Beloved of the Lord;
Remember: “But be ye-Γίνεσθε (Ginesthe)-to become) doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving-παραλογιζόμενοι (paralogizomenoi)-beguile, deceive, (universally, to deceive, delude, circumvent) your own selves.”
be ye-Γίνεσθε: Verb, Present, Middle or Passive Deponent, Imperative ,2nd Person, Plural: ["be-ye-becoming!"]
deceiving-παραλογιζόμενοι: Verb, Present, Middle or Passive Deponent, Participle, Nominative, Plural, Masculine: ["beguiling"]
"Let it be noted, I do believe a sinner can be saved, remain saved, and die saved. However, what is in question here is, can a born-again Christian
-apostatize, -abandon, -fall away, -forsake,
-walk away from 'the Faith'?"
Authorized Version 1611 [Punctuation, Capitalization, & Italics]
King James Bible 1769 [Spelling]
Concordance / Lexicon:
Analytical Concordance to the Bible: Robert Young, 1880.
The New Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible.
Thayer's Greek Lexicon.
Friberg Analytical Greek Lexicon
Gingrich, Greek New Testament Lexicon
Danker, Greek New Testament Lexicon
Stephanus 1550 & Beza's 1598 & Scrivener's 1894 Textus Receptus.
G#### : Strong's Exhaustive Concordance Number:— used when comparing Greek words that share the same root word, but not the same inflection / parsing.
Brackets w/ Parenthesis [(abc)] : My commentary insert/input.
StudyLight.org: SL (click)
BibleHub.com: BH (click)
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Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894
19 ὅτι ἐν αὐτῷ εὐδόκησε πᾶν τὸ πλήρωμα κατοικῆσαι, 20 καὶ δι’ αὐτοῦ ἀποκαταλλάξαι τὰ πάντα εἰς αὐτόν, εἰρηνοποιήσας διὰ τοῦ αἵματος τοῦ σταυροῦ αὐτοῦ, δι’ αὐτοῦ, εἴτε τὰ ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς, εἴτε τὰ ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς. 21 καὶ ὑμᾶς ποτε ὄντας ἀπηλλοτριωμένους καὶ ἐχθροὺς τῇ διανοίᾳ ἐν τοῖς ἔργοις τοῖς πονηροῖς, νυνί δέ ἀποκατήλλαξεν 22 ἐν τῷ σώματι τῆς σαρκὸς αὐτοῦ διὰ τοῦ θανάτου παραστῆσαι ὑμᾶς ἁγίους καὶ ἀμώμους καὶ ἀνεγκλήτους κατενώπιον αὐτοῦ 23 εἴγε ἐπιμένετε τῇ πίστει τεθεμελιωμένοι καὶ ἑδραῖοι, καὶ μὴ μετακινούμενοι ἀπὸ τῆς ἐλπίδος τοῦ εὐαγγελίου οὗ ἠκούσατε, τοῦ κηρυχθέντος ἐν πάσῃ τῇ κτίσει τῇ ὑπὸ τὸν οὐρανόν, οὗ ἐγενόμην ἐγὼ Παῦλος διάκονος.
19 “For it pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell, 20 And (//having made peace (Or, making peace) through the blood of his cross) by him to reconcile all things unto himself, by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven. 21 And-καὶ (kai)-and) you-ὑμᾶς (humas)-you) that were-ὄντας (ontas)-being) sometimes-ποτε (pote)-once, at some time or other, (i.e. formerly, aforetime, at some time)) *alienated-ἀπηλλοτριωμένους (apellotriomenous)-to give to others, to alienate, estrange, (to estrange away, i.e. (passively and figuratively) to be non-participant:—alienate, be alien)), and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) *enemies-ἐχθροὺς (echthrous)- foe, opponent) //in your mind-διανοίᾳ (dianoia)-intellect, full or thorough mind, (properly: the faculty (mind or its disposition), by implication: its exercise:—imagination, mind, understanding) by-ἐν (en)-in) wicked-πονηροῖς (ponerois)-bad, malignant, miserable, evil, wicked) works-ἔργοις (ergois)-work, deed, business, (by implication: an act:—deed, doing, labour, work)) (Or, by your mind in wicked works), yet-δέ (de)-yet, but) now-νυνί (nuni)-now, at this very moment) *hath he reconciled-ἀποκατήλλαξεν (apokatellaxen)-to change thoroughly, (to reconcile fully:—reconcile)), 22 In-ἐν (en)-in) the-τῷ (to)-the) body-σώματι (somati)-body, (i.e. the physical body) of his-αὐτοῦ (autou)-of him) flesh-σαρκὸς (sarkos)-properly: flesh (the soft substance of the living body, (by extension) the body)) through-διὰ (dia)-through, by means of) death-θανάτου (thanatou)-death, (properly: the death of the body), *to present-παραστῆσαι (parastesai)-to set alongside, (to present or show)) you-ὑμᾶς (humas)-you:—plural) holy-ἁγίους (agious)-separate, set apart, holy) and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) *unblameable-ἀμώμους (amomous)-unblemished, without blemish, (without blame (blemish, fault, spot), faultless, unblamable)), and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) *unreproveable-ἀνεγκλήτους (anegkletous)-not to be called in, unchallengeable, (that cannot be called to account, unreprovable, unaccused, blameless)) in his-αὐτοῦ (autou)-of him) sight-κατενώπιον (katenopion)-over against, in the face of, (directly in front of:—before (the presence of), in the sight of)), 23 *If-εἴγε (eige)-if indeed) *ye continue-ἐπιμένετε (epimenete)-to remain on, (tropically, persevere):—abide (in), continue (in)) in the-τῇ (te)-to the) faith-πίστει (pistei)-faith, faithfulness, steadfastness, belief) *grounded-τεθεμελιωμένοι (tethemeliomenoi)-to lay a foundation, (to make stable, establish)) and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) *settled-ἑδραῖοι (hedraioi)-seated, settled, (i.e. (by implication) immovable:—settled, stedfast)), and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) be not-μὴ (me)-no, not) moved away-μετακινούμενοι (metakinoumenoi)-to move away, or over, (to move from a place, to move away)) from-ἀπὸ (apo)-from, away from) the-τῆς (tes)-the) *hope-ἐλπίδος (elpidos)-hope, (to anticipate, usually with pleasure); expectation (abstractly or concretely) or confidence: hope)) of the-τοῦ (tou)-of the) Gospel-εὐαγγελίου (evaggeliou)-good news, tidings, (a good message, i.e. the gospel:—gospel), which ye have heard-ἠκούσατε (ekousate)-to give ear, hearken, hear), and which was preached-κηρυχθέντος (keruchthentos)-to cry or proclaim as a herald, (to herald (as a public crier), especially divine truth (the gospel):—preacher(-er), proclaim, publish)) to every *creature-κτίσει (ktisei)-a making, a thing made, (creation i.e. thing created (thus of the human race)) which is under heaven, whereof-οὗ (ou)-of which) I Paul am made-ἐγενόμην (egenomen)-to become) *a Minister-διάκονος (diakonos)-labourer, ministrant, (one who executes the commands of another))."
Example of Greek word:
*G526: (ἀπηλλοτριωμένους-alienated) click: Eph 4:18 (ἀπηλλοτριωμένοι-alienated)
*ἐχθροὺς (echthrous)-enemies click: Matthew 5:44
*G604: (ἀποκατήλλαξεν-hath he reconciled) click: Col 1:20 (ἀποκαταλλάξαι-to reconcile)
*ἀνεγκλήτους (anegkletous)-unreproveable click: 1 Cor 1:8 (blameless)
*G1961: (ἐπιμένετε-ye continue) click: 1 Timothy 4:16 (ἐπίμενε-continue)
*ἑδραῖοι (hedraioi)-settled click: 1 Corinthians 15:58 (steadfast)
*τεθεμελιωμένοι (tethemeliomenoi)-grounded click: Ephesians 3:17
*κτίσει (ktisei)-creature click: Mar 16:15
that were-ὄντας: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Participle, Accusative, Plural, Masculine: And you, ["BEING"] sometimes
alienated-ἀπηλλοτριωμένους: Verb, Perfect, Passive, Participle, Accusative, Plural, Masculine: ["HAVING-been-estrangED"//"estranged"], and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now
hath he reconciled-ἀποκατήλλαξεν: Verb, Aorist, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["He-reconcilES"], In the body of his flesh through death,
to present-παραστῆσαι: Verb, Aorist, Active, Infinitive: ["TO-BESIDE-STAND"//"to-present"] you holy and unblameable, and unreproveable in his sight,
If-εἴγε: CONDitional: ["IF-SURELY"]
ye continue-ἐπιμένετε: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 2nd Person, Plural: ["YE-ARE-ON-REMAINING"//"ye-are-persisting"]
in the-τῇ: Definite article, Dative, Singular, Feminine: ["to-THE"] faith
grounded-τεθεμελιωμένοι: Verb, Perfect, Passive, Participle, Nominative, Plural, Masculine: ["HAVING-been-foundED"//"grounded"] and settled, and not
be moved away-μετακινούμενοι: Verb, Present, Passive, Participle, Nominative, Plural, Masculine: ["being-removed"] from the hope of the Gospel, which
ye have heard-ἠκούσατε: Verb, Aorist, Active, Indicative, 2nd Person, Plural: ["YE-HEAR"], and which
was preached-κηρυχθέντος: Verb, Aorist, Passive, Participle, Genitive, Singular, Neuter: ["one-BEING-PROCLAIMED"//"being-heralded"] to every creature which is under heaven, whereof I Paul
am made-ἐγενόμην: Verb, Second-Aorist, Middle-Deponent, Indicative, 1st Person, Singular: ["BECAME"] a Minister.
21 And you that were sometimes alienated, and enemies in your minde by wicked workes, yet now hath hee reconciled, 22 In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy & vnblameable, and vnreprooueable in his sight, 23 If ye continue in the faith grounded and setled, and be not moued away from the hope of the Gospel, which yee haue heard, and which was preached to euery creature which is vnder heauen, whereof I Paul am made a Minister.
21 And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled 22 In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight: 23 If ye continue in the faith grounded and settled, and be not moved away from the hope of the gospel, which ye have heard, and which was preached to every creature which is under heaven; whereof I Paul am made a minister;
And-Καὶ (Kai)-and) you-ὑμᾶς (humas)-you) that were-ὄντας (ontas)-being) sometimes-ποτε (pote)-once, at some time or other, (i.e. formerly, aforetime, at some time)) alienated-ἀπηλλοτριωμένους (apellotriomenous)-to give to others, to alienate, estrange, (to estrange away, i.e. (passively and figuratively) to be non-participant:—alienate, be alien)), and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) enemies-ἐχθροὺς (echthrous)- foe, opponent) //in your mind-διανοίᾳ (dianoia)-intellect, full or thorough mind, (properly: the faculty (mind or its disposition), by implication: its exercise:—imagination, mind, understanding) by-ἐν (en)-in) wicked-πονηροῖς (ponerois)-bad, malignant, miserable, evil, wicked) works-ἔργοις (ergois)-work, deed, business, (by implication: an act:—deed, doing, labour, work)) (Or, by your mind in wicked works), yet-δέ (de)-yet, but) now-νυνί (nuni)-now, at this very moment) hath he reconciled-ἀποκατήλλαξεν (apokatellaxen)-to change thoroughly, (to reconcile fully:—reconcile)),:
And you — Colossians, in particular, with all other Gentiles; that were sometime — Greek, ποτε, once, formerly; alienated — Estranged from the knowledge, love, and life of the one living and true God, (see note on Ephesians 4:18,) being destitute not only of all conformity to him, and union with him, but of all fear of him, and acquaintance with his nature and attributes; yea, and enemies — To him and to his worship and service; in your mind — Your understanding, judgment, will, and affections; by wicked works — Which at once manifested your inward enmity, and continually fed and increased it. Observe, reader, every violation of the divine law, every instance of disobedience to his commands, is an undeniable proof of enmity to him. This, however, is not the only evidence thereof: for, as he manifests his will by the dispensations of his providence, as well as by the precepts of his word, so far as we do not receive these dispensations, however afflictive, with resignation and patience, we manifest our enmity to him; as we do likewise, according to Romans 8:6 / 7, (where see the note,) so far as we are carnally minded; that is, esteem, desire, and delight in visible and temporal, in preference to spiritual and eternal things; or set our affection on things beneath-[(i.e. earthly)], instead of setting it on things above-[(i.e. heavenly)], and seek that happiness in the creature which ought to be sought, and certainly can only be found, in the Creator. Yet now hath he reconciled — To himself and to the society of his people. That is, he is both reconciled to you, having forgiven you all your trespasses, and also hath reconciled you, or removed your enmity, by shedding his love abroad in your hearts;...-(Benson Commentary). BH
Paul said the Colossian Christians were separated from God and became His enemies because of the wickedness with which they had filled their minds. Minds filled with wickedness caused them to involve themselves in evil deeds. Christians are made friends with God again by the death of the Incarnate One. Also, Christ's death causes them to be placed before God as ones dedicated to His service, without blemish and not needing reproof. Such a presentation could only be made before God to the Colossian brethren on the condition that they remained within the total of that taught, or the faith. Paul urges them to be stable and steadfast in that faith, unmoved by false teachers who would take them away from the source of their hope, which is the gospel. Paul declares that every creature under heaven had heard the good news just like those at Colossae. The apostle was a servant of the gospel because he had been saved by the Christ of the gospel ( Col_1:21-23 ).-(Hampton's Commentary). SL
Alienated is from APALLO-TRIOO, which Thayer defines, "to be shut out from one's fellowship and intimacy." Paul tells the Colossians they were once in that condition with God, but that it was caused by their own wicked works. Such a state of mind and conduct rendered them the enemies of God.-(Zerr's Commentary). SL
Alienated as ye were: calling conspicuous attention to a fact. It describes their state when this purpose found, and laid hold on them: cp. Ephesians 2:1; Ephesians 2:5; Ephesians 2:11. Alienated-ones, literally made-to-be-strangers: a word frequently used to describe men deprived of the rights of citizens: same word in Ephesians 2:12; Ephesians 4:18; frequent in the LXX., e.g. Ezekiel 14:5; Ezekiel 14:7; Psalms 69:9; and in classic Greek. Enemies: either hostile to God, or men who have to reckon with God as hostile to them. Which of these meanings Paul intends here, we can determine only by his general conception of the Gospel. We saw under Romans 5:1 that the justice of God, which as we learnt from Romans 3:26 forbade Him to justify believers except through the death of Christ, makes Him in this sense hostile to those who refuse salvation from sin. Thus an obstacle to peace between God and sinners is found in the justice of God. Now Paul declares in Romans 3:24-26, expressly and plainly, that God gave Christ to die in order to remove this obstacle to peace. This last doctrine is, in Romans 5:10, embodied in the words being enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, words almost the same as those now before us. Similarly, in Ephesians 2:12; Ephesians 2:16 men ‘formerly… alienated from the commonwealth of Israel,’ Christ came to reconcile… to God through the cross, having slain the enmity thereby. On the other hand, only once (Romans 8:7) does Paul speak of sin under the aspect of hostility to God. (James 4:4 admits, and perhaps suggests the sense that they who choose the friendship of the world are thereby placed among those who will have to reckon with God as their enemy.) And Paul never speaks of the cross of Christ as the instrument by which God moves the sinner to lay down his hostility. We are therefore compelled to interpret the words reconciled… through death in Colossians 1:22 as meaning that by the death of Christ God removed the obstacle to peace between God and man which lay in His own justice, and thus brought us out of a position in which we had to reckon with God as an enemy into one in which we look upon Him as a friend. This interpretation of the word reconciled in Colossians 1:22 fixes in the main the meaning of enemies in Colossians 1:21. We shall find that it will harmonize with the context; and may therefore accept it with confidence. Possibly, however, Paul chose the word enemies the more readily because, as matter of fact, sinners are actually hostile to God. Had not Christ died, this double hostility would have been irreconcilable. Your mind: either the faculty of mental discrimination or the operation of that faculty; senses closely allied. [The Greek dative merely states that this enmity has something to do with the readers’ minds, leaving the exact relation to be inferred from the context. The simplest expositions are (1) that the mind was the seat of the enmity, as in Ephesians 4:18 where the same word and case mean darkened in their mind; or (2) that the mind was the instrument by means of which the enmity was brought about, as the Greek dative is used in Galatians 2:13; Ephesians 2:1; Ephesians 2:5; dead by means of your trespasses. This latter sense is required by our exposition of enemies. For their entire personality was exposed to the hostility of God. Consequently, further specification of the locality of the enmity was needless. On the other hand, we are eager to know by what means they became enemies of God. Exposition 2 tells us that it was by the perverted activity of their intelligence which mistook evil for good; and which thus, instead of leading them to God, led them into the ranks of His foes. In your wicked works: immoral locality of this enmity. Same thought in Ephesians 2:2. Led astray by their own wicked thought they wandered among wicked actions, and thus became exposed to the just anger of God.-(Beet's Commentary). SL
'AND YOU' -i.e. the current members of the Church at Colossae. 'BEING IN TIME PAST' -Before they became Christians. 'ALIENATED' -526. apallotrioo ap-al-lot-ree-o'-o; from 575 and a derivative of 245; to estrange away, i.e. (passively and figuratively) to be non-participant: -alienate, be alien. Points to Note: 1. God often reminds Christians of their former past ( Rom_5:8-11 ; 1Co_6:9-11 ; Eph_2:1-3 ; Eph_2:11 ; 1Pe_4:1-4 ; Tit_3:3 ). The Bible is honest, 'And he does not disguise the truth when he describes their past condition.' (Eadie p. 77). 2. A clear passage which teaches that the non-Christian is alienated from God. There is no salvation outside of Christ. Even the good "moral" non-Christian is lost ( Act_10:1, /2 ; Act_11:13, /14 ). 'AND ENEMIES IN YOUR MIND' -'To God, in the active sense' (Vincent p. 475) 'Active sense here..hostile' (Robertson p. 482) 'a conscious antagonism' (O'Brien p. 66). These people were not merely the objects of God's wrath, but like so many people, they opposed God in their mind ( Rom_1:18-28 ).
Points to Note:
1. This infers that alienation from God isn't ultimately linked with ignorance. This infers that the heathen world knew a lot more about God, ethics, truth, right and wrong, morality, etc...then they would have cared to admit ( Rom_1:32 ).
2. God's truth is so clear, it is so clear that certain things are wrong ( Gal_5:19 ), that even non-Jews, even people who had very little if any contact with the Scriptures, still had to violate their consciences, and turn their mind to worthless thoughts in order to engage in a life of sin ( Eph_4:17-19 ).
3. What you allow yourself to think and become convinced of is critical. For wrong thoughts eventually lead to hell, if not challenged and corrected. Men and women start their departure from God in their own minds ( Pro_4:23 ; Mar_7:20-23 ).
4. Which reveals that genetics doesn't stand in anyone's way to depart from some sin. People who can't seem to change their lives are the same people who are refusing to change their minds, i.e. which is the first step in repentance. It's not the actual act of sin that has a hold on that person, rather, it is how that people perceives that sin in their own mind, i.e. they have convinced themselves that they can't enjoy life without it.
5. And it is so easy to get "bent out of shape" in our minds. We are constantly faced by situations, if approached with the wrong attitude, could make us bitter against God, resent His restrictions, challenge His authority, or blame Him for our suffering. Christian, be oh so careful in what frame of mind you allow to yourself to dwell. The difference between ending up in Heaven or Hell is at times as simple as what you chose to believe and what you chose to reject.
6. Various things about God cause the self-centered to get angry: (a) The accusation that they are indeed a sinner ( Rom_3:23 ). (b) That they must humble themselves to gain salvation, i.e. that salvation cannot be earned, merited or deserved. (c) That God is the center of the Universe, not themselves. (d) That God demands a total repentance and commitment ( Luk_14:26 ff). Instead, we often want a religion we can play at on the weekends, something that we can dabble in now and then.
'IN YOUR EVIL WORKS' -Hostility to God eventually finds an avenue of visible expression. You cannot 'have something against God' for long without it manifesting itself in your speech or conduct. You can tell when somebody resents God.-(Mark Dunagan). SL
In-ἐν (en)-in) the-τῷ (to)-the) body-σώματι (somati)-body, (i.e. the physical body) of his-αὐτοῦ (autou)-of him) flesh-σαρκὸς (sarkos)-properly: flesh (the soft substance of the living body, (by extension) the body)) through-διὰ (dia)-through, by means of) death-θανάτου (thanatou)-death, (properly: the death of the body), to present-παραστῆσαι (parastesai)-to set alongside, (to present or show)) you-ὑμᾶς (humas)-you:—plural) holy-ἁγίους (agious)-separate, set apart, holy) and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) unblameable-ἀμώμους (amomous)-unblemished, without blemish, (without blame (blemish, fault, spot), faultless, unblamable)), and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) unreproveable-ἀνεγκλήτους (anegkletous)-not to be called in, unchallengeable, (that cannot be called to account, unreprovable, unaccused, blameless)) in his-αὐτοῦ (autou)-of him) sight-κατενώπιον (katenopion)-over against, in the face of, (directly in front of:—before (the presence of), in the sight of)),:
to present you holy — Toward God, dedicated to him in heart and life, conformed to his image, and employed in his service; and unblameable — Αμωμους, spotless in yourselves; cleansed from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit; and unreproveable — With respect to your neighbour, cultivating truth in your words, and justice and mercy in your actions toward all men.-(Benson Commentary). BH
Made him to be sin for us] Christ had to bear not the guilt, but the burden of sin. He bore its penalty not as a punishment, but as the innocent suffers for the guilty; feeling all its shame and horror, but free from the sense of guilt and degradation. Hence St. Paul says not, ’He hath made Him to be a sinner,’ but ’He hath made Him to be sin.’ The spectacle of Christ thus bearing our penalty touches the heart and conscience, and makes us respond to the love wherewith He hath loved us: cp. Romans 8:3, Romans 8:4.-(Dummelow's Commentary). SL
'IN THE BODY OF HIS FLESH' -A body which consisted of flesh ( Heb_2:14 ; Joh_1:14 ). Without which there could have been no death. Points to Note: 1. In this chapter Paul has emphasized the Deity of Jesus Christ (1:15-19) and also His humanity (1:22). Fully God in a fully human body. Any teaching which either detracts from His humanity or Deity must be rejected. . . . 4. Since Jesus had a body of flesh, we must note that the flesh (human nature/the physical body) isn't inherently sinful. For Jesus was in the flesh, but never sinned ( 1Pe_2:22 ). We must then conclude that our real struggle against sin, isn't fought "in the body", rather, it is fought in the "mind" (1:21). And hence severe treatment of the body is vain as an defense against sin (2:21,/22,/23). We won't be successful against temptation, until we chose to make the determination to mentally dwell on the right things ( Php_4:8 ). 'THROUGH DEATH' - Points to Note: 1. The death of Jesus Christ was an actual historic event. Undermine and death and resurrection and you completely undermine any hope of salvation. For our reconciliation is inherently tied to both ( 1Co_15:12 ff; Rom_4:25 ). 2. This verse also teaches that Jesus had to die, if we were to end up saved . Unfortunately, even some Christians are under the impression that the sacrifice of Jesus was simply one viable option that existed to make forgiveness of sins a reality. We must realize, that it was the only option. Our sins are so bad that it necessitated that God sacrifice Himself for us. There was no other way ( Luk_22:42,/43 ). THE GOALS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF BEING RECONCILED: 'TO PRESENT YOU HOLY AND WITHOUT BLEMISH AND UNREPROVABLE BEFORE HIM' -'consecrated, faultless, and blameless in His presence' (Wms); 'so that he may present you before himself as dedicated men, without blemish and innocent in his sight' (NEB). 'PRESENT YOU...BEFORE HIM' -Some believe that this refers to the future Judgement, when Christ delivers up the Kingdom to God, the Father ( 1Co_15:24 ; Eph_5:27 ). Point to Note: But in view of what Paul was teaching against. The first application might be our condition immediately after our reconciliation, i.e. how we stand before God immediately after baptism. The point being that the blood of Christ is sufficient to cleanse us from all sin and to present us completely pure and innocent in the sight of a Holy and Just God. This verse completely undermines any teaching which argues that we need something more than Christ to bring us into favor with God, i.e. parts of the Old Covenant, rules concerning food, the worship of angelic beings, etc...John argues that the Christian, now, in this lifetime can stand "in the light" ( 1Jn_1:7-10 ).-(Mark Dunagan). SL
The Lord Jesus became Man in order that you could be reconciled. He bore your sins in “His own body on the cross” (1 Peter 2:24). His death is the sure proof that He bore God’s judgment for your sins. Death, namely, is the wages of sin (Romans 6:23). At the same time, however, reconciliation took place through Christ’s death. His death is the sure foundation on which rests the reconciliation.-(Kingcomments on the Whole Bible). SL
The body of His flesh: the organized structure of flesh and blood, and therefore weak and mortal, in which Christ lived on earth. Same phrase in Colossians 2:11, describing the bodies of the baptized. Contrast Philippians 3:21 : the body of His glory. This body, when nailed to the cross, is here thought of as the sacred locality in which the Father reconciled us to Himself. Cp. 2 Corinthians 5:19 : God was, in Christ, reconciling the world to Himself; 1 Peter 2:24, Himself bore our sins in His body. Through death: the precise means of the reconciliation which took place in the body of His flesh.-(Beet's Commentary). SL
If-εἴγε (eige)-if indeed) ye continue-ἐπιμένετε (epimenete)-to remain on, (tropically, persevere):—abide (in), continue (in)) in the-τῇ (te)-to the) faith-πίστει (pistei)-faith, faithfulness, steadfastness, belief) grounded-τεθεμελιωμένοι (tethemeliomenoi)-to lay a foundation, (to make stable, establish)) and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) settled-ἑδραῖοι (hedraioi)-seated, settled, (i.e. (by implication) immovable:—settled, stedfast)), and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) be not-μὴ (me)-no, not) moved away-μετακινούμενοι (metakinoumenoi)-to move away, or over, (to move from a place, to move away)) from-ἀπὸ (apo)-from, away from) the-τῆς (tes)-the) hope-ἐλπίδος (elpidos)-hope, (to anticipate, usually with pleasure); expectation (abstractly or concretely) or confidence: hope)) of the-τοῦ (tou)-of the) Gospel-εὐαγγελίου (evaggeliou)-good news, tidings, (a good message, i.e. the gospel:—gospel),:
'IF SO BE' -Which is tied to the preceding verse. Standing right in the sight of God (holy, without blemish and unreprovable), also demands certain things of us. Clearly, our salvation is conditional ( 2Ti_2:12, /13 ). And if salvation is conditional, then the whole system known as Calvinism completely falls to the ground, including the doctrine of Predestination. 'THAT YE' -We are accountable for our own spiritual welfare. Nobody can serve God for us. So much for the idea that parents can believe for their children ( Mar_16:16 ) or that you can be baptized for someone else. 'CONTINUE' -'The verb means to stay at or with.' (Vincent p. 476) 'This reconciliation assumes, of course, that you maintain a firm position in the faith.' (Phi) Now everybody continues in something, but for the Christian continuing in one realm is the only one that counts. IN THE FAITH' - Points to Note: 1. The phrase "the faith" can mean two things: (a) One's own personal conviction. (b) The contents of Christian doctrine, i.e. what must be believed by Christians ( Jud_1:3 ; 1Ti_4:1 ). And for all practical purposes, you really can't separate the definitions. The Christian must believe the right doctrines, but the conviction they have must also be their own. It's not enough merely to be a member of a church which teaches the truth, you must be convicted of such truths in your own heart. 2. The word "continue" is the same concept as the word "abide". To end up saved we must remain loyal to everything that Christ taught. ( Joh_15:1-7 ; 2Jn_1:9 ). 3. Far from the gospel needing any supplement. The real danger is in embracing any supplement, of adding man-made rules and regulations to the will of God ( Mat_15:8,/9 ). Continuing in the faith means rejecting any notion that the Word of God isn't sufficient. 4. 'It is easy to twist the idea of the love of God and to say, "Well, if God loves me like this and wishes noting but reconciliation, sin does not matter. I can do what I like and God will still love me." The reverse is true. The fact that a man is loved does not give me carte blanche-[(def. complete freedom to act as one wishes or thinks best.)] to do as he likes; it lays upon him the greatest obligation in the world..' (Barclay p. 125) That is, of demonstrating that in my life the sacrifice of Christ was not wasted nor was it done in vain. ( Heb_10:26 ff).'GROUNDED' -2311. themelioo them-el-ee-o'-o; from 2310; to lay a basis for, i.e. (literally) erect, or (figuratively) consolidate: -(lay the) found(-ation), ground, settle. Which reminds us of Jesus' story about the house built upon the rock ( Mat_7:24-27 ). The only solid foundation in life is a life built upon what God has said. 'STEDFAST' -1476. hedraios hed-rah'-yos; from a derivative of hezomai (to sit); sedentary, i.e. (by implication) immovable: -settled, stedfast. 'AND NOT MOVED AWAY FROM' -As opposed to continual shifting ( Eph_4:14 ). 'THE HOPE OF THE GOSPEL WHICH YE HEARD' -Points to Note: 1. There is only one true gospel ( Gal_1:6-9 ). And there is only one true hope ( Eph_4:4 ). The gospel that was preached by the apostles is the standard. Any message that deviates from that message does not lead to salvation, rather it leads to destruction ( 2Jn_1:9 ).2. Emphatically only one religion leads to salvation, i.e. the religion of Jesus Christ. 3. The verse infers that there will be various things or people in life who will try to move us away from the truth. We cannot be so naive as to believe that everyone who claims to be a Christian is. Or that everyone who claims to preach the truth, actually has it. 4. The verse infers that the individual Christian, in order to succeed must have their own strong convictions concerning right doctrines ( 1Pe_3:15 ). I must be sold on the faith myself-not just the elders or the preacher. 5. From this verse every eldership, preacher or teacher derives the right to teach classes which are designed to "ground" members in the faith. A warning here exists for all Christians, especially new Christians--Make sure you take advantage of classes which are designed to give you a solid foundation in the faith.-(Mark Dunagan). SL
A condition on which depends the accomplishment of the foregoing purpose of God, the condition being so described as to invite fulfilment. Continue in faith,- or in your faith: persevere in believing the Gospel. Similar phrase in Romans 11:22,/23; Romans 6:1. [The particle ειγε-[("If")] lays great stress upon the condition as absolutely essential to, and certainly followed by, the accomplishment of the divine purpose contingent on it. The present-[(Tense)] indicative-[(Mood)], which might be rendered if-ye-are-continuing, suggests inquiry whether we are still retaining our faith or are-being-moved-away from it. Contrast Galatians 1:6. But Paul’s words give no hint whether his readers were or were not so continuing. They simply state that upon this continuance all depends.]-(Beet's Commentary). SL
Application of the Foregoing to the Colossians.— Of this reconciliation the Colossians too are beneficiaries. At one time estranged from God, their works had been evil and their spiritual attitude hostile; as things now are, Christ reconciled them, by a reconciliation wrought out in a body of flesh and blood and at the cost of death, with a view to their presentation before God flawless, blameless, holy. Everything depends, however, on their continuance in true Christian loyalty, like a building firmly based and stable; they must not be continually allowing themselves to be detached from the hope involved in the gospel as they heard it; it is the same gospel which is proclaimed in the presence of every creature under heaven, the same which is ministered by Paul himself.-(Peake's Commentary). SL
If so be that ye continue ... This is another of innumerable denials in the New Testament of the monstrous proposition euphemistically described as the "final perseverance of the saints." Salvation is conditional, both for the alien sinner and for the sanctified Christian. God has written that chilling word "IF" over against every name inscribed in the Lamb's Book of Life. If people truly hope to receive eternal life, let them behold the condition stated here: "If so be that ye continue in the faith." In short, that means if they do not quit the church! "Faith" in this passage is not subjective, but objective, meaning "the Christian religion."-(Coffman Commentaries). SL
You must, of course, continue faithful. Our new relationship to God because of our union with Christ, requires us to live as God directs us to do, and, to hold firmly to every promise. The Devil will attempt to destroy hope.-(The Bible Study New Testament). SL
If ye continue in the faith — This will be the case-[(i.e. "to present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight")] if you, who have already believed in Christ Jesus, continue in that faith, grounded in the knowledge and love of God, and settled-made firm and perseveringly steadfast, in that state of salvation. And be not moved away] Not permitting yourselves to be seduced by false teachers.-(Clarke's Commentary). SL
My Notes for Colossians 1:23
22 “In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblameable, and unreproveable in his sight, 23 G1489 If-εἴγε (eige)-if indeed) G1961 ye continue-ἐπιμένετε (epimenete)-to remain on, (tropically, persevere):—abide (in), continue (in)) G3588 in the-τῇ (te)-to the) G4102 faith-πίστει (pistei)-faith, faithfulness, steadfastness, belief) G2311 grounded-τεθεμελιωμένοι (tethemeliomenoi)-to lay a foundation, (to make stable, establish)) and G1476 settled-ἑδραῖοι (hedraioi)-seated, settled, (i.e. (by implication) immovable:—settled, stedfast)), and G3334 be not moved away-μετακινούμενοι (metakinoumenoi)-to move away, or over, (to move from a place, to move away)) from the hope of the gospel, which ye have heard, and which was preached to every creature which is under heaven; whereof I Paul am made a minister;”
(A) First, I would like to bring to your attention the Greek word:
(A2) The inflection of: (G1489 If-εἴγε) is:
("...["IF-SURELY"] ye continue in the faith grounded and settled, ...")-Col 1:23
(A3) The Greek word: (εἴγε-G1489) can only be found five (5) times in the New Testament. Compare below:
(A3-1) 2 Corinthians 5:3
(2 “For in this we groan, earnestly desiring to be clothed upon with our house which is from heaven: G1489 If-εἴγε (eige) so be that being clothed we shall not be found naked.”)
(A3-2) Galatians 3:4
(3 “Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh? Have ye suffered so many things in vain? G1489 if it be yet-εἴγε (eige) in vain.”)
(A3-3) Ephesians 3:2
(1 “For this cause I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ for you Gentiles, G1489 If-εἴγε (eige) ye have heard of the dispensation of the grace of God which is given me to you-ward:”)
(A3-4) Ephesians 4:21
(20 “But ye have not so learned Christ; G1489 If so be that-εἴγε (eige) ye have heard him, and have been taught by him, as the truth is in Jesus: 22 That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts;”)
(A3-5) Colossians 1:23
(22 “In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight: G1489 If-εἴγε (eige) ye continue in the faith grounded and settled, and be not moved away from the hope of the gospel, which ye have heard, and which was preached to every creature which is under heaven; whereof I Paul am made a minister;”)
(B) In each of the five (5) verses above,
the context concerns your salvation.
i.e. "being clothed"- 2 Cor5:3-(A3-1)
i.e. "suffered so many things"- Gal 3:4-(A3-2)
i.e. "heard of the dispensation of the grace of God"- Eph 3:2-(A3-3)
i.e. "have heard him, and have been taught by him"- Eph 4:21-(A3-4)
i.e. "present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight"- Col 1:22-(A3-5)
(B1) It is expected of Christians to:
-hear, -suffer, -continue. Lest we:
be found naked-(A3-1)
suffered in vain-(A3-2)
have not heard-(A3-3) / (A3-4)
do not continue in the faith grounded and settled-(A3-5)
(B1-1) Furthermore, the following Greek words are in the Active voice:
Gal 3:4 (ἐπάθετε-"have ye suffered")
Eph 3:2 (ἠκούσατε-"ye have heared")
Eph 4:21 (ἠκούσατε-"ye have heared")
Col 1:23 (ἐπιμένετε-"ye continue")
Definition of the Active voice: a. indicates that the subject performs the action, instead of receives it b. b. Represents the subject as the doer or performer of the action.
(B1-2) The following Greek word is in the Middle voice:
2 Cor 5:3 (ἐνδυσάμενοι-"be that being clothed")
Definition of the Middle voice: a. Denotes that the subject is both an agent of an action and somehow concerned with the action. b. which indicates that the subject performs the action, and that commonly upon himself or for his benefit.
(B1-3) Take for example the Greek word:
(τοσαῦτα-(G3958)-"Have ye suffered" from Gal 3:4-(A3-2)).
The Greek word: (τοσαῦτα-G3958) is a primary verb; 'to experience a sensation or impression (usually painful):—feel, passion, suffer, vex'. OR,
"Gal 3:4 refer to the persecution the Galatians had experienced since they became Christians (cf. Acts 14:21-22)."-Dr. Constable's Expository.
(B1-4) Now take for example the Greek words:
(ἠκούσατε (G191)-"ye have heard" from Eph 3:2-(A3-3))
(ἠκούσατε (G191)-"ye have heard" from Eph 4:21-(A3-4)).
These two Greek words derive from a primary verb; 'to hear' (in various senses). In both (Eph 3:2) & (Eph 4:21) The application is 'to get by hearing, learn', i.e. to become acquainted with Christ from apostolic teaching; ‘hear with comprehension’.
(C) It is negligence to re-define (εἴγε-G1489) to mean:
("since indeed", "seeing that").
(C1) The Greek word: (εἴγε-G1489) is composed of two words:
(εἴ-G1487 OR, 'if') + (γε-G1065 OR, 'indeed').
Hence, G1489-εἴγε OR, 'if indeed'.
(C2) In all of the above verses, the Greek word: (εἴγε-G1489) is a conditional particle to the verbs: 'to hear', 'to suffer', 'to clothe', 'to continue'; which have for its subjects: ("ye") & ("we").
(A) The second word I would like to bring to your attention is the word: (G1961 ye continue-ἐπιμένετε).
(A1) The inflection of: (G1961 ye continue-ἐπιμένετε) is:
Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 2nd Person, Plural.
("If ["YE-ARE-ON-REMAINING"//"ye-are-persisting"] in the faith grounded and settled, ...")-Col 1:23
(B) There are no other verses in the New Testament that also use the Greek word: (ἐπιμένετε-G1961) as found in Col 1:23. However, the Strong's Number: G1961 can be found for a total of eighteen (18) times. Below are some examples of the Strong's Number: G1961
(B1-1) Acts 12:16
(“But Peter G1961 continued-ἐπέμενεν (epemenen) knocking: and when they had opened the door, and saw him, they were astonished.”)
(“But Peter ["ON-REMAINED"//"persisted"] knocking ...”)
(Inflection: Verb, Imperfect, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular)
(B1-2) Acts 13:43
(“Now when the Congregation was broken up, many of the Jews, and religious Proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas, who speaking to them, persuaded them G1961 to continue-ἐπιμένειν (epimenein) in the grace of God.”)
(“persuaded them ["TO-BE-ON-REMAINING"//"to-be-persisting"] in the grace of God.”)
(Inflection: Verb, Present, Active, Infinitive)
(B1-3) Romans 6:1
(“What shall we say then? G1961 Shall we continue-ἐπιμενοῦμεν (epimenoumen) in sin: that grace may abound?”)
(Inflection: Verb, Future, Active, Indicative, 1st Person, Plural)
(B1-4) Romans 11:22
(“Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, G1437-if-ἐὰν (ean)-if, in case, if ever) G1961 *thou continue-ἐπιμείνῃς (epimeines) in his goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.”)
(Inflection: Verb, Aorist, Active, Subjunctive, 3rd Person, Singular)
(B1-5) Romans 11:23
(“And they also, G1437-if-ἐὰν (ean)-if, in case, if ever) G1961 *they abide-ἐπιμείνωσιν (epimeinosin) not still in unbelief, shall be graffed in: for God is able to graff them in again.”)
(Inflection: Verb, Aorist, Active, Subjunctive, 3rd Person, Plural)
(B1-6) 1 Timothy 4:16
(“Take heed unto thyself, and unto the doctrine: G1961 *continue-ἐπίμενε (epimene) in them: for in doing this, thou shalt both save-σώσεις (soseis)-to save) thyself, and them that hear thee.”)
(Inflection: Verb, Present, Active, Imperative, 2nd Person, Singular)
Note: Another verse that also uses the same Greek word: (σώσεις):
(“For what knowest thou, O wife, whether thou shalt save-σώσεις thy husband? or how knowest thou, O man, whether thou shalt save-σώσεις thy wife?”)
(B2) I hope you were able to see the consistency use of G1961.
(B2-1) Also, notice the similarities between: G1437 & G1489
Romans 11:22 (G1437-if-ἐὰν (in case, if ever) G1961-thou continue)
Romans 11:23 (G1437-if-ἐὰν (in case, if ever) G1961 they abide)
Colossians 1:23 (G1489 If-εἴγε (if indeed) G1961 ye continue)
(A) The third word I would like to bring to your attention is the word:
(G3334 be moved away-μετακινούμενοι).