Works of the Flesh

Beloved of the Lord;

Remember: Be not-μὴ (me)-no, not lest, in no wise, by no means) deceived-πλανᾶσθε (planasthe)-to lead astray, (to cause to stray, lead aside from the right way, err, wander)): evil communications corrupt-Φθείρουσιν (phtheirousin)-to corrupt, (properly, to shrivel or wither, i.e. to spoil (by any process) or (generally) to ruin (especially figuratively, by moral influences, to deprave):—corrupt (self), defile, destroy)) good manners.”

-(1 Corinthians 15:33)

  • Be deceived-πλανᾶσθε: Verb, Present, Passive, Imperative, 2nd Person, Plural: ["be-ye-being-deceived!"] not

Step 2:

1. Sin (pending)

2. Works of the Flesh

3. Repentance (pending)

Works of the Flesh 

“But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.”

 

 

 

 

Authorized Version 1611 [Punctuation / Italics]

&

King James Bible 1769 [Spelling]

Concordance / Lexicon:

  • Analytical Concordance to the Bible: Robert Young, 1880.

  • The New Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible.

  • Thayer's Greek Lexicon.

  • Friberg Analytical Greek Lexicon

  • Gingrich, Greek New Testament Lexicon

  • Danker, Greek New Testament Lexicon

Greek Text:

Stephanus 1550 & Beza's 1598 & Scrivener's 1894 Textus Receptus.

Key:

  •  H/G#### : Strong's Exhaustive Concordance Number:— used when comparing Hebrew or Greek words that share the same Root word, but not the same Parsing / Inflection.

  • Open Bracket [(abc)] : My commentary insert/input.

Commentaries:

  • StudyLight.org: SL (click on to see commentary page)

  • BibleHub.com: BH (click on to see commentary page)

The Flesh

 

 

 

Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894
19 φανερὰ δέ ἐστι τὰ ἔργα τῆς σαρκός, ἅτινά ἐστι μοιχεία, πορνεία, ἀκαθαρσία, ἀσέλγεια, 20 εἰδωλολατρεία φαρμακεία, ἔχθραι, ἔρεις, ζῆλοι, θυμοί, ἐριθείαι, διχοστασίαι, αἱρέσεις, 21 φθόνοι, φόνοι, μέθαι, κῶμοι, καὶ τὰ ὅμοια τούτοις· ἃ προλέγω ὑμῖν, καθὼς καὶ προεῖπον, ὅτι οἱ τὰ τοιαῦτα πράσσοντες βασιλείαν Θεοῦ οὐ κληρονομήσουσιν.

Galatians 5:19-21  

19 "Now the-τὰ (ta)-the) *works-ἔργα (erga)-work, deed, doing, business (i.e. an act, thing done)) of the-τῆς (tes)-of the) *flesh-σαρκός (sarkos)-flesh, (by implication: human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specially), a human being (as such):—carnal(-ly, + -ly minded), flesh(-ly)) are-ἐστι (esti)-'to be') *manifest-φανερὰ (phanera)-manifest, apparent, evident, known), which are-ἐστι (esti)-'to be') these, adultery-μοιχεία (moicheia)-adultery), fornication-πορνεία (porneia)-fornication, whoredom, (i.e. properly: of illicit sexual intercourse in general)), uncleanness-ἀκαθαρσία (akatharsia)-uncleanness, impurity, (i.e.  physically or morally:—uncleanness)), lasciviousness-ἀσέλγεια (aselgeia)-excess, licentiousness, (i.e. unbridled lust)), 20 Idolatry-εἰδωλολατρεία (eidololatreia)-worship of idols, (e.g. the worship of false gods, avarice)), witchcraft-φαρμακεία (pharmakeia)-a charm, remedy, enchantment with drugs (i.e. sorcery):—(by extension) magic)), hatred-χθραι (echtrai)-enmity), variance-ἔρεις (ereis)-contention, strife, quarrel), emulations-ζῆλοι (zeloi)-zeal, (e.g. an envious and contentious rivalry, jealousy)), wrath-θυμοί (thumoi)-wrath, (i.e. fierceness, indignation)), strife-ἐριθείαι (eritheiai)-contention, strife, quarrel), seditions-διχοστασίαι (dichostasiai)-a standing apart, (i.e. dissension, division)), heresies-αἱρέσεις (haireseis)-properly: a choice, opinion, sentiment, (i.e. dissensions arising from diversity of opinions and aims, sects)), 21 Envyings-φθόνοι (phthonoi)-envy, jealousy), murders-φόνοι (phonoi)-murder, slaughter), drunkenness-μέθαι (methai)-drink, mulled drink, intoxication, drunkenness), revellings-κῶμοι (komoi)-revelry, (a carousal (as if letting loose):—revelling, rioting)), and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) such-τούτοις (toutois)-such as this) like-ὅμοια (homoia)-like, resembling, (i.e. of the same nature, like, similar)): of the which-(ha)-which:—plural) I tell you-ὑμῖν (humin)-you, ye) before-προλέγω (prolego)-to lay out, say or speak before, (i.e. to say beforehand, foretell)), as-καθὼς (kathos)-even or according as) I have also-καὶ (kai)-also) told you in time past-προεῖπον (proeipon)-to say, speak or tell before, to say already)that-ὅτι (hoti)-that) they-οἱ (hoi)-the ones) *which do-πράσσοντες (prassontes)-to exercise, practise, to be busy with, carry on) such things-τοιαῦτα (toiauta)-such as this, (of this kind or sort)) *shall not-οὐ (ou)-no, not) inherit-κληρονομήσουσιν (kleronomesousin)-to obtain by lot, be heir) *the kingdom-βασιλείαν (basileian)-kingdom, (i.e. God's heavenly kingdom)) of God-Θεοῦ (Theou)-God, (God the Father:—the only and true God))."

  • *example of Greek word: ἔργα (erga)-works click: John 3:19 (deeds)

  • *example of Greek word: σαρκός (sarkos)-flesh click: Romans 8:5

  • *example of Greek word: φανερὰ (phanera)-manifest click: 1 John 3:10

  • *example of Greek word: πράσσοντες-which do click: Romans 1:32 (which commit)

  • *example of Greek word: κληρονομήσουσιν (kleronomesousin)-shall inherit click: 1 Corinthians 6:10

  • *example of Greek word: βασιλείαν (basileian)-the kingdom click: Matthew 7:21

  • are-ἐστι: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: Now the works of the flesh ["IS"] manifest, which

  • are-ἐστι: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS"]  these, adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which

  • I tell before-προλέγω: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 1st Person, Singular: ["I-AM-BEFORE-sayING"//"I-am-predicting"] you, as

  • I have told you in time past-προεῖπον : Verb, Second-Aorist, Active, Indicative, 1st Person, Singular: ["I-BEFORE-said"] also, that they

  • which do-πράσσοντες: Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Plural, Masculine: ["PRACTISING"] such things

  • shall inherit-κληρονομήσουσιν: Verb, Future, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Plural: ["SHALL-BE-tenantING"//"shall-be-inheriting"] not the kingdom of God.

the-τὰ (ta)-the) works-ἔργα (erga)-work, deed, doing, business (i.e. an act, thing done)) of the-τῆς (tes)-of the) flesh-σαρκός (sarkos)-flesh, (by implication: human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specially), a human being (as such):—carnal(-ly, + -ly minded), flesh(-ly)) are-ἐστι (esti)-'to be') manifest-φανερὰ (phanera)-manifest, apparent, evident, known),:

    First, the Apostle gives a list of the works of the flesh—not complete but comprehensive—the commission of which excludes men from the inheritance. They cannot plead the promise. It is not for such as they. They shall not inherit the Kingdom of God.-(Cambridge BSC). BH

    Now the works of the flesh are manifest.—It needs no elaborate disquisition to show what is meant by fulfilling the lust of the flesh. The effects which the flesh produces are plain and obvious enough. The catalogue which follows is not drawn up on any exact scientific principle, but divides itself roughly under four heads: (1) sins of sensuality; (2) sins of superstition; (3) sins of temper; (4) excesses.-(Ellicott's Commentary). BH

     Now the works of the flesh . . . are these. The tree is known by its fruits. We show our fruits whether we are of the flesh or Spirit. The works of the flesh are first given. Paul names (1) Three sins of sensuality; (2) two spiritual sins of false religion; (3) sins against our fellow men, of which nine are specified; (4) sins of intemperance, of which two are named.-(People's New Testament). SL 

    Now the works of the flesh are manifest;— If flesh be taken for the irregularities of the appetite,—for that natural corruption which infects the faculties of every man by nature; it extends to the mind, as well as to the appetites of the body; and there will be no difficulty in ascribing each of the particular crimes here enumerated to the flesh, as they all proceed from that corruption, by means of which even the mind and conscience is defiled. Titus 1:15.-(Thomas Coke Commentary). SL

     Now the works of the flesh are manifest (φανερὰ δέ ἐστι τὰ ἔργα τῆς σαρκός). The apostle's purpose is here altogether one of practical exhortation. Having in Galatians 5:13 emphatically warned the Galatians against making their emancipation from the Mosaic Law an occasion for the flesh, and in verse 16 affirmed the incompatibility of a spiritual walk with the fulfilment of the desire of the flesh, he now specifies samples of the vices, whether in outward conduct or in inward feeling, in which the working of the flesh is apparent, as if cautioning them; adducing just those into which the Galatian converts would naturally be most in danger of falling. Both in the list which he gives them of ,ins, and in that of Christian graces, he is careful to note those relative to their Church life as well as those bearing upon their personal private life. "Manifest;"- namely, to our moral sense; we at once feel that these are the outcome of an evil nature, and are incompatible with the influence of the Spirit of God. "Works of the flesh" means works in which the prompting of the flesh is recognizable. The phrase is equivalent to "the deeds or doings of the body," which we are called to "mortify, put to death, by the Spirit" (Romans 8:13). In Romans 13:12 and Ephesians 5:13 they are styled "works of darkness," that is, works belonging properly to a state in which the moral sense has not been quickened by the Spirit, or in which the light of Christ's presence has not shone.-(The Pulpit Commentaries). SL 

 

    Works of the flesh are manifest- Are made by God obvious to the human conscience; yet St. Paul gives them both to show the shape of the new Christian morality and to impress it upon the newly-converted Galatians. He doubtless selects those transgressions to which the Galatians were most prone. This verse gives that list of vices that specially belong to the sensual nature.-(Whedon's Commentary). SL

and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) such-τούτοις (toutois)-such as this) like-ὅμοια (homoia)-like, resembling, (i.e. of the same nature, like, similar)): of the which-(ha)-which:—plural) I tell you-ὑμῖν (humin)-you, ye) before-προλέγω (prolego)-to lay out, say or speak before, (i.e. to say beforehand, foretell)), as-καθὼς (kathos)-even or according as) I have also-καὶ (kai)-also) told you in time past-προεῖπον (proeipon)-to say, speak or tell before, to say already)that-ὅτι (hoti)-that) they-οἱ (hoi)-the ones) which do-πράσσοντες (prassontes)-to exercise, practise, to be busy with, carry on) such things-τοιαῦτα (toiauta)-such as this, (of this kind or sort)) shall not-οὐ (ou)-no, not) inherit-κληρονομήσουσιν (kleronomesousin)-to obtain by lot, be heir) the kingdom-βασιλείαν (basileian)-kingdom, (i.e. God's heavenly kingdom)) of God-Θεοῦ (Theou)-God, (God the Father:—the only and true God)).:    

    and that they which do such things, shall not inherit the kingdom of God; by which is meant the heavenly glory, called a "kingdom", because of the grandeur and magnificence of that state; and "of God", because it is of his preparing and giving, what he calls his own to by his grace, and puts them into the possession of and where he reigns and will reign for ever, and show forth the glory of his majesty: this is possessed in way of inheritance, which shows it to be a bequest of our heavenly Father's, a free grace gift of his, and not to be obtained by the works of the law, or merits of men; but what belongs, and is peculiar to the children of God, who are so by adopting grace: now they that do such works of the flesh as before enumerated; that is, that live in the commission of these things, whose whole lives are employed in such work, living and dying in such a state, without repentance towards God and faith in Christ, shall never enjoy eternal life and happiness; though such who have done these things, being brought to a sense of them, and to the blood and righteousness of Christ for pardon and justification, for life and salvation; such, notwithstanding the works of the flesh done by them, shall, through the free grace of God, and the propitiatory sacrifice of Christ, inherit the kingdom and glory of God.-(Gill's Exposition). BH

    Shall not inherit — They are not children of God, and therefore cannot inherit the kingdom which belongs only to the children of the Divine family.-(Adam Clarke Commentary). SL

    That they which do such things (ὅτι οἱ τὰ τοιαῦτα πράσσοντες)that they which practise such things. The present tense of πράσσοντες is more suitable than the aorist, as being the language of warning with reference to future conduct (cf. Romans 2:2,/ 3, /7-10). Shall not inherit the kingdom of God- (βασιλείαν Θεοῦ οὐ κληρονομήσουσιν). The apostle uses the same words in writing to the Corinthians with reference to the sins to which they were the most prone (1 Corinthians 6:9, /10). So Ephesians 5:5, "No fornicator, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, which is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God." This "kingdom" is also referred to in 1 Thessalonians 2:12, "Walk worthily of God who calleth you into his own kingdom and glory" ("His own!" Astonishing prospect!); 2 Thessalonians 1:5, "That ye may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which ye also suffer;" 2 Timothy 4:18, "will save me unto his heavenly kingdom." The like designation of the future felicity is given by St. Peter (2 Peter 1:11), "entrance into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ," and by St. James (it. 5), "heirs of the kingdom which he [God] promised to them that love him." It is derived from our Lord's own teaching, as, e.g. Matthew 25:34, "Inherit the kingdom prepared for you;" Luke 12:32, "It is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom." It is the manifestation and consummation of "that kingdom of heaven," or "kingdom of God," heralded by Christ and his forerunner as "at hand," which the Prophet Daniel had pointed forward to (Daniel 2:44Daniel 7:13, /14, /18). Bondage to "the flesh" in this life is constantly declared throughout the New Testament to form an insuperable bar to an entrance into that exalted state. And what is the alternative prospect? This the Apostle Paul does not here specify, though elsewhere he does so with awful emphasis; as e.g. Romans 2:8.-(The Pulpit Commentary). SL

    Those who do these things.- Part of the preaching of the Good News-[(i.e. the Gospel)], was this warning that those who continue to rebel against God by doing such things as these will have no part in the Eternal Kingdom!!!-(The Bible Study New Testament). SL

    of which I tell you before- Before the event; I forewarn you; as I have told you also in time past- When I was present with you; that they who do such things- Who are guilty of such evil practices; shall not inherit the kingdom of God- Whatever zeal they may pretend for the externals of religion, in any of the forms of it. Awful declaration!-(Joseph Benson's Commentary). SL

    I tell you before.—I foretell (or, forewarn) you; I tell you before the event proves my words to be true—i.e., before the day of judgment.-(Ellicott's Commentary). SL

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894
10 καθὼς γέγραπται ὅτι Οὐκ ἔστι δίκαιος οὐδὲ εἷς· 11 οὐκ ἔστιν ὁ συνίων, οὐκ ἔστιν ὁ ἐκζητῶν τὸν Θεόν· 12 πάντες ἐξέκλιναν, ἅμα ἠχρειώθησαν· οὐκ ἔστι ποιῶν χρηστότητα, οὐκ ἔστιν ἕως ἑνός· 13 τάφος ἀνεῳγμένος λάρυγξ αὐτῶν, ταῖς γλώσσαις αὐτῶν ἐδολιοῦσαν· ἰὸς ἀσπίδων ὑπὸ τὰ χείλη αὐτῶν 14 ὧν τὸ στόμα ἀρᾶς καὶ πικρίας γέμει 15 ὀξεῖς οἱ πόδες αὐτῶν ἐκχέαι αἷμα 16 σύντριμμα καὶ ταλαιπωρία ἐν ταῖς ὁδοῖς αὐτῶν, 17 καὶ ὁδὸν εἰρήνης οὐκ ἔγνωσαν 18 οὐκ ἔστι φόβος Θεοῦ ἀπέναντι τῶν ὀφθαλμῶν αὐτῶν.

 

Romans 3:13-18

10 "As it is written-γέγραπται (gegraptai)-to be written), There is-ἔστι (esti)-'to be') none-Οὐκ (Ouk)-no, not) *righteous-δίκαιος (dikaios)-right, righteous, just), no not-οὐδὲ (oude)-not even) one: 11 There is none *that understandeth-συνίων (sunion)-to learn by enquiry), there is none *that seeketh after-ἐκζητῶν (ekzeton)-to seek out, to search out) God. 12 They are all-πάντες (pantes)-all, every, the whole) gone out of the way-ἐξέκλιναν (exeklinan)-to bend or incline out, (metaphorically and absolutely, to turn (oneself) away)), they are together-ἅμα (hama)-together with) become unprofitable-ἠχρειώθησαν (echreiothesan)-to become useless, worthless), there is none that doeth-ποιῶν (poion)-to do) good-χρηστότητα (chrestoteta)-usefulness, kindness, (i.e. morally, excellence (in character or demeanor):—gentleness, good(-ness), kindness)), no not one. 13 Their throat-λάρυγξ (larugx)-the throat) is an open-ἀνεῳγμένος (aneogmenos)-to open) sepulchre-τάφος (taphos)-burying place, a grave), with their tongues-γλώσσαις (glossais)-a tongue, language) they have used deceit-ἐδολιοῦσαν (edoliousan)-to deceive, to use a bait, guile), the poison of Asps-ἀσπίδων (aspidon)-an asp, kind of viper) is under their lips: 14 Whose mouth is full-γέμει (gemei)-to be full, filled, full) of cursing-ἀρᾶς (aras)-a curse, cursing, (i.e. an imprecation, curse, malediction)) and *bitterness-πικρίας (pikrias)-sharpness, bitterness, (e.g. bitter gall)): 15 Their feet are swift-ὀξεῖς (oxeis)-sharp, swift, acute) to shed-ἐκχέαι (ekcheai)-to pour out, shed forth) *blood-αἷμα (haima)-blood, (by implication: blood shed, to be shed by violence, slay, murder)). 16 Destruction-σύντριμμα (sumtrimma)-a breaking together, (i.e. calamity, ruin, destruction)) and *misery-ταλαιπωρία (talaiporia)-grievous misery, (i.e. trouble, calamity, misery)) are in their ways-ὁδοῖς (hodois)-properly: a way, road, journey, custom, (by implication: a course of conduct)): 17 And the way-ὁδὸν (hodon)-properly: a way, road, journey, custom, (by implication: a way (i.e. manner) of thinking, feeling, deciding)) of *peace-εἰρήνης (eirnens)-peace, unity, concord) *have they not known-ἔγνωσαν (egnosan)-to know, (i.e. understand, perceive)). 18 There is-ἔστι (esti)-'to be') no-οὐκ (ouk)-no, not) *fear-φόβος (phobos)-fear, terror (i.e. reverential fear)) of God before-ἀπέναντι (apenanti)-from over-against, (from in front, i.e. opposite, before or against:—before, contrary, over against, in the presence of, in the sight of)) their eyes."

  • *example of Greek word: δίκαιος (dikaios)-righteous click: 1 Peter 3:18

  • *example of Greek word: συνίων-that understandeth click: Matthew 13:23 (understandeth)

  • *example of G1567: (ἐκζητῶν-that seeketh after) click: Hebrews 11:6 (ἐκζητοῦσιν-diligently seek)

  • *example of Greek word: πικρίας (pikrias)-bitterness click: Acts 8:23

  • *example of Greek word: αἷμα (haima)-blood click: Matthew 27:4

  • *example of G5004: (ταλαιπωρία-misery) click: James 5:1 (ταλαιπωρίαις-miseries)

  • *example of Greek word: εἰρήνης (eirnens)-peace click: Luke 1:79

  • *example of Greek word: ἔγνωσαν-have they known click: John 16:3 (they have known)

  • *example of Greek word: φόβος (phobos)-fear click: Acts 5:5

  • it is written-γέγραπται: Verb, Perfect, Passive, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: As ["it-HAS-been-WRITTEN"],

  • There is-ἔστι: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS"//"there-is"] none righteous, no not one: 

  • There is-ἔστιν: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS"//"there-is"] none

  • that understandeth-συνίων: Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Singular, Masculine: ["one-understandING"],

  •  there is-ἔστιν: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS"//"there-is"]  none

  • that seeketh after -ἐκζητῶν: Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Singular, Masculine: ["one-OUT-SEEKING"//"one-seeking-out"]  God. all

  •  They are gone out of the way-ἐξέκλιναν: Verb, Aorist, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Plural["avoid-him"] together

  • they are become unprofitable-ἠχρειώθησαν: Verb, Aorist, Passive, Indicative, 3rd Person, Plural: ["they-were-useless"],

  • there is-ἔστι: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS"//"there-is"] none

  • that doeth-ποιῶν: Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Singular, Masculine: ["one-DOING"] good, no not oneTheir throat

  • is an open-ἀνεῳγμένος: Verb, Perfect, Passive, Participle, Nominative, Singular, Masculine: ["HAVING-been-UP-OPENED"//"having-been-opened"]  sepulchre, with their tongues

  • they have used deceit-ἐδολιοῦσαν: Verb, Imperfect, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Plural: ["THEY-deFRAUD"], the poison of asps is under their lips: Whose mouth

  • is full-γέμει: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS-beING-REPLETE"of cursing and bitterness: Their feet are swift

  • to shed-ἐκχέαι: Verb, Aorist, Active, Infinitive: ["TO-POUR-OUT"//"to-shed"] blood. Destruction and misery are in their ways: And the way of peace

  • they have known-ἔγνωσαν: Verb, Second-Aorist, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Plural: ["THEY-KNOW"] not.

  • There is-ἔστι: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS"//"there-is"] no fear of God before their eyes.

***As it is written — See Psalms 14:1-3; from which this and the two following verses are taken. There is none righteous — This is true, not only of the Jews, but of the Gentiles; of every soul of man, considered in his natural and practical state, previously to his receiving the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ. There is no righteous principle in them, and, consequently, no righteous act can be expected from them; see on Romans 3:12. God himself is represented as looking down from heaven to see if there were any that feared and sought after him; and yet he, who cannot be deceived, could find none! And therefore we may safely conclude there was none to be found. They are all gone out of the way — παντες εξεκλιναν, they have all diverged from the right way, they have either abandoned or corrupted   the worship of God: the Jews, in forsaking the law and the prophets, and the Gentiles, in acting contrary to the law which God had written on their hearts. And the departure of both from the truth proves the evil propensity of human nature in general. They are together become unprofitable — 

ηχρειωθησαν. They are useless, good for nothing; or, as the Hebrew has it, נאלחו neelachu, they are putrid: he views the whole mass of mankind as slain and thrown together, to putrefy in heaps. This is what is termed the corruption of human nature; they are infected and infectious. What need of the mercy of God to save from such a state of degeneracy! There is none that doeth good — In Romans 3:10 it is said, There is none righteous; here, There is none that doeth good: the first may refer to the want of a righteous principle; the second, to the necessary consequence of the absence of such a principle. If there be no righteousness within, there will be no acts of goodness without.-(Adam Clarke Commentary). SL

***There is none righteous, no, not one.- The words that follow in the next eight verses, prove this assertion. What then becomes of the rabbinical boasts of keeping the law? Paul, fighting with Jehovah’s sword, always vanquished his foes. There is none that understandeth.- Ignorance and contempt of devotion are the general sources of ruin to the human kind. The flood of divine light is poured out to aid us in the conquest of vice. Their throat is an open sepulchre.- “They drink iniquity like water.” Job 15:16. The selfish man swallows down riches unlawfully gained, but God will force him to vomit them up again. Job 20:15. These are the unclean things which enter the heart, and defile the man.-(Sutcliffe's Commentary). SL

***Their throat — Is noisome and dangerous as an open sepulchre. Observe the progress of evil discourse, proceeding out of the heart, through the throat, tongue, lips, till the whole mouth is filled therewith. The poison of asps — Infectious, deadly backbiting, tale-bearing, evil-speaking, is under (for honey is on) their lips. An asp is a venomous kind of serpent. Psalms 5:9; Psalm 140:3.-(Wesley's Explanatory Notes). SL

They are together become unprofitable.—Here the adjective is used to express a state of moral corruption and depravity. “Together” means “altogether;” “the whole mass of mankind, with one consent, has fallen to ruin.” Their throat is an open sepulchre—i.e., their speech is at once corrupt and corrupting. It is compared to a “yawning grave”—not merely to a pit into which a man may fall, but to a sort of pestiferous chasm-[(def. abyss)] yawning and ravening, as it were, after its prey. They have used deceit.—Strictly, they were deceiving; a continued action brought up to the present time. Bitterness.—Malignity; from the notion that venom was contained in the gall. (Comp. Acts 8:23.)-(Ellicott's Commentary). SL

 

 ***There is no fear of God before their eyes "...This verse is a quotation from Psalms 36:1, and seems to be presented here as a climax of all the wickedness already documented. Where there is no fear of God in the hearts of people, there is no practical restraint of any kind upon their deeds. The unregenerated man who does not fear God or, for that matter, even believe that God exists - such a man quickly proves what a vicious and unprincipled beast the natural man becomes, once he has drifted, or fallen, beyond the reach of heavenly influence.-(Coffman Commentaries). SL

***These verses are a general statement of the condition of mankind. Wherever man goes, he leaves a trail of destruction and misery behind him. Human wickedness continually inflicts injury on others. Even when they are clearly shown the “path of Peace,” they make themselves blind to it. Nor have they learned to fear God. This both sums up and explains why man is under the power of sin. When God is not feared [respected, worshiped], nothing else is; and with the final barrier down, sin comes in like a flood! Paul has proved from the Scriptures that no man is righteous!-(The Bible Study New Testament). SL

***There are so many who seek to sort of promote and exalt their own righteous works, their own goodness, and there are many people who are daring to come before God on the basis I am a good person or I am a moral person. It is interesting to me today that the Jewish people, for the most part, are seeking an acceptance by God on the basis of their good works.-(Chuck Smith Commentary). SL

Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894
21 ἔσωθεν γάρ, ἐκ τῆς καρδίας τῶν ἀνθρώπων οἱ διαλογισμοὶ οἱ κακοὶ ἐκπορεύονται, μοιχεῖαι, πορνεῖαι, φόνοι, 22 κλοπαί πλεονεξίαι, πονηρίαι, δόλος, ἀσέλγεια, ὀφθαλμὸς πονηρός, βλασφημία, ὑπερηφανία, ἀφροσύνη 23 πάντα ταῦτα τὰ πονηρὰ ἔσωθεν ἐκπορεύεται, καὶ κοινοῖ τὸν ἄνθρωπον

Mark 7:21-23     

21 "For-γὰρ (gar)-for) *from within-ἔσωθεν (esothen)-from within, inwardly, (by implication: inward man)), out of-ἐκ (ek)-out of, from out of, out from) the-τῆς (tes)-the) *heart-καρδίας (kardias)-the heart, (figuratively: the thoughts or feelings, of the will and character)of-τῶν (ton)-of the) men-ἀνθρώπων (anthropon)-a human being, whether male or female), proceed-ἐκπορεύονται (ekporeuontai)-to go on out of, to go forth, go out) *evil-κακοὶ (kakoi)-evil, (i.e. bad, evil, harm, ill, noisome, wicked)) *thoughts-διαλογισμοὶ (dialogismoi)-reasoning, a thought, inward reasoning), adulteries, fornications, murders, 22 Thefts-κλοπαί (klopai)-a theft), covetousness-πλεονεξίαι (pleonexiai)-the wish to have more, (i.e. greedy desire to have more, covetousness, avarice)), wickedness-πονηρίαι (oneriai)-malignity, evil), deceit-δόλος (dolos)-bait, guile, craft, subtilty), lasciviousness, an evil-πονηρός (ponepos)-the evil, (in an ethical sense: evil, wicked, bad)) eye, blasphemy-βλασφημία (blasphemia)-injurious speaking, (i.e. evil speaking, railing)), pride-ὑπερηφανία (huperephania)-arrogance, haughtiness), foolishness-ἀφροσύνη (aphrosune)-senselessness, foolishness, folly): 23 All-πάντα (panta)-all) these-ταῦτα (tauta)-these) evil things-πονηρὰ (ponera)-evil, (i.e. the vices just enumerated)) come-ἐκπορεύεται (ekporeuetai)-to go forth, go out, depart, (figuratively, to come forth, to proceed)) from within-ἔσωθεν (esothen)-from within, ((inside):—inward(-ly), (from) within)), and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) *defile-κοινοῖ (koinoi)-to make common or unclean, pollute) the-τὸν (ton)-the) man-ἄνθρωπον (anthropon)-a man, a human being)."

  • *example of Greek word: ἔσωθεν (esothen)-from within click: Matthew 7:15 (inwardly)

  • *example of Greek word: καρδίας (kardias)-heart click: Matthew 12:34

  • *example of G2556: (κακοὶ (kakoi)-evil) click: 1 Peter 3:10 (κακοῦ (kakou)-evil)

  • *example of Greek word: διαλογισμοὶ (dialogismoi)-thoughts click: Luke 24:38

  • *example of Greek word: ἄνθρωπον (anthropon)-defile click: Matthew 15:11

 

  • proceed-ἐκπορεύονται: Verb, Present, Middle or Passive Deponent, Indicative,  3rd Person, Plural: For from within, out of the heart of men, ["ARE-OUT-GOING"//"are-going-out"] evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness: All these evil things 

  • come-ἐκπορεύεται: Verb, Present, Middle or Passive Deponent, Indicative 3rd Person, Singular: ["ARE-OUT-GOING"//"are-going-out"] from within, and

  • defile-κοινοῖ: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["is-contaminating"] the man.

For-γὰρ (gar)-for) from within-ἔσωθεν (esothen)-from within, inwardly, (by implication: inward man)), out of-ἐκ (ek)-out of, from out of, out from) the-τῆς (tes)-the) heart-καρδίας (kardias)-the heart, (figuratively: the thoughts or feelings, of the will and character)of-τῶν (ton)-of the) men-ἀνθρώπων (anthropon)-a human being, whether male or female),: 

    Our wicked thoughts and affections, words and actions, defile us. As a corrupt fountain sends forth corrupt [(e.g. muddy)] streams, so does a corrupt heart send forth corrupt reasonings, corrupt appetites and passions, and all the wicked words and actions that come from them.-(Matthew Henry). BH

    Fornication and adultery ... These words apply to every kind of traffic in sexual vice, whether of the married or the unmarried, whether of the homosexual or the heterosexual. Murders ... All violent deeds under this heading are proscribed; but, as is clear from the Sermon on the Mount, anger and insulting language against a fellow-mortal are equally blameworthy, being in fact murder, according to Jesus' own definition (Matthew 5:21 /22). Covetings ... This, like most of the other sins in this list, was forbidden in the Decalogue. In the New Testament, covetousness is not merely forbidden but classified as "idolatry" (Colossians 3:5). It must be supposed that this kind of idolatry motivates an inordinate amount of human behavior. How many are there whose sole passion in life would appear to be gaining and getting? Deceit ... This word comes from [@dolos] also translated "guile" and has reference to the cunning, craft, and ingenuity of deception. It is at the opposite pole from Christian sincerity. It was through this vice that the ancient Greeks introduced the Trojan horse into Troy and overwhelmed the city. Many a soul has been lost through the cunning deception of evil men as well as by yielding to the temptation to use such stratagems against others. Pride ... This is the principal characteristic of unregenerated man. It is the glorification of self. It is the first of seven deadly sins; and, when the Lord named seven things which are an abomination in his sight, a proud look headed the list (Proverbs 6:16). Foolishness ... As Barclay said, "This describes, not the man who is a brainless fool, but the man who, as we say, is playing the fool."[10] The foolishness meant here is the kind of living that is not guided by moral principle nor related to any sacred standards.-(Coffman Commentaries). SL

    come forth from the heart: are first conceived and formed there, and then come forth from thence, and are expressed by the mouth; as all idle words, foolish talking, filthy jesting, unsavoury communication, and every word that is rotten and corrupt, or which is done in the life and conversation; and they defile the man: the heart is the corrupt fountain from whence all moral defilement flows; and sinful words and actions are the impure streams, which spring from thence, and increase the moral pollution of human nature.-(Gill's Exposition). BH

    So, it's not what goes in, but what comes out. And that reveals what is in the man's heart. And there's where the true spiritual defilement or purity exists in the heart. "Blessed are the pure in heart; they shall see God." That's where real spiritual defilement is; not in what you are eating, but what you are, the inward part of your life, what's in your heart. Not what's in your belly that counts.-(Chuck Smith Bible Commentary). SL

    Proceed out of the mouth- Our words particularly. From the heart They proceed from the inward intention. Thereby not merely our words but our actions, and all that go from the heart, are included. A man is a voluntary cause, and is responsible for all his voluntary and intentional effects.-(Whedon's Commentary) SL

     Those things. He does not assert that everything which issues from a man's mouth defiles him; for, as was said above on Matthew 15:11, many good things may come from a man's mouth; but he means that the evil to which he gives utterance is fraught with pollution to his moral nature. From the heart.- The heart stands for soul, mind, spirit, will, the whole inner man, that which makes him what he is, a conscious, intelligent, responsible being. Hence are attributed to it not only words, but acts, conceptions which issue in external actions, and the consequences which these involve.-(The Pulpit Commentaries). SL

proceed-ἐκπορεύονται (ekporeuontai)-to go on out of, to go forth, go out) evil-κακοὶ (kakoi)-evil, (i.e. bad, evil, harm, ill, noisome, wicked)) thoughts-διαλογισμοὶ (dialogismoi)-reasoning, a thought, inward reasoning),

    Christ proceeds to state what does defile the man, or render him a sinner: "Evil thoughts" These are the first things - these are the fountains of all others. Thought precedes action. Thought, or purpose, or motive, gives its character to conduct. All evil thoughts are here intended. Though we labor to suppress them, yet they defile us. They leave pollution behind them.-(Barnes' Notes). BH

    Out of the heart proceed. The shameful catalogue which follows is less full than that in St. Mark, which contains thirteen items, while this consists of seven only. These are produced or created by the human will, of which the heart is the symbol. Evil thoughts (διαλογισμοὶ πονηροί). Some would translate the words, "evil machinations." But there is no need to change the usual rendering, which is very appropriate here. Evil thoughts are the preparation of all other sins, and have a pernicious influence on the character. We are very much what we think. That on which our minds are fixed, that which is the chief object presented to our inward sight, shapes our disposition and life. High and noble thoughts elevate and purify; low and mean thoughts debase and pollute. The wickedness in a man springs from within; he is guilty of it. If he admits the tempter, succumbs to his seductions, it is his own will that is in fault, encouraging the evil imagination, and not at once resisting, abhorring, and repelling it. Well may we pray, "Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me" (Psalm 51:10); and remember the wise man's injunction, "Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life" (Proverbs 4:23).-(The Pulpit Commentary). BH

    For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts,.... Of God, of Christ, of the Spirit, of fellow creatures, and of all sorts of wickedness. The thoughts of sin are evil, are to be hated, forsaken, and for which men are accountable to God. All wicked imaginations, carnal reasonings, lustful desires, and malicious contrivances, are here included; which take their rise from, and are devised, and forged, in the corrupt heart of man.-(Gill's Exposition). BH

    evil thoughts ] Thirteen forms of evil are here noticed as proceeding from the heart. The first seven in the plural number, are predominant actions; the latter six in the singular, dispositions . Comp. the blending of the singular and plural in St Paul’s enumeration of the works of the flesh, Galatians 5:19-21 . covetousness ] “avarices,” Wyclif. The original word denotes more than the mere love of money , it is “the drawing and snatching to himself, on the sinner’s part, of the creature in every form and kind, as it lies out of and beyond himself.” Hence we find it joined not only with “thefts” here and with “extortion” in 1 Corinthians 5:10 , but also with sins of the flesh as in 1 Corinthians 5:11 ; Ephesians 5:3 , Ephesians 5:5 ; Colossians 3:5 . “Impurity and covetousness may be said to divide between them nearly the whole domain of human selfishness and vice.” wickedness ] or wickednesses The word thus translated occurs in the singular in Matthew 22:18 , “but Jesus perceived their wickedness, ” and again in Luke 11:39 ; Romans 1:29 ; 1 Corinthians 5:8 ; Ephesians 6:12 . In the plural it only occurs twice, here and in Acts 3:26 , where we have translated it “iniquities.” It denotes the active working of evil, “the cupiditas nocendi,” or as Jeremy Taylor explains it, an “aptness to do shrewd turns, to delight in mischief and trajedies; a love to trouble our neighbour and to do him ill offices; crossness, perverseness, and peevishness of action in our intercourse.” Trench’s N. T. Synonyms , p. 36.-(Cambridge Greek Testament). SL

All-πάντα (panta)-all) these-ταῦτα (tauta)-these) evil things-πονηρὰ (ponera)-evil, (i.e. the vices just enumerated)) come-ἐκπορεύεται (ekporeuetai)-to go forth, go out, depart, (figuratively, to come forth, to proceed)) from within-ἔσωθεν (esothen)-from within, ((inside):—inward(-ly), (from) within)), and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) defile-κοινοῖ (koinoi)-to make common or unclean, pollute) the-τὸν (ton)-the) man-ἄνθρωπον (anthropon)-a man, a human being).: 

    These are the things which defile a man,.... These are filthy in themselves, and must pollute all in whom they are; they bring a defilement on the whole man, both body and soul, fasten guilt upon him, and expose him to everlasting punishment: but to eat with unwashen hands defileth not a man: should a man neglect to wash his bands before eating a common meal, this need give him no uneasiness; he contracts no filth to his soul hereby, nor any guilt to his conscience; nor does he break any law of God; nor is he liable to any penalty for such an omission. This is a trifling matter, and merits no regard; but the things before mentioned are in their nature evil: they are contrary to the law of God; they are abominable in his sight; they render men loathsome and odious to the divine being; and expose them to shame and ruin; and it is only the blood of Christ can cleanse them from the pollution and guilt of them, and secure them from that punishment they deserve.-(Gill's Exposition). BH

    These - defile a man — Our Lord's argument is very plain. What goes into the mouth descends into the stomach and other intestines; - part is retained for the nourishment of the body, and part is ejected, as being improper to afford nourishment. Nothing of this kind defiles the soul, because it does not enter into it; but the evil principles that are in it, producing evil thoughts, murders, &c., these defile the soul, because they have their seat and operation in it.-(Adam Clarke Commentary). SL

Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894
13 Εἰσέλθετε διὰ τῆς στενῆς πύλης· ὅτι πλατεῖα πύλη, καὶ εὐρύχωρος ἡ ὁδὸς ἡ ἀπάγουσα εἰς τὴν ἀπώλειαν, καὶ πολλοί εἰσιν οἱ εἰσερχόμενοι δι’ αὐτῆς 14 ὅτί στενὴ ἡ πύλη, καὶ τεθλιμμένη ἡ ὁδὸς ἡ ἀπάγουσα εἰς τὴν ζωήν, καὶ ὀλίγοι εἰσὶν οἱ εὑρίσκοντες αὐτήν

 

Matthew 7:13-14

13 "Enter ye in-Εἰσέλθετε (eiselthete)-to go or come in) at-διὰ (dia)-through) the *strait-στενῆς (stenes)-strait, narrow, restrained) gate, for wide is-πλατεῖα (plateia)-broad, ample) the gate-πύλη (pule)-a gate, (metaph. the access or entrance into any state), and broad is-εὐρύχωρος (euruchoros)-easy, wide, spacious) the way that leadeth-ἀπάγουσα (apagousa)-to lead away, (by implication: of those who are led off to trial, prison, or punishment)) to-εἰς (eis)-into) *destruction-ἀπώλειαν (apoleian)-loss, (i.e. perdition, waste, ruin)), and many-πολλοί (polloi)-many, much, (i.e. great)) there be-εἰσιν (eisin)-are, be) which go in-εἰσερχόμενοι (eiserchomenoi)-to go into) thereat-δι αὐτῆς (di autes)-through it)14 //Because (Or, how) strait is-στενὴ (stene)-narrow, strait) the gate, and narrow is-τεθλιμμένη (tethlimmene)-to press, squeze, afflict, (a compressed way, i.e. narrow, straitened, contracted)) the way which leadeth-ἀπάγουσα (apagousa)-to lead away) unto-εἰς (eis)-into) *life-ζωήν (zoen)-life, motion, activity, (by implication: spiritual, and partakers of eternal and immortal life)), and *few-ὀλίγοι (oligoi)-little, few) there be-εἰσιν (eisin)-are, be) that find-εὑρίσκοντες (heuriskontes)-to find, (properly: to come upon, hit upon, to meet with, (i.e. to find a thing sought)) it."

  • *example of Greek word: στενῆς (stenes)-strait is click: Luke 13:24

  • *example of Greek word: ἀπώλειαν (apoleian)-destruction click: 1 Timothy 6:9

  • *example of Greek word: ζωήν (zoen)-life click: Matthew 19:16

  • *example of Greek word: ὀλίγοι (oligoi)-few click: Matthew 22:14

  • Enter ye in-Εἰσέλθετε: Verb, Second-Aorist, Active, Imperative, 2nd Person, Plural: ["be-ye-entering!"] at the strait gate, for wide is the gate, and broad is the way

  • that leadeth-ἀπάγουσα: Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Singular, Feminine: ["leading-away"] to destruction, and many

  • there be-εἰσιν: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Indicative, 3rd Person, Plural: ["ARE"] which

  • go in-εἰσερχόμενοι: Verb, Present, Middle or Passive Deponent, Participle, Nominative, Plural, Masculine: ["ones-INTO-COMING"//ones-entering"]  thereat: Because strait is the gate, and narrow is the way which

  • leadeth-ἀπάγουσα: Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Singular, Feminine: ["leading-away"] unto life, and few

  • there be-εἰσιν: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Indicative, 3rd Person, Plural: ["ARE"] that

  • find-εὑρίσκοντες: Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Plural, Masculine: ["ones-FINDING"] it.

***Enter ye in at the strait gate The gate of true conversion, of self-denial, mortification, and universal holiness; the gate in at which few, comparatively speaking, are inclined to enter. “How strait,” says Erasmus, in his paraphrase on the place, “is the gate, how narrow the way that leadeth to life! In the way, nothing is to be found that flatters the flesh, but many things opposite to it, poverty, fasting, watching, injuries, chastity, sobriety. And as for the gate, it receives none that are swollen with the glory of this life; none that are elated and lengthened out with pride; none that are distended with luxury; it does not admit those that are laden with the fardels of riches, nor those that drag along with them the other implements of the world. None can pass through it but naked men, who are stripped of all worldly lusts, and who, having, as it were, put off their bodies, are emaciated into spirits, which is the reason that it is sought after by so few.”-(Benson' Notes). BH

***Few there be that find it.—The sad contrast between the many and the few runs through all our Lord’s teaching. He comes to “save the world,” and yet those whom He chooses out of the world are but as a “little flock.” They are to preach the gospel, and yet the result will be but discord and division.-(Ellicott's Exposition). BH

***And few there be that find itthe way, and so consequently the life it leads to. "The gate is strait"; small and little, and so unobserved: there is but one way to heaven, and the generality of men neglect it. "The way is narrow", and so disagreeable; the company few, and not engaging. Men choose large gates, broad ways, and much company. The flesh loves to walk at liberty, unconfined, and uncontrolled, and with a multitude to do evil: . . ."

-(Gill's Exposition). BH

***The relative number of the saved and the lost is plain from this. They shall be as the few to the many. This eternally recurring contrast between the numbers of the saved and the lost with reference to each succeeding generation should not be discouraging. Wheat does not grow grain all the way to the ground but only in the ear. Although salvation is obtainable and available for all who truly desire it, the plain fact is that the majority in all generations will despise it. And, of wheat, it will be remembered that Christ himself used this grain as a figure of the saved and lost in Matthew 3:12. The relative number of redeemed souls in any generation is not the scale by which God's success may be measured. God will keep on saving men until the "fullness" of his purpose is achieved (Romans 11:25).-(Coffman Commentaries). SL

***Enter ye in at the strait gate— That is, strive to enter. See Luke 13:24. By the figurative expressions used in these verses, our blessed Saviour gives us to understand how easy it is to enter into destruction, and how hard it is for proud man to come to him for salvation through the infinite merit of his blood and by the power of his almighty grace: intimating at the same time, that the generality of mankind tread in the wide paths of error, and follow their passions; while few, comparatively, find out truth, and adhere thereto, in opposition to all the obstacles and discouragements that they meet with in their way.-(Thomas Coke Commentary). SL

 ***Few there be that find it. — The strait gate, στενη πυλη, signifies literally what we call a wicket, i.e. a little door in a large gate. Gate, among the Jews, signifies, metaphorically, the entrance, introduction, or means of acquiring any thing. So they talk of the gate of repentance, the gate of prayers, and the gate of tears. When God, say they, shut the gate of paradise against Adam, He opened to him the gate of repentance. The way to the kingdom of God is made sufficiently manifest - the completest assistance is promised in the way, and the greatest encouragement to persevere to the end is held out in the everlasting Gospel. But men are so wedded to their own passions, and so determined to follow the imaginations of their own hearts, that still it may be said: There are few who find the way to heaven; fewer yet who abide any time in it; fewer still who walk in it; and fewest of all who persevere unto the end. Nothing renders this way either narrow or difficult to any person, but sin. Let all the world leave their sins, and all the world may walk abreast in this good way.-(Adam Clarke Commentary). SL

***Few will enter the kingdom compared with the many who will perish. Jesus clearly did not believe in the doctrine of universalism that is growing in popularity today, the belief that everyone will eventually end up in heaven (cf. John 14:6). Entrance through the narrow gate onto the narrow way will eventually lead a person into the kingdom. The beginning of a life of discipleship (the gate) and the process of discipleship (the way) are both restrictive and both involve persecution.-(Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas). SL

***So Jesus first of all tells us "Look, it's a straight gate, it's a narrow path." It's gonna take commitment, it's gonna take consecration. And this is true of any endeavor that one might seek to succeed, and in light, you don't succeed in anything without entering into a straight gate and a narrow way. You've got to be committed; you've got to be consecrated to your cause. And so this is not just exclusive for the Christian way. This is just, this is just for success in life in any endeavor but especially in the Christian endeavor. It's a straight gate, it's a narrow way, it takes real commitment, it takes real consecration to win. If people are accusing you of being too narrow, praise the Lord; you're on the right path. It's a broad path, a popular way, that goes to destruction. "Straight is the gate, narrow is the way that leads to life, there are few who find it."-(Chuck Smith). SL

Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894
9 οὐκ οἴδατε ὅτι ἄδικοι βασιλείαν Θεοῦ οὐ κληρονομήσουσι; μὴ πλανᾶσθε· οὔτε πόρνοι, οὔτε εἰδωλολάτραι, οὔτε μοιχοὶ, οὔτε μαλακοὶ, οὔτε ἀρσενοκοῖται, 10 οὔτε κλέπται, οὔτε πλεονέκται, οὔτε μέθυσοι, οὐ λοίδοροι, οὐχ ἅρπαγες, βασιλείαν Θεοῦ οὐ κληρονομήσουσι11 καὶ ταῦτά τινες ἦτε· ἀλλὰ ἀπελούσασθε, ἀλλὰ ἡγιάσθητε, ἀλλ’ ἐδικαιώθητε ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι τοῦ Κυρίου Ἰησοῦ, καὶ ἐν τῷ Πνεύματι τοῦ Θεοῦ ἡμῶν.

 

1 Corinthians 6:9-11   

9 "*Know ye-οἴδατε (oidate)-to see, have seen, known) not-οὐκ (ouk)-no, not) that-ὅτι (hoti)-that) *the unrighteous-ἄδικοι (adikoi)-unjust, unrighteousness, (i.e. sinful)) shall not-οὐ (ou)-no, not) inherit-κληρονομήσουσι (kleronomesousi)-to obtain by lot, (be heir, (obtain by) inherit(-ance)) the kingdom-βασιλείαν (basileian)-kingdom, (i.e. kingdom of heaven)) of God-Θεοῦ (Theou)-God, (i.e. God the Father:— the supreme Divinity))? *Be not-μὴ (me)-no, not lest) deceived-πλανᾶσθε (planasthe)-to lead astray, wander, err, (metaph. to lead away from the truth, to lead into error, to deceive)): neither *fornicators-πόρνοι (pornoi)-fornicator, whoremonger), nor *idolaters-εἰδωλολάτραι (eidololatrai)-worshipper of idols, (i.e. an image- (servant or) worshipper (literally or figuratively), also, a covetous man such as a worshipper of Mammon)), nor *adulterers-μοιχοὶ (moichoi)-literally: adulterer, (figuratively: faithless toward God, ungodly)), nor *effeminate-μαλακοὶ (malakoi)-soft, (i.e. fine (clothing); figuratively, a catamite:—effeminate, soft)), nor abusers of themselves with mankind-ἀρσενοκοῖται (arsenokoitai)-lying with a male, (i.e. sodomy)), 10 Nor thieves-κλέπται (kleptai)-a thief, robber), nor covetous-πλεονέκται (pleonektai)-one who wishes more, greedy of gain, covetous), nor drunkards-μέθυσοι (methusoi)-softened with drink, (i.e. drunken, intoxicated)), nor revilers-λοίδοροι (loidoroi)-reviling, railing, (abusive, i.e. a blackguard:—railer, reviler)), nor extortioners-ἅρπαγες (harpages)-one that snatches away), shall inherit-κληρονομήσουσι  (kleronomesousi)-to obtain by lot, (be heir, (obtain by) inherit(-ance)) the kingdom of God. 11 And-καὶ (kai)-and, even, also) such-ταῦτά (tauta)-these) were-ἦτε (ete)-was (wast or were)) some of you-τινες (tines)-a certain, some): but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the Name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God."

  • *example of Greek word: οἴδατε (oidate)-Know ye click: Romans 6:16

  • *example of Greek word: ἄδικοι (adikoi)-the unrighteous click: Luke 18:11 (unjust)

  • *example of Greek word: πλανᾶσθε (planasthe)-Be deceived click: 1 Corinthians 15:33

  • *example of G4205: (πόρνοι-fornicators) click: 1 Corinthians 5:11 (πόρνος-a fornicator)

  • *example of G1496: (εἰδωλολάτραι-idolaters) click: Ephesians 5:5 (εἰδωλολάτρης-an idolater)

  • *example of G3432: (μοιχοὶ-adulterers) click: James 4:4 (μοιχοὶ-ye adulterers)

  • *example of Greek word: μαλακοὶ (malakoi)-effeminate click: Luke 7:25 (soft)

  • Know ye-οἴδατε: Verb, Perfect, Active, Indicative, 2nd Person, Plural["ye-are-aware"//"YE-HAVE-PERCEIVED"] not that the unrighteous

  • shall inherit-κληρονομήσουσιν: Verb, Future, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person,  Plural: ["shall-be-enjoying-the-allotment-of"//"SHALL-BE-tenantING"] not the kingdom of God? 

  • Be deceived-πλανᾶσθε: Verb, Present, Passive, Imperative, 2nd Person, Plural: ["be-ye-being-deceived!"] not: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners,

  • shall inherit-κληρονομήσουσιν: Verb, Future, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Plural: ["shall-be-enjoying-the-allotment-of"//"SHALL-BE-tenantING"] the kingdom of God. And such

  • were-ἦτε: Verb, Imperfect, (No voice stated), Indicative, 2nd Person, Plural:  ["YE-WERE"]  some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the Name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.

 

Know ye-οἴδατε (oidate)-to see, have seen, known) not-οὐκ (ouk)-no, not)

    Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God?] The Apostle in this verse sums up what he has been saying in this chapter and the last. First generally, the unjust, wrong-doers, shall not inherit the kingdom of God, that is, His final kingdom in the ‘restitution of all things,’ for which we daily pray. He then proceeds to particulars, and declares that all who lived for themselves, whether set upon sensual indulgence or upon gain, would deprive themselves of the inheritance obtained through faith in Christ.-(Cambridge BSC). BH

    Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God?.... A way of speaking much like that in the Talmud, "know thou, that the world to come is not made but for the righteous?" (h) Without a righteousness there will be no entrance into the world of bliss and happiness hereafter; and this must be a better righteousness than what a sinful creature is capable of working out, and no other than the righteousness of Christ. It was a loss and want of righteousness that cast the angels down from heaven, and turned Adam out of paradise; and whoever of his posterity: are destitute of one, will fall short of enjoying the glory of God; for it is not agreeable to the holy nature of God, to his infinite justice and righteous law, to admit any into heaven without a righteousness: hence a judgment seat is erected, before which all must stand; and those that will be found without a righteousness, will be for ever excluded the kingdom of heaven; and could any unrighteous persons be received there, it would spoil the pleasure and happiness of the saints.-(Gill's Exposition). BH

    Know ye not that the unrighteous . . .?—The force of this question comes out more strikingly in the original, where the word rendered “unrighteous” is the same as “ye do wrong” of 1 Corinthians 6:8. “You do wrong, apparently forgetting that no wrongdoers shall inherit God’s kingdom.”-(Ellicott's Commentary). SL

that-ὅτι (hoti)-that) the unrighteous-ἄδικοι (adikoi)-unjust, unrighteousness, (i.e. sinful)) shall not-οὐ (ou)-no, not) inherit-κληρονομήσουσι (kleronomesousi)-to obtain by lot, (be heir, (obtain by) inherit(-ance)) the kingdom-βασιλείαν (basileian)-kingdom, (i.e. kingdom of heaven)) of God-Θεοῦ (Theou)-God, (i.e. God the Father:— the supreme Divinity))?

    that the unrighteous — That is, not only the unjust, but those destitute of true righteousness and holiness, comprehending the various classes of sinners afterward mentioned, the term unrighteous here including them all: shall not inherit the kingdom of God — Namely, the kingdom of eternal glory. And can you contentedly sacrifice this great and glorious hope which the gospel gives you, for the sake of those pleasures of sin which are but for a short season?-(Benson Commentary). SL

    Shall not inherit - Shall not possess; shall not enter into. The kingdom of heaven is often represented as an "inheritance;"-(Barnes' Notes). BH

    Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God?] The Apostle in this verse sums up what he has been saying in this chapter and the last. First generally, the unjust, wrong-doers, shall not inherit the kingdom of God, that is, His final kingdom in the ‘restitution of all things,’ for which we daily pray. He then proceeds to particulars, and declares that all who lived for themselves, whether set upon sensual indulgence or upon gain, would deprive themselves of the inheritance obtained through faith in Christ.-(Cambridge BSC). BH

 

    The unrighteous; better, that wrong doers, the verb being the same as "ye do wrong" in ver. 8. Perhaps the Corinthians thought that they would be saved by the mere fact of having been admitted into God's kingdom (the Christian Church in all its highest privileges) by baptism. St. Paul here lays down, as distinctly as St. James does, that faith without works is dead, and privileges without holiness are abrogated. The spirit of his warning is the same as that of Jeremiah 7:4, "Trust ye not in lying words, saying, The temple of the Lord... are these;" or that of St. John the Baptist, "Say not unto yourselves, We be Abraham's sons." Christians have often been liable to the temptation of underrating the peril which results from the falling asunder of action from knowledge. There can be no greater danger than that of talking slightingly of "mere morality." Religion is not an outward service, but a spiritual life manifested by a holy living.-(The Pulpit Commentaries). BH

          

 

Be not-μὴ (me)-no, not lest) deceived-πλανᾶσθε (planasthe)-to lead astray, wander, err, (metaph. to lead away from the truth, to lead into error, to deceive)):  

     Be not deceived — By a vain imagination that the Christian name and privileges will save you, while you continue in the practice of your vices.-(Benson Commentary). SL

    Be not deceived. Men are very much inclined to flatter themselves that they may live in sin, yet die in Christ, and go to heaven. But we cannot hope to sow to the flesh, and reap everlasting life. They are reminded what a change the gospel and grace of God had made in them. The blood of Christ, and the washing of regeneration, can take away all guilt. Our justification is owing to the suffering and merit of Christ; our sanctification to the working of the Holy Spirit; but both go together. All who are made righteous in the sight of God, are made holy by the grace of God.-(Matthew Henry). BH

    Be not deceived. So our Lord says," Let no man deceive you" (Mark 13:5; comp1 John 3:7). St. Paul uses the warning very solemnly again in 1 Corinthians 15:33 and Galatians 6:7, and St. James in James 1:16. The self deception of merely verbal orthodoxy is the most dangerous of all.-(Pulpit Commentary). BH

    Be not deceived, ( saith the apostle), either by any false teachers, or by the many ill examples of such sinners that you daily have, nor by magistrates’ connivance at these sins.-(Matthew Poole's Commentary). BH

    Be not deceived.—There was great danger of their being led to think lightly of sins which were daily committed by those amongst whom they lived, hence these words of warning with which the sentence opens, as in 1 Corinthians 15:33.-(Ellicott's Commentary). SL

    'Be not deceived' -'Stop being misled' (Wms); 'Make no mistake' (Wey) This exhortation is repeated-1 Cor 15:33; Gal_6:7 ; Eph_5:6 . An exhortation needed just as much today, when religious bodies are claiming that many of these sins are acceptable. 'Paul writes because regarding this very point people constantly deceive themselves ..thousands who are living today are "unrighteous", and yet expect to reach heaven at last.' [Note: _ Lenski p. 247]-(Mark Dunagan). SL

    Is that plain? Paul said don't be deceived. A lot of people are deceived into thinking that they can live however they please and still inherit the kingdom of God. Not so. And thus, these words should come as a searchlight to our own hearts. If I desire to inherit the kingdom of God, these things should be searching my own soul. For the unrighteous are not going to inherit the kingdom of God, neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, not abusers of themselves with mankind, nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.-(Chuck Smith Bible Commentary). SL

fornicators-πόρνοι (pornoi)-fornicator, whoremonger): 

    neither fornicators, such as are guilty of uncleanness with persons in a single state:-(Gill's Exposition). BH

[(Fornication includes any and all sexual cohabitation outside the bonds of lawful marriage.)]

idolaters-εἰδωλολάτραι (eidololatrai)-worshipper of idols, (i.e. an image- (servant or) worshipper (literally or figuratively), also, a covetous man such as a worshipper of Mammon): 

    nor idolaters; who worships more gods than one, and not the true God; who do service to them that are not gods, and perform what the Jews call "strange service": and not only fall down to stocks and stones, but serve divers lusts and pleasures, the idols of their own hearts.-(Gill's Exposition).  BH

adulterers-μοιχός (moichos)-literally: adulterer, (figuratively:  faithless toward God, ungodly): 

    Nor adulterers; such as, being married persons, break their marriage covenant, and commit uncleanness with such as are not their yokefellows [(spouse)].-(Matthew Poole's Commentary). BH

    'adulterers' -'means precisely that (married persons having sexual relations--of any kind--outside marriage)'. (Fee p. 243) It also includes a single person who marries someone who has been unscripturally divorced. ( Mat_5:32 ) And also is used of a man or woman who unscripturally divorces and remarries. ( Mat_19:9 ; Mar_10:11 /12 ).-(Mark Dunagan). SL

effeminate-μαλακοὶ (malakoi)-soft, (i.e. fine (clothing); figuratively, a catamite:—effeminate, soft)): 

    Macknight wrote that this word is translated from a Greek word meaning "catamite,"[15] the technical word for "a boy used in pederasty."[16] "Those wretches who suffered this abuse were likewise called pathics, and affected the dress and behavior of women."[17] Catamites were the passive partners in sodomy.-(Coffman Commentaries). SL

    Effeminate. This and the next clause refer to a shameful crime quite prevalent among the heathen, the first submitting themselves to the foul sensuality, and the second actively "abusing themselves with men," contrary to nature. Both are Sodomites. None guilty of any one of the list of vices given can be an heir of heaven.-(People's New Testament). SL

    'effeminate' -3120. malakos mal-ak-os'; of uncertain affinity; soft, i.e. fine (clothing); figuratively, a catamite: -effeminate, soft. 'Has the basic meaning of "soft"; but it also became a pejorative epithet for men who were "soft" or "effeminate", most likely referring to the younger, "passive" partner in a pederastic relationship. In many instances young men sold themselves as "mistresses" for the sexual pleasure of men older than themselves.' [Note: _ Fee pp. 243-244]. Words that need defined: "Catamite"-a boy used in pederasty. "Pederasty"-sodomy among males, esp., as practiced by a man with a boy. And if such was wrong, and called "unrighteous" in Corinth, then it is just as wrong in downtown Portland Oregon, and if not repented of, it will send you to hell, regardless of what the Oregonian says to the contrary! 'BE NOT DECEIVED!'-(Mark Dunagan). SL

abusers of themselves with mankind-ἀρσενοκοῖται (arsenokoitai)-lying with a male, (i.e. sodomy)):

    Abusers of themselves with men ... were the sodomites. Regarding the passive and active homosexuals referred to in these words, it should be remembered that an apostle of Jesus Christ condemned such persons in the judgment that they shall not inherit the kingdom of God. What is to be thought of churches which not only condone this sin, but in widely publicized cases have actually ordained homosexuals to the ministry? It is the judgment of this writer that churches exhibiting such a total disregard of the New Testament have, in so doing, forfeited all identity with Christianity.-(Coffman Commentaries). SL

    Nor abusers of themselves with mankind; nor such as are guilty of the sin of Sodom, a sin not to be named amongst Christians or men.-(Matthew Poole's Commentary). BH

    'nor abusers of themselves with men' -'homosexuals' (NASV). The word is a compound of "male" and "intercourse". (Fee p. 244) The previous words fornicators and adulterers would apply to "a male who has intercourse", this must specifically refer to males who have intercourse with other males. In recent years many have tried to soften these verses and claim that Paul was only condemning a certain kind of "homosexuality". Some would say a "lustful kind" or "harmful kind". And yet if this is true, then the same argument must be used for all the other sins mentioned here. Is there a "non-lustful" kind of fornication? Adultery? Is there a non-harmful kind of idolatry? Theft? Greed? Extortion? Can I engage in all of these behaviors just as long as my heart is right? If homosexual relations are "right" in a committed and monogamous-[(def. having one mate)] relationship, then can I have an affair (have adulterous relations), as long as I am committed to the woman I am having an affair with? We need to remember than any argument offered in the attempt to "justify" homosexuality, must be applied to all the other sins mentioned in this list and every other list in the Bible. We should also note, that more than more "kind" of homosexuality is condemned in the Bible. Male prostitution is condemned ("effeminate"), but so are lesbian relationships ( Rom_1:26 ); and so are "CONSENTING HOMOSEXUAL RELATIONSHIPS"- Rom_1:27 "men with men".-(Mark Dunagan). SL

And-καὶ (kai)-and, even, also) such-ταῦτά (tauta)-these) were-ἦτε (ete)-was (wast or were)) some of you-τινες (tines)-a certain, some)::

    And such were some of you: but ye are washed — From those gross abominations; nay, and ye are inwardly sanctified; not before, but in consequence of, your being justified in the name - That is, by the merits, of the Lord Jesus, through which your sins are forgiven.-(Wesley's Explanatory). SL

    Such were some of you ...