OUR
FORGIVENESS

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...step by step

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Beloved of the Lord;

Remember: Be not-μὴ (me)-no, not) deceived-πλανᾶσθε (planasthe)-to lead astray, (to cause to stray, lead aside from the right way, err, wander)): evil communications-ὁμιλίαι (homiliai)-a being crowded together, companionship, association) corrupt-Φθείρουσιν (phtheirousin)-to corrupt, (properly, to shrivel or wither, i.e. to spoil (by any process) or (generally) to ruin (especially figuratively, by moral influences, to deprave):—corrupt (self), defile, destroy)) good manners-ἤθη (ethe)-habit, manner, morals).” -(1 Corinthians 15:33)

  • Be deceived-πλανᾶσθε: Verb, Present, Passive, Imperative, 2nd Person, Plural: ["be-ye-being-deceived!"] not

Step 2:

1. Sin (pending)

2. Works of the Flesh

3. Repentance (pending)

Works of the Flesh

Works of the Flesh 

“But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.”

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Authorized Version 1611 [Punctuation / Italics]

&

King James Bible 1769 [Spelling]

Concordance / Lexicon:

  • Analytical Concordance to the Bible: Robert Young, 1880.

  • The New Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible.

  • Thayer's Greek Lexicon.

  • Friberg Analytical Greek Lexicon

  • Gingrich, Greek New Testament Lexicon

  • Danker, Greek New Testament Lexicon

Greek Text:

Stephanus 1550 & Beza's 1598 & Scrivener's 1894 Textus Receptus.

Key:

  •  H/G#### : Strong's Exhaustive Concordance Number:— used when comparing Hebrew or Greek words that share the same root word, but not the same Parsing / Inflection.

  • Open Bracket [(abc)] : My commentary insert/input.

Commentaries:

  • StudyLight.org: SL (click, to view commentary source.)

  • BibleHub.com: BH (click, to view commentary source.)

Greek Interlinear:

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The Flesh

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Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894
19 φανερὰ δέ ἐστι τὰ ἔργα τῆς σαρκός, ἅτινά ἐστι μοιχεία, πορνεία, ἀκαθαρσία, ἀσέλγεια, 20 εἰδωλολατρεία φαρμακεία, ἔχθραι, ἔρεις, ζῆλοι, θυμοί, ἐριθείαι, διχοστασίαι, αἱρέσεις, 21 φθόνοι, φόνοι, μέθαι, κῶμοι, καὶ τὰ ὅμοια τούτοις· ἃ προλέγω ὑμῖν, καθὼς καὶ προεῖπον, ὅτι οἱ τὰ τοιαῦτα πράσσοντες βασιλείαν Θεοῦ οὐ κληρονομήσουσιν.

Galatians 5:19-21  

19 "Now-δέ (de)-but, now) the-τὰ (ta)-the) *works-ἔργα (erga)-work, deed, doing, business (i.e. an act, thing done)) of the-τῆς (tes)-of the) *flesh-σαρκός (sarkos)-flesh, (by implication: human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specially), a human being (as such):—carnal(-ly, + -ly minded), flesh(-ly)) are-ἐστι (esti)-'to be') *manifest-φανερὰ (phanera)-manifest, apparent, evident, known), which-ἅτινά (hatina)-which, whatsoever) are-ἐστι (esti)-'to be') these, *adultery-μοιχεία (moicheia)-adultery), *fornication-πορνεία (porneia)-fornication, whoredom, (i.e. properly: of illicit sexual intercourse in general)), uncleanness-ἀκαθαρσία (akatharsia)-uncleanness, impurity, (i.e.  physically or morally:—uncleanness)), *lasciviousness-ἀσέλγεια (aselgeia)-excess, licentiousness, (i.e. unbridled lust)), 20 *Idolatry-εἰδωλολατρεία (eidololatreia)-worship of idols, (e.g. the worship of false gods, avarice)), *witchcraft-φαρμακεία (pharmakeia)-a charm, remedy, enchantment with drugs, (the use or the administering of drugs:—medication ("pharmacy") (i.e. sorcery):—(by extension) magic)), hatred-χθραι (echtrai)-enmity), variance-ἔρεις (ereis)-contention, strife, quarrel), emulations-ζῆλοι (zeloi)-zeal, (e.g. an envious and contentious rivalry, jealousy)), wrath-θυμοί (thumoi)-wrath, (i.e. fierceness, indignation)), *strife-ἐριθείαι (eritheiai)-contention, strife, quarrel), seditions-διχοστασίαι (dichostasiai)-a standing apart, (i.e. dissension, division)), heresies-αἱρέσεις (haireseis)-properly: a choice, opinion, sentiment, (i.e. dissensions arising from diversity of opinions and aims, sects)), 21 Envyings-φθόνοι (phthonoi)-envy, jealousy), *murders-φόνοι (phonoi)-murder, slaughter), drunkenness-μέθαι (methai)-drink, mulled drink, intoxication, drunkenness), revellings-κῶμοι (komoi)-revelry, (a carousal (as if letting loose):—revelling, rioting)), and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) such-τούτοις (toutois)-such as this) like-ὅμοια (homoia)-like, resembling, (i.e. of the same nature, like, similar)): of the which-(ha)-which:—plural) I tell you-ὑμῖν (humin)-you, ye) before-προλέγω (prolego)-to lay out, say or speak before, (i.e. to say beforehand, foretell)), as-καθὼς (kathos)-even or according as) I have also-καὶ (kai)-also) told you in time past-προεῖπον (proeipon)-to say, speak or tell before, to say already)that-ὅτι (hoti)-that) they-οἱ (hoi)-the ones) *which do-πράσσοντες (prassontes)-to exercise, practise, to be busy with, carry on) such things-τοιαῦτα (toiauta)-such as this, (of this kind or sort)) *shall not-οὐ (ou)-no, not (the absolute negative)) inherit-κληρονομήσουσιν (kleronomesousin)-to obtain by lot, be heir) *the kingdom-βασιλείαν (basileian)-kingdom, (i.e. God's heavenly kingdom)) of God-Θεοῦ (Theou)-God, (God the Father:—the only and true God))."

Example of Greek word:

  • *ἔργα (erga)-works click: John 3:19 (deeds)

  • *σαρκός (sarkos)-flesh click: Romans 8:5

  • *φανερὰ (phanera)-manifest click: 1 John 3:10

  • *G3430 (μοιχεία-adultery) click: John 8:3 (μοιχείᾳ-adultery)

  • *πορνεία (porneia)-fornication click: 1 Cor 5:1 // Eph 5:3

  • *ἀσέλγεια (aselgeia)-lasciviousness click: Mark 7:22 

  • *εἰδωλολατρεία (eidololatreia)-Idolatry click: Colossians 3:5

  • *G5331 (φαρμακεία-witchcraft) click: Revelation 18:23 (φαρμακείᾳ-sorceries)

  • *ἐριθείαι (eritheiai)-strife click: 2 Corinthians 12:20 (strifes)

  • *φόνοι (phonoi)-murders click: Matthew 15:19

  • *πράσσοντες (prassontes)-which do click: Romans 1:32 (which commit)

  • *κληρονομήσουσιν (kleronomesousin)-shall inherit click: 1 Corinthians 6:10

  • *βασιλείαν (basileian)-the kingdom click: Matthew 7:21

Greek Interlinear:

  • are-ἐστι: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: Now the works of the flesh ["IS"] manifest, which

  • are-ἐστι: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS"]  these, adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which

  • I tell before-προλέγω: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 1st Person, Singular: ["I-AM-BEFORE-sayING"//"I-am-predicting"] you, as

  • I have told you in time past-προεῖπον : Verb, Second-Aorist, Active, Indicative, 1st Person, Singular: ["I-BEFORE-saiD"] also, that they

  • which do-πράσσοντες: Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Plural, Masculine: ["PRACTISING"//"committing"] such things

  • shall inherit-κληρονομήσουσιν: Verb, Future, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Plural: ["THEY-SHALL-BE-tenantING"] not the kingdom of God.

Now-δέ (de)-but, now) the-τὰ (ta)-the) works-ἔργα (erga)-work, deed, doing, business (i.e. an act, thing done)) of the-τῆς (tes)-of the) flesh-σαρκός (sarkos)-flesh, (by implication: human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specially), a human being (as such):—carnal(-ly, + -ly minded), flesh(-ly)) are-ἐστι (esti)-'to be') manifest-φανερὰ (phanera)-manifest, apparent, evident, known), which-ἅτινά (hatina)-which, whatsoever) are-ἐστι (esti)-'to be') these,:

    First, the Apostle gives a list of the works of the flesh—not complete but comprehensive—the commission of which excludes men from the inheritance. They cannot plead the promise. It is not for such as they. They shall not inherit the Kingdom of God.-(Cambridge BSC). BH

    Now the works of the flesh are manifest.—It needs no elaborate disquisition to show what is meant by fulfilling the lust of the flesh. The effects which the flesh produces are plain and obvious enough. The catalogue which follows is not drawn up on any exact scientific principle, but divides itself roughly under four heads: (1) sins of sensuality; (2) sins of superstition; (3) sins of temper; (4) excesses.-(Ellicott's Commentary). BH

     Now the works of the flesh . . . are these. The tree is known by its fruits. We show our fruits whether we are of the flesh or Spirit. The works of the flesh are first given. Paul names (1) Three sins of sensuality; (2) two spiritual sins of false religion; (3) sins against our fellow men, of which nine are specified; (4) sins of intemperance, of which two are named.-(People's New Testament). SL 

    Now the works of the flesh are manifest;— If flesh be taken for the irregularities of the appetite,—for that natural corruption which infects the faculties of every man by nature; it extends to the mind, as well as to the appetites of the body; and there will be no difficulty in ascribing each of the particular crimes here enumerated to the flesh, as they all proceed from that corruption, by means of which even the mind and conscience is defiled. Titus 1:15.-(Thomas Coke Commentary). SL

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     Now the works of the flesh are manifest (φανερὰ δέ ἐστι τὰ ἔργα τῆς σαρκός). The apostle's purpose is here altogether one of practical exhortation. Having in Galatians 5:13 emphatically warned the Galatians against making their emancipation from the Mosaic Law an occasion for the flesh, and in verse 16 affirmed the incompatibility of a spiritual walk with the fulfilment of the desire of the flesh, he now specifies samples of the vices, whether in outward conduct or in inward feeling, in which the working of the flesh is apparent, as if cautioning them; adducing just those into which the Galatian converts would naturally be most in danger of falling. Both in the list which he gives them of ,ins, and in that of Christian graces, he is careful to note those relative to their Church life as well as those bearing upon their personal private life. "Manifest;"- namely, to our moral sense; we at once feel that these are the outcome of an evil nature, and are incompatible with the influence of the Spirit of God. "Works of the flesh" means works in which the prompting of the flesh is recognizable. The phrase is equivalent to "the deeds or doings of the body," which we are called to "mortify, put to death, by the Spirit" (Romans 8:13). In Romans 13:12 and Ephesians 5:13 they are styled "works of darkness," that is, works belonging properly to a state in which the moral sense has not been quickened by the Spirit, or in which the light of Christ's presence has not shone.-(The Pulpit Commentaries). SL 

 

    Works of the flesh are manifest- Are made by God obvious to the human conscience; yet St. Paul gives them both to show the shape of the new Christian morality and to impress it upon the newly-converted Galatians. He doubtless selects those transgressions to which the Galatians were most prone. This verse gives that list of vices that specially belong to the sensual nature.-(Whedon's Commentary). SL

and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) such-τούτοις (toutois)-such as this) like-ὅμοια (homoia)-like, resembling, (i.e. of the same nature, like, similar)): of the which-(ha)-which:—plural) I tell you-ὑμῖν (humin)-you, ye) before-προλέγω (prolego)-to lay out, say or speak before, (i.e. to say beforehand, foretell)), as-καθὼς (kathos)-even or according as) I have also-καὶ (kai)-also) told you in time past-προεῖπον (proeipon)-to say, speak or tell before, to say already)that-ὅτι (hoti)-that) they-οἱ (hoi)-the ones) which do-πράσσοντες (prassontes)-to exercise, practise, to be busy with, carry on) such things-τοιαῦτα (toiauta)-such as this, (of this kind or sort)) shall not-οὐ (ou)-no, not (the absolute negative)) inherit-κληρονομήσουσιν (kleronomesousin)-to obtain by lot, be heir) the kingdom-βασιλείαν (basileian)-kingdom, (i.e. God's heavenly kingdom)) of God-Θεοῦ (Theou)-God, (God the Father:—the only and true God)).:    

    and that they which do such things, shall not inherit the kingdom of God; by which is meant the heavenly glory, called a "kingdom", because of the grandeur and magnificence of that state; and "of God", because it is of his preparing and giving, what he calls his own to by his grace, and puts them into the possession of and where he reigns and will reign for ever, and show forth the glory of his majesty: this is possessed in way of inheritance, which shows it to be a bequest of our heavenly Father's, a free grace gift of his, and not to be obtained by the works of the law, or merits of men; but what belongs, and is peculiar to the children of God, who are so by adopting grace: now they that do such works of the flesh as before enumerated; that is, that live in the commission of these things, whose whole lives are employed in such work, living and dying in such a state, without repentance towards God and faith in Christ, shall never enjoy eternal life and happiness; though such who have done these things, being brought to a sense of them, and to the blood and righteousness of Christ for pardon and justification, for life and salvation; such, notwithstanding the works of the flesh done by them, shall, through the free grace of God, and the propitiatory sacrifice of Christ, inherit the kingdom and glory of God.-(Gill's Exposition). BH

    Shall not inherit — They are not children of God, and therefore cannot inherit the kingdom which belongs only to the children of the Divine family.-(Adam Clarke Commentary). SL

    That they which do such things (ὅτι οἱ τὰ τοιαῦτα πράσσοντες)that they which practise such things. The present tense of πράσσοντες is more suitable than the aorist, as being the language of warning with reference to future conduct (cf. Romans 2:2,/ 3, /7-10). Shall not inherit the kingdom of God- (βασιλείαν Θεοῦ οὐ κληρονομήσουσιν). The apostle uses the same words in writing to the Corinthians with reference to the sins to which they were the most prone (1 Corinthians 6:9, /10). So Ephesians 5:5, "No fornicator, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, which is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God." This "kingdom" is also referred to in 1 Thessalonians 2:12, "Walk worthily of God who calleth you into his own kingdom and glory" ("His own!" Astonishing prospect!); 2 Thessalonians 1:5, "That ye may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which ye also suffer;" 2 Timothy 4:18, "will save me unto his heavenly kingdom." The like designation of the future felicity is given by St. Peter (2 Peter 1:11), "entrance into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ," and by St. James (it. 5), "heirs of the kingdom which he [God] promised to them that love him." It is derived from our Lord's own teaching, as, e.g. Matthew 25:34, "Inherit the kingdom prepared for you;" Luke 12:32, "It is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom." It is the manifestation and consummation of "that kingdom of heaven," or "kingdom of God," heralded by Christ and his forerunner as "at hand," which the Prophet Daniel had pointed forward to (Daniel 2:44Daniel 7:13, /14, /18). Bondage to "the flesh" in this life is constantly declared throughout the New Testament to form an insuperable bar to an entrance into that exalted state. And what is the alternative prospect? This the Apostle Paul does not here specify, though elsewhere he does so with awful emphasis; as e.g. Romans 2:8.-(The Pulpit Commentary). SL

    Those who do these things.- Part of the preaching of the Good News-[(i.e. the Gospel)], was this warning that those who continue to rebel against God by doing such things as these will have no part in the Eternal Kingdom!!!-(The Bible Study New Testament). SL

    of which I tell you before- Before the event; I forewarn you; as I have told you also in time past- When I was present with you; that they who do such things- Who are guilty of such evil practices; shall not inherit the kingdom of God- Whatever zeal they may pretend for the externals of religion, in any of the forms of it. Awful declaration!-(Joseph Benson's Commentary). SL

    I tell you before.—I foretell (or, forewarn) you; I tell you before the event proves my words to be true—i.e., before the day of judgment.-(Ellicott's Commentary). SL

Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894
10 καθὼς γέγραπται ὅτι Οὐκ ἔστι δίκαιος οὐδὲ εἷς· 11 οὐκ ἔστιν ὁ συνίων, οὐκ ἔστιν ὁ ἐκζητῶν τὸν Θεόν· 12 πάντες ἐξέκλιναν, ἅμα ἠχρειώθησαν· οὐκ ἔστι ποιῶν χρηστότητα, οὐκ ἔστιν ἕως ἑνός· 13 τάφος ἀνεῳγμένος λάρυγξ αὐτῶν, ταῖς γλώσσαις αὐτῶν ἐδολιοῦσαν· ἰὸς ἀσπίδων ὑπὸ τὰ χείλη αὐτῶν 14 ὧν τὸ στόμα ἀρᾶς καὶ πικρίας γέμει 15 ὀξεῖς οἱ πόδες αὐτῶν ἐκχέαι αἷμα 16 σύντριμμα καὶ ταλαιπωρία ἐν ταῖς ὁδοῖς αὐτῶν, 17 καὶ ὁδὸν εἰρήνης οὐκ ἔγνωσαν 18 οὐκ ἔστι φόβος Θεοῦ ἀπέναντι τῶν ὀφθαλμῶν αὐτῶν.

 

Romans 3:10-18

10 "As it is written-γέγραπται (gegraptai)-to be written), There is-ἔστι (esti)-'to be') none-Οὐκ (Ouk)-no, not (the absolute negative)) *righteous-δίκαιος (dikaios)-right, righteous, just), no not-οὐδὲ (oude)-not even) one: 11 There is none *that understandeth-συνίων (sunion)-to learn by enquiry), there is none *that seeketh after-ἐκζητῶν (ekzeton)-to seek out, to search out) God. 12 They are all-πάντες (pantes)-all, every, the whole) gone out of the way-ἐξέκλιναν (exeklinan)-to bend or incline out, (metaphorically and absolutely, to turn (oneself) away)), they are together-ἅμα (hama)-together with) become unprofitable-ἠχρειώθησαν (echreiothesan)-to become useless, worthless), there is none that doeth-ποιῶν (poion)-to do) *good-χρηστότητα (chrestoteta)-usefulness, kindness, (i.e. morally, excellence (in character or demeanor):—gentleness, good(-ness), kindness)), no not one. 13 Their throat-λάρυγξ (larugx)-the throat) is an open-ἀνεῳγμένος (aneogmenos)-to open) sepulchre-τάφος (taphos)-burying place, a grave), with their tongues-γλώσσαις (glossais)-a tongue, language) they have used deceit-ἐδολιοῦσαν (edoliousan)-to deceive, to use a bait, guile), the poison of Asps-ἀσπίδων (aspidon)-an asp, kind of viper) is under their lips: 14 Whose mouth is full-γέμει (gemei)-to be full, filled, full) of cursing-ἀρᾶς (aras)-a curse, cursing, (i.e. an imprecation, curse, malediction)) and *bitterness-πικρίας (pikrias)-sharpness, bitterness, (e.g. bitter gall)): 15 Their feet are swift-ὀξεῖς (oxeis)-sharp, swift, acute) to shed-ἐκχέαι (ekcheai)-to pour out, shed forth) *blood-αἷμα (haima)-blood, (by implication: blood shed, to be shed by violence, slay, murder)). 16 Destruction-σύντριμμα (sumtrimma)-a breaking together, (i.e. calamity, ruin, destruction)) and *misery-ταλαιπωρία (talaiporia)-grievous misery, (i.e. trouble, calamity, misery)) are in their ways-ὁδοῖς (hodois)-properly: a way, road, journey, custom, (by implication: a course of conduct)): 17 And the way-ὁδὸν (hodon)-properly: a way, road, journey, custom, (by implication: a way (i.e. manner) of thinking, feeling, deciding)) of *peace-εἰρήνης (eirnens)-peace, unity, concord) *have they not known-ἔγνωσαν (egnosan)-to know, (i.e. understand, perceive)). 18 There is-ἔστι (esti)-'to be') no-οὐκ (ouk)-no, not (the absolute negative)) *fear-φόβος (phobos)-fear, terror (i.e. reverential fear)) of God before-ἀπέναντι (apenanti)-from over-against, (from in front, i.e. opposite, before or against:—before, contrary, over against, in the presence of, in the sight of)) their eyes."

Example of Greek word:

  • *δίκαιος (dikaios)-righteous click: 1 Peter 3:18

  • *συνίων-that understandeth click: Matthew 13:23 (understandeth)

  • *G1567: (ἐκζητῶν-that seeketh after) click: Heb 11:6 (ἐκζητοῦσιν-diligently seek)

  • *χρηστότητα (chrestoteta)-good click: Col 3:12-(kindness) // Rom 11:22-(goodness)

  • *πικρίας (pikrias)-bitterness click: Acts 8:23

  • *αἷμα (haima)-blood click: Matthew 27:4

  • *G5004: (ταλαιπωρία-misery) click: James 5:1 (ταλαιπωρίαις-miseries)

  • *εἰρήνης (eirnens)-peace click: Luke 1:79

  • *ἔγνωσαν-(egnosan)-have they known click: John 16:3 (they have known)

  • *φόβος (phobos)-fear click: Acts 5:5

Greek Interlinear:

  • it is written-γέγραπται: Verb, Perfect, Passive, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: As ["it-HAS-been-WRITTEN"],

  • There is-ἔστι: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS"//"there-is"] none righteous, no not one: 

  • There is-ἔστιν: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS"//"there-is"] none

  • that understandeth-συνίων: Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Singular, Masculine: ["one-understandING"],

  •  there is-ἔστιν: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS"//"there-is"]  none

  • that seeketh after -ἐκζητῶν: Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Singular, Masculine: ["one-OUT-SEEKING"//"one-seeking-out"]  God. all

  •  They are gone out of the way-ἐξέκλιναν: Verb, Aorist, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Plural["avoid-him"] together

  • they are become unprofitable-ἠχρειώθησαν: Verb, Aorist, Passive, Indicative, 3rd Person, Plural: ["they-were-useless"],

  • there is-ἔστι: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS"//"there-is"] none

  • that doeth-ποιῶν: Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Singular, Masculine: ["one-DOING"] good, no not oneTheir throat

  • is an open-ἀνεῳγμένος: Verb, Perfect, Passive, Participle, Nominative, Singular, Masculine: ["HAVING-been-UP-OPENED"//"having-been-opened"]  sepulchre, with their tongues

  • they have used deceit-ἐδολιοῦσαν: Verb, Imperfect, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Plural: ["THEY-deFRAUD"], the poison of asps is under their lips: Whose mouth

  • is full-γέμει: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS-beING-REPLETE"of cursing and bitterness: Their feet are swift

  • to shed-ἐκχέαι: Verb, Aorist, Active, Infinitive: ["TO-POUR-OUT"//"to-shed"] blood. Destruction and misery are in their ways: And the way of peace

  • they have known-ἔγνωσαν: Verb, Second-Aorist, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Plural: ["THEY-KNOW"] not.

  • There is-ἔστι: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS"//"there-is"] no fear of God before their eyes.

Commentaries:

***As it is written — See Psalms 14:1-3; from which this and the two following verses are taken. There is none righteous — This is true, not only of the Jews, but of the Gentiles; of every soul of man, considered in his natural and practical state, previously to his receiving the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ. There is no righteous principle in them, and, consequently, no righteous act can be expected from them; see on Romans 3:12. God himself is represented as looking down from heaven to see if there were any that feared and sought after him; and yet he, who cannot be deceived, could find none! And therefore we may safely conclude there was none to be found. They are all gone out of the way — παντες εξεκλιναν, they have all diverged from the right way, they have either abandoned or corrupted   the worship of God: the Jews, in forsaking the law and the prophets, and the Gentiles, in acting contrary to the law which God had written on their hearts. And the departure of both from the truth proves the evil propensity of human nature in general. They are together become unprofitable — 

ηχρειωθησαν. They are useless, good for nothing; or, as the Hebrew has it, נאלחו neelachu, they are putrid: he views the whole mass of mankind as slain and thrown together, to putrefy in heaps. This is what is termed the corruption of human nature; they are infected and infectious. What need of the mercy of God to save from such a state of degeneracy! There is none that doeth good — In Romans 3:10 it is said, There is none righteous; here, There is none that doeth good: the first may refer to the want of a righteous principle; the second, to the necessary consequence of the absence of such a principle. If there be no righteousness within, there will be no acts of goodness without.-(Adam Clarke Commentary). SL

***There is none righteous, no, not one.- The words that follow in the next eight verses, prove this assertion. What then becomes of the rabbinical boasts of keeping the law? Paul, fighting with Jehovah’s sword, always vanquished his foes. There is none that understandeth.- Ignorance and contempt of devotion are the general sources of ruin to the human kind. The flood of divine light is poured out to aid us in the conquest of vice. Their throat is an open sepulchre.- “They drink iniquity like water.” Job 15:16. The selfish man swallows down riches unlawfully gained, but God will force him to vomit them up again. Job 20:15. These are the unclean things which enter the heart, and defile the man.-(Sutcliffe's Commentary). SL

***Their throat — Is noisome and dangerous as an open sepulchre. Observe the progress of evil discourse, proceeding out of the heart, through the throat, tongue, lips, till the whole mouth is filled therewith. The poison of asps — Infectious, deadly backbiting, tale-bearing, evil-speaking, is under (for honey is on) their lips. An asp is a venomous kind of serpent. Psalms 5:9; Psalm 140:3.-(Wesley's Explanatory Notes). SL

***They are together become unprofitable.—Here the adjective is used to express a state of moral corruption and depravity. “Together” means “altogether;” “the whole mass of mankind, with one consent, has fallen to ruin.” Their throat is an open sepulchre—i.e., their speech is at once corrupt and corrupting. It is compared to a “yawning grave”—not merely to a pit into which a man may fall, but to a sort of pestiferous chasm-[(def. abyss)] yawning and ravening, as it were, after its prey. They have used deceit.—Strictly, they were deceiving; a continued action brought up to the present time. Bitterness.—Malignity; from the notion that venom was contained in the gall. (Comp. Acts 8:23.)-(Ellicott's Commentary). SL

 

 ***There is no fear of God before their eyes "...This verse is a quotation from Psalms 36:1, and seems to be presented here as a climax of all the wickedness already documented. Where there is no fear of God in the hearts of people, there is no practical restraint of any kind upon their deeds. The unregenerated man who does not fear God or, for that matter, even believe that God exists - such a man quickly proves what a vicious and unprincipled beast the natural man becomes, once he has drifted, or fallen, beyond the reach of heavenly influence.-(Coffman Commentaries). SL

***These verses are a general statement of the condition of mankind. Wherever man goes, he leaves a trail of destruction and misery behind him. Human wickedness continually inflicts injury on others. Even when they are clearly shown the “path of Peace,” they make themselves blind to it. Nor have they learned to fear God. This both sums up and explains why man is under the power of sin. When God is not feared [respected, worshiped], nothing else is; and with the final barrier down, sin comes in like a flood! Paul has proved from the Scriptures that no man is righteous!-(The Bible Study New Testament). SL

***There are so many who seek to sort of promote and exalt their own righteous works, their own goodness, and there are many people who are daring to come before God on the basis I am a good person or I am a moral person. It is interesting to me today that the Jewish people, for the most part, are seeking an acceptance by God on the basis of their good works.-(Chuck Smith Commentary). SL

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Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894
21 ἔσωθεν γάρ, ἐκ τῆς καρδίας τῶν ἀνθρώπων οἱ διαλογισμοὶ οἱ κακοὶ ἐκπορεύονται, μοιχεῖαι, πορνεῖαι, φόνοι, 22 κλοπαί πλεονεξίαι, πονηρίαι, δόλος, ἀσέλγεια, ὀφθαλμὸς πονηρός, βλασφημία, ὑπερηφανία, ἀφροσύνη 23 πάντα ταῦτα τὰ πονηρὰ ἔσωθεν ἐκπορεύεται, καὶ κοινοῖ τὸν ἄνθρωπον

Mark 7:21-23     

21 "For-γὰρ (gar)-for, verily) *from within-ἔσωθεν (esothen)-from within, inwardly, (by implication: inward man)), out of-ἐκ (ek)-out of, from out of, out from) the-τῆς (tes)-the) *heart-καρδίας (kardias)-the heart, (figuratively: the thoughts or feelings, of the will and character)of-τῶν (ton)-of the) men-ἀνθρώπων (anthropon)-a human being, whether male or female), proceed-ἐκπορεύονται (ekporeuontai)-to go on out of, to go forth, go out) *evil-κακοὶ (kakoi)-evil, (i.e. bad, evil, harm, ill, noisome, wicked)) *thoughts-διαλογισμοὶ (dialogismoi)-reasoning, a thought, inward reasoning), adulteries, fornications, murders, 22 Thefts-κλοπαί (klopai)-a theft), covetousness-πλεονεξίαι (pleonexiai)-the wish to have more, (i.e. greedy desire to have more, covetousness, avarice)), wickedness-πονηρίαι (oneriai)-malignity, evil), *deceit-δόλος (dolos)-bait, guile, craft, subtilty), lasciviousness, an evil-πονηρός (ponepos)-the evil, (in an ethical sense: evil, wicked, bad)) eye, *blasphemy-βλασφημία (blasphemia)-injurious speaking, (i.e. evil speaking, railing)), pride-ὑπερηφανία (huperephania)-arrogance, haughtiness), foolishness-ἀφροσύνη (aphrosune)-senselessness, foolishness, folly): 23 All-πάντα (panta)-all) these-ταῦτα (tauta)-these) evil things-πονηρὰ (ponera)-evil, (i.e. the vices just enumerated)) come-ἐκπορεύεται (ekporeuetai)-to go forth, go out, depart, (figuratively, to come forth, to proceed)) from within-ἔσωθεν (esothen)-from within, ((inside):—inward(-ly), (from) within)), and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) *defile-κοινοῖ (koinoi)-to make common or unclean, pollute) the-τὸν (ton)-the) man-ἄνθρωπον (anthropon)-a man, a human being)."

Example of Greek word:

Greek Interlinear:

  • proceed-ἐκπορεύονται: Verb, Present, Middle or Passive Deponent, Indicative, 3rd Person, Plural: For from within, out of the heart of men, ["ARE-OUT-GOING"//"are-going-out"] evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness: All these evil things 

  • come-ἐκπορεύεται: Verb, Present, Middle or Passive Deponent, Indicative 3rd Person, Singular: ["ARE-OUT-GOING"//"are-going-out"] from within, and

  • defile-κοινοῖ: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["is-contaminating"] the man.

For-γὰρ (gar)-for, verily) from within-ἔσωθεν (esothen)-from within, inwardly, (by implication: inward man)), out of-ἐκ (ek)-out of, from out of, out from) the-τῆς (tes)-the) heart-καρδίας (kardias)-the heart, (figuratively: the thoughts or feelings, of the will and character)of-τῶν (ton)-of the) men-ἀνθρώπων (anthropon)-a human being, whether male or female),: 

    Our wicked thoughts and affections, words and actions, defile us. As a corrupt fountain sends forth corrupt [(e.g. muddy)] streams, so does a corrupt heart send forth corrupt reasonings, corrupt appetites and passions, and all the wicked words and actions that come from them.-(Matthew Henry). BH

    Fornication and adultery ... These words apply to every kind of traffic in sexual vice, whether of the married or the unmarried, whether of the homosexual or the heterosexual. Murders ... All violent deeds under this heading are proscribed; but, as is clear from the Sermon on the Mount, anger and insulting language against a fellow-mortal are equally blameworthy, being in fact murder, according to Jesus' own definition (Matthew 5:21 /22). Covetings ... This, like most of the other sins in this list, was forbidden in the Decalogue. In the New Testament, covetousness is not merely forbidden but classified as "idolatry" (Colossians 3:5). It must be supposed that this kind of idolatry motivates an inordinate amount of human behavior. How many are there whose sole passion in life would appear to be gaining and getting? Deceit ... This word comes from [@dolos] also translated "guile" and has reference to the cunning, craft, and ingenuity of deception. It is at the opposite pole from Christian sincerity. It was through this vice that the ancient Greeks introduced the Trojan horse into Troy and overwhelmed the city. Many a soul has been lost through the cunning deception of evil men as well as by yielding to the temptation to use such stratagems against others. Pride ... This is the principal characteristic of unregenerated man. It is the glorification of self. It is the first of seven deadly sins; and, when the Lord named seven things which are an abomination in his sight, a proud look headed the list (Proverbs 6:16). Foolishness ... As Barclay said, "This describes, not the man who is a brainless fool, but the man who, as we say, is playing the fool."[10] The foolishness meant here is the kind of living that is not guided by moral principle nor related to any sacred standards.-(Coffman Commentaries). SL

    come forth from the heart: are first conceived and formed there, and then come forth from thence, and are expressed by the mouth; as all idle words, foolish talking, filthy jesting, unsavoury communication, and every word that is rotten and corrupt, or which is done in the life and conversation; and they defile the man: the heart is the corrupt fountain from whence all moral defilement flows; and sinful words and actions are the impure streams, which spring from thence, and increase the moral pollution of human nature.-(Gill's Exposition). BH

    So, it's not what goes in, but what comes out. And that reveals what is in the man's heart. And there's where the true spiritual defilement or purity exists in the heart. "Blessed are the pure in heart; they shall see God." That's where real spiritual defilement is; not in what you are eating, but what you are, the inward part of your life, what's in your heart. Not what's in your belly that counts.-(Chuck Smith Bible Commentary). SL

    Proceed out of the mouth- Our words particularly. From the heart They proceed from the inward intention. Thereby not merely our words but our actions, and all that go from the heart, are included. A man is a voluntary cause, and is responsible for all his voluntary and intentional effects.-(Whedon's Commentary). SL

     Those things. He does not assert that everything which issues from a man's mouth defiles him; for, as was said above on Matthew 15:11, many good things may come from a man's mouth; but he means that the evil to which he gives utterance is fraught with pollution to his moral nature. From the heart.- The heart stands for soul, mind, spirit, will, the whole inner man, that which makes him what he is, a conscious, intelligent, responsible being. Hence are attributed to it not only words, but acts, conceptions which issue in external actions, and the consequences which these involve.-(The Pulpit Commentaries). SL

proceed-ἐκπορεύονται (ekporeuontai)-to go on out of, to go forth, go out) evil-κακοὶ (kakoi)-evil, (i.e. bad, evil, harm, ill, noisome, wicked)) thoughts-διαλογισμοὶ (dialogismoi)-reasoning, a thought, inward reasoning),

    Christ proceeds to state what does defile the man, or render him a sinner: "Evil thoughts" These are the first things - these are the fountains of all others. Thought precedes action. Thought, or purpose, or motive, gives its character to conduct. All evil thoughts are here intended. Though we labor to suppress them, yet they defile us. They leave pollution behind them.-(Barnes' Notes). BH

    Out of the heart proceed. The shameful catalogue which follows is less full than that in St. Mark, which contains thirteen items, while this consists of seven only. These are produced or created by the human will, of which the heart is the symbol. Evil thoughts (διαλογισμοὶ πονηροί). Some would translate the words, "evil machinations." But there is no need to change the usual rendering, which is very appropriate here. Evil thoughts are the preparation of all other sins, and have a pernicious influence on the character. We are very much what we think. That on which our minds are fixed, that which is the chief object presented to our inward sight, shapes our disposition and life. High and noble thoughts elevate and purify; low and mean thoughts debase and pollute. The wickedness in a man springs from within; he is guilty of it. If he admits the tempter, succumbs to his seductions, it is his own will that is in fault, encouraging the evil imagination, and not at once resisting, abhorring, and repelling it. Well may we pray, "Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me" (Psalm 51:10); and remember the wise man's injunction, "Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life" (Proverbs 4:23).-(The Pulpit Commentary). BH

    For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts,.... Of God, of Christ, of the Spirit, of fellow creatures, and of all sorts of wickedness. The thoughts of sin are evil, are to be hated, forsaken, and for which men are accountable to God. All wicked imaginations, carnal reasonings, lustful desires, and malicious contrivances, are here included; which take their rise from, and are devised, and forged, in the corrupt heart of man.-(Gill's Exposition). BH

    evil thoughts ] Thirteen forms of evil are here noticed as proceeding from the heart. The first seven in the plural number, are predominant actions; the latter six in the singular, dispositions . Comp. the blending of the singular and plural in St Paul’s enumeration of the works of the flesh, Galatians 5:19-21 . covetousness ] “avarices,” Wyclif. The original word denotes more than the mere love of money , it is “the drawing and snatching to himself, on the sinner’s part, of the creature in every form and kind, as it lies out of and beyond himself.” Hence we find it joined not only with “thefts” here and with “extortion” in 1 Corinthians 5:10 , but also with sins of the flesh as in 1 Corinthians 5:11 ; Ephesians 5:3 , Ephesians 5:5 ; Colossians 3:5 . “Impurity and covetousness may be said to divide between them nearly the whole domain of human selfishness and vice.” wickedness ] or wickednesses The word thus translated occurs in the singular in Matthew 22:18 , “but Jesus perceived their wickedness, ” and again in Luke 11:39 ; Romans 1:29 ; 1 Corinthians 5:8 ; Ephesians 6:12 . In the plural it only occurs twice, here and in Acts 3:26 , where we have translated it “iniquities.” It denotes the active working of evil, “the cupiditas nocendi,” or as Jeremy Taylor explains it, an “aptness to do shrewd turns, to delight in mischief and trajedies; a love to trouble our neighbour and to do him ill offices; crossness, perverseness, and peevishness of action in our intercourse.” Trench’s N. T. Synonyms , p. 36.-(Cambridge Greek Testament). SL

All-πάντα (panta)-all) these-ταῦτα (tauta)-these) evil things-πονηρὰ (ponera)-evil, (i.e. the vices just enumerated)) come-ἐκπορεύεται (ekporeuetai)-to go forth, go out, depart, (figuratively, to come forth, to proceed)) from within-ἔσωθεν (esothen)-from within, ((inside):—inward(-ly), (from) within)), and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) defile-κοινοῖ (koinoi)-to make common or unclean, pollute) the-τὸν (ton)-the) man-ἄνθρωπον (anthropon)-a man, a human being).: 

    These are the things which defile a man,.... These are filthy in themselves, and must pollute all in whom they are; they bring a defilement on the whole man, both body and soul, fasten guilt upon him, and expose him to everlasting punishment: but to eat with unwashen hands defileth not a man: should a man neglect to wash his bands before eating a common meal, this need give him no uneasiness; he contracts no filth to his soul hereby, nor any guilt to his conscience; nor does he break any law of God; nor is he liable to any penalty for such an omission. This is a trifling matter, and merits no regard; but the things before mentioned are in their nature evil: they are contrary to the law of God; they are abominable in his sight; they render men loathsome and odious to the divine being; and expose them to shame and ruin; and it is only the blood of Christ can cleanse them from the pollution and guilt of them, and secure them from that punishment they deserve.-(Gill's Exposition). BH

    These - defile a man — Our Lord's argument is very plain. What goes into the mouth descends into the stomach and other intestines; - part is retained for the nourishment of the body, and part is ejected, as being improper to afford nourishment. Nothing of this kind defiles the soul, because it does not enter into it; but the evil principles that are in it, producing evil thoughts, murders, &c., these defile the soul, because they have their seat and operation in it.-(Adam Clarke Commentary). SL

Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894
9 οὐκ οἴδατε ὅτι ἄδικοι βασιλείαν Θεοῦ οὐ κληρονομήσουσι; μὴ πλανᾶσθε· οὔτε πόρνοι, οὔτε εἰδωλολάτραι, οὔτε μοιχοὶ, οὔτε μαλακοὶ, οὔτε ἀρσενοκοῖται, 10 οὔτε κλέπται, οὔτε πλεονέκται, οὔτε μέθυσοι, οὐ λοίδοροι, οὐχ ἅρπαγες, βασιλείαν Θεοῦ οὐ κληρονομήσουσι11 καὶ ταῦτά τινες ἦτε· ἀλλὰ ἀπελούσασθε, ἀλλὰ ἡγιάσθητε, ἀλλ’ ἐδικαιώθητε ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι τοῦ Κυρίου Ἰησοῦ, καὶ ἐν τῷ Πνεύματι τοῦ Θεοῦ ἡμῶν.

 

1 Corinthians 6:9-11   

9 "*Know ye-οἴδατε (oidate)-to see, have seen, known) not-οὐκ (ouk)-no, not) that-ὅτι (hoti)-that) *the unrighteous-ἄδικοι (adikoi)-unjust, unrighteousness, (i.e. sinful)) shall not-οὐ (ou)-no, not (the absolute negative)) inherit-κληρονομήσουσι (kleronomesousi)-to obtain by lot, (be heir, (obtain by) inherit(-ance)) the kingdom-βασιλείαν (basileian)-kingdom, (i.e. kingdom of heaven)) of God-Θεοῦ (Theou)-God, (i.e. God the Father:— the supreme Divinity))? *Be not-μὴ (me)-no, not) deceived-πλανᾶσθε (planasthe)-to lead astray, wander, err, (metaph. to lead away from the truth, to lead into error, to deceive)): neither *fornicators-πόρνοι (pornoi)-fornicator, whoremonger), nor *idolaters-εἰδωλολάτραι (eidololatrai)-worshipper of idols, (i.e. an image- (servant or) worshipper (literally or figuratively), also, a covetous man such as a worshipper of Mammon)), nor *adulterers-μοιχοὶ (moichoi)-literally: adulterer, (figuratively: faithless toward God, ungodly)), nor *effeminate-μαλακοὶ (malakoi)-soft, (i.e. fine (clothing); figuratively, a catamite:—effeminate, soft)), nor abusers of themselves with mankind-ἀρσενοκοῖται (arsenokoitai)-lying with a male, (i.e. sodomy)), 10 Nor *thieves-κλέπται (kleptai)-a thief, robber), nor covetous-πλεονέκται (pleonektai)-one who wishes more, greedy of gain, covetous), nor *drunkards-μέθυσοι (methusoi)-softened with drink, (i.e. drunken, intoxicated)), nor revilers-λοίδοροι (loidoroi)-reviling, railing, (abusive, i.e. a blackguard:—railer, reviler)), nor *extortioners-ἅρπαγες (harpages)-one that snatches away), shall inherit-κληρονομήσουσι  (kleronomesousi)-to obtain by lot, (be heir, (obtain by) inherit(-ance)) the kingdom of God. 11 And-καὶ (kai)-and, even, also) such-ταῦτά (tauta)-these) were-ἦτε (ete)-was (wast or were)) some of you-τινες (tines)-a certain, some): but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the Name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God."

Example of Greek word:

  • *οἴδατε (oidate)-Know ye click: Romans 6:16

  • *ἄδικοι (adikoi)-the unrighteous click: Luke 18:11 (unjust)

  • *πλανᾶσθε (planasthe)-Be deceived click: