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My Beloved Brother and Sister;

Remember, "For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through-ἐν (en)-in) Jesus Christ our Lord." (Romans 6:23)

1. Repentance

2. Sin

3. Works of the Flesh


1 John 2:15

"Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him."





Authorized Version 1611 [Punctuation / Italics]


King James Bible 1769 [Spelling]

Concordance / Lexicon:

  • Analytical Concordance to the Bible: Robert Young, 1880.

  • The New Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible.

  • Thayer's Greek Lexicon.

  • Friberg Analytical Greek Lexicon

  • Gingrich, Greek New Testament Lexicon

  • Danker, Greek New Testament Lexicon

Greek Text:

Stephanus 1550 & Beza's 1598 & Scrivener's 1894 Textus Receptus.


  •  H/G#### : Strong's Exhaustive Concordance Number:— used when comparing Hebrew or Greek words that share the same Root word, but not the same Parsing / Inflection.

  • Open Bracket [(abc)] : My commentary insert/input.


  • SL (click on to see commentary page)

  • BH (click on to see commentary page)

The Flesh




Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894
19 φανερὰ δέ ἐστι τὰ ἔργα τῆς σαρκός, ἅτινά ἐστι μοιχεία, πορνεία, ἀκαθαρσία, ἀσέλγεια, 20 εἰδωλολατρεία φαρμακεία, ἔχθραι, ἔρεις, ζῆλοι, θυμοί, ἐριθείαι, διχοστασίαι, αἱρέσεις, 21 φθόνοι, φόνοι, μέθαι, κῶμοι, καὶ τὰ ὅμοια τούτοις· ἃ προλέγω ὑμῖν, καθὼς καὶ προεῖπον, ὅτι οἱ τὰ τοιαῦτα πράσσοντες βασιλείαν Θεοῦ οὐ κληρονομήσουσιν.

Galatians 5:19-21  

19 "Now the-τὰ (ta)-the) *works-ἔργα (erga)-work, deed, doing, business (i.e. an act, thing done)) of the-τῆς (tes)-of the) *flesh-σαρκός (sarkos)-flesh, (by implication: human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specially), a human being (as such):—carnal(-ly, + -ly minded), flesh(-ly)) are-ἐστι (esti)-'to be') *manifest-φανερὰ (phanera)-manifest, apparent, evident, known), which are-ἐστι (esti)-'to be') these, adultery-μοιχεία (moicheia)-adultery), fornication-πορνεία (porneia)-fornication, whoredom, (i.e. properly: of illicit sexual intercourse in general)), uncleanness-ἀκαθαρσία (akatharsia)-uncleanness, impurity, (i.e.  physically or morally:—uncleanness)), lasciviousness-ἀσέλγεια (aselgeia)-excess, licentiousness, (i.e. unbridled lust)), 20 Idolatry-εἰδωλολατρεία (eidololatreia)-worship of idols, (e.g. the worship of false gods, avarice)), witchcraft-φαρμακεία (pharmakeia)-a charm, remedy, enchantment with drugs (i.e. sorcery):—(by extension) magic)), hatred-χθραι (echtrai)-enmity), variance-ἔρεις (ereis)-contention, strife, quarrel), emulations-ζῆλοι (zeloi)-zeal, (e.g. an envious and contentious rivalry, jealousy)), wrath-θυμοί (thumoi)-wrath, (i.e. fierceness, indignation)), strife-ἐριθείαι (eritheiai)-contention, strife, quarrel), seditions-διχοστασίαι (dichostasiai)-a standing apart, (i.e. dissension, division)), heresies-αἱρέσεις (haireseis)-properly: a choice, opinion, sentiment, (i.e. dissensions arising from diversity of opinions and aims, sects)), 21 Envyings-φθόνοι (phthonoi)-envy, jealousy), murders-φόνοι (phonoi)-murder, slaughter), drunkenness-μέθαι (methai)-drink, mulled drink, intoxication, drunkenness), revellings-κῶμοι (komoi)-revelry, (a carousal (as if letting loose):—revelling, rioting)), and-καὶ (kai)-and, also) such-τούτοις (toutois)-such as this) like-ὅμοια (homoia)-like, resembling, (i.e. of the same nature, like, similar)): of the which-(ha)-which:—plural) I tell you-ὑμῖν (humin)-you, ye) before-προλέγω (prolego)-to lay out, say or speak before, (i.e. to say beforehand, foretell)), as-καθὼς (kathos)-even or according as) I have also-καὶ (kai)-also) told you in time past-προεῖπον (proeipon)-to say, speak or tell before, to say already)that-ὅτι (hoti)-that) they-οἱ (hoi)-the ones) *which do-πράσσοντες (prassontes)-to exercise, practise, to be busy with, carry on) such things-τοιαῦτα (toiauta)-such as this, (of this kind or sort)) *shall not-οὐ (ou)-no, not) inherit-κληρονομήσουσιν (kleronomesousin)-to obtain by lot, be heir) *the kingdom-βασιλείαν (basileian)-kingdom, (i.e. God's heavenly kingdom)) of God-Θεοῦ (Theou)-God, (God the Father:—the only and true God))."

  • *example of Greek word: ἔργα (erga)-works click: John 3:19 (deeds)

  • *example of Greek word: σαρκός (sarkos)-flesh click: Romans 8:5

  • *example of Greek word: φανερὰ (phanera)-manifest click: 1 John 3:10

  • *example of Greek word: πράσσοντες-which do click: Romans 1:32 (which commit)

  • *example of Greek word: κληρονομήσουσιν (kleronomesousin)-shall inherit click: 1 Corinthians 6:10

  • *example of Greek word: βασιλείαν (basileian)-the kingdom click: Matthew 7:21

  • are-ἐστι: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: Now the works of the flesh ["IS"] manifest, which

  • are-ἐστι: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["IS"]  these, adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which

  • I tell before-προλέγω: Verb, Present, Active, Indicative, 1st Person, Singular: ["I-AM-BEFORE-sayING"//"I-am-predicting"] you, as

  • I have told you in time past-προεῖπον: Verb, Second-Aorist, Active, Indicative, 1st Person, Singular: ["I-BEFORE-said"] also, that they

  • which do-πράσσοντες: Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Plural, Masculine: ["PRACTISING"] such things

  • shall inherit-κληρονομήσουσιν: Verb, Future, Active, Indicative, 3rd Person, Plural: ["SHALL-BE-tenantING"//"shall-be-inheriting"] not the kingdom of God.

the-τὰ (ta)-the) works-ἔργα (erga)-work, deed, doing, business (i.e. an act, thing done)) of the-τῆς (tes)-of the) flesh-σαρκός (sarkos)-flesh, (by implication: human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specially), a human being (as such):—carnal(-ly, + -ly minded), flesh(-ly)) are-ἐστι (esti)-'to be') manifest-φανερὰ (phanera)-manifest, apparent, evident, known),:

    First, the Apostle gives a list of the works of the flesh—not complete but comprehensive—the commission of which excludes men from the inheritance. They cannot plead the promise. It is not for such as they. They shall not inherit the Kingdom of God.-(Cambridge BSC). BH

    Now the works of the flesh are manifest.—It needs no elaborate disquisition to show what is meant by fulfilling the lust of the flesh. The effects which the flesh produces are plain and obvious enough. The catalogue which follows is not drawn up on any exact scientific principle, but divides itself roughly under four heads: (1) sins of sensuality; (2) sins of superstition; (3) sins of temper; (4) excesses.-(Ellicott's Commentary). BH

     Now the works of the flesh . . . are these. The tree is known by its fruits. We show our fruits whether we are of the flesh or Spirit. The works of the flesh are first given. Paul names (1) Three sins of sensuality; (2) two spiritual sins of false religion; (3) sins against our fellow men, of which nine are specified; (4) sins of intemperance, of which two are named.-(People's New Testament). SL 

    Now the works of the flesh are manifest;— If flesh be taken for the irregularities of the appetite,—for that natural corruption which infects the faculties of every man by nature; it extends to the mind, as well as to the appetites of the body; and there will be no difficulty in ascribing each of the particular crimes here enumerated to the flesh, as they all proceed from that corruption, by means of which even the mind and conscience is defiled. Titus 1:15.-(Thomas Coke Commentary). SL

     Now the works of the flesh are manifest (φανερὰ δέ ἐστι τὰ ἔργα τῆς σαρκός). The apostle's purpose is here altogether one of practical exhortation. Having in Galatians 5:13 emphatically warned the Galatians against making their emancipation from the Mosaic Law an occasion for the flesh, and in verse 16 affirmed the incompatibility of a spiritual walk with the fulfilment of the desire of the flesh, he now specifies samples of the vices, whether in outward conduct or in inward feeling, in which the working of the flesh is apparent, as if cautioning them; adducing just those into which the Galatian converts would naturally be most in danger of falling. Both in the list which he gives them of ,ins, and in that of Christian graces, he is careful to note those relative to their Church life as well as those bearing upon their personal private life. "Manifest;"- namely, to our moral sense; we at once feel that these are the outcome of an evil nature, and are incompatible with the influence of the Spirit of God. "Works of the flesh" means works in which the prompting of the flesh is recognizable. The phrase is equivalent to "the deeds or doings of the body," which we are called to "mortify, put to death, by the Spirit" (Romans 8:13). In Romans 13:12 and Ephesians 5:13 they are styled "works of darkness," that is, works belonging properly to a state in which the moral sense has not been quickened by the Spirit, or in which the light of Christ's presence has not shone.-(The Pulpit Commentaries). SL 

    Works of the flesh are manifest- Are made by God obvious to the human conscience; yet St. Paul gives them both to show the shape of the new Christian morality and to impress it upon the newly-converted Galatians. He doubtless selects those transgressions to which the Galatians were most prone. This verse gives that list of vices that specially belong to the sensual nature.-(Whedon's Commentary). SL

Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550
6 τοῦτο γινώσκοντες ὅτι ὁ παλαιὸς ἡμῶν ἄνθρωπος συνεσταυρώθη ἵνα καταργηθῇ τὸ σῶμα τῆς ἁμαρτίας τοῦ μηκέτι δουλεύειν ἡμᾶς τῇ ἁμαρτίᾳ· ὁ γὰρ ἀποθανὼν δεδικαίωται ἀπὸ τῆς ἁμαρτίας


Romans 6:5-7

5 “For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death: we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection: Knowing this, that our old-παλαιὸς (palaios)-old, (figuratively: former, i.e. we, as we were before our mode of thought, feeling, action, had been changed)) man is crucified with-συνεσταυρώθη (sunestaurothe)-to crucify together, (to impale in company with (literally or figuratively):—crucify with) him, that the-τὸ (to)-the) body-σῶμα (soma)-body) of sin-ἁμαρτίας (hamartias)-sin, error, offence, (i.e. body ruled by sin)) might be destroyed-καταργηθῇ (katargethe)-to make of none effect, (to be (render) entirely idle (useless), to cause to cease, put an end to, do away with, annul, abolish, bring to an end)), that henceforth we *should not-μηκέτι (meketi)-no longer, no more, not hereafter, (no further:—any longer, (not) henceforth, hereafter, no henceforward (longer, more, soon), not any more)) serve-δουλεύειν (douleuein)-to serve, to be a slave to (to yield to, give oneself up to)) sin. 7 For he that is dead-ἀποθανὼν (apothanon)-to die away (literally or figuratively):—be dead), is //freed-δεδικαίωται (dedikaiotai)-to justify, declare just) (Gr. justified) from-ἀπὸ (apo)-from, away from) sin.”


  • *example of Greek word: δουλεύειν (douleuein)-should serve click: Romans 7:6 

  • Knowing-γινώσκοντες: Verb, Present, Active, Participle, Nominative, Plural, Masculine: ["KNOWING"] this, that our old man

  • is crucified with-συνεσταυρώθη: Verb, Aorist, Passive, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular["was-crucified-together-with"] him, that the body of sin

  • might be destroyed-καταργηθῇ: Verb, Aorist, Passive, Subjunctive, 3rd Person, Singular: ["may-be-being-nullified"], that henceforth we 

  • should serve-δουλεύειν: Verb, Present, Active, Infinitive: ["TO-BE-SLAVING"] not sin. For

  • he that is dead-ἀποθανὼν: Verb, Second-Aorist, Active, Participle, Nominative, Singular, Masculine: ["one-FROM-DYING"//"one-dying"],

  • is freed-δεδικαίωται: Verb, Perfect, Passive, Indicative, 3rd Person, Singular: ["HAS-been-JUSTifiED"] from sin.

'Knowing this' -'this we know' (Wey); 'Since we realize' (Lenski p. 400). Paul further enlarges upon the idea of death to sin by reminding us that as Christians "our old man was crucified with Christ." 'Old man' -our old disposition, the old self, what we were before we became Christians. 'The man we once were' (NEB). ( Eph_4:22-24 ; Col_3:5-10 ). In these verses it is clear that the 'old man' is the disposition, frame of mind, that gave rise and allowed all our former evil practices. 'Crucified with him' -dying to sin, changing, repentance, killing the old self IS PAINFUL!. Modern Application: At times you will hear Christians talk about a 'good moral non-Christian friend' they are trying to convert. Often people will say about such a person, 'well all they have to do is get baptized'. That's all? They don't need to 'change' anything else? Brethren, 'killing the old man', means putting to death the frame of mind that 'lives for self'. Being crucified with Christ means, living my life for Him, not self. ( Gal_2:20 ; 2Co_5:14 /15 ). 'that the body of sin might be done away' -and why was the 'old man' put to death? 'body of sin' -is the 'house' that the old man lived in. The 'flesh' or 'body' is called the 'body of sin' or 'sinful flesh' (Romans 8:3), because it is often used as the instrument of sin, many offer their bodies as servants to sin. (Romans 6:13). When I was outside of Christ, my body was the tool and servant of sin. When I became a Christian my body became a tool for Christ (6:13; 1Co_6:1, /20 ). To say that the 'flesh' is inherently sinful, would be to call Jesus a sinner. ( Joh_1:14 ). 'should no longer be in bondage to sin' -Note: Paul isn't talking about only those who formerly wallowed in sin. Anyone that sinned was in bondage to sin. ( Joh_8:34 ) Sin has ceased to be my Master when it has lost control of my mind and body. And we make that choice! (Romans 6:1 /13 /16 /17).-(Mark Dunagan). SL

** please contact me if you believe I need to omit or add information to this page. Also, please read the Word of God and study it.

"16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: 17 That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works." (2 Timothy 3:16-17)


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