Beloved of the Lord;
Remember: “Who is *he that overcometh-νικῶν (nikon)-to gain the victory, prevail, conquer) the world, but *he that believeth-πιστεύων (pisteuon)-to adhere to, trust, rely on) that Jesus is the Son of God?” (1 John 5:5)
*he that overcometh-νικῶν: Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Singular, Masculine: Who is ["one-conquering"] the world
*he that believeth: Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Singular, Masculine: ["one-believing"]
1. Fruits of the Spirit
Authorized Version 1611 [Punctuation / Italics]
King James Bible 1769 [Spelling]
Concordance / Lexicon:
Analytical Concordance to the Bible: Robert Young, 1880.
The New Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible.
Thayer's Greek Lexicon.
Friberg Analytical Greek Lexicon
Gingrich, Greek New Testament Lexicon
Danker, Greek New Testament Lexicon
Stephanus 1550 & Beza's 1598 & Scrivener's 1894 Textus Receptus.
Westminster Leningrad Codex
H/G#### : Strong's Exhaustive Concordance Number:— used when comparing Hebrew or Greek words that share the same Root word, but not the same inflection.
Open Bracket [abc] : My commentary insert/input.
Beza Greek New Testament 1598
Ἔσεσθε οὖν ὑμεῖς τέλειοι, ὥσπερ ὁ πατὴρ ὑμῶν ὁ ἐν τοῖς οὐράνιος τέλειός ἐστι.
Matthew 5:48 (read ver. 43-47)
"Be ye therefore perfect, even as your father-πατὴρ (pater)-father, (i.e. God is called the Father), which is in heaven-οὐρανοῖς (ouranois)-heaven), *is-ἐστιν (estin)-third person singular of 'to be') perfect."
Be-Ἔσεσθε (Esesthe)-future of 'to be') ye-ὑμεῖς (humeis)-ye (yourselves) therefore-οὖν (oun)-then, therefore) perfect-τέλειοι (teleioi)-ended, complete (in various applications of labor, growth, mental and moral character, i.e.:—full-grown):
The Saviour concludes this part of the discourse by commanding his disciples to be "perfect." This word commonly means "finished, complete, pure, holy." Originally, it is applied to a piece of mechanism, as a machine that is complete in its parts. Applied to people, it refers to completeness of parts, or perfection, where no part is defective or wanting. Thus, Job Job 1:1 is said to be "perfect;" that is, not holy as God, or "sinless" - for fault is afterward found with him Job 9:20; Job 42:6; but his piety was "proportionate" - had a completeness of parts was consistent and regular. He exhibited his religion as a prince, a father, an individual, a benefactor of the poor. He was not merely a pious man in one place, but uniformly. He was consistent everywhere.-(Barnes).
Be ye therefore—rather, "Ye shall therefore be," or "Ye are therefore to be," as My disciples and in My kingdom.-(Jamieson F.B).
perfect—or complete. Manifestly, our Lord here speaks, not of degrees of excellence, but of the kind of excellence which was to distinguish His disciples and characterize His kingdom. When therefore He adds, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect—He refers to that full-orbed glorious completeness which is in the great Divine Model, "their Father which is in heaven."-(Jamieson F.B).
This perfection is to be restrained to the subject Christ is upon, love to men, and not to be referred to any, or every other thing; wherefore, in Luke 6:36 it is, "be ye merciful, as your Father also is merciful"; and regards not a perfection of degree in that, but objects and quality: that is to say, not that men may, or can, or ought to be as perfect in love, as to the degree of it, as God is; that is impossible: the "as" here, is not a note of equality, but of likeness: such, who profess God to be their Father, ought to imitate him, particularly in their love to men, which ought to be extended to the same objects, as the divine goodness is; that, as he shows regard in a providential way to all men, good and bad, just and unjust, and his tender mercies are over all his works; so ought they to love all men with a natural affection, and hate no man, no, not their enemies: for he that loves only his friends, and not his enemies, loves imperfectly; he does not take in the whole compass of objects his love is to extend unto; and as God loves sincerely, and without dissimulation, so should they. To be "perfect", is to be sincere and upright: in this sense is the word often used, and answers to the Hebrew word which signifies the same: see Deuteronomy 18:13 which is the passage Christ seems to refer to here; and the sense is, be ye sincere and upright in your love to all men, as your heavenly Father is hearty and sincere in his affections to them.-(Gill).
Be-Ἔσεσθε: Verb, Future, (No voice stated), Indicative, 2nd Person, Plural: ye ["SHALL-BE"] therefore
*example of Greek word: τέλειοι (teleioi)-perfect click: Colossians 4:12
*is-ἐστιν: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS"]
Beza Greek New Testament 1598
9 Πιστὸς ὁ Θεὸς, δι᾽ οὗ ἐκλήθητε εἰς κοινωνίαν τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ τοῦ Κυρίου ἡμῶν. 10 Παρακαλῶ δὲ ὑμᾶς, ἀδελφοί, διὰ τοῦ ὀνόματος τοῦ Κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, ἵνα τὸ αὐτὸ λέγητε πάντες, καὶ μὴ ᾖ ἐν ὑμῖν σχίσματα, ἦτε δὲ κατηρτισμένοι, ἐν τῷ αὐτῷ νοῒ καὶ ἐν τῇ αὐτῇ γνώμῃ.
1 Corinthians 1:9-10
9 “God is faithful by whom ye were called unto the fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord. 10 Now *I beseech-Παρακαλῶ (Parakalo)-to call to one's side, (i.e. exhort) you brethren-ἀδελφοί (adelphoi)-brother:—plural, (i.e. a fellow-believer), by-διὰ (dia)-through) the Name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and that there be no //divisions (Greek: schismes) among you: but that ye be perfectly joined together in the same mind, and in the same judgment."
God-Θεὸς (Theos)-God, (i.e. God the Father) is faithful-πιστὸς (pistos)-faithful, steady) by-δι (di)-through) whom-οὗ (ou)-whom) ye were called-ἐκλήθητε (eklethete)-to be called, (metaphorically: to invite one) unto-εἰς (eis)-into) the fellowship-κοινωνίαν (koinonian)-fellowship, communion) of his-αὐτοῦ (auton)-of-him) Son-υἱοῦ (huiou)-son, offspring) Jesus-Ἰησοῦ (Iesou)-Jesus, (the Son of God, the Saviour of mankind) Christ-Χριστοῦ (Christou)-anointed, (i.e. the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus:—Christ) our-ἡμῶν (hemon)-of us, our) Lord-κυρίου (Kuriou)-Lord, Master, (i.e. supreme in authority):
faithfulness is the same with veracity or truth to a man’s word, which renders a person fit to be credited. It is a great attribute of God, 1 Corinthians 10:13 1 Thessalonians 5:24. This implieth promises of God for the perseverance of believers, of which there are many to be found in holy writ. But these promises concern not all, but such only whom God hath chosen out of the world, calling them to a communion with Christ, which necessarily supposeth union with him. So as here is another argument to confirm them that God would keep them to the end, so as they should be blameless in the day of Christ; because God had called them into that state of grace wherein they were, and would not leave his work in them imperfect; he had called them unto the fellowship of Jesus Christ; see 1Jo 1:3; into a state of friendship with Christ, and into a state of union with him, into such a state as he would daily by his Spirit be communicating the blessed influences of his grace unto them.-(Matthew P.).
*I beseech-Παρακαλῶ: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 1st Person, Singular: ["I-AM-BESIDE-CALLING"//"I-am-entreating"] you
that-ἵνα (hina)-that) ye all-πάντες (pantes)-all) speak-λέγητε (legete)-to lay out, say, speak) the same thing-αὐτὸ (auto)-the same), and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) that there be-ᾖ (e)-may be) no-μὴ (me)-no, not least) divisions-σχίσματα (schismata)-a rent, cleft, schism, (a split or gap:— ("schism") among-ἐν (en)-in) you-ὑμῖν (humin)-you):
That ye agree both in your judgments and expressions concerning the doctrines of the gospel: or, that you do not unnecessarily and unkindly contradict each other, but rather maintain a peaceful and loving disposition toward each other.-(Benson).
"That ye hold the same doctrine" - Locke. This exhortation evidently refers to their holding and expressing the same religious sentiments, and is designed to rebuke that kind of contention and strife which is evinced where different opinions are held and expressed. To "speak the same thing" stands opposed to speaking different and conflicting things; or to controversy, and although perfect uniformity of opinion cannot be expected among people on the subject of religion any more than on other subjects, yet on the great and fundamental doctrines of Christianity, Christians may be agreed; on all points in which they differ they may evince a good spirit; and on all subjects they may express their sentiments in the language of the Bible, and thus "speak the same thing." And that there be no divisions among you - Greek, σχίσματα schismata, "schisms." No divisions into contending parties and sects. The church was to be regarded as one and indivisible, and not to be rent into different factions, and ranged under the banners of different leaders; compare: John 9:16; 1 Corinthians 11:18; 1 Corinthians 12:25.-(Barnes).
ye speak-λέγητε: Verb, Present, Active, Subjunctive, 2nd Person, Plural: ["YE-MAY-BE-sayING"] the same thing
that there be-ᾖ: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Subjunctive, 3rd Person, Singular: ["MAY-BE"//"there-may-be"] no divisions
*example of Greek word: σχίσματα (schismata)-divisions click: 1 Corinthians 11:18
but-δὲ (de)-but, (i.e. but rather) that ye be-ἦτε (ete)-may be, should be) perfectly joined together-κατηρτισμένοι (katertismenoi)-to fit thoroughly, adjust, (i.e. perfect(-ly join together) in-ἐν (en)-in) the same-αὐτῷ (auto)-same (i.e. together) mind-νοῒ (noi)-mind, will, (by implication: way of thinking:—mind, understanding), and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) in-ἐν (en)-in) the same-αὐτῇ (aute)-same (i.e. together) judgment-γνώμῃ (gnome)-mind, opinion, sentence, view, purpose):
The word used here and rendered "perfectly joined together," denotes properly to restore, mend, or repair that; which is rent or disordered Matthew 4:21; Mark 1:19, to amend or correct that which is morally evil and erroneous Galatians 6:1, to render perfect or complete Luke 6:40, to fit or adapt anything to its proper place so that it shall be complete in all its parts, and harmonious, Hebrews 11:5; and thence to compose and settle controversies, to produce harmony and order. The apostle here evidently desires that they should be united in feeling; that every member of the church should occupy his appropriate place, as every member of a well proportioned body, or part of a machine has its appropriate place and use; see his wishes more fully expressed in 1Co. 12:12-31.-(Barnes).
In the same mind - νοΐ̀ noi; see Romans 15:5. This cannot mean that they were to be united in precisely the same shades of opinion, which is impossible - but that their minds were to be disposed toward each other with mutual good will, and that they should live in harmony. The word here rendered "mind," denotes not merely the intellect itself, but that which is in the mind - the thoughts, counsels, plans; 1 Corinthians 2:16 (Bretschneider)-(Barnes).
And in the same judgment - γνώμη gnōmē. This word properly denotes science, or knowledge; opinion, or sentiment; and sometimes, as here, the purpose of the mind, or will. The sentiment of the whole is, that in their understandings and their volitions, they should be united and kindly disposed toward each other. Union of feeling is possible even where people differ much in their views of things. They may love each other much, even where they do not see alike. They may give each other credit for honesty and sincerity, and may be willing to suppose that others "may be right," and "are honest" even where their own views differ. The foundation of Christian union is not so much laid in uniformity of intellectual perception as in right feelings of the heart. And the proper way to produce union in the church of God, is not to begin by attempting to equalize all intellects on the bed of Procrustes, but to produce supreme love to God, and elevated and pure Christian love to all who bear the image and the name of the Redeemer.-(Barnes).
that ye be perfectly joined together in the same mind, and in the same judgment; which regards not only the sameness of love and affection, to one another, being, as the first Christians were, of one heart and of one soul; but their agreement in their judgments and sentiments, of both doctrine and discipline; and such an entire harmony and symmetry among them, as in the members of the body, where each member and bone being in their proper place, exactly answer to, and tally with each other; and which is the most effectual way to speak the same things, and so bar against all schisms and divisions; and such an agreement is absolutely necessary to the peace, comfort, and well being of a church; for how should "two", and much less more, "walk together", unless they are "agreed?" Amos 3:3.-(Gill).
that ye be-ἦτε: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Subjunctive, 2nd Person, Plural: that ["YE-MAY-BE"]
perfectly joined together-κατηρτισμένοι: Verb, Perfect, Passive, Participle, Nominative, Plural, Masculine: ["HAVING-been-DOWN-EQUIPPED"]
*example of Greek word: νοῒ (noi)-mind click: 1 Corinthians 14:15 (understanding)
“And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared-וַיֵּרָ֨א (way-yê-rā)-to be seen, to be visible) to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty-שַדַּ֔י (šad-day,)-sufficient, mighty) God, *walk-הִתְהַלֵּ֥ךְ (hiṯ-hal-lêḵ)-to go on habitually or up and down) before me-לְפָנַ֖י (lə-p̄ā-nay)-face, countenance, presence), *and be thou-(weh-yêh)-to be, become) //*perfect-תָמִֽים׃ (ṯā-mîm)-perfect, plain, whole, complete) (Or, upright, or sincere).”
*walk-הִתְהַלֵּ֥ךְ: Verb, hithpael, imperative, second person, masculine, singular: ["walk-you!"]
*and be thou-וֶהְיֵ֥ה: Conjunction; Verb, qal, imperative, second person, masculine, singular: ["and-become-you!"]
*example of Hebrew word: תָמִֽים׃ (ṯā-mîm)-perfect click: 2 Samuel 22:24 (upright)
Walk before me.—The same verb as that used of Enoch (Genesis 5:22), and of Noah (Genesis 6:9), but the preposition before implies less closeness than with. On the other hand, Noah was described as “perfect among his contemporaries” (ibid.), while Abram is required still to strive after this integrity.-(Ellicott).
Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894
11 καὶ αὐτὸς ἔδωκε τοὺς μὲν, ἀποστόλους, τοὺς δὲ, προφήτας, τοὺς δὲ, εὐαγγελιστάς, τοὺς δὲ, ποιμένας καὶ διδασκάλους, 12 πρὸς τὸν καταρτισμὸν τῶν ἁγίων, εἰς ἔργον διακονίας, εἰς οἰκοδομὴν τοῦ σώματος τοῦ Χριστοῦ 13 μέχρι καταντήσωμεν οἱ πάντες εἰς τὴν ἑνότητα τῆς πίστεως, καὶ τῆς ἐπιγνώσεως τοῦ υἱοῦ τοῦ Θεοῦ, εἰς ἄνδρα τέλειον, εἰς μέτρον ἡλικίας τοῦ πληρώματος τοῦ Χριστοῦ 14 ἵνα μηκέτι ὦμεν νήπιοι, κλυδωνιζόμενοι καὶ περιφερόμενοι παντὶ ἀνέμῳ τῆς διδασκαλίας, ἐν τῇ κυβείᾳ τῶν ἀνθρώπων, ἐν πανουργίᾳ πρὸς τὴν μεθοδείαν τῆς πλάνης 15 ἀληθεύοντες δὲ ἐν ἀγάπῃ αὐξήσωμεν εἰς αὐτὸν τὰ πάντα, ὅς ἐστιν ἡ κεφαλή, ὁ Χριστός,
11 “And he *gave-ἔδωκεν (edoken)-to give) some, Apostles-ἀποστόλους (apostolous)-One sent forth, a delegate, messenger): and some, Prophets-προφήτας (prophetas)-a prophet, (a foreteller ("prophet"); by analogy, an inspired speaker): and some, Evangelists-εὐαγγελιστάς (euangelistas)-a bringer of good tidings, one who preaches good tidings): and some, Pastors-ποιμένας (poimenas)-a herdsman, esp. a shepherd, feeder, (fig. minister), and Teachers-διδασκάλους (didaskalous)- teacher, instructor): 12 For the perfecting of the Saints, for-εἰς (eis)-into) the work-ἔργον (ergon)-work, deed, business, labour) *of the ministry-διακονίας (diakonias)-service, ministering, ministration), for-εἰς (eis)-into) *the edifying-οἰκοδομὴν (oikodomen)-(the act of) building, building up) of the body-σώματος (somatos)-properly: body, (figuratively: the church) of Christ-Χριστοῦ (Christou)-"anointed", (i.e. the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus:—Christ): 13 Till we all come //in the unity (Or, into the unity) of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the //stature (Or, age) of the fulness of Christ: 14 That *we henceforth be-ὦμεν (omen)-be) no more-μηκέτι (meketi)-no further:—any longer, (not) henceforth, hereafter, not any more) children-νήπιοι (nepioi)-babe, without full power of speech, (i.e. an infant (minor); (figuratively: an immature Christian:—babe, child (+ -ish), *tossed to and fro-κλυδωνιζόμενοι (kludonizomenoi)-to be tossed, agitated, (to surge, (i.e. figuratively: to fluctuate:—toss to and fro), and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) *carried about with-περιφερόμενοι (peripheromenoi)-to carry or bear round:—about) every wind-ἀνέμῳ (anemo)-wind, (Metaphorically: variability and emptiness of teaching) of doctrine-διδασκαλίας (didaskalias)-teaching, doctrine, learning, (the substance), (i.e. that which is taught), by-ἐν (en)-in) the sleight-κυβείᾳ (kubeia)-playing at dice, cheat, artifice) of men, and *cunning craftiness-πανουργίᾳ (panourgia)-unscrupulousness, (i.e. (in a bad sense) trickery or sophistry:—(cunning) craftiness, subtilty), whereby they lie in wait-μεθοδείαν (methodeian)-cunning arts, deceit, craft, trickery) *to deceive-πλάνης (planes)-wandering, leading astray, error): 15 But //speaking the truth (Or, being sincere) in love, may grow up into him in all things which is the head, even Christ:”
*gave-ἔδωκεν: Verb, Aorist, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["gives"]
For-πρὸς (pros)-toward, in consideration of) the perfecting-καταρτισμὸν (katartismon)-complete adjustment, complete furnishing, equipping) of the Saints-ἁγίων (hagion)-set apart, separate, holy):
in order to, or, for the sake of; completing of the saints — Both in number, and in the various branches of true Christianity, namely, in the knowledge of all Christian doctrines, the possession of all Christian graces, the enjoyment of all Christian privileges, the performance of all Christian duties. Now in order to the attainment of these ends, and thereby the completing the Christian character of each individual member of the church, and of all in general, he appointed the sundry officers above named, whether ordinary or extraordinary, (several of the latter having left their writings for the instruction of the faithful in all ages,)-(Benson).
On the meaning of the word rendered here as "perfecting"- καταρτισμὸν katartismon- see the notes on 2 Corinthians 13:9. It properly refers to "the restoring of anything to its place;" then putting in order, making complete, etc. Here it means that these various officers were appointed in order that everything in the church might be well arranged, or put into its proper place; or that the church might be "complete." It is that Christians may have every possible advantage for becoming complete in love, and knowledge, and order.-(Barnes).
gifts are given unto men by Christ to qualify them for it: the preaching of the Gospel is a work, and a laborious one, and what no man is sufficient for of himself; it requires faithfulness, and is a good work, and when well performed, those concerned in it are worthy of respect, esteem, and honour; and it is a ministering work, a service and not dominion:-(Gill).
of the Saints: Adjective, Genitive, Plural, Masculine: ["HOLY-ones"]
*example of Greek word: ἁγίων (hagion)-of the Saints click: Romans 15:26
*of the ministry-διακονίας (diakonias)-service, ministering, ministration)
*example of Greek word: διακονίας (diakonias)-of the ministry click: 2 Corinthians 9:1 (the ministering)
*the edifying-οἰκοδομὴν (oikodomen): (the act of) building, building up)
*example of Greek word: οἰκοδομὴν (oikodomen)-the edifying click: Ephesians 4:16
Till-μέχρι (mechri)-unto, until) we all-πάντες (pantes)-all, every:—plural) come-καταντήσωμεν (katantesomen)-to come down on or against, (i.e. attain (to)) in-εἰς (eis)-into) the unity-ἑνότητα (henoteta)-unity, (i.e. oneness) of the faith-πίστεως (pisteos)-faith, faithfulness, steadfastness), and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) of the knowledge-ἐπιγνώσεως (epignoseos)-full knowledge, (i.e. by implication: full discernment, acknowledgement) of the Son-υἱοῦ (huiou)-son, offspring, (of Jesus as God’s son) of God-Θεοῦ (Theou)-God, (i.e. the supreme Divinity), unto-εἰς (eis)-into, to) a perfect-τέλειον (teleion)-ended, complete, (i.e. of full age, mature) man-ἄνδρα (andra)-a man), unto-εἰς (eis)-into) the measure-μέτρον (metron)-a measure (of length or capacity) of the stature-ἡλικίας (helikias)-greatness, length, (i.e. age, maturity) of the fulness-πληρώματος (pleromatos)-fullness) of Christ-Χριστοῦ (Christou)-"anointed", (i.e. the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus:—Christ):
The thought of the unity of the Church is much in the Apostle’s mind in this epistle. It is set forth in many places by his two favourite metaphors of the body and the temple, by the relation of husband and wife and by the family. It is contemplated in its great historical realisation by the union of Jew and Gentile in one whole. In the preceding context it is set forth as already existing, but also as lying far-off in the future. The chapter begins with an earnest exhortation to preserve this unity and with an exhibition of the oneness which does really exist in body, spirit, hope, lord, faith, baptism. But the Apostle swiftly passes to the corresponding thought of diversity. There are varieties in the gifts of the one Spirit; whilst each individual in the one whole receives his due portion, there are broad differences in spiritual gifts.-(MacLaren).
There are then two regions in which this unity is to be realised. unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God: These are expressed by the great words, ‘the unity of the faith and knowledge of the Son of God.’ These words are open to a misunderstanding, as if they referred to a unity as between faith and knowledge; but it is obvious to the slightest reflection that what is meant is the unity of all believers in regard to their faith, and in regard to their knowledge. It is to be noted that the Apostle has just said that there is one faith, now he points to the realisation of that oneness as the very end and goal of all discipline and growth.-(MacLaren).
Paul gives no clear definition here of the time when the one body of Christian believers should have attained to the unity of the faith and knowledge of the Son of God, and the question may not have presented itself to him. It may appear that in view of the immediate context he regards the goal as one to be reached in our present life, or it may be that he is thinking rather of the Future, when the Master ‘should bring together every joint and member and mould them into an immortal feature of loveliness and perfection.’ But the time at which this great ideal should be attained is altogether apart from the obligation pressing upon us all, at all times, to work towards it. Whensoever it is reached it will only be by our drawing ‘nearer, day by day, each to his brethren, all to God,’ or rather, each to God and so all to his brethren-(MacLaren).
But the Apostle speaks of ‘a perfect man’ in the singular and not of ‘men’ in the plural, as he has already described the result of the union of Jew and Gentile as being the making ‘of twain one new man.’ This remarkable expression sets forth, in the strongest terms, the vital unity which connects all members of the one body so closely that there is but one life in them all. There are many members, but one body. Their functions differ, but the life in them all is identical. The eye cannot say to the hand, ‘I have no need of thee,’ nor again the head to the feet, ‘I have no need of you.’ Each is necessary to the completeness of the whole, and all are necessary to make up the one body of Christ. It is His life which manifests itself in every member and which gives clearness of vision to the eye, strength and deftness to the hand. He needs us all for His work on the world and for His revelation to the world of the fulness of His life.-(MacLaren).
The fulness of Christ is the fulness which belongs to Him, or that of which He is full. All which He is and has is to be poured into His servants, and when all this is communicated to them the goal will be reached. We shall be full-grown men, and more wonderful still, we all shall make one perfect man, and individual completenesses will blend into that which is more complete than any of these, the one body, which corresponds to the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ.-(MacLaren).
come-καταντήσωμεν: Verb, Aorist, Active, Subjunctive, 1st Person, Plural: ["WE-SHOULD-BE-attainING"]
the unity-ἑνότητα: Noun, Accusative, Singular, Feminine: ["ONEness"//"unity"]
*example of Greek word: ἑνότητα (henoteta)-the unity click: Ephesians 4:3
*example of Greek word: ἐπιγνώσεως (epignoseos)-of the knowledge click: 2 Peter 1:3
*example of Greek word: τέλειον (teleion)-a perfect click: Colossians 1:28
*example of Greek word: μέτρον (metron)-the measure click: Ephesians 4:7
*example of Greek word: πληρώματος (pleromatos)-of the fulness click: Ephesians 1:10
*we henceforth be-ὦμεν: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Subjunctive, 1st Person, Plural: ["WE-MAY-BE"] no more children
*tossed to and fro-κλυδωνιζόμενοι: Verb, Present, Middle or Passive Deponent, Participle, Nominative, Plural, Masculine: ["beING-SURGizED"]
*carried about with-περιφερόμενοι: Verb, Present, Passive, Participle, Nominative, Plural, Masculine: [being-carried-about"]
*cunning craftiness-πανουργίᾳ (panourgia)-unscrupulousness, (i.e. (in a bad sense) trickery or sophistry:—(cunning) craftiness, subtilty)
*example of Greek word: πανουργίᾳ (panourgia)-cunning craftiness click: 2 Corinthians 11:3 (subtilty)
*to deceive-πλάνης (planes)-wandering, leading astray, error)
*example of Greek word: πλάνης (planes)-to deceive click: 1 John 4:6 (of error)
But-δὲ (de)-now, but, further) speaking the truth-ἀληθεύοντες (aletheuontes)-to speak truly, or the truth:—speak (tell) the truth) in-ἐν (en)-in) love-ἀγάπῃ (agape)-love, (i.e. affection, benevolence, brotherly love), may grow up-αὐξήσωμεν (auxesomen)-to increase, grow) into-εἰς (eis)-into) him-αὐτὸν (auton)-himself) in all things-πάντα (panta)-all, every, the whole) which-ὅς (hos)-who) is-ἐστιν (estin)-third person singular of 'to be') the head-κεφαλή (kephale)-properly: the head, (Metaphorically: anything supreme, chief, prominent; of persons, master, lord), even Christ-Χριστός (Christos)-"anointed", (i.e. the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus:—Christ):
Margin, "being sincere." The translation in the text is correct - literally, "truthing in love" - ἀληθεύοντες alētheuontes. Two things are here to be noted: (1) The truth is "to be spoken" - the simple, unvarnished truth. This is the way to avoid error, and this is the way to preserve others from error. In opposition to all trick, and art, and cunning, and fraud, and deception, Christians are to speak the simple truth, and nothing but the truth. (2) the second thing is, that the truth should be spoken "in love." There are other ways of speaking truth. It is sometimes spoken in a harsh, crabby, sour manner, which does nothing but disgust and offend When we state truth to others, it should he with love to their souls, and with a sincere desire to do them good. When we admonish a brother of his faults, it should not be in a harsh and unfeeling manner, but in love. Where a minister pronounces the awful truth of God about depravity, death, the judgment, and future woe, it should be in love. It should not be done in a harsh and repulsive manner; it should not he done as if he rejoiced that people were in danger of hell, or as if he would like to pass the final sentence; it should not be with indifference, or in a tone of superiority. And in like manner, if we go to convince one who is in error, we should approach him in love. We should not dogmatize, or denounce, or deal out anathemas. (Barnes).
our growth must be with respect to Christ our Head, as the end of it; we must grow in our acknowledgment of him, and dependence on him, as he by whom we are influenced, and from whom all our proficiency and strength proceeds; so that whatever increase we make, must tend not to the magnifying ourselves, but exalting our Head.-(Matthew P.)
the work of grace upon the soul is a gradual work, and an increase of this in the exercise of faith, hope, love, and spiritual knowledge, is a growth; and this is a growth in all things, in all grace, as in those mentioned, so in others, as humility, patience, self-denial, resignation of the will to the will of God, and especially the knowledge of Christ; for it is a growing into him, from whom souls receive all their grace and increase of it; for he is the head of influence to supply them, as well as the head of eminence to protect them; see Ephesians 1:22 and now the preaching of the Gospel, or the sincere speaking of the truth, is the instrumental means of such growth.-(Gill).
speaking the truth-ἀληθεύοντες: Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Plural, Masculine: ["beING-TRUE"]
may grow up-αὐξήσωμεν: Verb, Aorist, Active, Subjunctive, 1st Person, Plural: ["WE-SHOULD-BE-GROWING"]
is-ἐστιν: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS"]
*example of Greek word: κεφαλή (kephale)-the head click: 1 Corinthians 11:3
Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894
39 Εἶπε δὲ παραβολὴν αὐτοῖς, Μήτι δύναται τυφλὸς τυφλὸν ὁδηγεῖν; οὐχὶ ἀμφότεροι εἰς βόθυνον πεσοῦνται; 40 οὐκ ἔστι μαθητὴς ὑπὲρ τὸν διδάσκαλον αὐτοῦ· κατηρτισμένος δὲ πᾶς ἔσται ὡς ὁ διδάσκαλος αὐτοῦ.
39 “And he spake-Εἶπε (Eipe)-to speak, tell, declare) a parable-παραβολὴν (parabolen)-a parable, similitude, (i.e. comparison) unto them, Can the blind lead the blind? Shall they not both fall-πεσοῦνται (pesountai)-to fall) into-εἰς (eis)-into) the ditch-βόθυνον (bothunon)-deep place, pit)? 40 The disciple is not above his master: but every one //that is perfect shall be as his master (Or, shall be perfected as his master).”
Can-δύναται (dunatai)-to be able, have power) the blind-τυφλὸς (tuphlos)-properly: blind, (by analogy: blind:—physically or mentally) lead-ὁδηγεῖν (hodegein)-to lead the way, (i.e. guide) the blind-τυφλὸν (tuphlon)-properly: blind, (by analogy: blind:—physically or mentally):
The figure of the blind man setting himself up as a guide was evidently in the Lord's mind as a fair representation of the present thought-leaders of the people (the Pharisees). This is evident from the imagery of the beam and mote which follows (vers. 41, 42). Can these blind guides lead others more ignorant and blind too? What is the natural result? he asks; will not destruction naturally overtake the blind leader and the blind led? Both will, of course, end by falling into the ditch. Luke 6:39.-(Pulpit).
Can the scribes [or, false teachers] teach this way, which they know not themselves? Will not they and their scholars perish together?-(Benson).
lead-ὁδηγεῖν: Verb, Present, Active, Infinitive: ["TO-BE-WAY-LEADING"//"to-be-guiding"]
The disciple-μαθητὴς (mathetes)-taught or trained one, (i.e. learner) is-ἔστιν (estin)-third person singular of 'to be') not-οὐκ (ouk)-no, not) above-ὑπὲρ (huper)-over, above, more than (i.e. superior to) his-αὐτοῦ (autou)-of him) master-διδάσκαλον (didaskalon)-teacher, instructor):
none must look to learn of another more than the teacher knoweth himself. But it is better applied to Christ, and is as much as if our Lord had said, I am your Master, you are my disciples, and by that relation engaged to learn of me, and to follow me. I have taught you no more than I am ready to practise; I am merciful, I forgive, I give, looking for nothing again. I do not look [seek] that you should do any thing above me, any thing as to which I have not set [taught] you, or shall not set [instruct] you, an example; but your perfection lieth in coming as near to me as you can, in being as your Master.-(Matthew P.).
Both," he went on to say, "will be lost hopelessly. You cannot expect the disciples of these mistaken men, surely, to be wiser than their teachers; for you know the oft-repeated saying, 'Every one that is perfect [better rendered, that has been perfected] shall be as his master;' in other words, the pupils of these censorious, evil-judging, narrow-minded, bitter men [e.g. false teachers] will grow up - as they become perfected in this teaching - in their turn equally narrow-minded and bitter as their masters." The conclusion, felt though not expressed, of course, is, "But my followers must be something different to these; another and nobler spirit, nobler because more generous, must rule in their hearts."
is-ἔστιν: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS"] not
*example of Greek word: διδάσκαλον (didaskalon)-master click: Matthew 10:24
but-δὲ (de)-yet, but) every one-πᾶς (pas)-each, every) that is perfect-κατηρτισμένος (katertismenos)-to fit thoroughly, adjust:—fit, frame, mend, (make) perfect(-ly join together), prepare, restore) shall be-ἔσται (estai)-future third person singular of 'to be') as-ὡς (hos)-as, (i.e. in like manner (just) as) his-αὐτοῦ (autou)-of him) master-διδάσκαλος (didaskalos)-teacher, instructor):
The Vulgate Latin reads it, "every one shall be perfect if he is as his master"; that is, if his master is a man of general learning, and a complete scholar, if he is like him, he will be so too: the Persic version renders it, "every disciple that desires perfection shall be as his master": whoever is ambitious of being a thorough scholar, and is diligent and industrious, by all ways and means, to obtain such a character, shall be even as good an one as his master, under whom he learns, and better he cannot well expect to be; and this is sufficient; and so the Ethiopic version renders it, "is it not enough that every one be as his master?" agreeably to Matthew 10:25 . Maimonides (i) has an expression much like this: "he that learns, shall not be greater than he of whom he learns, but shall be, "as he".'' Christ, in this last clause, seems to design his own disciples, who, when perfect in knowledge, which is not to be expected in this state, unless in a comparative sense, will be like himself.-(Gill).
The word rendered "is perfect" means sometimes to repair or mend, and is thus applied to mending nets, Matthew 4:21; Mark 1:19. Hence, it means to repair or amend in a moral sense, or to make whole or complete. Here it means, evidently, "thoroughly instructed" or "informed." The Christian should be like his Master [Jesus Christ]- holy, harmless, and undefiled, and separate from sinners. He should copy his example, and grow into the likeness of his Redeemer. Nor can any other be a Christian.-(Barnes).
that is perfect-κατηρτισμένος: Verb, Perfect, Passive, Participle, Nominative, Singular, Masculine: every one ["HAVING-been-DOWN-EQUIPPED"//"having-been-adjusted]
"These are the generations of Noah-נֹ֔חַ (nō-aḥ)-"rest", son of Lamech, and father of Shem, Ham, and Japheth): Noah *was-הָיָ֖ה (hā-yāh)-to be, become, come to pass, exist) a just-צַדִּ֛יק (ṣad-dîq)-right, righteous, just) man and perfect-תָּמִ֥ים (tā-mîm)-perfect, plain, whole, complete, entire) in his generations-בְּדֹֽרֹתָ֑יו (bə-ḏō-rō-ṯāw;)-circle, generation, period, (properly: a revolution of time, i.e. an age or generation), and Noah *walked-הִֽתְהַלֶּךְ (hiṯ-hal-leḵ-)-to go on habitually or up and down) with God."
*was-הָיָ֖ה: Verb, qal, perfect, third person, masculine, singular:
*walked-הִֽתְהַלֶּךְ: Verb, hithpael, perfect, third person, masculine, singular: ["he-walked"]
The word “righteous” [just] (ṣaddiq), which occupies such an important place in Biblical Theology, occurs here for the first time. The sense of “rectitude,” or “uprightness,” may be derived from a root-idea of “straightness.” It is used of Noah again in Genesis 7:1 : in Ezekiel 14:14; Ezekiel 14:20 Noah is mentioned, with Daniel and Job, as pre-eminent for “righteousness.” Cf. also Sir 44:17, “Noah was found perfect and righteous; in the season of wrath he was taken in exchange for the world,” and 2 Peter 2:5, “Noah … a preacher of righteousness.”
The word “perfect” (LXX τέλειος, Lat. perfectus) means “without flaw.” As a ritual term used of an animal for sacrifice, “perfect” would mean “free from blemish.” Transferred to morals, it denotes “integrity,” as in the account of Job (Job 1:1). in his generations] viz. amongst the people of his own generation, a different word in the Heb. from the one used in “these are the generations.” It denotes the members of one family, dwelling together, e.g. grandfather, father, son. walked with God] See note on Genesis 5:22-24. The account of Noah as “righteous,” “perfect,” and “walking with God,” embraces three aspects of the good and devout character, justice, purity, holiness.-(Cambridge BSC).
Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894
25 ἧς ἐγενόμην ἐγὼ διάκονος, κατὰ τὴν οἰκονομίαν τοῦ Θεοῦ τὴν δοθεῖσάν μοι εἰς ὑμᾶς, πληρῶσαι τὸν λόγον τοῦ Θεοῦ, 26 τὸ μυστήριον τὸ ἀποκεκρυμμένον ἀπὸ τῶν αἰώνων καὶ ἀπὸ τῶν γενεῶν· νυνὶ δὲ ἐφανερώθη τοῖς ἁγίοις αὐτοῦ, 27 οἷς ἠθέλησεν ὁ Θεὸς γνωρίσαι τίς ὁ πλοῦτος τῆς δόξης τοῦ μυστηρίου τούτου ἐν τοῖς ἔθνεσιν, ὅς ἐστι Χριστὸς ἐν ὑμῖν, ἡ ἐλπὶς τῆς δόξης 28 ὃν ἡμεῖς καταγγέλλομεν, νουθετοῦντες πάντα ἄνθρωπον, καὶ διδάσκοντες πάντα ἄνθρωπον ἐν πάσῃ σοφίᾳ, ἵνα παραστήσωμεν πάντα ἄνθρωπον τέλειον ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ 29 εἰς ὃ καὶ κοπιῶ, ἀγωνιζόμενος κατὰ τὴν ἐνέργειαν αὐτοῦ, τὴν ἐνεργουμένην ἐν ἐμοὶ ἐν δυνάμει.
25“Whereof I am made a Minister-διάκονος (diakonos)-deacon, labourer, ministrant, servant), according to-κατὰ (kata)-according to) the dispensation-οἰκονομίαν (oikonomian)-management of a household, (i.e. administration, stewardship) of God, which *is given-δοθεῖσάν (dotheisan)-to give) to me for-εἰς (eis)-into) you, //to fulfil-πληρῶσαι (plerosai)-to fill, make full, to fill up, (i.e. to fill to the full) the word-λόγον (logon)-a word, speech, matter, saying) of God (Or, fully to preach the word of God); 26 Even the mystery which hath been hid from ages, and from generations, but now *is made manifest-ἐφανερώθη (ephanerothe)-to make manifest) to his saints-ἁγίοις (agiois)-set apart, separate, holy), 27 To whom God *would-ἠθέλησεν (ethelesen)-to will, have in mind, intend) make known what is the *riches-πλοῦτος (ploutos)-riches, (i.e. fulness, abundance, plenitude) of the glory-δόξης (doxes)-glory, (in a wide application (literal or figurative, objective or subjective):—dignity, glory(-ious), honour, praise, worship) of this *mystery-μυστηρίου (musteriou)-what is known only to the initiated, (i.e. hidden thing, secret, mystery) among the Gentiles-ἔθνεσιν (ethesin)-nation, people (non-Jews), which is Christ //in you (Or, amongst you), the hope of glory: 28 Whom we *preach-καταγγέλλομεν (kataggellomen)-to tell thoroughly (to announce, declare, promulgate, make known; to proclaim publicly, publish), *warning-νουθετοῦντες (nouthetountes)-to put in before the mind, warn, (by implication) to caution or reprove gently:—admonish, warn) every man, and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) *teaching-διδάσκοντες (didaskontes)-to teach) every man in all wisdom-σοφίᾳ (sophia)-wisdom, skill (e.g. skill and discretion in imparting Christian truth), that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus. 29 Whereunto I also labour, striving according to his working, which worketh in me mightily."
*is given-δοθεῖσάν: Verb, Aorist, Passive, Participle, Accusative, Singular, Feminine: ["one-BEING-GIVEN"//"being-granted"]
*to fulfil-πληρῶσαι: Verb, Aorist, Active, Infinitive: ["TO-FILL"//"to-complete"]
Even the-τὸ (to)-the) mystery-μυστήριον (musterion)-what is known only to the initiated, (i.e. hidden thing, secret, mystery) which-τὸ (to)-which) hath been hid-ἀποκεκρυμμένον (apokekrummenon)-to hide away, (i.e. concealing, keeping secret) from-ἀπὸ (apo)-from, away from) ages-αἰώνων (aionon)-age, dispensation), and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) from-ἀπὸ (apo)-from, away from) generations-γενεῶν (geneon)-generation, (i.e. an age, period of time):
Even the mystery - To make that mystery fully known. See this explained in the notes at Ephesians 3:2-9. The great doctrine that salvation was to be proclaimed to all mankind, Paul says, had been concealed for many generations. Hence, it was called a mystery, or a hidden truth. It was communicated especially to the apostles who were appointed to proclaim it, and through them to all the saints. Paul says that he regarded himself as specially called to make this truth known, as far as possible, to mankind.-(Barnes).
hath been hid-ἀποκεκρυμμένον: Verb, Perfect, Passive, Participle, Accusative, Singular, Neuter: ["having-been-concealed"]
*example of Greek word: μυστήριον (musterion)-mystery click: Mark 4:11
*example of G613: ἀποκεκρυμμένον (apokekrummenon-hath been hid) click: Ephesians 3:9 (apokekrummenou-hath been hid)
*example of Greek word: γενεῶν (geneon)-generations click: Luke 1:50
*is made manifest-ἐφανερώθη: Verb, Aorist, Passive, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["WAS-made-APPEAR"//"was-made-manifest"] to his saints
*would-ἠθέλησεν: Verb, Aorist, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["WILLS"]
*riches-πλοῦτος (ploutos)-riches, (i.e. fulness, abundance, plenitude)
*example of Greek word: πλοῦτος (ploutos)-riches click: Ephesians 1:18
*mystery-μυστηρίου (musteriou)-what is known only to the initiated, (i.e. hidden thing, secret, mystery)
*example of Greek word: μυστηρίου (musteriou)-mystery click: Romans 16:25
which-ὅς (hos)-which) is-ἐστιν (estin)-third person singular of 'to be') Christ-Χριστὸς (Christos)-"anointed", i.e. the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus:—Christ, the Son of God) in-ἐν (en)-in) you-ὑμῖν (humin)-you:—ye, you), the-ἡ (he)-the) hope-ἐλπὶς (elpis)-hope (to anticipate, usually with pleasure); expectation (abstractly or concretely) or confidence) of-τῆς (tes)-the) glory-δόξης (doxes)-glory):
So in 1Timothy 1:1, “The Lord Jesus Christ, which is our hope.” “The glory” is the glorified state of perfection in heaven, wrapt in the communion with God, and so “changed from glory to glory.” Again we note (as in Colossians 1:5; Colossians 1:23) the special emphasis laid on the hope of heaven. Christ is “our hope,” as He is “our life,” i.e., the ground of our sure and certain hope of the future, as of our spiritual life in the present.- (Ellicott).
Or, Christ among you. Margin. The meaning is, that the whole of that truth, so full of glory, and so rich and elevated in its effect, is summed up in this - that Christ is revealed among you as the source of the hope of glory in a better world. This was the great truth which so animated the heart and fired the zeal of the apostle Paul. The wonderful announcement had burst on his mind like a flood of day, that the offer of salvation was not to be confined, as he had once supposed, to the Jewish people, but that all men were now placed on a level; that they had a common Saviour; that the same heaven was now opened for all, and that there were none so degraded and vile that they might not have the offer of life as well as others. This great truth Paul burned to communicate to the whole world; and for holding it, and in making it known, he had involved himself in all the difficulties which he had with his own countrymen; had suffered from want, and peril, and toil; and had finally been made a captive, and was expecting to be put to death. It was just such a truth as was fitted to fire such a mind as that of Paul, and to make it; known as worth all the sacrifices and toils which he endured. Life is well sacrificed in making known such a doctrine to the world.-(Barnes).
is-ἐστιν: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS"]
*example of Greek word: ἐλπὶς (elpis)-hope click: Romans 5:5
*preach-καταγγέλλομεν: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 1st Person, Plural: Whom we ["are-announcing"]
*warning-νουθετοῦντες: Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Plural, Masculine: ["admonishING"] every man
*teaching-διδάσκοντες: Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Plural, Masculine: ["TEACHING"] every man
*example of Greek word: διδάσκοντες (didaskontes)-teaching click: Matthew 28:20
that-ἵνα (hina)-in order that, so that) we may present-παραστήσωμεν (parastesomen)-to set alongside) every-πάντα (panta)-all, every) man-ἄνθρωπον (anthropon)-a man, a human being, (whether male or female) perfect-τέλειον (teleion)-ended, complete, of full age) in-ἐν (en)-in) Christ-Χριστῷ (Christo)-"anointed", i.e. the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus:—Christ, the Son of God) Jesus-Ἰησοῦ (Iesou)-Jesus, (the Saviour of mankind):
When we come to appear before God; Notes, 2 Corinthians 11:2. Paul was anxious that no one to whom this gospel was preached should be lost. He believed it to be adapted to save every man; and as he expected to meet all his hearers at the bar of God, his aim was to present them made perfect by means of that gospel which he preached.-(Barnes).
that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus; not in themselves, in which sense no man is perfect in this life; but in the grace, holiness, and righteousness of Christ, in whom all the saints are complete: or it may regard that ripeness of understanding, and perfection of knowledge, which, when arrived unto, saints become perfect [of full age/mature] men in Christ; and is the end of the Gospel ministry, and to which men are brought by it; see Ephesians 4:13; and to be understood of the presentation of the saints, not by Christ to himself, and to his Father, but by [through] the ministers of the Gospel, as their glory and crown of rejoicing in the day of Christ.-(Gill).
we may present-παραστήσωμεν: Verb, Aorist, Active, Subjunctive, 1st Person, Plural: ["WE-SHOULD-BE-BESIDE-STANDING"//"we-should-be-presenting"] every man
*example of Greek word: τέλειον (teleion)-perfect click: Ephesians 4:13
Whereunto-εἰς (eis)-into) I also-καὶ (kai)-and, also) labour-κοπιῶ (kopio)-to labour, be wearied out, (by implication: to work hard:—(bestow) labour, toil, be wearied), striving-ἀγωνιζόμενος (agonizomenos)-to agonize, contend, (to struggle, literally (to compete for a prize), figuratively (to contend with an adversary), or genitive case (to endeavor to accomplish something):—fight, labor fervently, strive) according to-κατὰ (kata)-according to, (i.e. in consequence of, by virtue of) his-αὐτοῦ (autou)-his, of him) working-ἐνέργειαν (energeian)-energy, in working, (efficiency ("energy"):—operation, strong, (effectual) working), which-τὴν (ten)-which) worketh-ἐνεργουμένην (energoumenen)-to work in, (to be active, efficient:—do, (be) effectual (fervent), be mighty in, shew forth self, work (effectually in) in-ἐν (en)-in) me-ἐμοὶ (emoi)-to me) mightily-ἐν δυνάμει (en dunamei)-power, (i.e. powerfully):
[That is,]In the word and doctrine, by preaching Christ, warning sinners of their danger, teaching them the way of salvation, and their duty; with this view, that, in thee great day of account, he might bring a large number of them, and set them before Christ as the seals of his ministry, as instances of the grace of Christ, and as perfect in him: striving according to his working, which worketh in me mightily; meaning either in his prayers, earnestly entreating of God that he would succeed his labours, and bless them to the conversion of many; which sense is favoured by the Syriac version, which renders it, "and make supplication"; that is, with that effectual fervent prayer, which was powerfully wrought in him: or in his ministry, combating with many enemies, fighting the good fight of faith; not in his own strength, but through the power of Christ; which enabled him to preach the Gospel far and near, in season and out of season; which supported his outward man, and strengthened his inward man for that service, and made it effectual to the good of the souls of many: some refer this to the signs, wonders, and miracles, which Christ wrought by him, for the confirmation of the Gospel; but the other sense, which takes in both the power by which he was assisted in preaching, both in body and soul, and that which went along with his ministry to make it useful to others, is to be preferred.-(Gill).
So then what we come to is just this, dear brethren, if we are Christians at all, we have to make a business of our religion; to go about it as if we meant work. Ah! what a contrast there is between the languid way in which Christian men pursue what the Bible designates their ‘calling’ and that in which men with far paltrier aims pursue theirs! And what a still sadder contrast there is between the way in which we Christians go about our daily business, and the way in which we go about our Christian life! Why, a man will take more pains to learn some ornamental art, or some game, than he will ever take to make himself a better Christian. The one is work. What is the other? To a very large extent dawdling and make-believe. So, brethren, we have all to be Endeavourers if we are Christians, and that to the very end of our lives.-(Mac Laren).
I labour-κοπιῶ: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 1st Person, Singular: ["I-AM-toilING"]
striving-ἀγωνιζόμενος: Verb, Present, Middle or Passive Deponent, Participle, Nominative, Singular, Masculine: ["CONTENDING"//"struggling"]
worketh-ἐνεργουμένην: Verb, Present, Middle Participle, Accusative, Singular, Feminine: which ["IN-ACTING"//"operating"] in me mightily
*example of Greek word: ἀγωνιζόμενος (agonizomenos)-striving click: Colossians 4:12 (labouring fervently)
*example of Greek word: ἐνεργουμένην (energoumenen)-worketh click: Ephesians 3:20
8"And the LORD said unto Satan-הַשָּׂטָ֔ן (haś-śā-ṭān)-adversary, one who withstands), Hast thou considered-הֲשַׂ֥מְתָּ (hă-śam-tā)-to place, put, set) my servant-עַבְדִּ֣י (aḇ-dî)-a servant, doer, tiller, (i.e. worshiper of God) Job, that there is none like him in the earth? a perfect-תָּ֧ם (tām)-perfect, plain, upright, undefiled, whole (complete; usually (morally) pious; specifically, gentle, dear) and an upright-וְיָשָׁ֛ר (wə-yā-šār)-upright, (i.e. uprightness, righteous, upright, (straight (literally or figuratively) man, one that feareth-יְרֵ֥א (yə-rê)-fearing, reverencing) God, and escheweth-וְסָ֥ר (wə-sār)-to turn aside, depart) evil-מֵרָֽע (mê-rā‘)-evil, bad)?
* example of Hebrew word: הֲשַׂ֥מְתָּ-Hast thou considered click: Job 2:3
* example of Hebrew word: עַבְדִּ֣י-my servant click: Genesis 26:24
* example of Hebrew word: תָּ֧ם-perfect click: Genesis 25:27 (a plain)
* example of Hebrew word: וְיָשָׁ֛ר-and an upright click: Psalms 25:8
Hast thou considered my servant Job: literally: Hast thou set thine heart on? equivalent to "Hast thou given thine attention to?-(Pulpit).
"Hast thou taken notice of him, and of his spirit and conduct?-(Benson).
Satan is represented as having no confidence in human virtue, and as maintaining that there was none which would resist temptation, if presented in a form sufficiently alluring. God here appeals to the case of Job as a full refutation of this opinion. The trial which follows is designed to test the question whether the piety of Job was of this order.-(Barnes).
And the Lord said unto Satan, hast thou considered my servant Job,.... Or, "hast thou put thine heart on my servant" (p); not in a way of love and affection to him, to do him any good or service, there being an original and implacable enmity in this old serpent to the seed of the woman; but rather his heart was set upon him in a way of desire to have him in his hands, to do him all the mischief he could, as the desire of his heart was toward Peter, Luke 22:31 but the sense of the question is, since thou sayest thou hast been walking up and down in the earth, hast thou not taken notice of Job, and cast an eye upon him, and wished in thine heart to have him in thine hands to do him hurt? I know that thou hast; hast thou not contrived in thine heart how to attack him, tempt him, and draw him from my service, and into sins and snares, in order to reproach and accuse him?-(Gill).
My servant Job; i.e. "my true servant, faithful in all that he does" (comp. Hebrews 3:5). It is a high honour to any man for God to acknowledge him as his servant (see Joshua 1:2; 1 Kings 11:13, etc.).-(Pulpit).
perfect and an upright: The term “perfect” means properly “complete,” without defect It does not imply that the man was sinless, for Job never puts forward any such pretension, but that he was a righteous man and free from specific sins such as were held to bring down the chastisement of heaven. But rather, as to his sincere intentions, hearty affections, and diligent endeavours to perform his whole duty to God and men; one of an unblamable conversation, doing to others as he would have others to deal with him. God suffered Job to be tried by Satan, as he suffered Peter to be sifted. It is our comfort that God has the devil in a chain, Revelation 20:1. He has no power to afflict men, but what is given him from above.
Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894
16 πᾶσα γραφὴ θεόπνευστος καὶ ὠφέλιμος πρὸς διδασκαλίαν, πρὸς ἔλεγχον, πρὸς ἐπανόρθωσιν, πρὸς παιδείαν τὴν ἐν δικαιοσύνῃ 17 ἵνα ἄρτιος ᾖ ὁ τοῦ Θεοῦ ἄνθρωπος, πρὸς πᾶν ἔργον ἀγαθὸν ἐξηρτισμένος.
2 Timothy 3:16-17
16“All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, 17 That the man of God may be perfect, //thoroughly furnished (Or, perfected) unto all good works."
All-πᾶσα (pasa)-every, all, the whole) scripture-γραφὴ (graphe)-writing, anything written, (i.e. holy Writ (or its contents or a statement in it):—scripture) is given by inspiration of God-θεόπνευστος (theopneustos)-God-breathed, (i.e. divinely inspired):
"All Scripture is God-inspired," not only the Old Testament, in which alone Timothy was taught when a child (2Timothy 3:15), but the New Testament books according as they were recognized in the churches which had men gifted with "discerning of spirits," and so able to distinguish really inspired utterances, persons, and so their writings from spurious. Paul means, "All Scripture is God-inspired and therefore useful";..." (Jamieson-F.B.).
That is, all holy Scripture; for of that only the apostle is speaking; and he means the whole of it; not only the books of the Old Testament, but of the New, the greatest part of which was now written; for this second epistle to Timothy is by some thought to be the last of Paul's epistles; and this also will hold good of what was to be written; for all is inspired by God, or breathed by him: the Scriptures are the breath of God, the word of God and not men; they are "written by the Spirit", as the Syriac version renders it; or "by the Spirit of God", as the Ethiopic version.-(Gill).
Scripture signifies[:] no more than writing; some therefore translate this text thus: All Scripture which is inspired of God; not all writings, but all the books of the Old Testament, is[:] yeopneustov [God-breathed, i.e. inspired by God]. This is expounded by Peter, 2 Peter 1:21: For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man; but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost. And is profitable for doctrine; and it is profitable to instruct us in all propositions of truth which we need believe in order to salvation.-(Matthew P.).
*example of Greek word: γραφὴ (graphe)-scripture click: Luke 4:21
and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) is profitable-ὠφέλιμος (ophelimos)-profitable, useful, beneficial, advantageous) for-πρὸς (pros)-toward, in consideration of) doctrine-διδασκαλίαν (didaskalian)-teaching (the substance), i.e. the act of teaching), for-πρὸς (pros)-toward, in consideration of) reproof-ἔλεγχον (elegchon)-conviction), for-πρὸς (pros)-toward, in consideration of) correction-ἐπανόρθωσιν (epanorthosin)-a setting aright, (i.e. restoration to an upright or a right state), for-πρὸς (pros)-toward, in consideration of) instruction-παιδείαν (paideian)-nurture, instruction, (i.e. instruction which aims at the increase of virtue) in-ἐν (en)-in) righteousness-δικαιοσύνῃ (dikaiosune)-rightness, justice, (i.e. integrity, virtue, purity of life, uprightness, correctness in thinking, feeling, and acting):
For reproof; elegcon, to convince us either of any truth, that we may believe it without any hesitation, or of any sin, that we may be humbled for it, without any extenuation. For correction; for reproof, or correction, or reformation, to reprove us in what we are to be reproved, to correct us in any error, to show us the way to bring us to rights and to reform us. For instruction in righteousness; to instruct us in the true righteousness, in which we must appear before God; for in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith, Romans 1:17.-(Matthew P.).
is profitable for doctrine; for the discovering, illustrating, and confirming any doctrine concerning God, the being, persons, and perfections of God; concerning the creation and fall of man; concerning the person and offices of Christ, redemption by him, justification by his righteousness, pardon by his blood, reconciliation and atonement by his sacrifice, and eternal life through him, with many others. The Scripture is profitable for ministers to fetch doctrine from, and establish it by; and for hearers to try and prove it by: for reproof; of errors and heresies; this is the sword of the Spirit, which cuts all down...for correction; of vice; there being no sin, but the evil nature of it is shown, its wicked tendency is exposed, and the sad effects and consequences of it are pointed out in these writings: for instruction in righteousness; in every branch of duty incumbent upon men; whether with respect to God, or one another; for there is no duty men are obliged unto, but the nature, use, and excellency of it, are here shown: the Scriptures are a perfect rule of faith and practice; and thus they are commended from the usefulness and profitableness of them.-(Gill).
*example of Greek word: διδασκαλίαν (didaskalian)-doctrine click: Romans 15:4 (learning)
*example of Greek word: παιδείαν (paideian)-instruction click: Hebrews 12:7 (chastening)
*example of Greek word: δικαιοσύνῃ (dikaiosune)-righteousness click: Romans 6:18
That-ἵνα (hina)-that, in order that, so that) the-ὁ (o)-the) man-ἄνθρωπος (anthropos)-a man, a human being (whether male or female) of-τοῦ (tou)-of the) God-Θεοῦ (Theou)-God, (i.e. the supreme Divinity) may be-ᾖ (e)-should be, might be, may be) perfect-ἄρτιος (artios)-fitted, perfected, (i.e. complete), thoroughly furnished-ἐξηρτισμένος (ezertismenos)-to fit out, (i.e. to furnish perfectly) unto-πρὸς (pros)-toward) all-πᾶν (pan)-every) good-ἀγαθὸν (agathon)-good) works-ἔργον (ergon)-work, deed, business, doing, labour):
The idea here is, not that any one is absolutely perfect, but that the Scriptures have laid down the way which leads to perfection, and that, if any one were perfect, he would find in the Scriptures all the instruction which he needed in those circumstances. There is no deficiency in the Bible for man, in any of the situations in which he may be placed in life; and the whole tendency of the book is to make him who will put himself fairly under its instructions, absolutely perfect. Thoroughly furnished unto all good works - Margin, "perfected." The Greek means, to bring to an end; to make complete. The idea is, that whatever good work the man of God desires to perform, or however perfect he aims to be, he will find no deficiency in the Scriptures, but will find there the most ample instructions that he needs.-(Barnes).
perfect, throughly furnished—Greek, "thoroughly perfected," and so "perfect." The man of God is perfectly accoutred out of Scripture for his work, whether he be a minister (compare 2 Timothy 4:2 with 2Ti 3:16) or a spiritual layman. No oral tradition is needed to be added.-(Jamieson F.B.).
That the man of God may be perfect; that both ministers and all godly men may be as perfect as they can be in the state of mortality, fitted for the duties of their several callings and places. Throughly furnished unto all good works; and be prepared to every work which is good, acceptable and well-pleasing unto God, whether it be a work of piety, or justice and charity. The Scripture, as to all, is so full a direction, that Christians need not go down to the Philistines to whet their tools, nor be beholden to unwritten traditions, or to the writings of pagan philosophers, for directions what to do, how to worship God, or manage any part of their conversation, either as to their general calling, or as to their particular relations.-(Matthew P.).
That the man of God may be perfect,.... By the man of God may be meant everyone that in a special relation belongs to God; who is chosen by God the Father, redeemed by the Son, and called by the Spirit; but more especially a minister of the Gospel; for as it was usual to call a prophet under the Old Testament by this name, it seems to be transferred from thence to a minister of the New Testament, see 1 Timothy 6:11 and the design of the Scriptures and the end of writing them are, that both preachers of the word, and hearers of it, might have a perfect knowledge of the will of God; that the former might be a complete minister of the Gospel, and that nothing might be wanting for the information of the latter: thoroughly furnished unto all good works, or "every good work"; particularly to the work of the ministry, which is a good one; and to every part and branch of it, a thorough furniture for which lies in the holy Scriptures; from whence, as scribes well instructed in the kingdom of heaven, do Gospel ministers bring forth things new and old, both for delight and profit: though this may be also applied to all good works in common [e.g. with family, in public, in the congregation, with business, etc.], which the Scriptures point unto, give directions about, as well as show where strength is to be had to perform them.-(Gill).
may be-ᾖ: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Subjunctive, 3rd Person, Singular: ["MAY-BE"]
thoroughly furnished-ἐξηρτισμένος: Verb, Perfect, Passive, Participle, Nominative, Singular, Masculine: ["HAVING-been-OUT-EQUIPPED"//"fitted-out"]
*example of Greek word: ἔργον (ergon)-works click: 2 Timothy 2:21
"Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God."
13"Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ:14 That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;15 But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ:"
unity of the faith: the body of Christ, the totality of this body, have to be brought to this faith; that the ministration of the Gospel will continue until the saints entirely unite in their sentiments about it, and both watchmen and churches see eye to eye
knowledge: another phrase for faith in Christ, for faith is a spiritual knowledge of Christ.
fulness: every particular believer, who has Christ formed in him; who when the work of grace is finished in him, will be a perfect man in Christ.
"And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God."
20"Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant,21 Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is well pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen." !
good work: a good work is what is done in obedience to the command of God, and in faith, and from a principle of love, in the name and strength of Christ, and with a view to the glory of God.
working: saints need to be strengthened with spiritual strength, to perform good works; for they are weak and feeble, and unable of themselves to do anything spiritually good.
through: all the grace necessary for the beginning and carrying on, and finishing of the good work of grace, and for the performance of every good work, comes through the hands of Christ
Amen: is added, to show that the apostle assented to it, and wished it might be, and that he firmly believed it, and so asserted that it would be.
"But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you."
“Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God,”
UPDATING THIS SECTION
28"Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. 29 For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock."
"And above all these things put on charity, which is the bond of perfectness."
2 Timothy 3:16-17
"16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: 17 That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works."
"Finally, brethren, farewell. Be perfect, be of good comfort, be of one mind, live in peace; and the God of love and peace shall be with you."
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"16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: 17 That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works." (2 Timothy 3:16-17)