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The MARK
of the
BEAST

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Beloved of the Lord;

Thus, it is written: And the light of a candle shall shine no more at all in thee: and the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride shall be heard no more at all in thee: for thy Merchants-ἔμποροί (emporoi)-a trader, (a (wholesale) tradesman, dealer:—merchant) were the great men of the earth: for by-ἐν (en)-in) thy sorceries-φαρμακείᾳ (pharmakeia)-enchantment with drugs, (i.e. the use or the administering of drugs:—medication ("pharmacy"); (by extension:— magic) were all-πάντα (panta)-all, every, the whole) nations-ἔθνη (ethen)-nation, people) deceived-ἐπλανήθησαν (eplanethesan)-to lead astray, to (properly, cause to) roam (from safety, truth, or virtue):—go astray, deceive, err, seduce, wander, be out of the way.). -(Revelation 18:23)

1. The Mark part.1

 

Pharmakeia

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Bibles:

 

Authorized Version 1611 [Punctuation, Capitalization, & Italics]

&

King James Bible 1769 [Spelling]

Concordance / Lexicon:

  • Analytical Concordance to the Bible: Robert Young, 1880.

  • The New Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible.

  • Thayer's Greek Lexicon.

  • Friberg Analytical Greek Lexicon

  • Gingrich, Greek New Testament Lexicon

  • Danker, Greek New Testament Lexicon

Greek Text:

Stephanus 1550 & Beza's 1598 & Scrivener's 1894 Textus Receptus.

Key:

  •  G#### : Strong's Exhaustive Concordance Number:— used when comparing  Greek words that share the same Root Word, but not the same Inflection / Parsing.

  • Open Bracket [(abc)] : My commentary insert/input.

Commentaries:

  • StudyLight.org: SL (click)

  • BibleHub.com: BH (click)

Greek Interlinear:

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1

MENU

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2

The Mark

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*For accurate results,

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The Verse In Question: 

 

 

 

 

 

Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894

16 καὶ ποιεῖ πάντας, τοὺς μικροὺς καὶ τοὺς μεγάλους, καὶ τοὺς πλουσίους καὶ τοὺς πτωχούς, καὶ τοὺς ἐλευθέρους καὶ τοὺς δούλους, ἵνα δώσῃ αὐτοῖς χάραγμα ἐπὶ τῆς χειρὸς αὐτῶν τῆς δεξιᾶς, ἐπὶ τῶν μέτωπων αὐτῶν, 17 καὶ ἵνα μή τις δύνηται ἀγοράσαι πωλῆσαι, εἰ μὴ ἔχων τὸ χάραγμα, τὸ ὄνομα τοῦ θηρίου τὸν ἀριθμὸν τοῦ ὀνόματος αὐτοῦ.

Revelation 13:15-17

15 And he had power to give //life (Gr. breath) unto the Image of the beast, that the Image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship the Image of the beast, should be killed. 16 And-καί (kai)-and, also) he causeth-ποιεῖ (poiei)-to do, make, (to cause one to)) all-πάντας (pantas)-all, every, the whole), *both small-μικροὺς (mikrous)-little, small, short, (apparently a primary word; small (in size, quantity, number or (figuratively) dignity):—least, less, little, small) and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) great-μεγάλους (megalous)-great, (big (literally or figuratively, in a very wide application):—great(-est), mighty, strong)) *rich-πλουσίους (plousious)-rich, (properly: wealthy; figuratively, abounding with:—rich) and *poor-πτωχούς (ptochous)-trembling, poor, (i.e. poor, needy)), *free-ἐλευθέρους (eleutherous)-free, at liberty, (i.e. one who is not a slave) and *bond-δούλους (doulous)-slave, servant, (i.e. bondman, man of servile condition), //to-ἵνα (hina)-so that, in order that (denoting the purpose or the result)) receive-δώσῃ (dose)-to give) (Gr. to give) *a mark-χάραγμα (charagma)-impressed mark, engraving) in-ἐπὶ (epi)-on, upon) their *right-δεξιᾶς (dexias)-right (hand, foot, or side), the right side or (feminine) hand (as that which usually takes):—right (hand, side):—the right)) *hand-χειρὸς (cheiros)-lit. hand), or-(e)-or, either) in-ἐπὶ (epi)-on, upon) their *foreheads-μέτωπων (metopon)-forehead, between the eyes): 17 And-καὶ (kai)-and, also) that-ἵνα (hina)-in order that, so that) no-μή (me)-no, not) man-τις (tis)-some one, a certain one) might-δύνηται (dunetai)-to be able or possible) *buy-ἀγοράσαι (agorasai)-to use the market place, (properly: to go to market, i.e. (by implication: to purchase)) or- (e)-or, either) *sell-πωλῆσαι (polesai)-to barter, (i.e. to sell)), save he-εἰ μὴ (ei me)-if not, except) that had-ἔχων (echon)-to have) the mark-χάραγμα (charagma)-impressed mark, engraving), or- (e)-or, either) the name of the beast, or the number-ἀριθμὸν (arithmon)-a number (as reckoned up):—number) of his name.

Example of Greek word: 

Greek Interlinear: 

  • he causeth-ποιεῖ: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: And ["it-is-makING"//"it-is-do-causing"] all, both small and great rich and poor, free and bond, to

  • receive-δώσῃVerb, Aorist, Active, Subjunctive, 3rd Person, Singular:  ["it-SHOULD BE-GIVING"] a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads: 17 And that no man

  • might-δύνηταιVerb, Present, Middle or Passive Deponent, Subjunctive, 3rd Person, Singular: ["MAY-BE-ABLE"//"may-be-being-able"]

  • buy-ἀγοράσαιVerb, Aorist, Active, Infinitive: ["TO-BUY"] or

  • sell-πωλῆσαι: Verb, Aorist, Active, Infinitive: ["TO-SELL"], save he that

  • had-ἔχων: Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Singular, Masculine: ["one-HAVING"] the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.

Punctuation Comparison:

1611 AV

16 And he causeth all, both smal and great rich and poore, free and bond, to receiue a marke in their right hand, or in their foreheads: 17 And that no man might buy or sell, saue he that had the marke, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name

 

1769 KJV

16 And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads: 17 And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.

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(A) The

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance Number: G5480

(A1) First, the Greek words:

(G5480-χάραγμα-(charagma)-a mark) -Rev 13:16

&

(G5480-χάραγμα-(charagma)-mark-Rev 13:17  

(A2) Revelation 13:16-17

16 And he causeth all, both small and great rich and poor, free and bond, //to receive (Gr. to give) G5480-a mark-χάραγμα (charagma)-impressed mark, engraving) in their right hand, or in their foreheads: 17 And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the G5480-mark-χάραγμα (charagma)-impressed mark, engraving), or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.

 

 

(A3) Note: The Strong's Number: (G5480) can be found nine (9) times with

three (3) different inflections:

(A4) seven (7) times as: 

χάραγμα (charagma): Noun, Accusative, Singular, Neuter.

(A5) one (1) time as: 

χαράγματι (charagmati): Noun, Genitive, Singular, Neuter

 

(A6) one (1) time as: 

χαράγματος (charagmatos): Noun, Dative, Singular, Neuter.

 

(A7) Definition of each Greek case:

The Accusative case: The Accusative-case refers to the case used for

a Noun [or] Pronoun that is a 'direct object'. 

    E.g. "His disciples came up to show Him the-(Definite-Article, Accusative case) buildings-(Noun, Accusative caseof the temple."

 

The Genitive case: The Genitive-case refers to the case used for a Noun, Pronoun, or Adjective to show ownership. 

    E.g. "His-('Personal-Pronoun'-Genitive casedisciples came up to show Him the buildings of the temple."

The Dative case: The Dative-case shows the relationship of an indirect object to a Verb, often found inside a prepositional phrase. 

    E.g. "His disciples came up to show-('Verb') Him-('indirect object'-Dative casethe buildings of the temple."

 

(B) The Greek word:

G5480-χάραγμα (charagma) + Accusative case.

 

(B1) Only seven (7) verses use the Greek word: 

(χάραγμα (charagma)-G5480) with the Accusative case.

(B2) Definition of:

The Accusative case: The Accusative-case refers to the case used for

a Noun [or] Pronoun that is a 'direct object'. 

    E.g. "His disciples came up to show Him [the-Definite-Article, Accusative case] [buildings-Noun, Accusative caseof the temple."

(B3) Note: The words: (the buildings) are the 'direct object'.

(B4) Revelation 13:16 Example #1

16 And he causeth all, both small and great rich and poor, free and bond, //to receive (Gr. to give) G5480-a mark-χάραγμα (charagma)-impressed mark, engraving), :Accusative case) in their right hand, or in their foreheads:

Inflection: (Noun, Accusative, Singular, Neuter)

(B5) Note: The word: (a mark) is the 'direct object'.

(B6) Revelation 13:17 Example #2

17 And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the-τὸ (to) :Accusative case) G5480-mark-χάραγμα (charagma)-impressed mark, engraving), :Accusative case), or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.

Inflection: (Noun, Accusative, Singular, Neuter)

(B7) Note: The words: (the mark) are the 'direct object'.

(B8) Revelation 14:9 Example #3

9 And the third Angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his G5480-mark-χάραγμα (charagma)-impressed mark, engraving), :Accusative case) in his forehead, or in his hand,

Inflection: (Noun, Accusative, Singular, Neuter)

(B9) Note: The word: (mark) is the 'direct object'.

(B10) Revelation 14:11 Example #4

11 And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever. And they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the-τὸ (to) :Accusative case) G5480-mark-χάραγμα (charagma)-impressed mark, engraving), :Accusative case) of his name.

Inflection: (Noun, Accusative, Singular, Neuter)

(B11) Note: The words: (the mark) are the 'direct object'.

(B12) Revelation 16:2 Example #5

2 And the first went, and poured out his vial upon the earth, and there fell a noisome and grievous sore upon the men which had the-τὸ (to) :Accusative case) G5480-mark-χάραγμα (charagma)-impressed mark, engraving), :Accusative case) of the beast, and upon them which worshipped his image.

Inflection: (Noun, Accusative, Singular, Neuter)

(B13) Note: The words: (the mark) are the 'direct object'.

(B14) Revelation 19:20 Example #6

20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet, that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the-τὸ (to) :Accusative case) G5480-mark-χάραγμα (charagma)-impressed mark, engraving), :Accusative case) of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.

Inflection: (Noun, Accusative, Singular, Neuter)

(B15) Note: The words: (the mark) are the 'direct object'.

(B16) Revelation 20:4 Example #7

4 And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his G5480-mark-χάραγμα (charagma)-impressed mark, engraving), :Accusative case) upon their foreheads, or in their hands, and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.

Inflection: (Noun, Accusative, Singular, Neuter)

(B17) Note: The word: (mark) is the 'direct object'.

(B18) Note: Both the 'Majority' & 'Minority' text-type manuscripts show a (Definite-Article: τὸ (to)-[the]) prior to the Greek word: (χάραγμα-mark).

The italicized word (his) is not supported.

OR,

... [οὐκ-neither] [ἔλαβον-had received] [τὸ-the] [χάραγμα-mark] ... 

OR,

... [οὐκ-neither] [ἔλαβον-had received] [τὸ-the:Accusative case 

[χάραγμα-mark:Accusative case...

(C) The Greek word:

G5480-χαράγματος (charagmatos) + Genitive case.

 

(C1) Only one (1) verse uses the Greek word: 

(χαράγματος (charagmatos)-G5480) with the Genitive case.

(C2) Definition of:

The Genitive case: The Genitive-case refers to the case used for a Noun, Pronoun, or Adjective to show ownership.

 

    E.g. "[His-Possessive-Pronoun, Genitive casedisciples came up to show Him the buildings of the temple."

(C3) Revelation 15:2 Example #1

2 And I saw as it were a Sea of glass, mingled with fire, and them that had gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, and over his-αὐτοῦ (autou) :Genitive case) G5480-mark-χαράγματος (charagmatos)-impressed mark, engraving), :Genitive case), and over the number of his name, stand on the sea of glass, having the harps of God.

Inflection: (Noun, Genitive, Singular, Neuter)

(C4) Note: (1.) This is the only time the word: (G5480-mark) is inflected with the Genitive case; which places a strong emphasis over whose mark it is:

[of the beast].

 

(2.) The 'Majority text-type' Greek manuscripts shows a

(Definite Article: τοῦ (tou)-[of-the]) prior to the Greek word: (χαράγματος-mark).

OR,

“... and them that had gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, 

[and-καὶ-"and"] [over-ἐκ-"out"] [τοῦ-"of-the"] [mark-χαράγματος-"carve-effect"] [his-αὐτοῦ-"OF-it"], ...

 

Order of cases:

“... and them that had gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, 

[and-καὶ-"and"] [over-ἐκ-"out"] [τοῦ-"of-the"-Genitive case] [mark-χαράγματος-"carve-effect"//"mark"-Genitive case] [his-αὐτοῦ-"OF-it"-Genitive case], ...

(3.) Translators did not include the (Definite Article: τοῦ (tou)-[of-the]) prior to the Greek word: (χαράγματος-mark). That's because the Greek word:

(αὐτοῦ-his) was already supplied. Instead, the (Possessive-Pronoun: αὐτοῦ-his) was placed prior to the Greek word: (χαράγματος-mark).

OR,

“... and them that had gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, 

and over his markand over the number of his name, ...

(C5) Note: The 'Minority text-type' manuscripts omit the Greek words:

"ἐκ τοῦ χαράγματος ἀυτοῦ" OR,

[ἐκ-"out"] [τοῦ-"of-the"] [χαράγματος-"carve-effect"//"mark"[αὐτοῦ-"OF-it"]

 

Compare:

from the Minority text-type:

Nestle-Aland, Novum Testamentum Graece, 28th Revised Edition

Καὶ εἶδον ὡς θάλασσαν ὑαλίνην μεμιγμένην πυρὶ καὶ τοὺς νικῶντας ἐκ τοῦ θηρίου καὶ ἐκ τῆς εἰκόνος αὐτοῦ καὶ [missing] ἐκ τοῦ ἀριθμοῦ τοῦ ὀνόματος αὐτοῦ ἑστῶτας ἐπὶ τὴν θάλασσαν τὴν ὑαλίνην ἔχοντας κιθάρας τοῦ θεοῦ. 

from the Majority text-type:

Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894

Καὶ εἶδον ὡς θάλασσαν ὑαλίνην μεμιγμένην πυρί, καὶ τοὺς νικῶντας ἐκ τοῦ θηρίου καὶ ἐκ τῆς εἰκόνος αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐκ τοῦ χαράγματος ἀυτοῦ, ἐκ τοῦ ἀριθμοῦ τοῦ ὀνόματος αὐτοῦ, ἑστῶτας ἐπὶ τὴν θάλασσαν τὴν ὑαλίνην, ἔχοντας κιθάρας τοῦ Θεοῦ,

(C6) Note: This is how Translations read for Revelation 15:2

 

(C7) King James Bible

“... and them that had gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, 

[and over his mark]and over the number of his name, ...

(C8) New International Version

"... those who had been victorious over the beast and its image [missing] and over the number of its name. ..."

(C9New American Standard Bible

"... and those who were victorious over the beast and his image [missingand the number of his name, ..."

(C10Legacy Standard Bible

"... and those who have overcome the beast and his image [missingand the number of his name, ..."

(D) The Greek word:

G5480-χαράγματι (charagmati) + Dative case.

 

(D1) Only one (1) verse uses the Greek word: 

(χαράγματι (charagmati)-G5480) with the Dative case.

(D2) Definition of:

The Dative case: The Dative-case shows the relationship of an 'indirect object' to a Verb, often found inside a prepositional phrase. a.) One of the functions of the dative-case is to shows the relationship of a Dative (-Noun, -Pronoun) to a Verb. b.) The Dative Noun [or] Pronoun tells “to whom” or “for whom” the action of the Verb is performed. c.) Greek Prepositions:  (e.g. ἐν, ἐπί, παρά) with the Dative-case have unique meanings/definitions.   

   

E.g. "His disciples came up [to show-Verb] [Him-Personal-Pronoun, Dative case: ('indirect object' / ["to-HIM"]]the buildings of the temple."

(D3) Acts 17:29 Example #1

29 Forasmuch then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone G5480-graven-χαράγματι (charagmati)-something graven, sculptured, (i.e. thing carved, sculpture, graven work), :Dative case) by art, and man's device.

Inflection: (Noun, Dative, Singular, Neuter)

(D4Note: The Greek Interlinear:

... [τοῦ-"OF-the"[θεοῦ-"God"[οὐκ-"NOT"] [ὀφείλομεν-"we-ought"] [νομίζειν-"to-be-inferring"] [χρυσῷ-"to-Gold"] [ἢ-"Or"] [ἀργύρῳ-"to-Silver"] [ἢ-"Or"][λίθῳ-"to-Stone"] [χαράγματι-"to-CARVE-effect"//"to-sculpture"] [τέχνης-OF-Art], ...

OR,

... [τοῦ-"OF-the"[θεοῦ-"God"[οὐκ-"NOT"]

we ought-[ὀφείλομεν-"we-ought"-Verb]

 to think-[νομίζειν-"to-be-inferring"-Verb]

[χρυσῷ-"to-Gold"[-"or"[ἀργύρῳ-"to-Silver"[-"or"[λίθῳ-"to-Stone"]

 graven-[χαράγματι-"to-CARVE-effect"//"to-sculpture"-Noun, Dative case]

 [τέχνης-OF-Art], ...

 

 

 

 

(EDefinitions for: G5480

(E1Below are some definitions

for the Strong's Number: (G5480)-'to engrave'. 

(E2Analytical Concordance to the Bible: Robert Young, 1880: 

    a. impressed mark, engraving Rev. 13:16f, 17; 14:9,11; 15:2; 16:2; 19:20; 20:4 b. something graven, sculptured Acts 17:29.

(E3The New Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible:

a scratch or etching, i.e. stamp (as a badge of servitude), or scupltured figure (statue):—graven, mark.

(E4Thayer's Greek Lexicon:

(χαράσσω 'to engrave'); a. a stamp, an imprinted mark: of the mark stamped on the forehead or the right hand as the badge of the followers of Antichrist, Rev. 13:16f; 14:9,11; 15:2 Rec.; 16:2; 19:20; 20:4 (πυρός, the mark branded upon horses, Anacreon (530 B. C.) 26 (55), 2). b. thing carved, sculpture, graven work: of idolatrous images, Acts 17:29. (In various other senses in Greek writings from Sophocles down.) 

(E5Friberg, Analytical Greek Lexicon:

(1) mark or stamp, made by engraving, etching, imprinting, branding (RV 13.16); (2) by metonymy likeness, handiwork, the thing formed (AC 17.29)

(E6Gingrich Lexicon:

1. a mark or stamp Rv 13:16f; 14:9, 11; 15:2 v.l.; 16:2; 19:20; 20:4.—2. a thing formed, an image Ac 17:29.* [pg 215] 

(E7Danker Lexicon:

[χαράσσω ‘engrave’] ‘product of an engraving process’ – a. of a statue engraved work Ac 17:29. – b. of a mark engraved on the human body brand Rv 13:16f; 14:9 , 11; 16:2; 19:20; 20:4.  

(E8Summary.

(1.) All of the above verses use the Strong's Number:

(G5480-'to engrave') with three (3) different inflections:

seven (7) times as: 

χάραγμα (charagma): Noun, Accusative, Singular, Neuter.

Rev. 13:16, 13:17, 14:9, 14:11, 16:2, 19:20, 20:4 

one (1) time as: 

χαράγματι (charagmati): Noun, Genitive, Singular, Neuter

Rev. 15:2

one (1) time as: 

χαράγματος (charagmatos): Noun, Dative, Singular, Neuter.

Act. 17:29

(2.) All share a common definition of: 'to scratch or etch', 'carve', 'grave', 'impress'.

(3.) I will set aside the use of the Dative case, as it is not directly relevant to the study of Revelation 13:16

(4.) The whole purpose of me drawing your attention to the 'cases' was to lay the foundation for the segments to follow, and for you to understand how each 'case' is defined.  

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(F) The

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance Number: G5482

  

(F1The Strong's Number: (G5480-'to engrave'is a kin

to the Strong's Number: (G5482-'to sharpen to a point').

 

 

(F2) Only Luke 19:43 uses the Strong's Number: (G5482).

(F3Luke 19:43

43 For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast

G5482-a trench-χάρακά (charaka)-a stake of wood, palisade, rampart, (from χαράσσω charássō (to sharpen to a point; akin to G1125 through the idea of scratching); a stake, i.e. (by implication) a palisade or rampart (military mound for circumvallation in a siege):—trench.) about-περιβαλοῦσιν (peribalousin)-to cast around, (to surround a city with a bank (palisade),) thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side,

    (F4Note: A 'palisade', sometimes called a 'stakewall' or a 'paling', is typically a fence or defensive wall made from iron or wooden stakes, or tree trunks, and used as a defensive structure or enclosure.

    Etymology: Palisade derives from pale, from the Latin word pālus, meaning stake, specifically a "stake" used to support a fence.[1] A palisade gangs these side by side to create a fence entirely made of pales.-wikipedia.

palsade.jpg
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0106_QUANTUM-1-RN.jpg

 

A pattern of 1.5-millimeter microneedles that contain vaccine and fluorescent quantum dots are applied as a patch. The needles dissolve under the skin, leaving the encapsulated quantum dots. Their pattern can be read to identify the vaccine that was administered. The project was co-led by Rice University bioengineer Kevin McHugh during his time at MIT. (Credit: Second Bay Studios)

 

 

 (F4Note: Can you think of any technology that resembles the above? Perhaps, a microneedle vaccine patch? This patches are said to go into the epidermis of the skin; it is both etched 'into' the skin and 'on' the skin. Oddly enough, this patches resemble the bite of a snake.

 

(F5Note: Furthermore, the Strong's Number:

(G5482-'to sharpen to a point') 

is a kin to The Strong's Number:

(G1125-'to grave').

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(G) The

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance Number: G1125

(G1The Strong's Number: (G5482-'to sharpen to a point') is akin to

the Strong's Number: (G1125-'to grave'). The Strong's Number: (G1125)

is a root word; a primary verb; 'to grave', especially to write. 

(G2(1.) The Strong's Number: (G1125) can be found throughout the New Testament in words like: ("it is written'"-gegraptai) ("write"-graphe) 

("I write"-grapho) ("to write"-graphein) &co.

(2.) It is used more than 200 times. It is first used in Matthew 2:5.

(G3Matthew 2:5

5 And they said unto him, In Bethlehem of Judaea: for thus G1125-it is written-γέγραπται (gegraptai)-to be written, (properly: to grave, scrape, inscribe, scratch, engrave; with focus on the physical act of inscribing/writing)) by the Prophet;”

OR,

“... for thus ["HAS-been-WRITTEN"] by the Prophet;”

Inflection: (Verb, Perfect, Passive, Indicative, 3rd-Person, Singular)

(G4Note: The last use of the Strong's Number: (G1125-'to grave')