OUR
FORGIVENESS

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Lucifer/Satan/Devil

 

 

Beloved of the Lord;

Remember: "Put on-ἐνδύσασθε (endusasthe)-to invest with clothing (literally or figuratively):—array, clothe (with), endue, have (put) on)) the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil." -(Ephesians 6:11)

  • Put on-ἐνδύσασθε: Verb, Aorist, Middle, Imperative, 2nd Person, Plural: ["put-on-ye!"]

1.Lucifer /Satan/ Devil

 

 

 

 

Authorized Version 1611 [Punctuation / Italics]

&

King James Bible 1769 [Spelling]

Concordance / Lexicon:

  • Analytical Concordance to the Bible: Robert Young, 1880.

  • The New Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible.

  • Thayer's Greek Lexicon.

  • Friberg Analytical Greek Lexicon

  • Gingrich, Greek New Testament Lexicon

  • Danker, Greek New Testament Lexicon

Greek Text:

Stephanus 1550 & Beza's 1598 & Scrivener's 1894 Textus Receptus.

Key:

  •  H/G#### : Strong's Exhaustive Concordance Number:— used when comparing Hebrew or Greek words that share the same Root word, but not the same Parsing / Inflection.

  • Open Bracket [(abc)] : My commentary insert/input.

Commentaries:

  • StudyLight.org: SL (click on to see commentary page)

  • BibleHub.com: BH (click on to see commentary page)

Updating & re-formatting

entire page: pending

Satan

Job 1:7

7 "And the LORD-יְהֹוָה (yehovah)-He (who) is, (i.e. name of the supreme God)) said unto Satan-שָׂטָן (satan)-the hater, accuser, (i.e. adversary, one who withstands)), Whence-מֵאַ֣יִן (mê-’a-yin)-where?, whence?) comest thou-תָּבֹ֑א (tā-ḇō;)-to go in, enter, come, come in)? Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro-מִשּׁ֣וּט (miš-šūṭ)-to go to and fro, go or rove about) in the earth-בָּאָ֔רֶץ (bā-’ā-reṣ,)-land, earth), and from walking up and down-וּמֵֽהִתְהַלֵּ֖ךְ (ū-mê-hiṯ-hal-lêḵ)-to go, walk, come) in it."

Whence-מֵאַ֣יִן (mê-’a-yin)-where?, whence?) comest thou-תָּבֹ֑א (tā-ḇō;)-to go in, enter, come, come in)?:

    This question is put, not as ignorant of the place from whence he came; for the omniscient God knows all persons and things, men and angels, and these good and bad, where they are, from whence they come, and what they do, see Genesis 3:9 but it is put either as being angry with him, and resenting his coming among the sons of God, and chiding him for it, as having no proper business there, like the question in Matthew 22:12, or rather in order to lead on to another, and to bring out from him what he intended to have expressed by him, of what he had seen and taken notice of in the place from whence he came, and particularly concerning Job: how God and spirits converse together we are not able to say; but no doubt there is a way in which God talks with spirits, even with evil ones, as well as good ones, and in which they speak to him;..."-(Gill).

From going to and fro-מִשּׁ֣וּט (miš-šūṭ)-to go to and fro, go or rove about) in the earth-בָּאָ֔רֶץ (bā-’ā-reṣ,)-land, earth),

  Dr. Good renders this, "from roaming round." Noyes, "from wandering over." The word which is here used (שׁוּט shûṭ) means properly, (1.) to whip, to scourge, to lash; (2.) to row, that is, to lash the sea with oars; (3.) to run up and down, to go here and there, or to and fro, so as to lash the air with one's arms as with oars, and hence, to travel over a land, or to go through it in order to see it, 2 Samuel 24:22 Samuel 24:8.-(Barnes).

  Where? by thy permission, I range about, observing, with great diligence, all the dispositions and actions of men, and working in them and among them, as far as I have liberty and opportunity.-(Matthew P.).

  He came as a spirit that was subject to the control of yahweh; he came with others, not to mingle in their society, and partake of their happiness, but to give an account of what he had done, and of what he had observed.-(Barnes).

  In Zechariah 4:10, the words "to and fro" are applied to "the eyes of the LORD," which are said to "run to and fro through the earth," that is, he surveys all things as one does whose eye passes rapidly from object to object.-(Barnes). 

  This ought to teach us that Satan is not omnipotent, nor that his presence is everywhere at once, but rather, roves the earth like a roaring lion seeking to devour.

and from walking up and down-וּמֵֽהִתְהַלֵּ֖ךְ (ū-mê-hiṯ-hal-lêḵ)-to go, walk, come)  in it.:

   from going about in the earth, to search the works of the children of men, and from walking in it; and it points at the place of Satan's abode, the earth, with the circumambient air, Ephesians 2:2 and the extent of his influence, which reaches not to heaven, and to the saints there, out of which he is cast, and can never reenter, but to the earth only, and men on it; and here no place is free from him; he and his angels are roving about everywhere, city and country; public and private places, men's own houses, or the house of God, are not exempt from them; and therefore all here need to watch and pray, lest they enter into temptation, Matthew 26:41. Schultens interprets the word of Satan going through the earth with great force and violence, whipping and scourging miserable mortals.-(Gill).

    He searches the whole earth continually, never passing, never resting, but "going about," as St. Peter says (1 Peter 5:8), "like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour," waiting till the coming of the "thousand years," when an angel will "bind him with a great chain, and cast him into the bottom-less pit" (Revelation 20:1-2). It will be a happy day for the earth when that time comes.-(Pulpit).

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Job 1:8 & 12

"And the LORD said unto Satan-הַשָּׂטָ֔ן (haś-śā-ṭān)-adversary, one who withstands), *Hast thou considered-הֲשַׂ֥מְתָּ (hă-śam-tā)-to place, put, set) *my servant-עַבְדִּ֣י (aḇ-dî)-a servant, doer, tiller, (i.e. worshiper of God) Job, that there is none like him in the earth? *a perfect-תָּ֧ם (tām)-perfect, plain, upright, undefiled, whole (complete; usually (morally) pious; specifically, gentle, dear)) *and an upright-וְיָשָׁ֛ר (wə-yā-šār)-upright, (i.e. uprightness, righteous, upright, (straight (literally or figuratively) man-אִ֣ישׁ (’îš)-man, male), one that feareth-יְרֵ֥א (yə-rê)-fearing, reverencing) God, and escheweth-וְסָ֥ר (wə-sār)-to turn aside, depart) evil-מֵרָֽע (mê-rā‘)-evil, bad)?

12 "And the LORD said unto Satan, Behold, all-כָל־ (ḵāl)-all, the whole) that he hath is-אֲשֶׁר־לוֹ֙ (’ă-šer-lōw)-which to him) *in thy //power-בְּיָדֶ֔ךָ (bə-yā-ḏe-ḵā,)-hand, (fig. strength, power)) (Heb. hand), only only-רַ֣ק (raq)-only, alone, except) upon himself-אֵלָ֔יו (’ê-lāw)-to, toward, unto (of motion)) put not-אַל־ (’al-)-not, no, nor, neither, nothing) forth-תִּשְׁלַ֖ח (tiš-laḥ)-to stretch out, extend, direct) thine hand-יָדֶ֑ךָ (yā-ḏe-ḵā;)-hand). So Satan went forth from *the presence-פְּנֵ֥י (pə-nê)-face, countenance) of the LORD."

  • *example of Hebrew word: הֲשַׂ֥מְתָּ-Hast thou considered click: Job 2:3

  • *example of Hebrew word: עַבְדִּ֣י-my servant click: Genesis 26:24

  • *example of Hebrew word: תָּ֧ם-a perfect click: Genesis 25:27 (a plain)

  • *example of Hebrew word: וְיָשָׁ֛ר-and an upright click: Psalms 25:8

  • *example of Hebrew word: בְּיָדֶ֔ךָ-in thy power click: Deuteronomy 7:24 (into thy hand)

  • *example of Hebrew word: פְּנֵ֥י-the presence click: Genesis 4:14 (thy face)

Hast thou considered-הֲשַׂ֥מְתָּ (hă-śam-tā)-to place, put, set) my servant-עַבְדִּ֣י (aḇ-dî)-a servant, doer, tiller, (i.e. worshiper of God) Job,

    "Hast thou taken notice of him, and of his spirit and conduct?-(Benson).

    Satan is represented as having no confidence in human virtue, and as maintaining that there was none which would resist temptation, if presented in a form sufficiently alluring. God here appeals to the case of Job as a full refutation of this opinion. The trial which follows is designed to test the question whether the piety of Job was of this order.-(Barnes).

  And the Lord said unto Satan, hast thou considered my servant Job,.... Or, "hast thou put thine heart on my servant" (p); not in a way of love and affection to him, to do him any good or service, there being an original and implacable enmity in this old serpent to the seed of the woman; but rather his heart was set upon him in a way of desire to have him in his hands, to do him all the mischief he could, as the desire of his heart was toward Peter, Luke 22:31 but the sense of the question is, since thou sayest thou hast been walking up and down in the earth, hast thou not taken notice of Job, and cast an eye upon him, and wished in thine heart to have him in thine hands to do him hurt? I know that thou hast; hast thou not contrived in thine heart how to attack him, tempt him, and draw him from my service, and into sins and snares, in order to reproach and accuse him?-(Gill).

  My servant Job; i.e. "my true servant, faithful in all that he does" (comp. Hebrews 3:5). It is a high honour to any man for God to acknowledge him as his servant (see Joshua 1:2; 1 Kings 11:13, etc.).-(Pulpit).

a perfect-תָּ֧ם (tām)-perfect, plain, upright, undefiled, whole (complete; usually (morally) pious; specifically, gentle, dear)) and an upright-וְיָשָׁ֛ר (wə-yā-šār)-upright, (i.e. uprightness, righteous, upright, (straight (literally or figuratively) man-אִ֣ישׁ (’îš)-man, male),:

    The term “perfect” means properly “complete,” without defect It does not imply that the man was sinless, for Job never puts forward any such pretension, but that he was a righteous man and free from specific sins such as were held to bring down the chastisement of heaven. But rather, as to his sincere intentions, hearty affections, and diligent endeavours to perform his whole duty to God and men; one of an unblamable conversation, doing to others as he would have others to deal with him. God suffered Job to be tried by Satan, as he suffered Peter to be sifted. It is our comfort that God has the devil in a chain, Rev. 20:1. He has no power to afflict men, but what is given him from above.

all-כָל־ (ḵāl)-all, the whole) that he hath is-אֲשֶׁר־לוֹ֙ (’ă-šer-lōw)-which to him) in thy power-בְּיָדֶ֔ךָ (bə-yā-ḏe-ḵā,)-hand, (fig. strength, power)),:

    literally: "in thy hand". Satan receives permission to try Job, but the length he can go is rigidly bounded by the will of the Most High. Having received his commission he immediately “goes forth,” glad to appearance in the opportunity of doing mischief and confident in the result. God withdraws his protection from Job's possessions; he does not himself take them away, as Satan had suggested (ver. 11); but he allows Satan, who can do nothing without his allowance, to deal with them as he pleases. As God dispenses blessings through the angelic host, so he, sometimes at any rate, allows spirits of evil to be the ministers of his chastisements. Satan complained that God had made a hedge around all that Job possessed. Now it was all entrusted to him in order that he might make full trim of the faith of Job. The grant extended to his sons and daughters as well as to his property.

only-רַ֣ק (raq)-only, alone, except) upon himself-אֵלָ֔יו (’ê-lāw)-to, toward, unto (of motion)) put not-אַל־ (’al-)-not, no, nor, neither, nothing) forth-תִּשְׁלַ֖ח (tiš-laḥ)-to stretch out, extend, direct) thine hand-יָדֶ֑ךָ (yā-ḏe-ḵā;)-hand).:

 

  thus the Lord restrained Satan, who could do nothing without his leave, and limits and bounds the present affliction of his servant to his family and estate; reserving his person and the health of it for another temptation and trial. Job himself was not to be visited with sickness nor was his life to be taken. The main accusation of Satan was, that Job was virtuous only because God encompassed him with so many blessings, and especially because he had endowed him with so much property. The trial, therefore, only required that it should be seen whether his piety was the mere result of these blessings.

John 8:42-44

42 "Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father-πατὴρ (patēr)-father, (i.e. God is called the Father), ye would love-ἠγαπᾶτε (egapate)-to love) me, for I proceeded forth-ἐξῆλθον (exelthon)-to come or go out of), and came-ἥκω (heko)-to have come, be here) from God: neither came I-ἐλήλυθα (elelutha)-to come) of myself, but he sent-ἀπέστειλεν (apesteilen)-to send away, forth, send out) me. 43 Why do ye not understand-γινώσκετε (ginoskete)-to know, be cognizant of, (i.e. perceive, have knowledge of) my speech-λαλιὰν (lalian)-talk, (i.e. saying)? even  because ye cannot-οὐ δύνασθε (dunasthe)-no, not) hear-ἀκούειν (akouein)-to give ear, hearken, hear) my word. 44 Ye are-ἐστὲ (este)-"you are" (second person plural of 'to be') of your father the *devil-διαβόλου (diabolou)-accuser, calumniator, false accuser, slanderer, (i.e. Satan, and the lusts-ἐπιθυμίας (epithumias)-desire, over desire (i.e. craving, longing)) of your father ye will-θέλετε (thelete)-to will, have in mind, intend, (by implication: to wish, i.e. be inclined to) do-ποιεῖν (poiein)-to do): He was a *murderer-ἀνθρωποκτόνος (anthropoktonos)-man killer, a manslayer) from the beginning-ἀρχῆς (arches)-beginning, origin), and abode-ἔστηκεν (hesteken)- to place, cause to stand, (i.e. to persist, continue, persevere)) not in *the truth-ἀληθείᾳ (aletheia)-truth), because there is-ἔστιν (estin)-third person singular of 'to be') no truth in him. When he speaketh-λαλῇ (lale)-to talk, speak, tell, utter) *a lie-ψεῦδος (pseudos)-a lie, lying, falsehood), he speaketh-λαλεῖ (lalei)-to talk, speak, tell, utter) of his own: for he is *a liar-ψεύστης (psustes)-a liar), and the father of it."

  • *example of Greek word: διαβόλου (diabolou)-devil click: Matthew 4:1

  • *example of Greek word: ἀνθρωποκτόνος (anthropoktonos)-murderer click: 1 John 3:15

  • *example of Greek word: ἀληθείᾳ (aletheia)-the truth click: Matthew 22:16

  • *example of Greek word: ψεῦδος (pseudos)-a lie click: Ephesians 4:25

  • *example of Greek word: ψεύστης (psustes)-a liar click: Romans 3:4

 

  • are-ἐστὲ: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Indicative, 2nd Person, Plural: ["ARE"]

  • ye will-θέλετε: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 2nd Person, Plural: ["YE-ARE-WILLING"]

  • do-ποιεῖν: Verb, Present, Active, Infinitive: ["TO-BE-DOING"]

  • there is-ἔστιν: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS"]

  • he speaketh-λαλεῖ: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["he-IS-TALKING"]

devil-διαβόλου (diabolou)-accuser, calumniator, false accuser, slanderer, (i.e. Satan)

    That is, you have the temper, disposition, or spirit of the devil. You are influenced by him, you imitate him, and ought therefore to be called his children; not of his substance, but by imitation and example; and as being under his authority and influence, his instructions and directions, and ready to follow after him, and obey his commands. 

murderer-ἀνθρωποκτόνος (anthropoktonos)-man killer, a manslayer):

 

    That is, from the beginning of the world, or in the first records of him he is thus represented. This refers to the seduction of Adam and Eve. Death was denounced against sin, Genesis 2:17. The devil deceived our first parents, and they became subject to death. As he was the cause why death came into the world, he may be said to have been a murderer in that act, or from the beginning. We see here that the tempter mentioned in Genesis 3 was Satan or the devil, who is here declared to have been the murderer. The death of the human race, in its widest sense, is ascribed to the murderous seducer of our race; the devil was a murderer by causing the Fall, and thus bringing death into the world.

a liar-ψεύστης (psustes)-a liar),

 

    it was with a lie he deceived, and so murdered our first parents, and he has continued so ever since; he was the first author of a lie; the first lie that ever was told, was told by him; he was the first inventor of one; by which he deceived Eve, saying, "ye shall not surely die". The father or originator of falsehood. The word "it" refers to lie or falsehood understood. From him falsehood first proceeded, and all liars possess his spirit and are under his influence.

Genesis 3:4-5

"And the *Serpent-נָחָשׁ (nachash)-a serpent, a snake) said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely *die-מוּת (muth)-to die). 5 For God doth know-יָדַע (yada)-to know), that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened-פָּקַח (paqach)-to open (the eyes): and ye shall be as *Gods-אֱלֹהִים (elohim)-Gods), knowing *good-טוֹב (tob)-good, (in the widest sense: goodbetterwellgoodnessgoodlybestmerryfairprosperitypreciousfinewealthbeautifulfairerfavourglad)  and *evil-רַע (ra)-evil, bad, (in the widest sense: evilwickednesswicked, mischief,   hurtbadtroublesore,affliction, ill, adversity, ill favoured, harm,  naught, noisome, grievous, sad)."

*example of Hebrew word: נָחָשׁ (nachash)-Serpent click: Numbers 21:9

*example of Hebrew word: מוּת (muth)-die click: Genesis 2:17

*example of Hebrew word: אֱלֹהִים (elohim)-Gods click: Exodus 12:12

*example of Hebrew word: טוֹב (tob)-good click: Proverbs 11:23

*example of Hebrew word: רַע (ra)-evil click: Proverbs 1:16

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kjvkingjamesbibl1611 2 corinthians 11-14

2 Corinthians 11:13-14

13 "For such are false Apostles-ψευδαπόστολοι (pseudapostoloi)-false, or lying apostle), deceitful-δόλιοι (dolioi)-guileful) *workers-ἐργάται (ergatai)-worker, workman, a labourer), transforming themselves-μετασχηματιζόμενοι (metaschematizomenoi)-to transfer in a figure, to change the figure of, to transform) into the Apostles-ἀποστόλους (apostolous)-one sent forth, a delegate, messenger) of Christ. 14 And no-οὐ (ou)-no, not) marvel-θαυμαστόν  (thaumaston)-admirable, wonder (at), (i.e. marvelous, extraordinary, striking, surprising), for Satan himself is transformed-μετασχηματίζεται (metaschematizetai)-to transfer in a figure, (i.e. to disguise oneself) into an angel-ἄγγελον (aggelon)-a messenger, envoy, one who is sent, an angel) *of light-φωτός (photos)-light, radiance).

  • *example of Greek word: ἐργάται (ergatai)-workers click: Luke 13:27

  • *example of Greek word: φωτός (photos)-of light click: Ephesians 5:8 

  • transforming themselves-μετασχηματιζόμενοι: Verb, Present, Middle, Participle, Nominative, Plural, Masculine: ["being-transfigured"]

  • is transformed-μετασχηματίζεται: Verb, Present, Middle, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["is-being-transfigured"]

no-οὐ (ou)-no, not) marvel-θαυμαστόν (thaumaston)-admirable, wonder (at), (i.e. marvelous, extraordinary, striking, surprising),

 

This need not be wondered at, nor is it any new or strange thing; nor should it be thought to be incredible that there are such persons; i.e. false Apostles. Satan himself is capable of appearing to be an angel of light, it is not to be deemed strange that those who are in his service also should resemble him.

an angel-ἄγγελον (aggelon)-a messenger, envoy, one who is sent, an angel) of light-φωτός (photos)-light, radiance).: 

 

as he did to Eve in the garden, and to Christ in the wilderness; and by such appearances he often imposes on mankind; pretends the greatest friendship, when he designs nothing but ruin; and under a notion of good, either honest, or pleasant, or profitable, draws on into the commission of the greatest evils; and, under a show of truth, introduces the most notorious falsehoods and errors; and, under a pretence of religion, all sorts of idolatry, superstition, and impiety; it is in this way he has succeeded in his enterprises and temptations; these are his wiles, stratagems, and cunning devices. The phrase "an angel of light," means a pure and holy angel, light being the emblem of purity and holiness. Such are all the angels that dwell in heaven; and the idea is, that Satan assumes such a form as to appear to be such an angel.

Matthew 4:8-11

8"Again the devil taketh him up-παραλαμβάνει (paralambanei)-to take to, to take with one's self) into an exceeding-λίαν (lian)-very, greatly) high *mountain-ὄρος (oros)-mount, mountain, hill), and sheweth-δείκνυσιν (deiknusin)-to shew, to show (i.e. expose to the eyes)) him all *the kingdoms-βασιλείας (Basileias)-kingdom, (i.e. royal power, kingship, dominion, rule)) of the *world-κόσμου (kosmou)-arrangement, beauty, world, (i.e. orderly arrangement, i.e. decoration; by implication: the world)), and the glory-δόξαν (doxan)-glory, (i.e. magnificence, excellence, preeminence)) of them: 9 And saith-λέγει (legei)-to say, speak, declare, lay out) unto him, All these things will I give-δώσω (doso)-to give, (i.e. to bestow)) thee-σοι (soi)-to you), if-ἐὰν (ean)-if) thou wilt fall down-πεσὼν (peson)-to fall, (i.e. to prostrate oneself)) and worship-προσκυνήσῃς (proskuneses)-to kiss (the hand) toward, (i.e. prostrate oneself in homage (do reverence to, adore):—worship) me-μοι (moi)-I, me). 10 Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence-Ὕπαγε (hupage)-to go away or under, (i.e. to withdraw oneself, to go away, depart)), Satan: for it is written-γέγραπται (gegraptai)-to be written,), Thou shalt worship-προσκυνήσεις (proskuneseis)-to kiss (the hand) toward, (i.e. prostrate oneself in homage (do reverence to, adore):—worship) the Lord-Κύριον (Kurion)-Lord, Master, (supremacy); supreme in authority, i.e. (as noun) controller; by implication: Master (as a respectful title) thy-σου (sou)-of thee, thy) God-θεόν (theon)-God), and him only shalt thou serve-λατρεύσεις (latreuseis)-to serve publicly or reverentially, (i.e. to serve, minister to)). 11 Then the devil leaveth-ἀφίησιν (aphiesin)-to send away, let go, (i.e. to leave, go away from one) him, and, behold, Angels came and ministered-διηκόνουν (diekonoun)-to act as a deacon, serve) unto him."

  • *example of Greek word: ὄρος (oros)-mountain click: Matthew 14:23

  • *example of Greek word: βασιλείας (Basileias)-the kingdoms click: Hebrews 11:33

  • *example of Greek word: κόσμου (kosmou)-world click: Luke 12:30

  • *example of Greek word: δώσω (doso)-will I give click: Matthew 20:4

  • *example of Greek word: πεσὼν (peson)-thou wilt fall down click: Matthew 18:26 (fell)

  • *example of Greek word: προσκυνέω (proskuneo)-and worship click: Luke 4:7

  • *example of G3000: (latreuseis-shalt thou serve) click: Luke 1:74 (latreuein-might serve)

  • taketh up-παραλαμβάνει: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["is-taking-along"]

  • sheweth-δείκνυσιν: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS-SHOWING"]

  • saith-λέγει: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["he-IS-sayING"]

  • will I give-δώσω: Verb, Future, Active, Indicative, 1st Person, Singular: ["I-SHALL-BE-GIVING"]

  • if-ἐὰν: CONDitional: ["IF-EVER"]

  • thou wilt fall down-πεσὼν: Verb, Second-Aorist, Active, Participle,  Nominative, Singular, Masculine: ["FALLING"//"falling-down"]

  • and worship-προσκυνήσῃς: Verb, Aorist, Active, Subjunctive, 2nd Person, Singular:  ["YOU-SHOULD-BE-worshipING"]

  • Get thee hence-Ὕπαγε: Verb, Present, Active, Imperative, 2nd Person, Singular: ["be-you-going-away!"]

  • Thou shalt worship-προσκυνήσεις: Verb, Future, Active, Indicative, 2nd Person, Singular: ["YOU-SHALL-BE-worshipING"]

  • shalt thou serve-λατρεύσεις: Verb, Future, Active, Indicative, 2nd Person, Singular: ["you-shall-be-offering-divine-service"]

  • leaveth-ἀφίησιν: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["is-leaving"] 

the kingdoms-βασιλείας (Basileias)-kingdom, (i.e. royal power, kingship, dominion, rule)) of the world-κόσμου (kosmou)-arrangement, beauty, world, (i.e. orderly arrangement, i.e. decoration; by implication: the world)),: 

 

    By "all the kingdoms of the world" are meant, not only the Roman empire, though that was, to be sure, the greatest in the world at that time; but all the kingdoms in the whole world, which subsisted in any form, whether within, or independent of the Roman empire; or whether greater or lesser: and by "the glory of them", is meant, the riches, pomp, power, and grandeur of them. Luke:4:5 adds the important clause, "in a moment of time"; a clause which seems to furnish a key to the true meaning. That a scene was presented to our Lord's natural eye seems plainly expressed. which manifestly is intended to intimate some supernatural operation—that it was permitted to the tempter to extend preternaturally for a moment our Lord's range of vision, and throw a "glory" or glitter over the scene of vision: a thing not inconsistent with the analogy of other scriptural statements regarding the permitted operations of the wicked one. In this case, the "exceeding height" of the "mountain" from which this sight was beheld would favor the effect to be produced.

will I give-δώσω (doso)-to give, (i.e. to bestow)) thee-σοι (soi)-to you),:

  

  Satan, the “prince of this world,” (John 12:31) claims the disposal of earthly thrones. This is more clearly brought out by St Luke (Luke 4:6), “All this power will I give thee and the glory of them, for that is delivered unto me, and to whomsoever I will I give it.” The arrogance, selfishness, and cruelty of contemporary rulers would give force to such an assumption. The offer made by the Tempter rested on the apparent evidence of the world’s history. The rulers of the world, its Herods and its Cæsars, seemed to have attained their eminence by trampling the laws of God under foot, and accepting Evil as the Lord and Master of the world.

and worship-προσκυνήσῃς (proskuneses)-to kiss (the hand) toward, (i.e. prostrate oneself in homage (do reverence to, adore):—worship) me-μοι (moi)-I, me).: 

 

i.e. prostrate thyself in obeisance before me- the Eastern method of acknowledging the superiority of a person. This was the highest degree of effrontery and impudence. The devil is not content to be worshipped by men, but seeks for adoration from the Son of God: this opens at once his proud, ambitious, and aspiring views, to be as God himself; for with nothing less can he be satisfied.

Thou shalt worship-προσκυνήσεις (proskuneseis)-to kiss (the hand) toward, (i.e. prostrate oneself in homage (do reverence to, adore):—worship) the Lord-Κύριον (Kurion)-Lord, Master, (supremacy); supreme in authority, i.e. (as noun) controller; by implication: Master (as a respectful title) thy-σου (sou)-of thee, thy) God-θεόν (theon)-God),:

    Our Lord's reply cuts up the devil's solicitation by the root. "I do not enter," he means, "into the question of thy authority over these things, and of thy power concerning them. I acknowledge thee not. The command which I willingly obey excludes all homage and service to any other over-lord than God alone. I accept not thy orders and thy methods. I take my commands direct from God." God alone is to be worshipped as the first and principal cause of all things, and the chief author of our salvation; but yet, religious worship and service may be paid to Christ, as the intermediate cause of that salvation which God, by him, hath revealed and brought to us.

the devil leaveth-ἀφίησιν (aphiesin)-to send away, let go, (i.e. to leave, go away from one) him,:

 

    having tempted him with all sorts of temptations, and tried him every way to no purpose; having gone through, and finished the whole scheme and course of temptations he had devised, without success; and having orders from Christ to depart, which he was obliged to obey, leaves him for a while, till another opportunity of tempting him in some other way should offer. This ought to teach us that we too have the strength to resist the devil, and God will not suffer us to be tempted above that we are able; 1 Corinthians 10:13.

Luke 4:13

13 "And when the devil had ended-συντελέσας (suntelesas)-to end together or fully, to end completely; bring to an end, finish, complete) all *the temptation-πειρασμὸν (peirasmon)-trial, proof, proving, try), *he departed-ἀπέστη (apeste)-to place off from, to make stand off, cause to withdraw, to remove, to draw away) from him for *a season-καιροῦ (kairou)-a fixed, appointed, definite time or season)."

  • *example of Greek word: πειρασμὸν (peirasmon)-the temptation click: Matthew 26:41

  • *example of Greek word: ἀπέστη (apeste)-he departed click: Acts 12:10

  • *example of Greek word: καιροῦ (kairou)-a season click: Acts 13:11

  • had ended-συντελέσας: Verb, Aorist, Active, Participle, Nominative, Singular Masculine: ["concluding"]

  • he departed-ἀπέστη: Verb, Second-Aorist, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["withdrew"]

kjvkingjamesbibl1611 matthew 4-10.jpg
kjvkingjamesbibl1611 1 JOHN 3-8.jpg

1 John 3:8

8 "He that committeth-ποιῶν (poion)-to do, to commit) sin-ἁμαρτίαν (amrtian)-sin, error, (i.e. offence), is-ἐστίν (estin)-third person singular of 'to be') of the devil-διάβολος (diabolos)-accuser, calumniator, slanderer), for the devil sinneth-ἁμαρτάνει (hamrtanei)-to sin, err, miss the mark, (i.e. offend, trespass) from the beginning-ἀρχῆς (arches)-beginning, origin): For this purpose-τοῦτο (touto)-that (thing), this (thing) the Son of God was manifested-ἐφανερώθη (ephanerothe)-to manifest, (i.e. to be made manifest, to show oneself, appear), that he might destroy-λύσῃ (luse)-to loose, (to "loosen" (literally or figuratively):—break (up), destroy, dissolve, (metaphorically: to overthrow, do away with) the works-ἔργα (erga)-work, deed, business, labour, doing) of the devil."

  • *example of Greek word: ποιῶν (poion)-He that committeth click: John 8:34

  • *example of Greek word: ἁμαρτίαν (amrtian)-sin click: Romans 4:8

  • *example of Greek word: ἁμαρτάνει (hamartanei)-sinneth click: 1 John 5:18

  • *example of Greek word: ἀρχῆς (arches)-beginning click: Matthew 19:4

  • *example of Greek word: ἐφανερώθη (ephanerothe)-was manifested click: 1 John 3:5

  • *example of Greek word: λύσῃ (luse)-he might destroy click: Matthew 5:19 (break)

  • *example of Greek word: ἔργα (erga)-the works click: John 10:32

  • He that committeth-ποιῶν: Verb, Present, Active, Participle,  Nominative, Singular, Masculine: ["one-DOING"]

  • is-ἐστίν: Verb, Present, (No voice stated), Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS"]

  • sinneth-ἁμαρτάνει: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS-missING"//"is-sinning"]

He that committeth-ποιῶν (poion)-to do, to commit) sin-ἁμαρτίαν (amrtian)-sin, error, (i.e. offence): This is not to everyone that sins, or commits acts of sin, because then every man is of the devil, for no man lives without the commission of sin; but rather, he who makes sin his constant business, and the employment of his life, whose life is a continued series of sinning, he is of the devil. John does not, however, say, "born of the devil." as he does "born of God," for "the devil begets none, nor does he create any; but whoever imitates the devil becomes a child of the devil by imitating him. ‘To do sin’ is the exact opposite of ‘to do righteousness’.

beginning-ἀρχῆς (arches)-beginning, origin):: not from the beginning of his creation, for he was made by God a pure and holy creature; but from the beginning of the world, or near it, at least from the beginning of man's creation; for he not only sinned by rebelling against God himself, and by drawing in the rest of the apostate angels into the rebellion with him, but by tempting man, as soon as created, to sin against God. The word sinneth here implies continued and habitual sin. He did not commit one act of sin and then reform; but he has continued, and still continues, his course of sin. This may confirm what has been already said about the kind of sin that John refers to. He speaks of sinning habitually, continuously, willfully; and anyone who does this shows that he is under the influence of him whose characteristic it has been and is to sin.

he might destroy-λύσῃ (luse)-to loose, (to "loosen" (literally or figuratively):—break (up), destroy, dissolve, (metaphorically: to overthrow, do away with): or, "break up and do away with"; bruising and crushing the serpent's headAll his plans of wickedness, and his control over the hearts of people, and the devil himself, and all his dominion and power, and particularly his power over death, and death itself; and especially the sins of men, which are the works of the devil, which he puts them upon, influences them to do, and takes delight in; and which are destroyed by Christ, by his sacrifice and death, being taken, carried, removed away, finished, and made an end of by Jesus.

James 4:7

"7 Submit yourselves-ὑποτάγητε (hupotagete)-to set in array under, (i.e. obey, be subject) therefore to God: resist-ἀντίστητε (antistete)-to set over against, (to stand against, i.e. oppose) the devil, and he will flee-φεύξεται (pheuxetai)-to flee, (by analogy: to vanish:—escape, flee (away) from you."

  • Submit yourselves-ὑποτάγητε: Verb, Second-Aorist, Passive, Imperative, 2nd Person, Plural: ["be-ye-being-subject!"]

  • resist-ἀντίστητε: Verb, Second-Aorist, ActiveImperative, 2nd Person, Plural: ["withstand-ye!"]

  • he will flee-φεύξεται: Verb, Future, Middle-Deponent, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["he-SHALL-BE-FLEEING"]

  • *example of Greek word: φεύξεται (pheuxetai)-he will flee click: Revelation 9:6 (shall flee)

1 Corinthians 10:20-21

20 "But I say that the things which the Gentiles-ἔθνη (ethne)-nation, heathen, people (specially, a foreign (non-Jewish) one) sacrifice-θύω (thuo)-to immolate, to slaughter, sacrifice), they sacrifice-θύει (thuei)-what is sacrificed to an idol, by extension: to immolate (slaughter for any purpose):—kill, (do) sacrifice, slay) to devils-δαιμόνιον (daimonion)-daimon, demon, shade, (i.e. a dæmonic being; by extension a deity:—devil, god), and not-οὐ (ou)-no, not) to God: and I would-θέλω (thelo)-to will, wish, desire) not-οὐ (ou)-no, not) that ye should have-γίνεσθαι (ginesthai)-to become, (i.e. come into being) fellowship-κοινωνός (koinonos)-to become a partaker, a sharer) with devils. 21 Ye cannot-οὐ (ou)-no, not) drink-πίνειν (pinein)-to drink) the cup of the Lord, and the cup-ποτήριον (poterion)-a cup, a drinking vessel) of devils-δαιμονίων (daimonion)-daimon, demon, shade, (i.e. a dæmonic being; by extension a deity:—devil, god): ye cannot be partakers-μετέχειν (metechein)-to hold with, (i.e. to be or become partaker; to partake) of the Lord's Table, and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) of the table-τράπεζα (trapeza)-a table) of devils."

  • *example of Greek word: θύω (thuo) click: Acts 14:13

  • *example of Greek word: δαιμόνιον (daimonion)-to devils click: Matthew 9:34

  • *example of Greek word: κοινωνός (koinonos)-fellowship click: 2 Corinthians 1:7

  • *example of Greek word: δαιμονίων (daimonion)-of devils click: 1 Timothy 4:1

  • *example of Greek word: τράπεζα (trapeza)-table click: Luke 22:30

  • sacrifice-θύω (thuo): Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS-SACRIFICING"]

  • they sacrifice-θύει: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS-SACRIFICING"//"it-is-sacrificing"]

  • I would-θέλω: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 1st Person, Singular:

  • ["I-AM-WILLING"]

  • should have-γίνεσθαι: Verb, Present, Middle or Passive Deponent, Infinitive: ["TO-BE-BECOMING"]

  • drink-πίνειν: Verb, Present, Active, Infinitive: ["TO-BE-DRINKING"]

  • be partakers-μετέχειν: Verb, Present, Active, Infinitive: ["to-be-partaking"]

to devils-δαιμόνιον (daimonion)-daimon, demon, shade, (i.e. a dæmonic being; by extension a deity:—devil, god)

 

    The pagans used the word demon either in a good or a bad sense. They applied it commonly to spirits that were supposed to be inferior to the supreme God. Yet inasmuch as in such worship and sacrifices they were directed, instigated, influenced, and assisted by devils, who took up their residence in these idols, and gave forth their oracles from them, they sacrificed to them; and which some have done, as in India and China, professedly and openly, and all other idolaters, eventually, virtually, and covertly.

fellowship-κοινωνός (koinonos)-to become a partaker, a sharer)

 

    Eating food as part of a heathen sacrifice, was worshipping the idol to whom it was made, and having fellowship or communion with it; just as he who eats the Lord's supper, is accounted to partake in the Christian sacrifice, or as they who ate the Jewish sacrifices partook of what was offered on their altar. As all wicked men have, in the commission of any lust, sin, or immorality; and as all idolaters have in their superstitious practices, and idolatrous worship; and if grace prevent not, will have to all eternity in everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels; If Christians venture into places, and join in sacrifices to the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eye, and the pride of life, they will provoke God.

the cup-ποτήριον (poterion)-a cup, a drinking vessel) of devils-δαιμονίων (daimonion)-daimon, demon, shade, (i.e. a dæmonic being; by extension a deity:—devil, god):: 

    

    In the feasts in honor of the gods, wine was poured out as a libation, or drank by the worshippers. The custom of drinking "toasts" at feasts and celebrations arose from this practice of pouring out wine, or drinking in honor of the pagan gods; and is a practice that still partakes of the nature of paganism. It was one of the abominations of paganism to suppose that their gods would be pleased with the intoxicating drink. Such a pouring out of a libation was usually accompanied with a prayer to the idol god, that he would accept the offering; that he would be propitious; and that he would grant the desire of the worshipper.  At idol feasts libations were usually made from the cup to the idol first, and then the guests drank; so that in drinking they had fellowship with the idol.

table-τράπεζα (trapeza)-a table) of devils.: Did not the joining in the Lord's supper show a profession of faith in Christ crucified, and of adoring gratitude to him for his salvation? Christians, by this ordinance, and the faith therein professed, were united as the grains of wheat in one loaf of bread, or as the members in the human body, seeing they were all united to Christ, and had fellowship with him and one another. For communion with Christ, and communion with devils, could never be had at once.

kjvkingjamesbibl1611lman_1406 1 CORINTHI

2 Corinthians 6:14

"14 Be ye-γίνεσθε (ginesthe)-to become, (i.e. come into being) not unequally yoked together-ἑτεροζυγοῦντες (heterozugountes)-to yoke up differently, (i.e. (figuratively) to associate discordantly, to have fellowship with one who is not an equal) with unbelievers-ἀπίστοις (apistois)-disbelieving, unbelieving, incredulous): for what fellowship-μετοχή (metochē)-a holding with, partnership, a sharing, communion) *hath righteousness-δικαιοσύνῃ (dikaiosune)-rightness, justice, (in a broad sense: integrity, virtue, purity of life, uprightness, correctness in thinking, feeling, and acting) with *unrighteousness-ἀνομίᾳ (anomia)-lawlessness, (i.e. contempt and violation of law, iniquity, wickedness)? and what *communion-κοινωνία (koinonia)-act of using a thing in common, (i.e. fellowship, association, community, communion, joint participation) *hath light-φωτὶ (photi)-light (literally or figuratively), (metaph.: of truth and its knowledge, together with the spiritual purity associated with it) with *darkness-σκότος (skotos)-darkness (literally or figuratively), (metaph.:of ignorance respecting divine things and human duties, and the accompanying ungodliness and immorality)?"

  • Be ye-γίνεσθε: Verb, Present, Middle or Passive Deponent, Imperative, - 2nd Person, Plural: ["be-ye-becoming!"] not 

  • unequally yoked together-ἑτεροζυγοῦντες: Verb, Present, Active, Participle,  Nominative, Plural, Masculine: ["DIFFERENT-YOKING"//"being-diversely-yoked"] 

  • fellowship-μετοχή: Noun, Nominative, Singular, Feminine: ["WITH-HAVing"//"partnership"]

  • *example of Greek word: δικαιοσύνῃ (dikaiosune)-hath righteousness click: Acts 10:35

  • *example of Greek word: ἀνομίᾳ (anomia)-unrighteousness click: Romans 6:19 (iniquity)

  • *example of Greek word: κοινωνία (koinonia)-communion click: 2 Corinthians 13:14

  • *example of Greek word: φωτὶ (photi)-hath light click: Matthew 5:16

  • *example of Greek word: σκότος (skotos)-darkness click: Matthew 6:23

1 PETER 5-8.jpg

1 Peter 5:8

8 "*Be sober-Νήψατε (nepsate)-to be sober, watchful, (i.e. to be self-controlled, clear-headed), be vigilant-γρηγορήσατε (gregoresate)-to be vigilant, wakeful, to watch): because your *adversary-ἀντίδικος (antidikos)-opponent in law, (universally: an adversary, enemy) the devil-διάβολος (diabolos) -a calumniator, false accuser, slanderer), as a roaring-ὠρυόμενος (oruomenos)-to roar, to howl, (of a lion, wolf, dog, and other beasts) lion-λέων (leon)-a lion) walketh about-περιπατεῖ (peripatei)-to walk around, to tread all around, (i.e. walk at large), seeking-ζητῶν (zeton)-to seek, (i.e to seek in order to find) whom he may devour-καταπίῃ (katapin)-to drink down, swallow up (by implication: complete destruction).

  • *example of Greek word: Νήψατε (nepsate)-Be sober click: 1 Peter 4:7

  • *example of Greek word: ἀντίδικος (antidikos)-adversary click: Matthew 5:25

  • *example of Greek word: ζητῶν (zeton)-seeking click: Luke 13:7 

  • *example of G2666: καταπίῃ (katapin-he may devour) click: 1 Corinthians 15:54 (katepothe-is swallowed up)

  • Be sober-Νήψατε: Verb, Aorist, Active, Imperative, 2nd Person, Plural: ["be-ye-sober!"]

  • be vigilant-γρηγορήσατε: Verb, Aorist, Active, Imperative, 2nd Person, Plural: ["watch-ye!"]

  • walketh about-περιπατεῖ: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["is-walking-about"]

  • seeking-ζητῶν (zeton): Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Singular, Masculine: ["SEEKING"]

  • he may devour-καταπίῃ: Verb, Second-Aorist, Active, Subjunctive,    3rd Person, Singular: ["he-may-be-swallowing-up"]

Be sober-Νήψατε (nepsate)-to be sober, watchful, (i.e. to be self-controlled, clear-headed), be vigilant-γρηγορήσατε (gregoresate)-to be vigilant, wakeful, to watch):

 

    sobriety and watchfulness being exceeding necessary and useful in the Christian life; and the one cannot well be without the other: unless a man is sober in body and mind, he will not be watchful, either over himself or others, or against the snares of sin, Satan, and the world; and if he is not on his watch and guard, he is liable to every sin and temptation.

adversary-ἀντίδικος (antidikos)-opponent in law, (universally: an adversary, enemy): 

 

    literally, "opponent in a court of justice". "Satan" means opponent, and "Devil," accuser or slanderer. The word for “adversary” is the same as that used in Matthew 5:25, and carries with it the sense of a plaintiff or accuser in a trial before a judge; he contends with you, is plaintiff against you. He is a defamer and calumniator; who accuses God to men, and men to God, and is therefore styled the accuser of the brethren; he is the saints' avowed and implacable enemy. Satan is an enemy to mankind in general.

a roaring-ὠρυόμενος (oruomenos)-to roar, to howl, (of a lion, wolf, dog, and other beasts) lion-λέων (leon)-a lion)

 

    and this he is called, both on account of his strength, and also because of his rage, malice, and cruelty, which he breathes out against the saints, who, though he cannot destroy them, will do all he can to terrify and affright them.

He is called a serpent to denote his subtlety, a lion to express his fierceness and strength. Sometimes Satan is represented as transforming himself into an angel of light; and sometimes, as here, as a roaring lion: denoting the efforts which he makes to alarm and overpower us. The lion here is not the crouching lion - the lion stealthfully creeping toward his foe - but it is the raging monarch of the woods, who by his terrible roar would intimidate all so that they might become an easy prey. The particular thing referred to here, doubtless, is persecution, resembling in its terrors a roaring lion.

he may devour-καταπίῃ (katapin)-to drink down, swallow up (by implication: complete destruction).

 

    The word for “devour,” literally means: "gulp down or swallow", the thought is of total destruction. This is the end of his walking about: and the like is expressed in Job 1:7 -"and Satan answered before the LORD, and said, "From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.”; to search into the works of the children of men; that so he might have something to accuse them of, and they fall a prey into his hands. This is the work he is continually employed in; he is always seeking to do mischief, either to bodies, or estates of men, especially the former; though he can do nothing in either respect without a permission, not unless he "may"; and though this, with respect to body and estate, is sometimes granted, as in the case of Job, yet never with respect to the souls of any of God's elect, which are safe in Christ's hands, and out of his reach;  this hinders not but that saints should be sober and watchful. Naturalists have observed that a lion roars when he is roused with hunger, for then he is most fierce, and most eagerly seeks his prey.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Ephesians 6:11

11 "Put on-ἐνδύσασθε (endusasthe)- to invest with clothing (literally or figuratively):—array, clothe (with), endue, have (put) on) *the whole armour-πανοπλίαν (panoplian)-whole armour, complete armour) of God, that ye may be able-δύνασθαι (dunasthai)-to be able or possible:—be able, can) to stand-στῆναι (stenai)-to cause or make to stand, to set, place, (metaphorically: resist) against-πρὸς (pros)-towards) the *wiles-μεθοδείας (methodeias)-a method, artifice, cunning, fraud, (i.e. cunning arts, deceit, craft, trickery) of the devil."

  • *example of Greek word: πανοπλίαν (panoplian)-the whole armour click: Luke 11:22

  • *example of G3180: (μεθοδείας-wiles) click: Ephesians 4:14  (μεθοδείαν-they lie in wait)

  • Put on-ἐνδύσασθε: Verb, Aorist, Middle, Imperative, 2nd Person, Plural: ["put-on-ye!"]

  • may be able-δύνασθαι: Verb, Present, Middle or Passive Deponent, Infinitive: ["TO-BE-enABLED"]

  • to stand-στῆναι: Verb, Second-Aorist, Active, Infinitive: ["TO-STAND"//"to-stand-up"]

the whole armour-πανοπλίαν (panoplian)-whole armour, complete armour) of God,:

 

    or “panoply”. The whole description here is derived from the weapons of an ancient soldier. The various parts of those weapons - constituting the "whole panoply". Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness; And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace; Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked. Take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God. A man needs "all" that armor if he is about to fight the battles of the Lord; and if he lacks "one" of the weapons which God has appointed, defeat may be the consequence.

wiles-μεθοδείας (methodeias)-a method, artifice, cunning, fraud, (i.e. cunning arts, deceit, craft, trickery)

 

    The word rendered "wiles", means properly that which is traced out with "method;" that which is "methodized;" and then that which is well laid- art, skill, cunning. Satan, who is the grand enemy of Christ and his people, and a very powerful and cunning one he is; so that the whole armour of God should be put on, which is proof against all his might and craft, in order to stand against him, oppose him, and fight, and get the victory over him, which in the issue is always obtained by believers; for they not only stand their ground in the strength of Christ, and by the use of their armour confound his schemes, and baffle all his arts and stratagems, but are more than conquerors through him that has loved them.

Ephesians 6:12

12 "For we wrestle-πάλη (pale)-the wrestling is) not against *flesh-σάρκα (sarka)-flesh (literally or figuratively), by implication:—a human being) and blood-αἷμα (haima)-blood (literally or