḏō-ṯî)-to testify, say again and again, (a primitive root; to duplicate or repeat; by implication, to protest, testify (as by reiteration)) you (Hebr. testified against you) this day.”
God plans to punish Egypt.
25 “The LORD of hosts the God of Israel saith, Behold, I will punish-פוֹקֵד (p̄ō-w-qêḏ)-to inspect, to pay attention to, observe, or else; to strike upon or against, to visit upon; punish) the multitude of No, and Pharaoh, and Egypt, with their gods-אֱלֹהֶיהָ (’ĕ-lō-he-hā)-gods, (i.e. deities in general, whether true or false), and their kings, even Pharaoh-פַּרְעֹה (par-‘ōh)-Pharaoh = "great house" (of Egyptian derivation; Paroh, a general title of Egyptian kings:—Pharaoh), and all them that trust in him.”
the multitude of No: the inhabitants of it, which were many, called "populous No", Nahum 3:8; a famous city in Egypt. Some take it to be Diospolis or Thebes; and others (p) the same that is now called Alexandria; and so the Targum renders it; and which is followed by the Vulgate Latin version: and Jarchi calls it the seignory or government of Alexandria; and takes Amon, the word for "multitude", to signify the prince of this place; and so Kimchi and Ben Melech interpret it, king of a city called No: rather Jupiter Ammon (q) is meant, an idol of the Egyptians, which had a temple in Thebes, and was worshipped in it; and who had his name from Ham, the son of Noah. Hillerus (r), by various arguments, endeavours to prove that No is the same city with Memphis, and that No Amon signifies "the habitation of the nourished"; that is, of Apis, which was nourished here. But be he who he will, or the place what it will, he or that would certainly be punished;
gods: “When an idolatrous nation,” says Blaney, “is doomed to destruction, God is said to execute vengeance upon the idols of the country..." -Benson
God calls his Son out of Egypt.
14 “When he arose, he took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt:
15 And was there until the death of Herod, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the Prophet, saying, Out of-Ἐξ (Ex)-from out of, out from) Egypt have I called my son.”
1 “When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called-קָרָאתִי (qā-rā-ṯî)-to call-(out), name) my son out of Egypt.”
***When Israel was a child: i.e., in the earliest stage of Israel’s national existence, which is here dated,... from the sojourn in Egypt. -Cambridge Bible
***And called my son out of Egypt: As He said to Pharaoh, "Israel is My son, even My firstborn; let My son go, that he may serve Me" Exodus 4:22-23. God chose him out of all nations, to be His special people. -Barnes Notes BH
***And called my son out of Egypt — Namely, by Moses, whom God commanded to acquaint the Israelites that they must remove out of Egypt. [(the nation of)] Israel is called God’s son, and his firstborn, Exodus 4:22-23; and therein was an eminent figure of the Messiah, in whom all God’s promises were fulfilled. This prophecy, therefore, is applied by St. Matthew 2:15, to our Lord’s return out of Egypt, after his being taken thither by his parents in his infancy, and kept there some time for fear of Herod. -Benson Commentary BH
Egypt is placed in the same category as Sodom.
7 “And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit, shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them.
8 And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom-Σόδομα (sodoma)-"burning", a city destroyed by the Lord raining fire and brimstone on it, metaph. Jerusalem) and Egypt-Αἴγυπτος (aigyptos)-"double straits", a country occupying the northeast angle of Africa, (metaph. Jerusalem, for the Jews persecuting the Christ and his followers, and so is to be likened to the Egyptians treating the Jews), where also our Lord was crucified.”
A Jew from Alexandria, Egypt.
24 “And a certain Jew-Ἰουδαῖος (Ioudaios)-Jew, (belonging to the Jewish race), named Apollos-Ἀπολλῶς (Apollos)- Apollos, (an Israelite:—Apollos), born-γένει (genei)-by birth) at Alexandria-Ἀλεξανδρεὺς (Alexandreus)-of Alexander, (A city in Egypt, founded by Alexander the Great, B.C. 332); A native or a resident of Alexandria (a celebrated city of Egypt)), an eloquent-λόγιος (logios)-eloquent, full of words, (i.e. skilled in speech)) man, and mighty-δυνατὸς (dunatos)-able, powerful, (i.e. excelling in something)) in the Scriptures-γραφαῖς (graphais)-writing, anything written), came-κατήντησεν (katentesen)-to come down on or against, (to come to, arrive at)) to Ephesus. 25 This man was instructed in the way of the Lord, and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently the things of the Lord, knowing only the baptism of John.”
Note: According to the timeline of the book of Acts, this account happened around 52-54 AD. Which suggest that (Apollos) had not yet heard of the Gospel back in Alexandria; since he only knew the (baptism of John:— 26 AD). OR, the New Covenant had not yet been preached in Alexandria, Egypt. This is key, as most modern Bible translations rely on the so called "oldest & best" 'Alexandria manuscripts' as their prefer text over the 'Antiochian manuscripts'.
Paul was taken prisoner to Rome
in two ships from Alexandria.
5 “And when we had sailed over the sea of Cilicia and Pamphylia, we came to Myra a city of Lycia.
6 “And there the Centurion found a ship-πλοῖον (ploion)-a ship, a sailing vessel) of Alexandria-Ἀλεξανδρῖνον (Alexandrinon)-of Alexandria or belonging to Alexandria) sailing into Italy-Ἰταλίαν (Italian)-Italia, (a region of Europe; the country of which Rome is the capital), and he put us therein.”
11 “And after three months we departed in a ship of Alexandria-Ἀλεξανδρῖνον (Alexandrinon)-of Alexandria or belonging to Alexandria), which had wintered in the isle, whose sign-παρασήμῳ (pharasemo)-ensign, marked with a sign, (i.e. in a ship marked with the image or figure of the Dioscuri)) was Castor and Pollux-Διοσκούροις (dioukourois)-Sons of Jupiter, (Castor and Pollux, were the twin sons of Jupiter and Leda, and were regarded as the tutelary divinities of sailors).”
Was the second largest city of the Roman Empire, with Rome being the first. It was founded in 332 B.C. by Alexander the Great (a type of the Antichrist in Daniel 8). Located at the Nile Delta, Alexandria was the home of the Pharos Lighthouse, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient world. Also, during the second and third centuries B.C., it was the home of a massive library containing between 500,000 and 700,000 volumes. It was also the home of a catechetical school once headmastered by the great apostate Adamantius Origen (185-254 A.D.).
In light of the above,
"Why would any Christian expect to find
the true & faithful words of God
in the Alexandrian manuscripts?"
ANTIOCH/ ASIA MINOR / JERUSALEM
Majority Text / Byzantine text-type / Textus Receptus
Nicolas, from Antioch was among other brethren who did service to the saints.
Do you suppose it is a mere accident that the Holy Spirit first mentions Antioch in the same chapter where He first mentions Alexandria?
1 “And in those days when the number of the Disciples-μαθητῶν (matheton)-taught or trained one, a learner, (i.e. pupil:—disciple) was multiplied-πληθυνόντων (plethumomton)-to multiply, increase), there arose a murmuring of the Grecians against the Hebrews, because their widows were neglected in the daily ministration.
2 Then the twelve called the multitude-πλῆθος (plethos)-multitude, a fulness, (i.e. a large number) of the disciples unto them, and said, It is not reason that we should leave the word of God, and serve tables.
3 Wherefore brethren, look ye out among you seven men of honest report-μαρτυρουμένους (marturoumenous)-to be a witness, (i.e. testify, accredited, attested, of good report, approved), full-πλήρεις (plereis)-full) of the holy Ghost, and wisdom-σοφίας (sophia)-wisdom, skill, broad and full of intelligence; used of the knowledge of very diverse matters, skill in the management of affairs), whom we may appoint over this business.
4 But we will give ourselves continually-προσκαρτερήσομεν (proskarteresomen)-to endure or persevere toward (anything)) to prayer, and to the ministry of the word.
5 And the saying pleased the whole multitude: and they chose Stephen, a man full of faith and of the holy Ghost, and Philip, and Prochorus, and Nicanor, and Timon, and Parmenas, and Nicolas a proselyte of Antioch-Ἀντιοχέα (Antiochea)-an Antiochian, a native of Antioch).”
Note: The phrase: (in those days) is estimated to had been between 33-35 AD at Jerusalem where the church began to grow.
Antioch is a shelter for persecuted saints.
19 “Now they which were scattered abroad-διασπαρέντες (diasparentes)-to scatter diversely, disperse) upon the persecution-θλίψεως (thlipseos)-a pressing, pressing together, pressure, (metaph. oppression, affliction, tribulation, distress, straits) that arose about Stephen, travalled-διῆλθον (dielthon)-to come or go through) as far as-ἕως (heos)-unto, up to (of place)) Phenice, and Cyprus, and Antioch-Ἀντιοχείας (Antiocheias)-a place in Syria:—Antioch), preaching-λαλοῦντες (lalountes)-to talk, discourse) the word to none, but unto the Jews only.”
Note: Antioch: Capital of Syria, situated on the river Orontes, founded by Seleucus Nicanor in 300 B.C. and named in honour of his father, Antiochus. Many Greek-Jews lived there and it was here that the followers of Christ were first called Christians.
Note: The following locations: (Phenice, and Cyprus, and Antioch) are situated North of Jerusalem. Why is this important, well, because Alexandria Egypt is located South. But the persecuted saints fled North, preaching the word to the Jews only.
Note: (1.) The estimated date for Acts 11:19 is said to be between 41-43 AD. (2.) Approximately 10 years have elapsed since the crucifixion of our Lord Jesus. (3.) At this point there is no mention of the Gospel having been preached in the regions of Egypt.
The first major movement of the Holy Ghost among the Gentiles occurs in Antioch.
20 “And some of them were men of Cyprus, and Cyrene, which when they were come-εἰσελθόντες (eiselthontes)-come in, to enter) to Antioch, spake unto the Grecians, preaching-εὐαγγελιζόμενοι (euaggelizomenoi)-to bring good news, to announce glad tidings) the Lord Jesus.
21 And the hand-χεὶρ (cheir)-hand, (figuratively (power)) of the Lord was with them: and a great-πολύς (polus)-many, numerous, great) number-ἀριθμὸς (arithmos)-a number, (i.e. an indefinite number, equivalent to a multitude)) believed-πιστεύσας (pisteusas)-to adhere to, trust, rely on), and turned-ἐπέστρεψεν (ephestrpsen)-to turn over, upon, unto, (to turn, to turn oneself)) unto the Lord.”
Note: The estimated date for Acts 11:20-21 is said to be between 41-43 AD.
Note: Please be mindful that Antioch was heavily influenced by the word of God. It should come to no surprise as to why the majority of the surviving manuscripts were found in the regions north of Jerusalem, hence the name the "Majority Text"; unlike the "Minority text" line, which came from Alexandria, Egypt. The irony of the Alexandrian-text type manuscripts is in that they have been labeled as "oldest & best".
Paul and Barnabas
taught the Gospel in Antioch for a whole year
and were first called Christians.
25 “Then departed Barnabas-Βαρνάβας (Barnabas)-son of consolation, (A Levite, Paul's companion in several of his Journeys; otherwise called Joses) to Tarsus, for to seek Saul-Σαῦλον (Saulon)-the original name of PAUL, a native of Tarssus in Cicilia, first a persecutor, and afterwards an apostle of Jesus Christ).
26 And when he had found him, he brought him unto Antioch-Ἀντιόχειαν (Antiocheian)-Capital of Syria situated on the river Orontes). And it came to pass, that a whole-ὅλον (holon)-"whole" or "all", (i.e. complete)) year-ἐνιαυτὸν (eniauton)-year, repetition, revolution) they assembled themselves-συναχθῆναι (sunachthenai)-to gather together, to gather, come together, meet) with the Church-ἐκκλησίᾳ (Ekklesia)-assembly, that which is called out, (i.e. an assembly of Christians gathered for worship), and taught-διδάξαι (didaxai)-to teach) much-ἱκανόν (ikanon)-sufficient) people, And the disciples-μαθητὰς (mathetas)-a learner, pupil, disciple) were called-χρηματίσαι (chrematisai)-to declare by an oracle, (i.e. (generally) bear as a title:—be called) Christians-Χριστιανούς (Christianous)-Christian, a follower of Christ) first-πρώτον (proton)-first in time or place, at the first) in Antioch.”
Note: The estimated date for Acts 11:26 is said to be between 43-44 AD.
Note: The Greek word: (G1577-ἐκκλησίᾳ-Church) is compounded by
two Greek words: (ἐκ-out, out of, out from) & (καλέω-to call) OR,
the "out called", that is to say, the Christian believer.
The word: (Church) should never be defined as a physical place of gathering (i.e. a building, temple etc.). Today we hear Christians say: "I go to the church located at...", this is wrong. The Church is every Christian believer.
Note: Again, Antioch becomes a stronghold for the Gospel to flourish. The Apostle Paul, whom is said to be the Apostle for the Gentiles, spends one whole year with Barnabas teaching much people. The Apostle Paul never went down to Egypt.
The church (the Christian believers) at Antioch
sends relief to the poor saints at Jerusalem.
27 “And in these days, came Prophets-προφῆται (prophetai)-A prophet, public expounder, (a foreteller ("prophet"); by analogy, an inspired speaker) from Jerusalem unto-εἰς (eis)-into, to) Antioch.
28 And there stood up one of them, named Agabus, and signified-ἐσήμανεν (esemanen)-to signify, to indicate) by-διὰ (dia)-through, by means of) the spirit, that there should be great dearth-λιμὸν (limon)-hunger, want, (a scarcity of food) throughout all-ὅλην (holen)-a primary word; "whole" or "all", i.e. complete) the world-οἰκουμένην (oikoumenen)-habitable earth, or land): which came to pass in the days of Claudius Caesar.
29 Then the disciples-μαθητῶν (matheton)-taught or trained one, a learner, (i.e. pupil:—disciple), every man according to-καθὼς (kathos)-according as, (i.e. in proportion as, in the degree that) his ability-ηὐπορεῖτό (euporeito)-to go on well, to be well off, have means), determined to send relief-διακονίαν (diakonian)-thorough service, ministration) unto the brethren-ἀδελφοῖς (adelphois)-brethren, a brother (literally or figuratively); i.e. a fellow believer) which dwelt in Judaea.
30 Which also they did, and sent it to the Elders-πρεσβυτέρους (Presbuterous)-elder, aged person, (universally, advanced in life, an elder, a senior)) by the hands of Barnabas and Saul.”
Note: The estimated date for Acts 11:26 is said to be between 43-44 AD.
is sent out from Antioch.
1 “Now there were in the Church-ἐκκλησίαν (Ekklesian)-assembly, that which is called out, (i.e. an assembly of Christians gathered for worship) that was at Antioch, certain Prophets and teachers-διδάσκαλοι (didaskaloi)-a teacher, instructor): as Barnabas, and Simeon that was called Niger, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen, which had been brought up with Herod the Tetrarch, and Saul.
2 As they ministered-λειτουργούντων (leitourgounton)-to work publicly, (universally, to minister, to do service)) to the Lord, and fasted-νηστευόντων (nesteunton)-to fast, (i.e. to abstain from food (religiously)), the holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul, for the work-ἔργον (ergon)-work, deed, labour, business (by implication, an act)) whereunto I have called them.
3 And when they had fasted and prayed, and laid their hands on them, they sent them away.”
Note: The estimated date for Acts 13:1-3 is said to be between 46-47 AD.
Note: Acts chapter 13 marks the first missionary work for the Apostles Paul & Barnabas. Below is a map with the routes taken. As you can see, their missionary journey was to the West and North of Antioch. This regions are among other locations where the 'Majority of Greek text manuscripts' are said to be found.
Antioch remains the home base or headquarters
of the early church.
21 “And when they had preached the Gospel to that city, and had taught-μαθητεύσαντες (matheteusantes)-to be or make a disciple, teach, instruct) many-ἱκανοὺς (hikanous)-sufficient, much), they returned again to Lystra-Λύστραν (Lustran)-"ransoming", a city in the eastern part of the great plain of Lycaonia), and to Iconium-Ἰκόνιον (Ikonion)-"little image", a famous city of Asia Minor, which was the capital of Lycaonia), and Antioch,
22 Confirming-ἐπιστηρίζοντες (episterizontes)-to establish besides, strengthen more, to render more firm, confirm) the souls-ψυχὰς (Psuchas)-a living soul (heart, mind, life) of the disciples, and exhorting them to continue-ἐμμένειν (emmenein)-to remain in) in the-τῇ (te)-to the) faith-πίστει (pistei)-faith, steadfastness, faithfulness), and that we must through much tribulation-θλίψεων (thlipseon)-a pressing, pressing together, pressure, (metaph. oppression, affliction, anguish, distress, persecution) enter-εἰσελθεῖν (eiselthein)-to come or go into) into the kingdom of God.
23 And when they had ordained-χειροτονήσαντες (cheirotonesantes)-to elect by stretching out the hand, ( to be a hand-reacher or voter (by raising the hand), i.e. (generally) to select or appoint:—choose, ordain) them Elders in every Church-ἐκκλησίᾳ (Ekklesia)-assembly, that which is called out, (i.e. an assembly of Christians gathered for worship), and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they believed.
24 And after they had passed throughout Pisidia-Πισιδίαν (Pisidian)-"pitchy", A province forming part of the great table land in Asia Minor, having Pamphylia on the S. , Phrygia on the N.; its chief city was Antioch, a Roman colony), they came to Pamphylia-Παμφυλίαν (Pamphulian)-"of every tribe", A province in the S. of Asia Minor, having Cicilia on the E., Pisidia on the N., Lycia on the W., and the Mediterranean on the S. Perga is the only one of its cities named in the New Testament).
25 And when they had preached-λαλήσαντες (lalesantes)-to talk, discourse, (i.e. utter words) the word-λόγον (logon)-a word, speech, matter, reason, (specifically, the doctrine concerning the attainment through Christ of salvation in the kingdom of God) in Perga-Πέργῃ (Perge)-"earthy", The capital of Pamphylia, situated on the river Cestrus; it had a famous temple of Diana or Artemis), they went down into Attalia-Ἀττάλειαν (Attaleian)-"Jah's due season", a maritime city of Pamphylia in Asia, very near the borders of Lycia, built and named by Attalus Philadelphus, king of Pergamos, now called Antali),
26 And thence sailed-ἀπέπλευσαν (apepleusan)-to sail off or away, (to set sail:—sail away) to Antioch, from whence they had been recommended to the grace of God, for the work which they fulfilled-ἐπλήρωσαν (eplerosan)-to fill, make full, (i.e. to accomplish, carry out).
27 And when they were come, and had gathered the Church together, they rehearsed all that God had done with them, and how he had opened the door of faith unto the Gentiles.
28 And there-ἐκεῖ (ekei)-there, thither) they abode-διέτριβον (dietribon)-to rub away, spend, (to wear through (time), i.e. remain:—abide, be, continue, tarry) long-οὐκ ὀλίγον (ouk oligon)-not a little, (i.e. no little time) time-χρόνον (chronon)-time, (a space of time) with the disciples.”
Note: The estimated date for Acts 14:21-28 is said to be between 48-49 AD.
Note: The cities mentioned above were visited by the Apostles Paul and Barnabas on their first missionary journey.
Antioch and Jerusalem work together to resolve conflicts.
Acts 15:1-3 & Acts 15:35
1 “And certain men which came down-κατελθόντες (katelthones)-to come down, go down) from-ἀπὸ (apo)-from, away from, (a primary particle; "off," i.e. away (from) Judaea-Ἰουδαίας (Ioudaias)-Another name or form of the name of the land of Judah, (in the O. T. a region of Palestine, named after the tribe of Judah), taught-ἐδίδασκον (edidaskon)-to teach) the brethren, and said, Except-Ἐὰν μὴ (Ean me)-if not, unless, except) ye be circumcised-περιτέμνησθε (peritemnesthe)-to circumcise, (to cut around, i.e. (specially) to circumcise:—circumcise) after the manner-ἔθει (ethei)-custom, habit, manner, (a usage (prescribed by habit or law)) of Moses, ye cannot-οὐ δύνασθε (ou dunasthe)-no, not, (the absolute negative) to be able or possible) be saved-σωθῆναι (sothenai)-to make or keep sound or safe).
2 When therefore Paul and Barnabas had-γενομένης (genomenes)-to become, begin to be, (i.e. to come into existence, begin to be) no small dissension-στάσεως (staseos)-a standing up, (i.e. strife, conflict)) and-καὶ (kai)-and, also, even) disputation-συζητήσεως (suzeteseos)-joint seeking, (mutual questioning, i.e. discussion:—disputation(-ting), reasoning) with-πρὸς (pros)-toward) them, they determined-ἔταξαν (etaxan)-to arrange, (to arrange in an orderly manner, i.e. assign or dispose, (i.e. to appoint, ordain) that Paul and Barnabas, and certain other of them, should go up-ἀναβαίνειν (anabainein)-to go up, (move to a higher place, ascend) to-εἰς (eis)-into, to) Jerusalem unto-πρὸς (pros)-toward) the Apostles-ἀποστόλους (apostolous)-one sent forth, (a delegate, messenger)) and Elders-πρεσβυτέρους (presbuterous)-elder, aged person, (universally, advanced in life, an elder, a senior, ); among Christians, those who presided over the assemblies (or churches)) about-περὶ (peri)-around, about, ((as) concerning), (as) touching) this question-ζητήματος (zetematos)-question, enquiry, (a search (properly concretely), i.e. (in words) a debate:—question).
3 And being brought on their way-προπεμφθέντες (propemphthentes)-to send forward, (i.e. escort or aid in travel:—accompany, bring (forward) on journey (way)) by-ὑπὸ (hupo)-by) the Church-ἐκκλησίας (ekklesias)-assembly, that which is called out, (i.e. an assembly of Christians gathered for worship)), they passed through-διήρχοντο (dierchonto)-to go through, pass through, (travel through a region) Phenice-Φοινίκην (phoiniken)-"land of palm trees", (a territory of the province of Syria, situated on the coast of the Mediterranean between the river Eleutherus and the promontory of Carmel, some 30 miles (50 km) long and 3 (5 km) broad) and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) Samaria-Σαμάρειαν (Samareian)-"guardianship", (a territory in Palestine, which had Samaria as its capital), declaring-ἐκδιηγούμενοι (ekdiegoumenoi)-to lead throughout, (properly, to narrate in full or wholly; universally, to relate, tell, declare) the conversion-ἐπιστροφὴν (epistrophen)-a turning upon, (reversion, i.e. morally, revolution:—conversion) of the Gentiles-ἐθνῶν (ethon)-nation, people (group), (a race (as of the same habit), i.e. a tribe; a foreign (non-Jewish) one)): and they caused great joy-χαρὰν (charan)-joy, gladness) unto all the brethren.”
35 “Paul also and Barnabas continued in Antioch, teaching and preaching the word of the Lord, with many others also.”