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DEMAS

 

 

Beloved of the Lord;

 

Remember: For we are G4904-labourers together-συνεργοί (sunergoi)-a companion in work, fellow worker, (a co-laborer, i.e. coadjutor:—companion in labour, (fellow-)helper(-labourer, -worker), labourer together with, workfellow)) with God, ye are God's husbandry, ye are God's building.

-(1 Corinthians 3:9)

 

1. Demas

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Bibles:

 

Authorized Version 1611 [Punctuation, Capitalization, & Italics]

&

King James Bible 1769 [Spelling]

Concordance / Lexicon:

  • Analytical Concordance to the Bible: Robert Young, 1880.

  • The New Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible.

  • Thayer's Greek Lexicon.

  • Friberg Analytical Greek Lexicon

  • Gingrich, Greek New Testament Lexicon

  • Danker, Greek New Testament Lexicon

Greek Text:

Stephanus 1550 & Beza's 1598 & Scrivener's 1894 Textus Receptus.

Key:

  •  H/G#### : Strong's Exhaustive Concordance Number:— used when comparing Greek or Hebrew words that share the same Root Word, but not the same Inflection / Parsing.

  • Brackets w/ Parenthesis [(abc)] : My commentary insert/input.

Commentaries:

  • StudyLight.org: SL (click)

  • BibleHub.com: BH (click)

Greek Interlinear:

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'Demas'

.

The name 'Demas' can be found three (3) times in the New Testament. Demas was a brother and fellow-laborer of 'the faith'.

 

(1)

 Below are the three (3) verses that mention the name 'Demas': 

(A) The letter to the Colossians is estimated to have been written

between: AD 61-62

(A1) Colossians 4:14

12 “Epaphras, who is one of you, a servant of Christ, G782 saluteth-ἀσπάζεται (aspazetai)-to salute, embrace, draw together, (to salute one, greet, bid welcome, wish well to)) you, always *labouring fervently-ἀγωνιζόμενος (agonizomenos)-contend, wrestle, (to endeavor to accomplish something)) for-ὑπὲρ (huper)-for the sake of, (for one's advantage or benefit)) you in prayers, that-ἵνα (hina)-that, so that, in order that) *ye may stand-στῆτε (stete)-to set, place) *perfect-τέλειοι (teleioi)-ended, complete, ((in various applications of labor, growth, mental and moral character, etc.)), and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) complete-πεπληρωμένοι (pepleromenoi)-to fill up, fill full) in-ἐν (en)-in) all *the will-θελήματι (thelemati)-will, wish, what one wishes or has determined shall be done (i.e. objectively, thing willed)) of God. 13 For I bear him record, that he hath a great zeal for you, and them that are in Laodicea, and them in Hierapolis.  14 Luke the beloved physician, and-καὶ (kai)-and, also, even) Demas-Δημᾶς (Demas) G782 *greet-ἀσπάζεται (aspazetai)-to salute, embrace, draw together, (to salute one, greet, bid welcome, wish well to) you. 15 Salute the brethren which are in Laodicea, and Nymphas, and the church which is in his house.” 

OR,

(12 Epaphras, who is one of you, a servant of Christ, ["IS-greetING"] you, always ["CONTENDING"] for you in prayers, that ["YE-MAY-BE-STANDING"] perfect, and ["complete"] in all the will of God. ... 14 Luke the beloved physician, and Demas ["IS-greetING"] you.)

(A2) Example of Greek word:

 

 

 

(A3) Note: In summary, the Apostle Paul wrote a letter to the Colossians while in bonds at Rome. He concluded his letter with salutations on behalf of  the fellow Christian brothers. All along, the Apostle Paul speaks well of his fellowservants. Compare:

 

(A4Verse 7

7 All my state shall Tychicus declare unto you, who is a-ὁ (ho)-the) beloved-ἀγαπητὸς (agapetos)-dearly beloved) brother-ἀδελφὸς (adelphos)-a brother, (i.e. a fellow-believer), and a faithful-πιστὸς (pistos)-faithful, steady) minister-διάκονος (diakonos)-deacon, labourer, ministrant), and fellowservant-σύνδουλος (sundoulos)-a co-slave, (i.e. servitor or ministrant of the same master (human or divine):—fellowservant) in the Lord:”

(A5Verse 9

9 With Onesimus a-τῷ (to)-the) faithful-πιστῷ (pisto)-faithful, steady) and beloved-ἀγαπητῷ (agapeto)-dearly beloved) brother-ἀδελφῷ (adelpho)-a brother, (i.e. a fellow-believer), who is one of you. They shall make known unto you all things which are done here.

(A6Verse 10

10 Aristarchus my fellowprisoner-συναιχμάλωτός (sunaichmalotos)-a co-captive:—fellowprisoner) saluteth-Ἀσπάζεται (aspazetai)-to salute, embrace, draw together, (to salute one, greet, wish well to) you, and Marcus, sister's son to Barnabas, (touching whom ye received commandments; if he come unto you, receive him:)”

(A7Note: Paul's fellowprisoner: (Aristarchus) was a companion of his during his ministry travels. cf. Acts 19:29, Acts 20:4, Acts 27:2, & Philemon 1:24.

(A8Verse 12

10 Epaphras, who is one of you, a servant-δοῦλος (doulos)-a servant, (one who gives himself up wholly to another's will) of Christ, saluteth-ἀσπάζεται (aspazetai)-to salute, embrace, draw together, (to salute one, greet, bid welcome, wish well to)) you, always labouring fervently-ἀγωνιζόμενος (agonizomenos)-contend, wrestle, (to endeavor to accomplish something)) for-ὑπὲρ (huper)-for the sake of, (for one's advantage or benefit)) you in prayers, that ye may stand perfect, and complete in all the will of God.

(A9Verse 14

14 Luke the beloved physician, and-καὶ (kai)-and, also, even) Demas-Δημᾶς (Demas) greet-ἀσπάζεται (aspazetai)-to salute, embrace, draw together, (to salute one, greet, bid welcome, wish well to) you.

(A10Note: Luke the beloved physician, was Paul’s perpetual and individual companion in his travels.

(A11Summary.

In light of the above,

Demas was a fellow Christian believer who did receive the preaching of the Gospel. For the Apostle Paul to include him in this letter, it had to mean that Demas had accepted the word of God. It is safe to say that Demas was also aware of other churches [Colossians]; for he greets them. 

(2)

(BThe letter to Philemon is estimated to have been written

between: AD 61-62

(B1) Philemon 1:24

23 “There salute thee Epaphras, my fellowprisoner-συναιχμάλωτός (sunaichmalotos)-a co-captive:—fellowprisoner) in Christ Jesus: 24 Marcus, Aristarchus, Demas-Δημᾶς (Demas), Lucas, my G4904 fellowlabourers-συνεργοί (sunergoi)-a companion in work, fellow worker, (a co-laborer, i.e. coadjutor:—companion in labour, (fellow-)helper(-labourer, -worker), labourer together with, workfellow). 25 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Amen. (Written from Rome to Philemon, by Onesimus a servant.)” 

(B2 Note: The Apostle Paul bares record that Demas was indeed a fellow laborer of the Faith, along with: Marcus, Aristarchus, & Lucas.

Note: Comments - Greetings from Paul’s Co-Workers: Paul uses the words “fellowprisoners,” “fellowlabourers,” and “fellowhelpers” in a number of his epistles. These words go deeper in meaning than just describing their personal relationships with Paul. It also describes their spiritual relationship with him in the sense that as they were partners and partakers of Paul’s labours and sufferings, ... -(Everett's Study Notes). SL

(B3) G4904-συνεργοί (sunergoi)

(B4) Note: There are only four (4) other verse with the Greek word

 G4904-συνεργοί (sunergoi), as found in Philemon 1:24.

Inflection: (Adjective, Nominative, Plural, Masculine)

(B5) 1 Corinthians 3:9 

“For we are G4904-labourers together-συνεργοί (sunergoi) with God, ye are God's husbandry, ye are God's building.

(Inflection: Adjective, Nominative, Plural, Masculine)

(B6) 2 Corinthians 1:24 

“Not for that we have dominion over your faith, but are G4904-helpers-συνεργοί (sunergoi) of your joy: for by faith ye stand. 

(Inflection: Adjective, Nominative, Plural, Masculine)

(B7) Colossians 4:11

“And Jesus, which is called Justus, who are of the circumcision. These only G4904-are my fellowworkers-συνεργοί (sunergoi) unto the kingdom of God, which have been a comfort unto me.

(Inflection: Adjective, Nominative, Plural, Masculine)

 

(B8) 3 John 1:8

5 “Beloved, thou doest faithfully whatsoever thou doest to the Brethren, and to strangers:Which have borne witness of thy charity before the Church: whom if thou bring forward on their journey after a godly sort, thou shalt do well:Because that for his Name's sake they went forth, taking nothing of the Gentiles. 8 We therefore ought to receive such, that we might be

G4904-fellowhelpers-συνεργοί (sunergoi) to the truth.

(Inflection: Adjective, Nominative, Plural, Masculine)

(B9) There is a total of thirteen (13) verses

that use the Strong's Number: G4904.

Below are four (4) more examples of the Strong's Number: G4904 

with different inflections.

(B10) Romans 16:3

“Greet Priscilla and Aquila, my G4904-helpers-συνεργούς (sunergous) in Christ Jesus: 

(Inflection: Adjective, Accusative, Plural, Masculine)

(B11) Romans 16:21

“Timotheus my G4904-workfellow-συνεργός (sunergos), and Lucius, and Jason, and Sosipater, my kinsmen salute you. 

(Inflection: Adjective, Nominative, Singular, Masculine)

(B12) 1 Thessalonians 3:2

“And sent Timotheus our brother and minister of God, and our G4904-fellowlabourer-συνεργὸν (sunergon) in the Gospel of Christ, to establish you, and to comfort you concerning your faith: 

(Inflection: Adjective, Accusative, Singular, Masculine)

(B13) Philemon 1:1

“Paul a prisoner of Jesus Christ, and Timothy our brother unto Philemon our dearly beloved, and G4904-fellowlabourer-συνεργῷ (sunergo), 

(Inflection: Adjective, Dative, Singular, Masculine)

(B14) In Summary.

It is evident that Demas was a fellow believer of 'the Faith'. He was called a fellowlabourer along with Luke the physician. In every example above, a fellowlabourer [or variants of G4904] was in association with a fellow Christian believer. Furthermore, these Christians are said to be:

 

  • fellowlabourer in the Gospel of Christ 

  • helpers in Christ Jesus

  • labourers together with God

  • fellowhelpers to the truth

  • fellowworkers unto the kingdom of God

  • helpers of your joy

(B15) Note: From what we know, Demas was a fellowlabourer who served in the ministry with Paul for approximately 5-7 years before forsaking him.

 

(B16) Note: At this point I will not be correcting common misconceptions, such as:

"Demas was never truly born-again" or "he was a false brother".

This entire site is replete with examples of what defines an 'Active' believer.

It is one thing to say:

He used to be a believer. 

than to say:

He was never a real believer. 

(B17) Note: additional support:

https://www.fght.org/demas-the-backslidden-minister/

(3)

(C) The second letter to Timothy is estimated to have been written

between: AD 67-68

(C1) 2 Timothy 4:10

“Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord the righteous judge shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing. 9 Do thy diligence to come shortly unto me: 10 For Demas-Δημᾶς (Demas) G1459-hath forsaken-ἐγκατέλιπεν (egkatelipen)-to leave down in, (to desert, abandon, forsake)) me, having loved-ἀγαπήσας (agapesas)-to love, (of things; denotes to take pleasure in the thing, prize it above other things, be unwilling to abandon it or do without it) this present-νῦν (nun)-now, (adverb of Time, now, i.e. at the present time)) world-αἰῶνα (aiona)-age, dispensation, (this age, present age)), and G4198-is departed-ἐπορεύθη (eporeuthe)-to go on, (literally; of going from one place to another 'go', travel, go(away, forth, one's way)) unto Thessalonica: Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia. 11 Only Luke is with me. Take Mark and bring him with thee: for he is profitable to me for the ministry.” 

OR,

(Henceforth there is laid up-(Present, Passive-Deponent) for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord the righteous judge shall give-(Future, Active) me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love-(Perfect, Active) his appearing. 9 Do thy diligence to come shortly unto me10 For Demas hath forsaken-(Second-Aorist, Active, Indicative) me, having loved-(Aorist, Active) this present world, and is departed-(Aorist, Passive-Deponent) unto Thessalonica: Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia.)

OR,

(Henceforth ["IS-beING-reservED"] for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord the righteous judge ["SHALL-BE-FROM-GIVING"] me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also ["ones-HAVING-LOVED"] his appearing. 9 Do thy diligence to come shortly unto me10 For Demas ["abandonED"//"forsook"] me, ["LOVing"] this present world, and ["WAS-GONE"//"went"] unto Thessalonica: Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia.)

(C2) Note: Please differentiate between the Greek words:

(G1459-ἐγκατέλιπεν-hath forsaken-to leave down in, (to desert, abandon, forsake)) &

(G4198-ἐπορεύθη-is departed-to go on, (literally; of going from one place to another 'go', travel, go(away, forth, one's way)).

these two words are not synonymous nor similar to each other.

 (C3) The Strong's Number:

G1459-'to forsake'

 

(C4) 2 Timothy 4:10

(“For Demas G1459-hath forsaken-ἐγκατέλιπεν (egkatelipen)-to leave down in, (to desert, abandon, forsake)) me, having loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica: ...)

 

(C5) Below are five (5) examples of

the Strong's Number: G1459-'to forsake'.

(C6) Matthew 27:46

46 “And about the ninth hour, Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani, that is to say, My God, my God, why G1459-hast thou forsaken-ἐγκατέλιπες me?” 

OR,

(that is to say, My God, my God, why ["YOU-abandonED"] me?)

(Inflection: Verb, Second-Aorist, Active, Indicative, 2nd Person, Singular)

(C7) 2 Corinthians 4:9

We are troubled on every side, yet not distressed; we are perplexed, but not in despair, Persecuted, but not G1459-forsaken-ἐγκαταλειπόμενοι; cast down, but not destroyed.” 

OR,

(Persecuted, but not ["beING-abandonED"//"being-forsaken"]; cast down, but not destroyed.)

(Inflection: Verb, Present, Passive, Participle, Nominative, Plural, Masculine)

(C8) Hebrews 10:25

24 And let us consider one another to provoke unto love, and to good works: 25 Not G1459-forsaking-ἐγκαταλείποντες the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is: but exhorting one another, and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.” 

OR,

(Not ["abandonING"//"forsaking"] the assembling of ourselves together, ...)

(Inflection: Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Plural, Masculine)

(C9) Hebrews 13:5

“Let your conversation be without covetousness: and be content with such things as ye have: for he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor

G1459-forsake-ἐγκαταλίπω thee.” 

OR,

(“... for he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor ["I-MAY-BE-abandonING"//"I-may-be-forsaking"] thee.)

(Inflection: Verb, Second-Aorist, Active, Subjunctive, 1st Person, Singular)

(C10) 2 Timothy 4:16

14 Alexander the Coppersmith did me much evil, the Lord reward him according to his works. 15 Of whom be thou ware also, for he hath greatly withstood our words. 16 At my first answer no man stood-συμπαρεγένετο (sumparegeneto)-to be along with) with me, but all men G1459-forsook-ἐγκατέλιπον me: I pray God that it may not be laid to their charge17 Notwithstanding the Lord stood with me, and strengthened me, that by me the preaching might be fully known, and that all the Gentiles might hear: and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion.

OR,

(“At my first answer no man stood with mebut all men   ["abandonED"//"forsook"] me: ...)

(Inflection: Verb, Second-Aorist, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Plural)

(C11) The Strong's Number:

G4198-'to traverse'

 

(C12) 2 Timothy 4:10

(“For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is G4198-is departed-ἐπορεύθη (eporeuthe)-to go on, (literally; of going from one place to another 'go', travel, go(away, forth, one's way)) unto Thessalonica: ...

 

 

(C13) Note: Below are three (3) examples of

the Greek word: G4198-ἐπορεύθη (eporeuthe)

as found in 2 Timothy 4:10.

(Inflection: Verb, Aorist, Passive-Deponent, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular)

(C14) Matthew 19:15

15 “And he laid his hands on them, G4198-and departed-ἐπορεύθη thence.

OR,

(“And he laid his hands on them, ["He-WAS-GONE"//"he-went"] thence.)

(Inflection: Verb, Aorist, Passive-Deponent, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular)

(C15) Luke 1:39

39 “And Mary arose in those days, G4198-and went-ἐπορεύθη into the hill country with haste, into a city of Juda,

OR,

(“And Mary arose in those days, ["WAS-GONE"//"went"] into the hill country with haste, ...”)

(Inflection: Verb, Aorist, Passive-Deponent, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular)

(C16) John 8:1

“Jesus G4198-went-ἐπορεύθη unto the Mount of Olives:

OR,

(“Jesus ["WAS-GONE"//"went"] unto the Mount of Olives:)

(Inflection: Verb, Aorist, Passive-Deponent, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular)

(C17) Note: As you can see,

there is a clear distinction between the Greek words:

(G1459-hath forsaken-ἐγκατέλιπεν) & (G4198-is departed-ἐπορεύθη

(C18) The Strong's Number:

G25-'to love'

 

(C19) 2 Timothy 4:10

(“For Demas hath forsaken me, G25-having loved-ἀγαπήσας (agapesas)-to love, (of things; denotes to take pleasure in the thing, prize it above other things, be unwilling to abandon it or do without it) this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica: ...

 

 

(C20) Note: Below are two (2) examples of

the Greek word: G25-ἀγαπήσας (agapesas)

as found in 2 Timothy 4:10.

(Inflection: Verb, Aorist, Active, Participle, Nominative, Singular, Masculine)

(C21) John 13:1

Now before the feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come, that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, G25-having loved-ἀγαπήσας (agapesas) his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end.

OR,

(out of this world unto the Father["LOVing"] his own which were in the world)

(Inflection: