Redemption / Adoption
My Beloved Brother and Sister;
Remember, "And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son." (1 John 5:11)
(KJV) Bible Verses
23"For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;24 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:25 Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;"
justified: δικαιόω (dikaioō)- to make or declare right).
freely: δωρεάν (dōrean)- freely, gratis).
*** for use of Greek word: δωρεάν (dōrean) click: Matthew 10:8
his grace-χάρις (charis)- grace, graciousness, good will, loving-kindness, favour): The moving cause of it is the free grace of God; for by "the grace of God" here, is not meant the Gospel, or what some men call the terms of the Gospel, and the constitution of it; nor the grace of God infused into the heart; but the free love and favour of God, as it is in his heart; which is wonderfully displayed in the business of a sinner's justification before him: it appears in his resolving upon the justification of his chosen ones in Christ
*** for use of Greek word: χάρις (charis) click: John 1:14
through: διά (dia)- various uses, i.e: by the means of)
redemption-ἀπολύτρωσις (apolytrōsis)- redemption, deliverance, a releasing effected by payment of ransom): redemption supposes a former state of captivity to sin, Satan, and the law, in which God's elect were by nature, and is a deliverance from it; it is of a spiritual nature, chiefly respects the soul, and is plenteous, complete, and eternal: this is in and by Christ; he was called unto it, was sent to effect it, had a right unto it, as being the near kinsman; and was every way fit for it; and has by his sufferings and death obtained it: now, as all the blessings of grace come through redemption by Christ, so does this of justification, and after this manner; Christ, as a Redeemer, had the sins of his people laid on him, and they were bore by him, and took away; the sentence of the law's condemnation was executed on him, as standing in their legal place and stead
6"To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.7 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;8 Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence;"
In- ἐν (en)-in, by, etc.)
whom : Jesus Christ
redemption-ἀπολύτρωσις (apolytrōsis)- redemption, deliverance, a releasing effected by payment of ransom): which is the grand subject of all revelation, and especially of the New Testament , namely, from the power, guilt, and penal consequences of sin. If a man were unable to redeem himself from being a bond-servant, his kinsman might redeem him. Hence, antitypically the Son of God became the Son of man, that as our kinsman He might redeem us.
blood- αἷμα (haima)-of man or animals, specially (the atoning blood of Christ); by implication, bloodshed): and this benefit Christ is the author of; he was called to be the Redeemer of his people from all eternity; and he was sent in the fulness of time, to procure the redemption of them; to which he had a right, being their near kinsman; and for which he was every way fit; and which he has obtained by his obedience, sufferings, and death: and in whom it resides, as in its proper subject and author; who, by imputation, is made redemption to all the chosen ones; for not angels, but men, share in this redemption; and not all men, but elect men; such as are chosen in Christ, predestinated to the adoption of children by him, and who are accepted in the beloved
forgiveness- ἄφεσις (aphesis)- a sending away, letting go, release) of sins-παράπτωμα (paraptōma)-fall, offence, trespass, a sin, misdeed): the remission of our transgressions, being pardoned, God’s wrath is removed from us; we are taken into his favour; adopted into his family; born of his Spirit; love him who hath thus first loved us; and, through this love, become holy, and without blame before him.
*** for use of Greek word: ἄφεσις (aphesis) click: Acts 13:38
13"In whom ye also trusted after that ye heard the word of truth, the Gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance, until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.15 Wherefore I also, after I heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus, and love unto all the saints,"
earnest- ἀρραβών (arrabōn)-surety, pledge, earnest) of our inheritance- κληρονομία (klēronomia)- what is obtained by lot, possesion, heirship): The gift of the Spirit is not only a seal, but an earnest, firstfruit, or installment, a pledge that the rest shall follow. The seal of the Spirit not only assures us of the full inheritance to come, but gives us a right conception of its nature. It shows us the kind of provision God makes for those whom he takes as his heritage, his peculiar people.
*** for use of Greek word: ἀρραβών (arrabōn) click: 2 Corinthians 1:22
redemption-ἀπολύτρωσις (apolutrōsis)- a loosing away, deliverance, liberation procured by the payment of a ransom.)
purchased possession-περιποίησις (peripoiēsis)-acquisition, possession, one's own property, an obtaining): this is not to be understood of heaven, which is never said to be purchased, nor can it with any propriety be said to be redeemed; but of saints, of the church of God, who are bought with a price, and are purchased with his blood; and who, as they were redeemed from sin, Satan, and the law, when they were purchased, so will be redeemed again in the resurrection morn, which is called the day of redemption.
praise- ἔπαινος (epainos)- approbation, commendation, praise) of his glory-δόξα (doxa)-various uses, here: magnificence, excellence, preeminence, dignity, grace, majesty): as to the glory of the Father, by whom the saints are chosen and predestinated, and to the glory of the Son, by whom they are redeemed, in whom they obtain the inheritance, and in whom they trust, so to the glory of the Holy Spirit, by whom they are sealed, and who is their earnest; for he must have his share of glory in the salvation of the elect, as well as the other two persons.
11"But Christ being come an high Priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect Tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building:12 Neither by the blood of Goats and Calves: but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us."
blood- αἷμα (haima)-of man or animals) of goats and calves: nor could the blood of these creatures take away sin, nor would God accept of such sacrifices any longer.
his own- ἴδιος (idios)-pertaining to one's self, one's own, belonging to one's self) blood- αἷμα (haima)-of man or animals, specially (the atoning blood of Christ); by implication, bloodshed): which shows the truth of his human nature, and the virtue of its blood, as in union with his divine Person; by which he opened the way into the holiest of all, as the surety of his people, and gives them boldness and liberty to follow him there; he carried his blood not in a basin, as the high priest carried the blood of goats and calves, but in his veins; and by it, having been shed by him, he entered not into the holy place made with hands, but into heaven itself; and that not every year, as the high priest, but "once" for all, having done his work
redemption-λύτρωσις (lytrōsis)- a loosing, a ransoming, deliverance) for us: This was what was sought for long ago by the, Old Testament saints, who were wishing, waiting, and longing for this salvation; it is a thing very precious and difficult to find; it is to be had nowhere but in Christ, and when found in him, is matter of great joy to sensible sinners; God found it in him, and found him to be a proper person to effect it; and Christ has found it by being the author of it: this is called an eternal redemption, because it extends to the saints in all ages; backwards and forwards; it includes eternal life and happiness; and such as are sharers in it shall never perish, but shall be saved with an everlasting salvation.
*** for use of Greek word: λύτρωσις (lytrōsis), click: Luke 2:38
14"For as many as are led by the spirit of God, they are the sons of God.15 For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear: but ye have received the spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.16 The spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God."
spirit-πνεῦμα (pneuma)- various uses, here: mental disposition or influence) of bondage- δουλεία (douleia)-slavery, the condition of a slave): Men in a state of nature are under a spirit of bondage to the lusts of the flesh; by these they are captivated and enslaved, and the consequence of it is a fearful apprehension, when convicted, of death, judgment, and wrath to come. They are in slavery to the god of this world, who leads them captive, and by injecting into them fears of death, are subject to bondage.
*** for use of Greek word: δουλεία (douleia) click: Galatians 5:1
spirit-πνεῦμα (pneuma)- various uses, here: mental disposition or influence) of adoption-υἱοθεσία (huiothesia)- placing as a son, adoption as sons): That spirit which is characteristic of those who are taken to be sons, who, like the Christian at his baptism, are admitted into this relation of sonship. A spirit of freedom with God springing from filial affection and without mercenary views; a meek, harmless, and inoffensive spirit. Though it seems best of all to understand by it the Holy Spirit of God, who is distinguished from the spirit of believers, and is called "the Spirit of his Son" in a parallel place, and stands opposed here to a spirit of bondage, and may be so called because as a spirit of grace he flows from adoption; and is the discoverer, applier, witness, and ratifier of the blessing of adoption; and is the pledge, earnest, or seal of the future adoption or eternal inheritance.
*** for use of Greek word: υἱοθεσία (huiothesia) click: Romans 8:23
Abba-ἀββα (abba)- "father"), Father: we, the saints under the Gospel, "cry" which denotes an internal vehemency and affection of soul, and an outward calling upon God, as a Father, with confidence; "Abba, Father, Father" is the explanation of the word "Abba", and which is added for explanation sake, and to express the vehemency of the affection, and the freedom and liberty which belongs to children.
*** for use of Greek word: ἀββα (abba) click: Galatians 4:6
22"For we know that the whole creation groaneth, and travaileth in pain together until now.23 And not only they, but ourselves also which have the firstfruits of the spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body.
firstfruits-ἀπαρχή (aparchē)-to offer firstlings or firstfruits) of the spirit-πνεῦμα (pneuma)- various uses, i.e; Holy Spirit, disposition or influence): meaning either the apostles, who were all Jews, and who most of them received the extraordinary gifts of the Spirit on the day of "Pentecost", which was the day of the firstfruits, Numbers 28:26; and to which there seems to be an allusion here; or else the Jewish converts in general: to the Jews the promises of the Messiah were made; to them he first came; the Gospel was first preached unto them, and some of them first believed in Christ; they had the grace of God communicated to them in conversion, which they received as the firstfruits, with respect to an after increase; or in regard to glory, like the firstfruits, grace is of the same kind with glory, and is a pledge and earnest of it; saints judge by grace the firstfruits, what glory is, and therefore long after it.
*** for use of Greek word: ἀπαρχή (aparchē) click: James 1:18
groan-στενάζω (stenazō)- to groan or sight together) within ourselves: their groans were inward from their hearts, not hypocritical or were among themselves, common to them all; and that not merely on their own account, the corruptions of their hearts, the sufferings they endured for the sake of the Gospel, and in a longing expectation for the heavenly glory, but also for the conversion of the Gentiles, for which they incessantly laboured, and prayed night and day.
adoption-υἱοθεσία (yhiothesia)-adoption as sons): which is; the redemption of the body.
redemption-ἀπολύτρωσις (apolutrōsis)- a loosing away, deliverance, liberation procured by the payment of a ransom.) of the body-σῶμα (sōma)-the body both of men or animals, here: the dead body): "the redemption of our body" is not meant the redemption of God's elect, body and soul, by the blood and death of Christ, which was already finished; and which the saints, who had received the firstfruits, were partakers of in themselves, and therefore could not be said to be waiting for it: but it designs either the redemption of the natural body, by the resurrection from the dead; when the bodies of the saints will be delivered from that mortality, corruption, weakness, and dishonour, under which they lie in the grave; when they will be refined and spiritualized, and freed from everything which makes them an incumbrance, and an uneasiness to their souls or spirits now.
*** for use of Greek word: ἀπολύτρωσις (apolutrōsis) click: Luke 21:28
4"According as he hath chosen us in him, before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy, and without blame before him in love:5 Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will:6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved:"
predestinated-προορίζω (proorizō)-to predetermine, decide beforehand, to foreordain, appoint beforehand) us-ἡμᾶς (hēmas)-us, we): having appointed us unto a state of sonship and right to glory. Those who come to Christ, are predestinated unto adoption.
*** for use of Greek word: προορίζω (proorizō) click: Ephesians 1:11
adoption of children-υἱοθεσία (huiothesia)-adoption as sons): by which is meant, either the grace of adoption, which is an act of the Father's love, a blessing provided and secured in the covenant of grace; and is of persons to an inheritance, to which they have no legal right; and is entirely free, there being no need on the adopter's part, and no worth on the part of the adopted: or rather the inheritance they are adopted to; which exceeds all others, is incorruptible, undefiled, and fades not away; and lies among the saints in light, and belongs to all the children of God: and this they are predestinated unto, by God the Father, who takes them into his family, puts them among the children, and gives them a goodly heritage.
*** for use of Greek word: υἱοθεσία (huiothesia) click: Galatians 4:5
by-διά (dia)-various uses, i.e: through, by means of) Jesus Christ: or through him; for both the grace of adoption, and the kingdom and glory they are adopted to, come by and through him as Mediator.
good pleasure-εὐδοκία (eudokia)-good will, kindly intent, benevolence, goodness) of his will-θέλημα (thelēma)-will, choice, inclination, desire, pleasure): The will of God is the rule of all his actions, and of all his acts of grace and goodness; and the good pleasure of it appears in the predestination of men to grace and glory: and from hence it is manifest, that foreseen faith, holiness, and good works, are excluded from being the moving cases of predestinating grace; and that it is wholly to be resolved into the good will and pleasure of God.
*** for use of Greek word: εὐδοκία (eudokia) click: 2 Thessalonians 1:11
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"16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: 17 That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works." (2 Timothy 3:16-17)