OUR
FORGIVENESS

U-098_edited_edited.png
U-098_edited_edited_edited_edited_edited
U-098_edited_edited_edited.png

...step by step

U-098_edited_edited_edited_edited.png

 

 

Beloved of the Lord;

Remember: "Beware lest any man spoil-συλαγωγῶν (sulagogon)-to lead off as plunder, (literally: carry off (as) booty or captive; rob; figuratively: of victimizing or brainwashing someone with religious error or false teaching) you through-διὰ (dia)-through, by means of) philosophy-φιλοσοφίας (philosophias)-love of wisdom) and vain-κενῆς (kenes)-vain, empty) deceit-ἀπάτης (apates)-deceit, deceitfulness), after-κατὰ (kata)-according to) the tradition-παράδοσιν (paradosin)-a giving over, handing down) of men, after the rudiments-στοιχεῖα (stoicheia)-an element, first step or principle) of the world, and not after Christ." -(Colossians 2:8)

1. Roman Catholic Church

U-174_edited_edited_edited_edited_edited_edited_edited_edited.png
U-090 (1)_edited_edited.png

The
Roman Catholic Church
Part. 1

Vatican / Pope

 

To my Roman Catholics,

We Christians, are not against you. 

But rather; 

We oppose

The Traditions & False Doctrines

of the

Roman Catholic Church.

P-094_edited.png
U-051_edited.png
U-051_edited_edited.png
U-051_edited_edited_edited.png
U-051_edited_edited.png

UPDATING ENTIRE PAGE: now

U-052_edited_edited_edited_edited.png

1

MENU

*use with Google Chrome

U-052_edited_edited_edited_edited_edited.png

2

U-052_edited_edited_edited_edited_edited.png
P-094_edited.png
U-052_edited_edited_edited_edited_edited.png

The topic of Mary, the mother of Jesus, tends to be a controversial subject among Catholics and Christians. Most, if not, all Catholics believe that Mary remained a virgin after the birth of Jesus. Please review and verify the following information carefully.

Let's begin by analyzing the following three verses:

 

Genesis 4:1

And Adam H3045-knew-יָדַע (yā-ḏa‘)-to know, (i.e. know a person carnally, of sexual intercourse) Eve his wife, and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD.

    The Strong's Exhaustive Concordance Number for: יָדַע : (knew) is H3045 יָדַע (yā-ḏa‘) -from the root word; to know. Now, based on the Context of this verse, the word: knew-H3045 implies sexual activity. This can be understood by the words: "and she conceived, and bare Cain".

Here is a list of other valid definitions for H3045-to know:

 

1. to know
  a. (Qal)
    1. to know 
  b. to know, learn to know 
  c. to perceive 
  d. to perceive and see, find out and discern 
  e. to discriminate, distinguish 
  f. to know by experience 
  g. to recognise, admit, acknowledge, confess 
  h. to consider
    1. to know, be acquainted with
    2. to know (a person carnally)
    3. to know how, be skilful in
    4. to have knowledge, be wise
  i. (Niphal)
    1. to be made known, be or become known, be revealed
    2. to make oneself known
    3. to be perceived
    4. to be instructed
  j. (Piel) to cause to know
  k. (Poal) to cause to know
  l. (Pual)
    1. to be known
    2. known, one known, acquaintance (participle)
  m. (Hiphil) to make known, declare
  n. (Hophal) to be made known
  o. (Hithpael) to make oneself known, reveal oneself

Next verse:

Genesis 4:17

And Cain H3045-knew-וַיֵּ֤דַע (way-yê-ḏa‘)-to know, (i.e. know a person carnally, of sexual intercourse) his wife, and she conceived and bare Enoch, and he builded a City, after the name of his son, Enoch.

    The same contextual format as Genesis 4:1

Genesis 4:25

And Adam H3045-knew-וַיֵּדַע (way-yê-ḏa‘)-to know, (i.e. know a person carnally, of sexual intercourse) his wife again, and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she, hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew.

    All three verses: Genesis 4:1Genesis 4:17, and Genesis 4:25 use H3045-to know. All three verses share the same definition for the word (knew); to know- a person carnally, of sexual intercourse). In all three verses, the context of the verse implies that there was sexual activity, conception, and birth.

 

 

Let's examine the following verses.

Luke 1:30-34

30And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God. 31 And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS. 32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: 33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.34 Then said Mary unto the Angel, How shall this be, seeing G1097-I know-γινώσκω (ginosko)-to know, (i.e. intimacy with) not-οὐ (ou)-no, not (the absolute negative)) a man?

   The Strong's Exhaustive Concordance Number for the Greek word:  γινώσκω(I know) is G1097. The Morphology / Parsing of γινώσκω is: Tense: Present, Voice: active, Mood: Indicative, Person: firstOR, "Then said Mary unto the Angel, How shall this be, seeing ["I-AM-KNOWING"] not a man?". Mary is affirming that she is a virgin, not yet (knowing-present / Active) a man. 

 

    It is important to understand that The Strong's Exhaustive Concordance Number G1097 has various definitions. Below is a list of some definitions for G1097-to know

  • to learn to know, come to know, get a knowledge of perceive, feel

  • to become known

  • to know, understand, perceive, have knowledge of

  • to understand

  • to know

  • (Jewish idiom for sexual intercourse between a man and a woman)

  • to become acquainted with

  • I come to know, learn, realize

  • I am taking in knowledge, come to know, learn; aor: I ascertained, realized.

  • to "know" (absolutely) in a great variety of applications and with many implications

 

"Now,

one of the most controversial verses

of the bible

regarding the Virginity of Mary:"

Matthew 1:24-25

24.Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife:
25 And G1097- knew-ἐγίνωσκεν (eginosken)-to know, (i.e. intimacy with) her not, G2193-till-ἕως (héōs)-until, till (the time when)) she had brought forth her firstborn son, and he called his name Jesus.

    1st) The Strong's Greek Lexicon Number for knew in this verse is G1097, same as in Luke 1:34:—(". . .seeing G1097-I know-γινώσκω (ginosko)-to know, (i.e. intimacy with) not a man?). NowBased on the context of this verse, Joseph did not have sexual relationship with Mary, till...

 

    Now, for anyone that places the emphasis on the word G2193-till-ἕως-(héōs)-CONjunction), and insist that this word implies "up until", meaning, that Joseph refrained from having sexual relationship with Mary "during" her pregnancy, which is true, but also "after" giving birth (because according to the Catholic believer, it is unknown, or simply deny that Joseph had sexual relationship with Mary after she gave birth). However, Catholics do error by confusing or replacing the word: G2193-till-ἕως-(héōs)-CONjunction) for: G891-until-ἄχρι-(achri)-PREposition) or G2193-until-ἕως-(héōs)-PREposition). I believe the following verse is a perfect illustration of how the word (G2193-till-ἕως-(héōs)-CONjunction)) is properly defined.

Matthew 24:34

"Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass, till-ἕως (héōs) all these things be fulfilled."

event#1 (This generation shall not pass) (G2193-till-ἕως (héōs)-until, till (the time when) event#2 (all these things be fulfilled). Even the verse ends with the word "fulfilled".

 

 

Likewise...

Matthew 1:25

And knew her not, G2193-till-ἕως (héōs)-until, till (the time when)) she had brought forth her firstborn son, and he called his name Jesus.

event#1 (And knew her not,) till event#2 (she had brought forth her firstborn son, and he called his name Jesus.) be fulfilled.

    The Strong's Greek Lexicon Number for the word till in the above verses

(Matthew 24:34 & Matthew 1:25) is: G2193-ἕως-(héōs)-CONjunction). The word (till) in both verses are used as a CONJunction.

 

definition of a CONJunction: 

part of speech; Conjunction or conjunctive particle; A word used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause.

    Now, if we take a closer look at the next two verses (Luke 17:27 & Luke 1:20), we can distinguish the difference between G2193-till-ἕως-(héōs)-CONJuction) from G891-until-ἄχρι-(achri)-PREposition):

 

definition of a PREposition

happening or done up to a particular point in time, and then stopping; as far as, up to, unto, until.

Example #1:

Luke 17:27

They did eat, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, G891-until-ἄχρι-(achri)-PREposition: until, as far as, up to) the day that Noah entered into the ark: and the flood came, and destroyed them all.

    did you notice the stoppage (until), meaning; drinking, eating, marrying, and giving in marriage continued up until the day that Noah entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all.

Example #2:

Luke 1:20

“And, behold, thou shalt be dumb, and not able to speak, until-ἄχρι (achri)-PREposition: until, as far as, up to) the day that these things shall be performed, because thou believest not my words, which shall be fulfilled in their season.”

Now, IF Matthew 1:25 had read as following:

Matthew 1:25

25 And knew her not until-ἄχρι (achri)-PREposition: as far as, up to) she had brought forth her firstborn son, and he called his name Jesus.

. . . then we can rightfully conclude that Joseph knew not Mary during her pregnancy, AND ALSO that there is no say as to whether he did AFTER the birth of Jesus because the word G2193 until-ἄχρι (achri)-PREposition) would imply: "as far as, up to" her delivery only. But this is not the case, because the translators for the King James Bible accurately translated the Greek word G2193-ἕως-(héōs) as: tillCONJuction, instead of the word until-G891-ἄχρι-(achri)-PREposition) or, until-G2193-ἕως-(héōs)-PREposition).

Mary

decorative-line-clipart-free-clip-art-images_edited.png

 

And finally,

I would to bring to your attention one more key word; "firstborn."

There are 3 ways to identify a born child:

1) firstborn, 2) only son/child, 3) only begotten.

In the following verses, we will understand the differences between these 3 words.

"firstborn" In The Old Testament

1 Chronicles 26:4

4 Moreover the sons of Obededom were, Shemaiah the firstborn-הַבְּכוֹר (hab-bə-ḵō-wr)-firstborn, firstling), Jehozabad the second, Joah the third, and Sacar the fourth, and Nethaneel the fifth.

 

    Notice that Shemaiah has more siblings; Jehozabad the second, Joah the third, and Sacar the fourth, and Nethaneel the fifth.  

 

Genesis 19:31

31 And the firstborn-הַבְּכִירָה (hab-bə-ḵî-rāh)-firstborn daughter, firstborn (of women) said unto the younger, Our father is old, and there is not a man in the earth to come in unto us after the manner of all the earth:

    Again, the firstborn has a sibling; the younger

Genesis 22:20-21

20 “And it came to pass after these things, that it was told Abraham, saying, Behold, Milcah, she hath also born children unto thy brother Nahor; 21 Huz his firstborn-בְּכוֹר (bə-ḵō-rōw)-firstborn, firstling), and Buz his brother, and Kemuel the father of Aram,

    Milcah bore children-(plural), and the name of the firstborn was Huz.  

Genesis 25:13

13 And these are the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names, according to their generations: the firstborn-בְּכֹ֤ר (bə-ḵōr)-firstborn, firstling) of Ishmael, Nebajoth; and Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam,

 

 

    Ishmael had four sons. Nebajoth was the firstborn.

Genesis 25:24-26

24 “And when her days to be delivered were fulfilled, behold, there were twins in her womb.

25 And the first-הָרִאשׁוֹן֙ (hā-ri-šō-wn)-first, primary) came out red, all over like an hairy garment; and they called his name Esau.

26 And after that came his brother out, and his hand took hold on Esau's heel; and his name was called Jacob: and Isaac was threescore years old when she bare them.”

    And even when twins are born, the first to come out is called the first

"firstborn" In The New Testament

Romans 8:29

“For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the G4416-firstborn-πρωτότοκον (prototokon)-the firstborn, firstbegotten(-born) among many brethren.”

    In this verse, Paul is exalting the Son of God. Paul continues by saying that he-(Jesus) might be the firstborn from the dead among many-(plural) brethren-(plural). Jesus Christ was resurrected from the dead, thus becoming the firstborn. And when the Lord Jesus returns from heaven with power and glory, he will resurrect many brethren.

Colossians 1:18

“And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, G4416-the firstborn-πρωτότοκος (prototokos)-first born, firstbegotten(-born)) from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence.”

    The word dead is in the plural:—(Inflection: Adjective, Genitive, Plural, Masculine), OR, "...the firstborn-πρωτότοκος (prototokos)-first born, firstbegotten(-born)) from-ἐκ (ek)-out of, from out of) the ["dead-ones"]..."

Did you notice that the word

"firstborn" is defined as being the first among others.

**Other verses that also use G4416:

[Hebrews 12:23-πρωτοτόκων-"of the firstborn")]  //  [Hebrews 11:28-πρωτότοκα-"firstborn")]  //  [Colossians 1:15-πρωτότοκος-"the firstborn")]  //  [Luke 2:7.-πρωτότοκον-"firstborn")] // [Colossians 1:15-πρωτότοκος-"the firstborn")]  //  [Hebrews 1:6-πρωτότοκον-"firstbegotten")//  [Revelation 1:5-(πρωτότοκος-"first begotten").

Next,

lets look at the word

"only son/child".

"only son/child" In The Old Testament

 

Genesis 22:2

And he said, Take now thy son, thine only-יְחִֽידְךָ (yə-ḥî-ḏə-ḵā)-singly, lonely, only, only (child, son), solitary (i.e. sole)) son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.

Genesis 22:12

And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only-יְחִֽידְךָ (yə-ḥî-ḏə-ḵā)-singly, lonely, only, only (child, son), solitary (i.e. sole)) son from me.

    In these two verses (Genesis 22:2 & Genesis 22:12), Abram, was told to sacrifice his "only son", Issac. Remember, Issac was the son of Sarai, Abrams wife. Issac was the promised son to Abram that was foretold by the LORD. Unlike Ishmael, who was begotten by the Egyptian maid; Hagar. 

Jeremiah 6:26

26 "O daughter of my people, gird thee with sackcloth, and wallow thyself in ashes: make thee mourning, as for an only son-יָחִיד (yā-ḥîḏ)-singly, lonely, only, only (child, son), solitary (i.e. sole)), most bitter lamentation: for the spoiler shall suddenly come upon us."

   One can only imagine the pain that a mother endures for the loss (death) of her one and only son/child.

"only son/child" In The New Testament

Luke: 7:12

12 "Now when he came nigh to the gate of the city, behold, there was a dead man carried out, G3439-the only-μονογενὴς (monogenes)-only-born, i.e. sole:—only (begotten, child)) son of his mother, and she was a widow: and much people of the city was with her."

 

    Again, notice it says: "the only son", and not; "firstborn". And mind you, this woman had no other children. Note also, that this woman was a widow, although it not known at what point of her life she became a widow, it is true that she only begot one and only child.

 

Luke 9:38

38 "And, behold, a man of the company cried out, saying, Master, I beseech thee, look upon my son: for he is mine G3439-only child-μονογενὴς (monogenes)-only-born, i.e. sole:—only (begotten, child))."

 

    And again, this man referred to his son as his only child, and not: to his "firstborn". That means, that this man had no other sons or daughters.

John 1:18

“No man hath seen God at any time; the G3439-only begotten-μονογενὴς (monogenes)-only-born, i.e. sole:—only (begotten, child)) Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.”

    This verse is about the Son of God. Jesus is the only begotten Son of God; the saviour of mankind. The word only is re-enforced with the word begotten. All three verses (Luke: 7:12 // Luke 9:38 // John 1:18) use the same Greek word G3439-μονογενὴς-(monogenes). Both, the Textus Receptus (received Text) and the Alexandrian manuscripts agree with the use of the word μονογενὴς for: Luke: 7:12 // Luke 9:38 // John 1:18

Lastly,

lets look at the word "only begotten". It interesting to know that these words are only found in the New testament, and identify Jesus as the "only begotten" son of God; and not of Mary. And in one instance, it is used for Issac; Abraham's only son. 

"only begottenIn The New Testament

John 1:14

"And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten-μονογενοῦς (monogenous)-only-born, i.e. sole:—only (begotten, child)) of the Father, full of grace and truth."

John 1:18

"No man hath seen God at any time, the only begotten-μονογενὴς (monogenes)-only-born, i.e. sole:—only (begotten, child)) Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him."

John 3:16

"For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten-μονογενῆ (monogene)-only-born, i.e. sole:—only (begotten, child)) Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life."

    In the above three verses (John 1:14 // John 1:18 // John 3:16), the "only begotten son" is Jesus.

1 John 4:9

"In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten-μονογενῆ (monogene)- only-born, chief, single of its kind, only) Son into the world, that we might live through him."

Hebrews 11:17

"By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten-μονογενῆ (monogene)-only-born, i.e. sole:—only (begotten, child)) son,"

    Abraham's offering, was a "type" and "foreshadowing" of what would eventually be, that is, Jesus, the sacrifice for the sins of the world. Issac too was the only begotten son of Abraham and Sarah. Jesus was made a sacrifice for our sins, and Issac too, would had become a sacrifice, but the LORD forbade Abraham from plunging the knife into Issac. You see, God wanted us to understand what true love is. That in the fullness of time, the Son of God would become a sacrifice for the sins of all the world. It is to no surprise that the word love is first mentioned in (Genesis 22:2).

Now that you understand the differences between

"firstborn", "only son/child", and "only begotten son",

let's revisit Matthew 1:25 again.

 

Matthew 1:25

25 "And knew her not, till she had brought forth her G4416-firstborn-πρωτότοκον (prototokon)-the firstborn, firstbegotten(-born) son, and he called his name Jesus."

​    The same Greek word that is used in this verse (G4416-πρωτότοκον (prototokon)is also used in: Luke 2:7 & Romans 8:29.

 

 

 

Greek Text for: Matthew 1:25

Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550

καὶ (and) οὐκ (not) ἐγίνωσκεν (knew-her) αὐτὴν (she) ἕως (till) οὗ (had) ἔτεκεν (she-brought-forth) τὸν (the) υἱὸν (son) αὐτῆς (of-her) τὸν (the) πρωτότοκον (firstborn)· καὶ (and) ἐκάλεσεν (he-called) τὸ (the) ὄνομα (name) αὐτοῦ (of-him) Ἰησοῦν (Jesus)

Beza Textus Receptus 1598
καὶ (and) οὐκ (not) ἐγίνωσκεν (knew-her) αὐτὴν (she) ἕως (till) οὗ (had) ἔτεκεν (she-brought-forth) τὸν (the) υἱὸν (son) αὐτῆς (of-her) τὸν (the) πρωτότοκον (firstborn)· καὶ (and) ἐκάλεσεν (he-called) τὸ (the) ὄνομα (name) αὐτοῦ (of-him) ἸΗΣΟ῀ΥΝ (JESUS).

 

Lo!

Luke 2:7 confirms it again.

“And she brought forth her firstborn-πρωτότοκον (prototokon)-the firstborn, firstbegotten(-born) son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.”

    Mary delivers her firstborn son; Jesus. The same Greek word (πρωτότοκον (prototokon) that is used in Luke 2:7, is also used in in Matthew 1:25.

Greek texts for: Luke 2:7

Textus Receptus (Beza 1598)

Καὶ ἔτεκε τὸν υἱὸν αὐτῆς τὸν πρωτότοκον (firstborn), καὶ ἐσπαργάνωσεν αὐτὸν, καὶ ἀνέκλινεν αὐτὸν ἐν φάτνῃ· διότι οὐκ ἦν αὐτοῖς τόπος ἐν τῷ καταλύματι.

Textus Receptus (Stephanus 1550)

καὶ ἔτεκεν τὸν υἱὸν αὐτῆς τὸν πρωτότοκον (firstborn) καὶ ἐσπαργάνωσεν αὐτὸν καὶ ἀνέκλινεν αὐτὸν ἐν τῇ φάτνῃ διότι οὐκ ἦν αὐτοῖς τόπος ἐν τῷ καταλύματι

"Look!,

even the Alexandrian Greek texts use the same

Greek word: πρωτότοκον-(prototokon)"

 

Nestle Greek New Testament 1904
καὶ ἔτεκεν τὸν υἱὸν αὐτῆς τὸν
πρωτότοκον
(firstborn), καὶ ἐσπαργάνωσεν αὐτὸν καὶ ἀνέκλινεν αὐτὸν ἐν φάτνῃ, διότι οὐκ ἦν αὐτοῖς τόπος ἐν τῷ καταλύματι.

Westcott and Hort 1881
καὶ ἔτεκεν τὸν υἱὸν αὐτῆς τὸν
πρωτότοκον (firstborn), καὶ ἐσπαργάνωσεν αὐτὸν καὶ ἀνέκλινεν αὐτὸν ἐν φάτνῃ, διότι οὐκ ἦν αὐτοῖς τόπος ἐν τῷ καταλύματι.

And Again....

Three more witnesses for Luke 2:7

Matthew 1537 // Bishop 1568 //  AV 1611

Finally my brethren,

    Had Jesus Christ been the only child of Mary, then Matthew 1:25 would had said:  "her only son", or " her only child", or "her only begotten son".

 

OR, something like this:

"And knew her not until she had brought forth her only begotten son: and he called his name Jesus."

Behold!,

Matthew 1:25

25 "And knew her not, till she had brought forth her firstborn son, and he called his name Jesus." -(AV 1611)

  • knew-ἐγίνωσκεν (eginosken)-to know, (i.e. intimacy with)

  • till-ἕως (héōs)-until, till (the time when):—CONjunction

  • firstborn-πρωτότοκον (prototokon)-the firstborn, firstbegotten(-born).

    Also, pay close attention to the punctuation. There is a comma after the word (not,). It can be misleading, if the comma (,) is removed. Unfortunately, other King James Bibles have removed this comma.

In Conclusion

 

 

Friends, as you can see, I have given you (not I, but the wisdom of the Lord) three key points out of one verse. I am a strong believer that scripture interprets itself. I have selected the above verses because all of them have something in common; the Context. I hope this information has shed some light to both; Christians and Catholics alike. I strongly believe that Mary did not remain a virgin after the birth of Jesus. And if we can understand this, then we can also understand and acknowledge as to why the holy scriptures say that Jesus indeed had brothers and sisters. God willing, I will write a segment on this.

Pages from Matthew1537 luke 2-7.jpg
1568 The Bishop's Bible_1388 luke 2-7.jp
kjvkingjamesbibl1611 luke 2-7.jpg
kjvkingjamesbibl1611lman_1219.jpg

PETER the POPE?

49fc3015b008d0cdaee70c2da4d952e1_edited.png

 

 

 

 

Was the Apostle Peter the first Pope?

Catholics use Matthew 16:18 to defend their belief that Peter was ordained as the chief Shepheard of the Church of Christ.  

Matthew 16:15-18

15 He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am?16 And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.17 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven18 And I say also unto thee, that thou art G4074-Peter-Πέτρος (Petros)-properly: a stone (pebble), such as a small rock found along a pathway; Apostle:—Peter), and upon this *G4073-rock-πέτρᾳ (petra)-a (large mass of) rock, cliff or ledge) I will build-οἰκοδομήσω (oikodomeso)-to build a house, to be a house-builder, i.e. construct or (figuratively) confirm:—(be in) build(-er, -ing, up), edify, embolden. ) my-μου (mou)-of me) church-ἐκκλησίαν (ekklesian)-that which is called out, assembly): and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. 19 And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.

Example of Greek word:

Greek Interlinear:

  • I say-λέγω: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 1st Person, Singular: “And ["I-AM-sayING"] also unto thee, That thou

  • art-εἶ: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 1st Person, Singular: ["ARE"] Peter, and upon this rock

  • I will build-οἰκοδομήσω: Verb, Future, Active, Indicative, 1st Person, Singular: ["I-SHALL-BE-HOME-BUILDING"//"I-shall-be-building"]

  • my-μου: Personal/Possessive Pronoun, 1st Person, Genitive, Singular: ["OF-ME"] church: and the gates of hell

  • shall prevail-κατισχύσουσιν: Verb, Future, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Plural: ["SHALL-BE-DOWN-STRONG-ING"//"shall-be-prevailing"] not against it.

    The argument: Is Peter the Rock?

1 Corinthians 10:1-4

1 Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; 2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; 3 And did all eat the same spiritual meat; 4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual-πνευματικός (pneumatikos)-spiritual) G4073-Rock-πέτρας (petras)-a (large mass of) rock, cliff or ledge) that followed them: and that G4073-Rock-πέτρα (petra)-a (large mass of) rock, cliff or ledge, (metaphorically: of Christ; (a) as the antitype fulfilling the event foreshadowed by the rock in the wilderness, offering "living water" when struck )) was Christ.

    the Apostle Paul is comparing Jesus Christ to the spiritual Rock that Moses struck with his rod. The cross reference to 1 Corinthians 10:4 is:

Exodus 17:6

“Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock-הַצּוּר (haṣ-ṣūr)-a rock or boulder, cliff, (properly, a cliff (or sharp rock, as compressed); generally, a rock or boulder)) in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock-בַצּוּר (ḇaṣ-ṣūr,)-a rock or boulder, cliff, (properly, a cliff (or sharp rock, as compressed); generally, a rock or boulder)), and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.”

    Moses smote the rock that was a "type/figure" of the Christ. Some key points to note between the rock and Jesus: 1) A rock makes a strong foundation (Jesus is the foundation of the Church, he is the chief corner stone). 2) Water quenches our thirst, it is essential for life (Jesus is our living water, whosoever drinks of him shall live). 3) Moses smote the rock (Jesus was bruised and died for the sins of the world). 

"The difference between

 G4073-Rock & G3037-stone G4074-stone"

John 1:41-42

41He first findeth his own brother Simon, and saith unto him, We have found the Messias, which is, being interpreted, the Christ. 42 And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas-Κηφᾶς (Kephas)-Cephas= "stone", (a surname of Peter:—Cephas), which is by interpretation, G4074-A stone-Πέτρος (Petros)-properly: a stone (pebble), such as a small rock found along a pathway; the name given to the Apostle:—Peter).”

  

 

   Okay, First, lets understand the definition of the word Rock. In 1 Corinthians 10:4, Jesus is called the G4073-Rock-πέτρας (petras)-a (large mass of) rock, cliff or ledge). Below is an example of G4073-a (large mass of) rock, cliff or ledge) in

 

Matthew 7:24

24 “Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon G4073-a rock-πέτραν (petran)-a (large mass of) rock, cliff or ledge): 25 And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not: for it was founded upon a G4073-rock-πέτραν (petran)-a (large mass of) rock, cliff or ledge). 26 And every one that heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the sand: 27 And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell: and great was the fall of it."

    As we can see, a (rock) is a massive boulder that can hold much weight; it serves as a strong foundation. Besides the literal and practical interpretation of this verse, the (rock) symbolizes Christ, and the (wise man) is the believer; and the (house) can represent several things, such as; faith, hope, obedience, fruitfulness; among other things. Opposite to the (rock) is the man who built his house upon the sand (or, Symbolically, it may be said that this man is trying to earn his salvation through his own  efforts) as opposed to building upon the words of Christ, who is the bed-(rock) foundation. 

   Here is another example of

G4073-a (large mass of) rock, cliff or ledge).

 

Mark 15:46

“And he bought fine linen, and took him down, and wrapped him in the linen, and laid him in a sepulchre which was hewn out of G4073-a rock-πέτρας (petras)-a (large mass of) rock, cliff or ledge), and rolled-προσεκύλισεν (prosekulisen)-to roll toward) G3037-a stone-λίθον (lithon)-a stone: of small stones, building stones, (stone, piece of rock)) unto the door of the sepulchre.”

 

    Notice, the sepulcher (a burial room) was hewn (cut -out) out of a rock.

by the way, this sepulcher is the very same one that our Lord Jesus was buried in. Also, did you notice that the words (rock) and (stone) are used in the same verse? Yet, a (rock) is greater than a (stone). However, the G3037-stone mentioned Mark 15:46 is larger than the G4074-stone mentioned in John 1:42:—

(". . .Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas-Κηφᾶς (Kephas)-Cephas="stone", (a surname of Peter:—Cephas), which is by interpretation, G4074-A stone-Πέτρος (Petros)-properly: a stone (pebble), such as a small rock found along a pathway; the name given to the Apostle:—Peter).).

 

Furthermore, the (stone) was (rolled-προσεκύλισεν (prosekulisen)-to roll toward) unto the door of the sepulchre.), which implies that a (G3037-stone) can be large and heavy enough, but not larger than the (G4073-rock).

 

Cross reference: 

Matthew 27:60

“And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the G4073-rock-πέτρᾳ (petra)-a (large mass of) rock, cliff or ledge): and he rolled a great stone-λίθον (lithon)-a stone: of small stones, building stones, (stone, piece of rock)) to the door of the sepulchre, and departed.”).

 

    Although this verse mentions a great (stone) door; it is still not greater than the (rock) from which the sepulcher (tomb) was hewed out.

 

   

Here is another example for the word

stone-G3037-a stone: of small stones, building stones, (stone, piece of rock)).

 

 

Matthew 7:9

(“Or what man is there of you, whom if his son ask bread, will he give him G3037-a stone-λίθον (lithon)-a stone: of small stones, building stones, (stone, piece of rock))?”)

    As we can see, a (G3037-stone-a stone: of small stones, building stones, (stone, piece of rock)) is smaller than a (G4073-rock-a (large mass of) rock, cliff or ledge)), but bigger than a (G4074-stone)-properly: a stone (pebble), such as a small rock found along a pathway)

   

 

Now,

interestingly enough, G4074-properly: a stone (pebble), such as a small rock found along a pathway; Apostle:—Peter) is found [162] times in the KJV. Even more interesting is that in [161] times, G4074 is only used for the word: "Peter", in other words, every time you see the name "Peter", it stems from: G4074

The Inflection of G4074: (i.e. speech, tense, voice, mood, person, number) varies accordingly from verse to verse, here are some examples: [G4074-Πέτρε-(Petre)="Peter"-(Luk 22:34)] // [G4074-Πέτρου-(Petrou)="Peter's"-(Mat 8:14)] // [G4074-Πέτρος-(Petros)="Peter"-(Mat 14:28)] // [G4074 Πέτρον-(Petron)="Peter"-(Gal 1:18)], etc., 

 

    Nevertheless, all of the 161 variations (inflections) of G4074 are references for "Peter".

   

 

As for the additional (1) other use of G4074 (161+1=162), is found in:

 

John 1:42

And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas-Κηφᾶς (Kephas)-Cephas= "stone", (a surname of Peter:—Cephas), which is by interpretation-ἑρμηνεύεται (hermeneuetai)-to interpret, explain, (to translate:—interpret)), G4074-A stone-Πέτρος (Petros)-properly: a stone (pebble), such as a small rock found along a pathway; the name given to the Apostle:—Peter).

 

    Do you see the connection here? G4074 was specifically and uniquely reserved and given to ["Simon Peter"] alone. Simon was called (Cephaswhich is by interpretation-ἑρμηνεύεται (hermeneuetai)-to interpret, explain, (to translate:—interpret)) G4074-A stone-Πέτρος (Petros). In summary, G4074 is found (162) times in the Bible, of which (161) times is for the name of "Peter", and (1) other time for "A stone"; which is the interpretation for "Cephas", which is the name given to Simon Peter. 

 

Nevertheless,

G4074-A stone-Πέτρος (Petros)-properly: a stone (pebble), such as a small rock found along a pathway; the name given to the Apostle:—Peter) is not greater than the G4073-rock-a (large mass of) rock, cliff or ledge)), which is (Christ).

   Let's tie the knot,

IF Matthew 16:18 had said: (". . .and upon this G4074-stone-Πέτρος (Petros) I will build my church. . .") then we can rightfully assume or conclude that Jesus was speaking of (Peter). Some commentators have suggested that the (rock) in Matthew 16:18 is in reference to the statement that Peter made in Matthew 16:16, that is; (" . . Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God."). I personally accept either interpretation (to the confession that Peter made in Matthew 16:16, or, to Jesus referring himself as the (rock)). 

 

    Lo!, I will show you a little more; Did you know, that the words: small rock or little rock cannot be found in the King James Bible; that's because a (rock) is not "small" nor "little". But you can find the words (great rock) only once, in Isaiah 32:1-3,  

"Behold,

a King shall reign in righteousness, and princes shall rule in judgment. And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest: as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock-סֶֽלַע־ (se-la‘-)-a craggy rock, crag, cliff, (literally or figuratively (a fortress):—(ragged) rock, stone(-ny), strong hold) in a weary land. And the eyes of them that see, shall not be dim: and the ears of them that hear, shall hearken.”

This my beloved,

speaks of Hezekiah, a type or figure of Christ; the Righteous King.

Matthew 16:18

18 "And I say also unto thee, that thou art G4074-Peter-Πέτρος (Petros)-properly: a stone (pebble), such as a small rock found along a pathway; Apostle:—Peter), and upon this G4073-rock-πέτρᾳ (petra)-a (large mass of) rock, cliff or ledge) I will build-οἰκοδομήσω (oikodomeso)-to build a house, to be a house-builder, i.e. construct or (figuratively) confirm:—(be in) build(-er, -ing, up), edify, embolden. ) my-μου (mou)-of me) church-ἐκκλησίαν (ekklesian)-that which is called out, assembly): and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

Again,

Who say ye, the great (Rock) is?

The Chief Corner Stone

 

 

 

1 Peter 2:1-8

1 Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings, 2 As newborn babes desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby, 3 If so be ye have tasted that the Lord is gracious. 4 To whom coming, as unto a living G3037-Stone-Λίθον (Lithon)-a stone: of small stones, building stones, (stone, piece of rock)), disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious, 5 Ye also, as lively G3037-stones-λίθοι (lithoi)-a stone: of small stones, building stones, (stone, piece of rock)), are built up a spiritual house, an holy Priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifice, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ. 6 Wherefore also it is contained in the Scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion G204-a chief corner-ἀκρογωνιαῖον (akrogoniaion)-placed at an extreme corner, the corner foundation stone) G3037-stone-λίθον (lithon)-a stone: of small stones, building stones, (stone, piece of rock)), elect, precious, and he that believeth on him, shall not be confounded. 7 Unto you therefore which believe he is precious; but unto them which be disobedient, G3037-the stone-λίθον (lithon)-a stone: of small stones, building stones, (stone, piece of rock)) which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner, 8 And G3037-a Stone-Λίθος (Lithos)-a stone: of small stones, building stones, (stone, piece of rock)) of stumbling, and G4073-a Rock G4073-πέτρα (petra)-a (large mass of) rock, cliff or ledge) of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient, whereunto also they were appointed.

    Oh my, much can be said here. But for the sake of making my point, I will draw your attention to the (chief corner stone). First, I'd like to begin by emphasizing who the author is; Peter.

   Now, Peter is comparing the temple (of the old covenant) with the church of Christ. 1) The old temple was built with (stones), compare:

 

Mark 13:1-2

1 "And as he went out of the temple, one of his disciples saith unto him, Master, see what manner of stones and what buildings are here! 2 And Jesus answering said unto him, Seest thou these great buildings? there shall not be left G3037-one stone-λίθος (lithos)-a stone: of small stones, building stones, (stone, piece of rock)) upon another, that shall not be thrown down.”

 

    However, the church of Christ is made up of lively G3037-stones-λίθοι  (lithoi) unto a spiritual and living temple, as opposed to a physical temple. This living temple is a spiritual one, compare:

 

Ephesians 2:20-21

20 “And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being G204-the chief corner-ἀκρογωνιαίου (akrogoniaiou)-placed at an extreme corner, the corner foundation stone) G3037-stone-λίθον (lithon)-a stone: of small stones, building stones, (stone, piece of rock)); In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord:”

 

    As you can see, this (holy temple:body of believers) has a (chief corner stone:— Jesus), (in whom:— Jesus) (all the building:— Christians) fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord). Now, in masonry, a corner stone is the first stone that is set upon a foundation. Compare:

Job 38:6

6 “Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof;”.

 

OR,

 

1 Corinthians 3:11

“For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ.”

 

    Did you notice, it says that (no man) can lay another foundation besides that which Jesus Christ has laid already. You see, (Jesus Christ) is both, the foundation and the (chief corner stone). And not only so, but he is also a G4073-a Rock G4073-πέτρα (petra)-a (large mass of) rock, cliff or ledge) of offence, even to them which stumble at the word. The words (chief corner stone) are only found twice in the entire Bible, in (1 Peter 2:6) and (Ephesians 2:20); written by two great witnesses; Peter and Paul. 

What is my point?

I am trying to put the emphasis on Jesus Christ who alone is the Foundation, Head of the body, and Chief Corner Stone. There should be no reason in absolute to believe that Jesus "gave", "passed-down", "appointed", any man as his vicar (def. A vicar is a representative, deputy or substitute; anyone acting "in the person of" or agent for a superior.). Jesus Christ still IS our only head, and our head is at the right hand of God.   

 

 

Now,

in the following verses we will analyze whether Peter was the (greatest) among the Apostles, or if he was ever ordained to be a Pope.

Mark 9:34-35

31 For he taught his disciples, and said unto them, The Son of man is delivered into the hands of men, and they shall kill him; and after that he is killed, he shall rise the third day. 32 But they understood not that saying, and were afraid to ask him. 33 And he came to Capernaum: and being in the house he asked them, What was it that ye disputed among yourselves by the way? 34 But they held their peace: for by the way they had disputed among themselves, who G3187 -should be the greatest-μείζων (meizon)-greater (literally or figuratively), greater(-est), more). 35 And he sat down, and called the twelve, and saith unto them, If any man desire to be first-πρῶτος (protos)-foremost (order or importance):—best, chief(-est), first (of all), first in rank, principal), the same shall be last-ἔσχατος (eschatos)-last, (of rank, grade of worth, last i.e. lowest)) of all, and G1249-servant-διάκονος (diakonos)-a servant, attendant, minister) of all.

    The disciples argued among themselves, who should be the greatest, but Jesus made the comparison of two opposites; "If any man desire to be first, the same  shall be last of all, and servant of all". Jesus made it clear that there is no  hierarchy in his church; Jesus prohibits lordship over the Saints. If Peter was the first Pope, then he was against the teachings of Jesus. Notice the wisdom of this verse, If any man wants to be first (chief), he does so, by being last (lowest) and a servant (attendant) of all. In other words, verse 35 is saying that a Christian cannot be exalted, nor can he exalt himself to supremacy, kingship, rulership, or the like. Popes on the other hand, have authority over the Roman Catholic Church, and over everyone that is under its jurisdiction. Peter never had such  power.

Below is another example of

G1249-servant-διάκονος (diakonos)-a servant, attendant, minister)

John 12:26

26 "If any man serve-διακονῇ (diakone)- to be an attendant, ministrant, (i.e. wait upon) me, let him follow-ἀκολουθέω (akoloutheō)- to follow, to join one as a disciple, become or be his disciple) me-ἐμοί (emoi)-to me:—I, me); and where I am, there shall also my G1249-servant-διάκονος (diakonos)-a servant, attendant, minister) be: if any man serve me, him will my Father honour.

 

    look again, it says (let him follow me). Christians should only be following and obeying the words of Jesus, and not that of any other man. All Christians are G1249-servants of the Lord, regardless of where God has placed them in the Body of Christ, whether he be a pastor, a teacher, a deacon, or a Bishop in the Church (i.e. the body of Christ). We should not be following any man on the earth, or, have one as our head.

 

   

Who is the head of the Church?

Ephesians 5:23

23 "For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head-κεφαλὴ (kephalē)-literally or figuratively:—head) of the church-ἐκκλησίας (ekklesias)-that which is called out, assembly, (i.e. Congregation): and he is the saviour of the body-σώματος (somatos)-literally or figuratively:—bodily, body, (i.e. the spiritual church)."

 

  Brothers, need I say that Christ is the (head) and all saints make up the (body), which is the (church) of Christ. Remember, no man is the (head) of the (church).

Luke 22:23-26

23 "And they began to enquire among themselves, which of them it was that should do this thing. 24 And there was also a strife among them, which of them should be accounted the greatest-G3187 μείζων (meizon)-greater (literally or figuratively), greater(-est), more). 25 And he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over-κυριεύουσιν (kurieuousin)-to be lord of, to rule, have dominion over) them; and they that exercise authority-ἐξουσιάζοντες (exousiazontes)-to use or take privilege, (i.e. to control:—exercise authority upon) upon them are called benefactors-εὐεργέται (euergetai)-well-doer). 26 But ye shall not-οὐχ (ouch)-no, not) be so-οὕτως (outos)-in this manner, thus, so, after this manner): but he that is greatest -G3187 μείζων (meizon)-greater (literally or figuratively), greater(-est), more) among you, let him be as-ὡς (hos)-(according) as, even as, in like manner (just) as) the younger; and he that is chief-ἡγούμενος (egoumenos)-to lead, go before), as-ὡς (hos)-(according) as, even as, in like manner (just) as) he that doth serve-διακονῶν (diakonon)-to act as deacon, ministrant, (i.e. to be an attendant)."

***The same can be concluded in Matthew 18:1 and Mark 9:34-35. The implication is, that we as brothers ought not to implement; lordship, authority, rulership, or dominion over each other. Furthermore, spiritually mature Christians should not see themselves as (greater) than a born-again believer. Also, ministers of Christ are not be (as) kings who wear crowns, sit upon thrones, and seek to be served, but rather, we serve and minister out of love for one another. Our brother Paul is a great example of what a (servant) of the Lord should be.

John 15:18-20

18 If the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before it hated you. 19 If ye were of the world, the world would love his own: but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you.20 Remember the word that I said unto you, The servant-1401 δοῦλος (doulos)-a slave, bond-(man), man of servile condition) is not-Οὐκ (ouk)-no, not) greater than-G3187 μείζων (meizon)-greater (literally or figuratively), greater(-est), more) his Lord-κυρίου (kuriou)-Lord, Master, Sir, (supreme in authority, i.e. (as noun) controller; by implication: Master (as a respectful title). If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if they have kept my saying, they will keep yours also.

***Verse (20) has a two-fold meaning; the literal/practical interpretation is:

1) The servant-1401 δοῦλος (doulos)-a servant, slave, bond-(man), man of servile condition) is not greater than than his (Lord-κυρίου (kuriou)- Lord, Sir, Master); such a master of the house who rules over his servants.

The spiritual interpretation is:

2) the Christian (servant) is not greater than Jesus (his Lord). We, Christians are not (greater) than our (Lord) Jesus. And just as Jesus was persecuted, so will his disciples. Consider Matthew 18:23 ("Therefore is the kingdom of heaven likened unto a certain king, which would take account of his servants-1401 δούλων (doulon)-a servant, slave, bond-(man), man of servile condition)."). In this verse, the king represents (the Lord Jesus) and the servants are the Christians.

   So, the Pope who claims to be the vicar of (in the stead/place of)  Christ; is in great error to think that he, a mere man, can be (as) the Lord Jesus who is in Heaven.

John 13:14-16

14 If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet. 15 For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you. 16 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant-1401 δοῦλος (doulos)-a servant, slave, bond-(man), man of servile condition)) is not-οὐκ (ouk)-no, not) greater than-G3187 μείζων (meizon)-greater (literally or figuratively), greater(-est), more) his lord; neither he that is sent greater than-G3187 μείζων (meizon)-greater (literally or figuratively), greater(-est), more) he that sent him.

***Besides the literal interpretation that we should wash each others feet as a token of humiliation and brotherly affection, we see one of the most remarkable accounts of our Lord Jesus, who been the King, the Messiah, the Son of God, took it upon himself to do the work of a (servant); what a perfect example of humility and love. Once more we are reminded that we are not to desire lordship or headship over the Saints. The question is, do you think Peter would take it upon himself to magnify himself above all his brothers? What does the scripture say about John the Baptist in Luke 7:28 ("...Among those that are born of women there is not a greater prophet than G3187 μείζων (meizon)-greater (literally or figuratively), greater(-est), more) John the Baptist...") Yet, John said this of Jesus in John 3:30 ("He must increase-αὐξάνειν (auxanein)-to increase, grow), but I must decrease-ἐλαττοῦσθαι (elattousthai)-to lessen)."); John, was a man of great humility that sought not after his own glory, nor made a name for himself. neither was he clothed in fine purple linen with a crown over his head.

   Furthermore, the Lord Jesus reveals to us that his Father (God) is greater than himself, we know this, because in John 14:28 Jesus said (“Ye have heard how I said unto you, I go away, and come again unto you. If ye loved me, ye would rejoice, because I said, I go unto the Father: for my Father is greater than-μείζων (meizon)-greater (literally or figuratively), greater(-est), more) I.”) Brothers, do you see the bigger picture here? there is no one greater than Jesus Christ (in) his church, we answer to him, and not, to the Pope. The (body) of Jesus Christ only has one head; not two. Therefore, our beloved Peter, in no wise, was he ever the head of the body of Christ, much less of the Roman Catholic institution.

 

Now,

what are the different ministries that our Lord Jesus Christ

gave to his church?

Ephesians 4:11-12

11 “And he gave-ἔδωκε (edoke)-to give) some, Apostles<