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Beloved of the Lord;

Remember: O Timothy, keep-φύλαξον (phulaxon)-to keep guard, watch, (by implication, to preserve) that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding-ἐκτρεπόμενος (ektrepomenos)-to turn off from, (to deflect, i.e. turn away)) profane-βεβήλους (bebelous)-profane, impious) and vain babblings-κενοφωνίας (kenophonias)-vain, empty sound, (i.e. empty discussion, discussion of vain and useless matters, fruitless discussion:—vain)), and oppositions-ἀντιθέσεις (antitheseis)-a placing over against,  (i.e. a conflict (of theories):—opposition)) of science-γνώσεως (gnoseos)-knowledge), falsely so called-ψευδωνύμου (pseudonumon)-falsely named, (untruly named:—falsely so called):”-(1 Timothy 6:20)

  • keep-φύλαξον: Verb, Aorist, Active, Imperative, 2nd Person, Singular: ["GUARD-YOU"//"guard-you!"]

1. Flat or Ball Earth?

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Authorized Version 1611 [Punctuation, Capitalization, & Italics]


King James Bible 1769 [Spelling]

Concordance / Lexicon:

  • Analytical Concordance to the Bible: Robert Young, 1880.

  • The New Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible.

  • Thayer's Greek Lexicon.

  • Friberg Analytical Greek Lexicon

  • Gingrich, Greek New Testament Lexicon

  • Danker, Greek New Testament Lexicon

  • Brown-Driver-Briggs Lexicon

Greek Text:

Stephanus 1550 & Beza's 1598 & Scrivener's 1894 Textus Receptus.

Hebrew Text:

Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex.


  •  H/G#### : Strong's Exhaustive Concordance Number:— used when comparing Hebrew or Greek words that share the same root word, but not the same inflection / parsing.

  • Brackets w/ Parenthesis [(abc)] : My commentary insert/input.


  • SL (click)

  • BH (click)

Greek Interlinear:





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In the Beginning

What is the firmament?

(A) Genesis 1:6

6 “And God said, Let there be a firmament-רָקִיעַ (rā-qî-a‘)-extended surface (solid), expanse (as if beaten out), expansion, (i.e. the firmament or (apparently) visible arch of the sky:—firmament)) in the midst-בְּת֣וֹךְ (bə-ṯō-wḵ)-middle, among(-st), with(-in), between) of the waters-הַמָּ֑יִם (ham-mā-yim;)-waters), and let it divide-מַבְדִּיל (maḇ-dîl,)-to separate) the waters from the waters.”

(A1) Note: There is only one (1) other verse that uses the Hebrew word:

(H7549 רָקִיעַ-a firmament) as found in Genesis 1:6 :

(A1-a) Ezekiel 1:22

22 “And the likeness H7549 of the firmament-רָקִיעַ upon the heads of the living creature was as the colour of the terrible crystal, stretched forth-נָטוּי (nā-ṭui)-to stretch out, incline, (Spread out, i.e. pitch)) over-עַל־ (‘al-)-over, above) their heads above.


(A2) Note: There are more than 150 verses that use the Hebrew word:

(H8432 בְּת֣וֹךְ-in the midst) as found in Genesis 1:6. Below are some examples:

(A2-a) Exodus 14:16

16 “But lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thine hand over the Sea, and divide it: and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground  H8432 through the midst-בְּתוֹךְ of the sea.

Additional cross-reference: Exodus 14:22Exodus 14:27Exodus 14:29

(A2-b) Genesis 3:3

“But of the fruit of the tree, which is H8432 in the midst-בְּתוֹךְ of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.

(A3) Note: There are 30 verses that use the Hebrew word:

(H4325 הַמָּ֑יִם-of the waters) as found in Genesis 1:6. Below are some examples:

(A3-a) Genesis 7:18

18 “And the waters prevailed, and were increased greatly upon the earth: and the Ark went upon-עַל־ (‘al-)-over, upon) the face-פְּנֵי (pə-nê)-face, (i.e. surface)) H4325 of the waters-הַמָּ֑יִם.

(A3-a1) Note: In Genesis 1:6 the (firmament) is (in the midst) of-the (H4325 of the waters)  

(A3-b) Exodus 14:21

21 “And Moses stretched out his hand over the Sea, and the LORD caused the Sea to go back by a strong East wind all that night, and made the Sea dry land, and H4325 the waters-הַמָּ֑יִם were divided-וַיִּבָּקְעוּ (way-yib-bā-qə-‘ū)-to cleave, rend, (i.e. divide, split).


Another verse concerning the firmament.



(B) Genesis 1:7

7And God made-עָשָׂה (`asah)-to do, fashion, accomplish, make) the firmament-רָקִיעַ (raqia)-extended surface (solid), expanse, (i.e. the firmament or (apparently) visible arch of the sky:—firmament)); and divided-בָּדַל (badal)-to divide, to separate) the waters-מַיִם (maiim)-waters), which were under-תַּחַת (tachath)- under, beneath) the firmament, from the waters, which were above-עַל (`al)-above, over) the firmament: and it was so.



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