Day of Judgment
Beloved of the Lord;
Remember: "Strive-Ἀγωνίζεσθε (agonizesthe)-to agonize, contend, struggle) to enter in at the strait gate: for many-πολλοί (polloi)-many, much), I say unto you, will seek to enter in, and shall not-οὐκ (ouk)-no, not) be able." -(Luke 13:24)
Strive-Ἀγωνίζεσθε: Verb, Present, Middle or Passive Deponent Imperative, 2nd Person, Plural: ["be-ye-struggling!"]
1. Judgment Day
Day of Judgment
Authorized Version 1611 [Punctuation / Italics]
King James Bible 1769 [Spelling]
Concordance / Lexicon:
Analytical Concordance to the Bible: Robert Young, 1880.
The New Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible.
Thayer's Greek Lexicon.
Friberg Analytical Greek Lexicon
Gingrich, Greek New Testament Lexicon
Danker, Greek New Testament Lexicon
Stephanus 1550 & Beza's 1598 & Scrivener's 1894 Textus Receptus.
H/G#### : Strong's Exhaustive Concordance Number:— used when comparing Hebrew or Greek words that share the same Root word, but not the same Parsing / Inflection.
Open Bracket [(abc)] : My commentary insert/input.
StudyLight.org: SL (click on to see commentary page)
BibleHub.com: BH (click on to see commentary page)
Day of Judgment
Updating & re-formatting
entire page: pending
35"A good man out of the good treasure-θησαυροῦ (thesaurou)-treasury, treasure, (metaphorically: of the soul, as the repository of thoughts, feelings, purposes, etc.) of the heart-καρδία (kardia)-the heart, (i.e. (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind), bringeth forth good things-ἀγαθά (agatha)-good, (i.e. upright, honorable): and an evil-πονηρὸς (poneros)-evil, (i.e. bad, of a bad nature or condition) man out of the evil treasure, bringeth forth evil things. 36 But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account-λόγον (lagon)-word, reckoning, (i.e. answer or explanation in reference to judgment) thereof in the day of Judgment-κρίσεως (kriseos)-judgment, (i.e. decision (subjectively or objectively, for or against);by extension, a tribunal; by implication, justice (especially, divine law):—accusation, condemnation, damnation, judgment). 37 For by thy words thou shalt be justified-δικαιόω (dikaioō)-to make or declare right), and by thy words thou shalt be condemned-καταδικάζω (katadikazō)-to pronounce judgment against one, to pronounce guilty)."
every-πᾶν (pan)-all, every) idle-ἀργός (argos)-idle, unprofitable, (by litotes equivalent to pernicious) word-ῥῆμα (rema)-a saying, speech, matter, thing): they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment. Men's language discovers what country they are of, likewise what manner of spirit they are of. The heart is the fountain, words are the streams. A troubled fountain, and a corrupt spring, must send forth muddy and unpleasant streams. Nothing but the salt of grace, cast into the spring, will heal the waters, season the speech, and purify the corrupt communication. An evil man has an evil treasure in his heart, and out of it brings forth evil things. Lusts and corruptions, dwelling and reigning in the heart, are an evil treasure, out of which the sinner brings forth bad words and actions, to dishonour God, and hurt others. Let us keep constant watch over ourselves, that we may speak words agreeable to the Christian character.
*** example of Greek word: ἀργός (argos) click: 1 Timothy 5:13
justified-δικαιόω (dikaioō)-to make or declare right)
*** example of Greek word: δικαιόω (dikaioō) click: Romans 3:24
condemned-καταδικάζω (katadikazō)-to pronounce judgment against one, to pronounce guilty)
*** example of Greek word: καταδικάζω (katadikazō) click: Luke 6:37
31"When the Son of man shall come in his glory-δόξῃ (doxa)-glory, (i.e. in a wide application (literal or figurative, objective or subjective):—dignity, glory(-ious), honour, praise, worship.), and all the holy Angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne-θρόνου (thronou)-throne, seat, (by implication: power, for kingly power, royalty; or (concretely) a potentate:—seat, throne) of his glory: 32 And before him shall be gathered all nations-ἔθνος (ethnos)-a nation, (i.e. a race (as of the same habit), i.e. a (tribe, people), and he shall separate-ἀφορίζω (aphorizo)-to border off, to mark off from others by boundaries, to limit, to separate, divide) them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats. 33 And he shall set the sheep-πρόβατα (probata)-a sheep, sheep (metaphorically: the followers of Christ) on his right hand, but the goats-ἐρίφια (eriphia)- a young goat, a kidling (symbolically: wicked person) on the left."
*** example of Greek word: ἔθνος (ethnos)-nations click: Acts 17:26
21"For as the Father raiseth-ἐγείρει (egeirei)-to raise or rouse up, (i.e. to arouse from the sleep of death, to recall the dead to life) up the dead, and quickeneth-ζῳοποιεῖ (zoopoiei)-to give or preserve life, produce alive) them; even so the Son quickeneth whom he will.22 For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed-δέδωκεν (dedoken)-to give, (i.e. to give to one's care, intrust, commit) all judgment unto the Son: 23 That all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. He that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which hath sent him."
raiseth-ἐγείρει (egeirei)-to raise or rouse up, (i.e. to arouse from the sleep of death, to recall the dead to life)
*** example of Greek word: ἐγείρει (egeirei) click: Acts 26:8
the Father-πατὴρ (pater)-father, (i.e. God is called the Father) judgeth-κρίνει (krienei)-to judge, (i.e. used specifically of the act of condemning and decreeing (or inflicting) penalty on one) no man-οὐδένα (oudena)-no one, nothing): or, "For not even doth the Father judge any man"; and if not the Father, to whom judgment belongs, then none other but the Son to whom He hath committed all judgment. To judge (comp. John 5:29) is the opposite of to quicken in the previous verse. The fact that the Son hath power to judge is correlative with His power to quicken whom He will.
*** example of Greek word: κρίνει (krienei) click: John 7:51
hath committed-δέδωκεν (dedoken)-to give, (i.e. to give to one's care, intrust, commit)
*** example of Greek word: δέδωκεν (dedoken) click: John 3:35 (given)
judgment-κρίσιν (krisin)-judgment, (i.e. decision (subjectively or objectively, for or against); by extension, a tribunal; by implication, justice (especially, divine law):—accusation, condemnation, damnation, judgment): The general judgment of the world at the last day, is committed to him; which affair will be managed by Christ, the Son of God, when he comes a second time; he will then raise the dead, that everyone may receive for the things done in his body, whether good or evil; he will gather all nations before him, and all shall stand before his judgment seat, both great and small; he will separate one from another, the sheep from the goats, and set the one on his right hand, and the other on his left; he will bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, and show himself to be the searcher of the hearts, and the trier of the reins of the children of men, and will pass a most righteous and decisive sentence upon all .Moreover, we are there told that the Son was not sent into the world for the purpose of judgment, but for the larger purposes of salvation, and "to give eternal life." Nevertheless, "life" to some is judgment to others, and judgment even unto death is the obverse of the gift of life when the conditions of life are not found.
*** example of Greek word: κρίσιν (krisin) click: John 5:24 (condemnation)
unto the Son-υἱῷ (huio)-son, (i.e. the only begotten son of God): The fact that the Son hath power to judge is correlative with His power to quicken whom He will. Those who are not willing to be made whole remain unhealed. Those who love darkness rather than light abide in the darkness. This is the judgment, but this judicial process was (not the end, but) the consequence of his mission. The Father's ordinary providence, which is always passing judgment upon the lives of men, is now placed in the hands of "the Son."
"For the son of man-(the Lord Jesus Christ) shall come in the glory of his father with his Angels-ἀγγέλων (aggelon)-messenger, agent, one who is sent); and then he shall reward-ἀποδώσει (apodidosei)-to give away, to requite, recompense-(in a good or a bad sense) every man according-κατὰ (kata)-according to ,agreeably to) to his works-πρᾶξιν (praxin)-a work, action)."
26"For as the Father hath life-ζωὴν (zoen)-life, motion, activity (i.e. of the absolute fullness of life) in himself-ἑαυτῷ (eauto)-of himself): so hath he given-ἔδωκεν (edoken)-to give) to the Son to have life in himself: 27 And hath given him authority to execute-ποιέω (poieō)-to do) judgment-κρίσιν (krisin)-judgment, (i.e. decision (subjectively or objectively, for or against); by extension, a tribunal; by implication, justice (especially, divine law):—accusation, condemnation, damnation, judgment) also, because he is the Son of man. 28 Marvel not at this: for the hour-ὥρα (hōra)-hour, (i.e. time, season, any definite time, point of time, moment) is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, 29 And shall come forth, they that have done good-ἀγαθός (agathos)-good, (i.e. what is upright, honorable, and acceptable to God), unto the resurrection-ἀνάστασιν (anastasin)-a standing or rising up) of life-ζωή (zoe)-life, motion, activity, (i.e. partakers of eternal and immortal life), and they that have done evil-φαῦλα (phaula)-worthless, (foul or flawy, i.e. (figuratively) wicked), unto the resurrection of damnation-κρίσεως (kriseos)-judgment, (i.e. the last judgment, the damnation of the wicked, followed by condemnation).
life-ζωὴν (zoen)-life, motion, activity (i.e. of the absolute fullness of life)
*** example of Greek word: ζωὴν (zoen) click: Romans 6:22
hath he given-ἔδωκεν (edoken)-to give)
*** example of Greek word: ἔδωκεν (edoken) click: 1 John 3:24
given-ἔδωκεν (edoken)-to give) him authority-ἐξουσίαν (ezousian)- privilege, authority, the power of authority (influence) and of right): Both in his church and kingdom, in the present state of things, and at the last day, when all shall stand before his judgment seat. Hath appointed him to do this. Has made him to be judge of all. This is represented as being the appointment of the Father, Acts 17:31. The word "authority" here (commonly rendered "power") implies all that is necessary to execute judgment - all the physical power to raise the dead, and to investigate the actions and thoughts of the life; and all the "moral right" or authority to sit in judgment on the creatures of God, and to pronounce their doom.
judgment-κρίσιν (krisin)-judgment, (i.e. decision (subjectively or objectively, for or against); by extension, a tribunal; by implication, justice (especially, divine law):—accusation, condemnation, damnation, judgment)
*** example of Greek word: κρίσιν (krisin) click: Jude 1:6
Son of man: truly and properly man; because though he was in the form of God, and equal to him, yet became man, and was in the form of a servant; and therefore the authority of executing judgment, according to the council and covenant of peace, is committed to him; or that men might have a visible judge, or be judged by one in their own nature.
the graves-μνημείοις (mnemeiois)-memorial, grave, sepulchre, tomb): All the dead, of every age and nation. They are described as "in the graves." Though many have turned to their native dust and perished from human view, yet God sees them, and can regather their remains and raise them up to life. The phrase "all that are in the graves" does not prove that the same particles of matter will be raised up, but it is equivalent to saying "all the dead." This respects the general resurrection; for there will be a resurrection both of the just and unjust, of all that are in their graves; and though all that are dead are not in graves, or interred in the earth, as some are in the sea; yet, because the greater part are in graves, this phrase is chosen to express the universality of the resurrection
*** example of Greek word: μνημείοις (mnemeiois) click: Mark 5:3 (tombs)
good-ἀγαθός (agathos)-good, (i.e. what is upright, honorable, and acceptable to God)
*** example of Greek word: ἀγαθός (agathos) click: Ephesians 2:10
evil-φαῦλα (phaula)-worthless, (foul or flawy, i.e. (figuratively) wicked)
*** example of Greek word: φαῦλα (phaula) click: John 3:20
2 Peter 3:10
"But the day-ἡμέρα (hēmera)-day of the Lord will come as a thief-κλέπτης (kleptes)-a thief, robber, (symb. to come unexpectedly) in the night, in the which the heavens shall pass away-παρελεύσονται (pareleusontai)- to pass away, go along, pass by, (figuratively) perish) with a great noise, and the Elements-στοιχεῖα (stoicheia)-elements, rudiments, (i.e. the component materials of the world) shall melt-λυθήσονται (luthesontai)-to loose, (a primary verb; to "loosen" (literally or figuratively):—break (up), destroy, dissolve, (un-)loose, melt, put off.) with fervent heat, the earth-γῆ (gē)-earth, land, (contracted from a primary word; soil) also and the works-ἔργα (erga)-work, deed, business, toil, labour) that are therein shall be burned up-κατακαήσεται (katakaesetai)-to burn down (to the ground), i.e. consume wholly:—burn (up, utterly)."
1"Therefore, thou art inexcusable-ἀναπολόγητος (anapologetos)-without apology or excuse), O man, whosoever thou art that judgest-κρίνω (krino)-to judge, (i.e. to pronounce judgment, by implication, to try, condemn, punish:—avenge, conclude, damn, decree): for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest-κατακρίνεις (katakrineis)-to judge one down, condemn, damn, (i.e. to judge worthy of punishment, to condemn) thyself, for thou that judgest doest the same things. 2 But we are sure that the judgment of God is according to truth, against them which commit such things. 3 And thinkest thou this, O man, that judgest them which do such things, and doest the same, that thou shalt escape-ἐκφεύξῃ (ekpheuxe)-to flee out or forth) the judgment of God?"
judgment-κρίμα (krima)-judgment, a decision (the function or the effect, for or against ("crime") of God: though men may judge partially and perversely, yet God will judge the world in righteousness by Jesus Christ. Nothing speaks more terror to sinners, and more comfort to saints, than that Christ shall be the Judge. Secret services shall be rewarded, secret sins shall be then punished, and brought to light. The sentence that he will pronounce upon persons, whether Jews or Gentiles, is according to truth — According to the true state of every man’s case; or according to the true character of persons, and the true quality of the actions and dispositions.
truth-ἀλήθειαν (aletheian)-truth, (i.e. truly, truth, verity): This expression is capable of two meanings. The Hebrews sometimes use it to denote truly or certainly. God will certainly judge and punish such deeds. Another meaning, which is probably the correct one here, is that God will judge those who are guilty of such things, not according to appearance, but in integrity, and with righteousness. He will judge people according to the real nature of their conduct, and not as their conduct may appear to people. The secret, as well as the open sinner therefore; the hypocrite, as well as the abandoned profligate, must expect to be judged according to their true character. This meaning comports with the design of the apostle, which is to show that the Jew, who secretly and hypocritically did the very things which he condemned in the Gentile, could not escape the righteous judgment of God.
*** example of Greek word: φαῦλα (phaula) click: John 8:32
1 Corinthians 4:5
"Therefore judge-κρίνετε (krinete)-to judge, (i.e. to pronounce judgment, by implication, to try, condemn, punish:—avenge, conclude, damn, decree) nothing-μὴ (me)-not anything, no, not least) before the time-καιροῦ (kairou)-a fixed time or season), until the Lord come, who both will bring to light-φωτίζω (phōtizō)-to enlighten, bring to light, (bring to, give) light, make to see) the hidden things of darkness-σκότος (skotos)-darkness), and will make manifest-φανερόω (phaneroō)-to make manifest, (to render apparent (literally or figuratively):—appear, manifestly declare, (make) manifest (forth), shew (self) the counsels-βουλή (boule)-counsel, purpose, will) of the hearts-καρδία (kardia)-the heart, (i.e. (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind): and then shall every man have praise-ἔπαινος (epainos)-praise, commendation, approbation) of God."
*** example of Greek word: σκότος (skotos)-darkness click: 1 John 1:6
2 Corinthians 5:10-11
10"For we must all appear-φανερωθῆναι (phanerothenai)-make manifest, (i.e. to be made manifest, to show oneself, appear) before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad. 11 Knowing therefore the terror-φόβος (phobos)-fear, dread, terror) of the Lord, we persuade men; but we are made manifest unto God, and I trust-ἐλπίζω (elpizo)-to hope) also, are made manifest in your consciences-συνείδησις (syneidēsis)-a knowing with oneself, (co-perception, i.e. moral consciousness)."
we must all: This is a reason why the saints are so diligent and laborious, so earnest and intent upon it, to be accepted of the Lord, because they must stand. all the saints as well as others, ministers and people, persons of all ranks and conditions, of every nation, age, and sex; there will be no avoiding this judgment, all "must appear", or "be made manifest"; they will be set in open view, before angels and men; their persons, characters, and actions, even the most secret will be.
the judgment seat-βήματος (bematos)-foot print, tribunal, (i.e. a raised place mounted by steps; a platform, tribune): The tribunal of Christ, who is appointed to be the judge of quick and dead. Who is appointed Judge of the whole earth, who is every way qualified for it.
*** example of Greek word: σκότος (skotos) click: Matthew 27:19
his body-σώματος (somatos)-body, (i.e. the living body): whatsoever he has done whilst in the body; and so this not only reaches to words and actions, but includes all the secret thoughts of the mind, and counsels of the heart, which will be made manifest: and when it is said, that "everyone shall receive" these; the meaning is, that he shall receive the reward of them whether it be good or bad.
good-ἀγαθός (agathos)-good, (i.e. what is upright, honorable, and acceptable to God) or bad-κακός (kakos)-bad, (i.e. to do, commit evil, wicked, harm, ill): Well-grounded hopes of heaven will not encourage sloth and sinful security. Let all consider the judgment to come, which is called, The terror of the Lord. Knowing what terrible vengeance the Lord would execute upon the workers of iniquity.
We persuade-πείθω (peithō)-to persuade, (i.e. to induce one by words to believe): We endeavor to persuade them to flee from the wrath to come; to be prepared to stand before the judgment-seat, and to be suited to enter into heaven. Observe here the uniqueness of the statement. It is not, "we drive people; or we endeavor to alarm people; or we frighten people; or we appeal merely to their fears", but it is, we persuade people, we endeavor to induce them by all the arts of persuasion and argument to flee from the wrath to come.
*** example of Greek word: πείθω (peithō) click: Matthew 27:20
terror-φόβος (phobos)-fear, dread, terror).
*** example of Greek word: φόβος (phobos) click: Romans 13:3
consciences-συνείδησις (syneidēsis)-a knowing with oneself, (co-perception, i.e. moral consciousness).
*** example of Greek word: συνείδησις (syneidēsis) click: John 8:9
"So shall it be at the end-συντελείᾳ (sunteleia)-full end, completion, consummation, end) of the world-αἰών (aion)-age, dispensation): the angels shall come forth, and sever-ἀφοριοῦσιν (aphoriousin)-to boundary off, (i.e. to mark off from others by boundaries, to limit, to separate, divide) the wicked-πονηρός (poneros)-bad, malignant, miserable) from among the just-δικαίων (dikaion)-just, righteous),"
*** example of Greek word: αἰών (aion) click: Matthew 13:39
*** example of Greek word: πονηρός (poneros) click: Matthew 16:4
27"And as it is appointed unto men once-ἅπαξ (hapax)-once, one time) to die-ἀποθανεῖν (apothanein)-to die off or away), but after this the judgment 28 So Christ was once offered to bear-ἀναφέρω (anapherō)-to bear upward, (i.e. to lift up on oneself, to take upon oneself, i.e. to place on oneself anything as a load to be upborne, to sustain) the sins of many, and unto them that look for-ἀπεκδέχομαι (apekdechomai)-to receive out from, wait long for, (i.e. assiduously and patiently waiting for) him shall he appear-ὀφθήσεται (ophthesetai)-to see, be seen) the second time without sin, unto salvation."
appointed-ἀπόκειμαι (apokeimai)-to be laid off or aside, (i.e. reserved for one, awaiting him): Or, “it is reserved;” lit., “it is laid up for.” this statute and appointment of God concerns men, not angels, and reaches to all men, wicked and righteous; and though there have been some exceptions, as Enoch and Elijah; and all will not sleep, or die, some will be found alive at Christ's appearing; yet such will undergo a change which is equivalent to death, as Enoch and Elijah have done: and generally speaking men die but once; it is not usual for men to die, and live again, and then die again; there have been some extraordinary instances of this kind, but they are rare. As to the time, nor should we curiously inquire into it, but patiently wait for it, and quietly submit unto it. This also refutes any belief of re-incarnation; men are not permitted to return to earth to compensate for neglect or failure.
judgment-κρίσις (krisis)-judgment, (i.e. decision (subjectively or objectively, for or against); by extension, a tribunal; by implication, justice (especially, divine law):—accusation, condemnation, damnation, judgment): at the last and general judgment, which will reach to all men, quick and dead, righteous and wicked, and in which Christ will be Judge. Nothing shall interpose to make any alteration in the state or condition of any one, for at death every man’s final state is determined. But we do not find a word in the Scriptures of any particular judgment taking place immediately after death. The main thought of the apostle here may be, that after death will commence a state of "retribution" which can never change. Hence, there was a propriety that Christ should die but once. In that future world he would not die to make atonement, for there all will be fixed and final. If people, therefore, neglect to avail themselves of the benefits of the atonement here, the opportunity will be lost forever. In that changeless state which constitutes the eternal judgment no sacrifice will be again offered for sin; there will be no opportunity to embrace that Saviour who was rejected here on earth.
bear-ἀναφέρω (anapherō)-to bear upward, (i.e. to lift up on oneself, to take upon oneself, i.e. to place on oneself anything as a load to be upborne, to sustain)
*** example of Greek word: ἀναφέρω (anapherō) click: 1 Peter 2:24
without-χωρίς (chōris)-apart, apart from) sin: Or, "apart from, separate from, sin". Not bearing the sin of many on Him as he did at His first coming (even then there was no sin in Him). That sin has been at His first coming once for all taken away, so as to need no repetition of His sin offering of Himself (Heb 9:26). At His second coming He shall have no more to do with sin. He shall come gloriously, without need to suffer or die again for them.
salvation-σωτηρίαν (soterian)-safety, soundness, (i.e. deliverance, preservation): This is to be understood of Christ's visible and personal appearance on earth, which will be a glorious one; he will appear in his own glory, and in his Father's glory, and in the glory of the holy angels, and in the glory of his power, to the joy of saints, and to the terror of the wicked; for every eye shall see him. And the end of his appearance with respect to them, will be "unto salvation"; the end of his first appearance was to obtain salvation for his people, and he has obtained it, and there is a comfortable application of it made unto them by the Spirit of God; but the full possession of it will be hereafter, and into this will Christ put them, when he shall appear.
*** example of Greek word: σωτηρίαν (soterian) click: Romans 1:16
"Because hee-(God) hath appointed-ἵστημι (histēmi)-set, establish, put, place) a day in the which he will judge-κρίνω (krinō)-to pronounce judgment, to subject to censure, to judge) the world-οἰκουμένη (oikoumenē)-habitable earth or land) in righteousnesse-δικαιοσύνῃ (dikaiosune)-rightness, justice), by-ἐν (en)-by (i.e. by (means of) that man-ἀνήρ (anēr)-a man, (by implication: Jesus Christ) whom hee hath ordained-ὁρίζω (horizō)-to mark out or off, to determine, appoint), whereof he hath given assurance-πίστιν (pistin)-faith, trust, conviction, (i.e. moral conviction (of truth, or the truthfulness of God) unto all men, in that he hath raised-ἀνίστημι (anistēmi)- to cause to rise up, raise up) him-(Jesus) from the dead."
1 Peter 4:16-18
16"Yet if any man suffer as a Christian-Χριστιανός (Christianos)-Belonging to Christ, a follower of Christ), let him not be ashamed-αἰσχύνομαι (aischunomai)-to be ashamed, (disfigurement, i.e. disgrace); to feel shame (for oneself):—be ashamed), but let him glorify-δοξαζέτω (doxazeto)-to glorify, honour, (i.e. magnify.) God on this behalf. 17 For the time-καιρὸς (kairos)-a fixed time or season) is come that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if it first begin at us, what shall the end-τέλος (telos)-end, (i.e. final lot, fate, as if a recompense) be of them that obey not the Gospel of God?18 And if the righteous-δίκαιος (dikaios)-right, righteous, just) scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly-ἀσεβὴς (asebes)-irreverent, impious) and the sinner-ἁμαρτωλὸς (hamartolos)-sinful, sinner, erring one) appear-φανεῖται (phaneitai)-to shine, appear, be seen)?"
the house-οἶκος (oikos)-house, (symb. the family of God, of the Christian church) of God: which is frequently called the house of God, and so may design believers in Christ, those that are of the household and family of God: and by judgment is meant, not punishment for sin, strictly speaking, because Christ has endured this in the room and stead of his church and people, and therefore in justice cannot be inflicted on them; but afflictions and persecutions, and which are fatherly chastisements, and different from God's judgment on the world, and condemnation with it. The house of God is the Church. The beginning of judgment is the persecution of the Christians, as our Lord had taught."When we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world". it is the fiery trial, "which is much more precious than of gold that perisheth," the refining fire of affliction.
*** example of Greek word: οἶκος (oikos) click: 1 Timothy 3:15
begin at us: or, us Christians, who believe in Christ, have embraced his Gospel, and profess his name. The judging of the house of God has now gone on for more than eighteen hundred years, but it has not yet touched those who are without. Another ground of consolation to Christians. All must pass under the judgment of God; God's own household first, their chastisement being here, for which they should glorify Him as a proof of their membership in His family, and a pledge of their escape from the end of those whom the last judgment shall find disobedient to the Gospel.
obey not-ἀπειθέω (apeitheō)-to be unpersuaded, disobedient) the Gospel-εὐαγγελίῳ (evanggelio)-good news, tidings, word, (i.e. Gospel of the Kingdom, Gospel of God, Gospel of Christ): And if the way of the righteous be so hard, then how hard shall be the end of the ungodly sinner, who walks in sin with delight, and thinks the righteous is a fool for all his pains! The only way to keep the soul well, is, to commit it to God by prayer, and patient perseverance in well-doing. He will overrule all to the final advantage of the believer.
*** example of Greek word: ἀπειθέω (apeitheō) click: Romans 2:8
scarcely-μόλις (molis)-hardly, scarce (i.e. with difficulty) be saved-σῴζω (sōzō)-to make or keep sound or safe, (to save, i.e. deliver or protect): with much labour and difficulty, through many tribulations, Acts 14:22, as going in the narrow way, and entering in at the strait gate, Matthew 7:13-14. The word implies that there is some difficulty, or obstruction, so that the thing came very near not to happen, or so that there was much risk about it. the righteous are saved with difficulty, or that there are perils which jeopard their salvation, and which are of such a kind as to make it very near not to happen. They would indeed be saved, but it would be in such a manner as to show that the circumstances were such as to render it, to human appearances, doubtful and problematical. "Behold, the righteous shall be recompensed in the earth: much more the wicked and the sinner."
*** example of Greek word: μόλις (molis) click: Romans 5:7
*** example of Greek word: σῴζω (sōzō) click: Matthew 10:22
"And many of them that sleep-יָשֵׁן (yashen)-to sleep) in the dust of the earth shall awake-קוּץ (quwts)-to awake, wake up), some to everlasting-עוֹלָם (`owlam)-age-lasting, evermore) life-חַי (chai)-life, living, alive), and some to shame-חֶרְפָּה (cherpah)-reproach) and everlasting contempt-דְּרָאוֹן (deraon)- abhorrence, thrusting away)."
2 Peter 2:4-6
4"For if God spared not the Angels that sinned-ἁμαρτησάντων (amartesanton)-to sin, err, miss the mark), but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved-τηρέω (tēreō)-to keep) unto judgment: 5 And spared-ἐφείσατο (epheisato)-to spare, forbear) not-οὐκ (ouk)-no, not) the old-ἀρχαίου (archaiou)-primeval, old, ancient) world-κόσμου (kosmou)-arrangement, beauty, adorning, world, (i.e. orderly arrangement, i.e. decoration; by implication, the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively (morally):—adorning, world.), but saved-ἐφύλαξεν (ephulaxen)-to guard) Noah the eighth person a preacher-κῆρυξ (kerus)-crier, proclaimer, herald) of righteousness, bringing in the flood-κατακλυσμός (kataklusmos)-deluge, washing down, inundation) upon the world of the ungodly-ἀσεβής (asebēs)-irreverent, impious): 6 And turning the cities of Sodom-Σόδομα (Sodoma)-"burning", (a city destroyed by the LORD raining fire and brimstone on it) and Gomorrha-Γόμορρα (Gomorra)-"submersion", (a city in eastern part of Judah that was destroyed when the LORD rained fire and brimstone on it; now covered by the Dead Sea) into ashes-τεφρώσας (tephrosas)-reduce to ashes, (to incinerate, i.e. consume:—turn to ashes) condemned them with an overthrow-καταστροφή (katastrophe)-catastrophe, overthrow, (i.e. destruction, subverting), making them an ensample-ὑπόδειγμα (hupodeigma)-an example, pattern (i.e. an exhibit for imitation) unto those that after should live ungodly-ἀσεβεῖν (asebein)-to be or act irreverently);"
spared-ἐφείσατο (epheisato)-to spare, forbear) not the Angels-ἀγγέλων (aggelon)-messenger, agent): or "had no mercy on"; the highest of intelligent creatures "had no mercy on" By whom are meant the devil and his angels; who are spirits created by God and as such were good; their first estate which they left was pure and holy, as well as high and honourable; they, were at first in the truth, though they abode not in it; they were once among the morning stars and sons of God, and were angels of light.
cast them down to hell-ταρταρώσας (tartarosas)-to put in tartarus): "cast down"; with great power, indignation, wrath, and contempt, never to be raised and restored again. they were hurled out of heaven, from whence they fell as lightning, into the "lowest", or inferior places. The Greek word occurs nowhere else, but its meaning is plain—to cast down to Tartarus; and though “Tartarus” occurs neither in the Old nor in the New Testament, it probably is the same as Gehenna. It was regarded, commonly, as beneath the earth; as entered through the grave; as dark, dismal, gloomy; and as a place of punishment. The word here is one that properly refers to a place of punishment, since the whole argument relates to that, and since it cannot be pretended that the "angels that sinned" were removed to a place of happiness on account of their transgression. It must also refer to punishment in some other world than this, for there is no evidence that This world is made a place of punishment for fallen angels.
them into chains-σειραῖς (seirais)-cord, rope) of darkness-ζόφος (zophos)-gloom, blackness, darkness): either to be bound, or held with darkness as with chains; or kept in chains under darkness, as Judges 1:6; where darkness may imply the misery and horror of their condition, and chains, their obduracy in their wickedness, their despair of deliverance, their expectation of future judgment, Hebrews 10:27, together with the providence and power of God, watching over and holding them in that condition, till final vengeance come upon them. It is a metaphor taken from malefactors condemned, who are bound in chains, and kept in the dungeon till execution. Leaving them under the guilt of sin, which is the power of darkness, and in black despair; shutting them up in unbelief, impenitence, and hardness of mind; being holden with the cords of their sins, and in the most dreadful state of bondage and captivity to their lusts, in just judgment on them; and in the most miserable and uncomfortable condition, being driven from the realms of light, deprived of the face and presence of God, in the utmost horror and trembling, and fearful looking for of judgment, and fiery indignation to consume them; and in utter darkness, without the least glimmering of light, joy, peace, and comfort; and where there is nothing but weeping, wailing, and gnashing of teeth.
*** example of Greek word: ζόφος (zophos) click: Jude 1:6
judgment-κρίσιν (krisin)-judgment, (i.e. decision (subjectively or objectively, for or against); by extension, a tribunal; by implication, justice (especially, divine law):—accusation, condemnation, damnation, judgment): when they will be in full torment, which they are not yet in; and then they will be cast into the lake of fire prepared for them, and be everlastingly shut up in the prison of hell from whence they will never more be suffered to go out; till which time they are indeed under restraints, and are held in by Christ, who has the power of binding and loosing them at pleasure; and who then, as the Judge of men and devils, will bring them forth, and pass and execute sentence on them.
preacher-κῆρυξ (kerus)-crier, proclaimer, herald)
*** example of Greek word: κῆρυξ (kerus) click: 1 Timothy 2:7
flood-κατακλυσμός (kataklusmos)-deluge, washing down, inundation)
** example of Greek word: κατακλυσμός (kataklusmos) click: Matthew 24:38
"And I saw the dead-νεκρούς (nekrous)-dead (i.e. deceased), small-μικρούς (mikrous)-little, small, short, (figuratively) dignity):—least, less, little, small) and great-μεγάλους (megalous)-great, (i.e. predicated of rank, as belonging to: persons, eminent for ability, virtue, authority, power), stand before God: and the books-βιβλία (biblia)-a (little) book, roll, scroll) were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life-ζωῆς (zoes)-life, motion, activity): and the dead were judged-ἐκρίθησαν (ekrithesan)-to judge, (i.e. summoned to trial that one's case may be examined and judgment passed upon it) out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works-ἔργα (erga)-work, deed, business, doing)."
41"Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil-διαβόλῳ (diabolos)-accuser, calumniator, (namely, Satan) and his angels. 42 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me no meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink: 43 I was a stranger, and ye took me not in: naked, and ye clothed me not: sick, and in prison, and ye visited me not."
them on the left hand: —As for you on the left hand, ye did nothing for Me. I came to you also, but ye knew Me not: ye had neither warm affections nor kind deeds to bestow upon Me: I was as one despised in your eyes.
Depart-Πορεύεσθε (Poreuesthe)-to go on, (i.e. to depart from): Jesus Christ is the great Shepherd; he will shortly distinguish between those that are his, and those that are not. All other distinctions will be done away. What a world of misery is contained in this word, "Depart"! As the light of God's countenance is happiness, so banishment from his presence is utter woe.
*** example of Greek word: κῆρυξ (kerus) click: Matthew 2:9
ye cursed-κατηραμένοι (kateramenoi)-to wish a curse against one, to curse, doom, imprecate evil upon): That is, you who are devoted to destruction, whose characters deserve everlasting punishment, and who are about to enter into it. "To curse" is the opposite of "to bless." It implies a negation of all the blessings of heaven, and a positive infliction of eternal sufferings; He had called the righteous, "blessed of my Father." It was no part of God's design that any of his creatures should suffer this misery. "God made not death, neither hath he pleasure in the destruction of the living. For he created all things, that they might have their being...but ungodly men with their words and works called death unto them."
everlasting-αἰώνιος (aionios)-age-lasting, (i.e. eternal, for ever) fire-πῦρ (pur)-fire): The wrath of God; and the phrase expresses the intolerable fierceness of it, and its perpetual continuance; the sense of which, without intermission, will ever be felt in the conscience; and is the punishment of sense, the wicked will for ever endure: it may also intend the pit and prison of hell, where these torments will be for ever inflicted.
*** example of Greek word: αἰώνιος (aionios) click: Matthew 19:29
*** example of Greek word: πῦρ (pur) click: Matthew 7:19
angels-ἄγγελος (angelos)-messenger, agent): The devil is the prince of evil spirits. This place of punishment was suited for him when he rebelled against God. His messengers, his servants, or those angels that he drew off from heaven by his rebellion, and whom he has employed as his "messengers" to do evil. The word may extend also to all his followers - fallen angels or people. There is a remarkable difference between the manner in which the righteous will be addressed, and the wicked. Christ will say to the righteous that the kingdom was prepared for them; and to the other, that the fire was not prepared for "them," but for another race of beings. they will inherit it because they have the same character "as the devil," and are therefore suited to the same place - not because it was originally "prepared for them."
*** example of Greek word: ἄγγελος (angelos) click: Revelation 12:7
34"Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed-εὐλογημένοι (eulogemenoi)-to speak well of, to praise) of my Father, inherit-κληρονομήσατε (kleronomesate)-to obtain by lot, (i.e. to be an heir to (literally or figuratively):—be heir, (obtain by) inherit(-ance) the kingdom-βασιλεία (basileia)-kingdom) prepared for you from the foundation-καταβολῆς (kataboles)-a casting or laying down, founding) of the world-κόσμος (kosmos)-arrangement, beauty, world): 35 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: 36 Naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me."
*** example of Greek word: καταβολῆς (kataboles) click: Luke 11:50
"He that heareth-ἀκούω (akouo)-to give ear, hearken, hear) you, heareth me: and he that despiseth-ἀθετέω (atheteō)-to put aside, (i.e. to reject, refuse, slight) you despiseth me: and he that despiseth me, despiseth him that sent me."
"And now, little children, abide-μένετε (menete)-to remain, continue) in him, that when he shall appear-φανερόω (phaneroō)-to make manifest), we may have confidence-παρρησία (parrēsia)-free-spokenness, boldness, (i.e. free and fearless confidence, cheerful courage), and not be ashamed-αἰσχυνθῶμεν (aischunthomen)-to be ashamed, (i.e. to feel shame (for oneself):—be ashamed) before him at his coming-παρουσία (parousia)-presence, (i.e. the future, visible, return from heaven of Jesus)."
1"I charge-διαμαρτύρομαι (diamartyromai)-to testify thoroughly) thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick-ζάω (zaō)-to live, have life) and the dead-νεκρός (nekros)-dead, (i.e deceased) at his appearing, and his kingdom: 2 Preach the word-λόγος (logos)-a word, speech, matter, reason, (i.e. the word of God), be instant in season-εὐκαίρως (eukairōs)-in good season, (i.e. seasonably, opportunely; when the opportunity occurs), out of season-ἀκαίρως (akairos)-out of season, unseasonable), reprove-ἐλέγχω (elegchō)-to convict, refute, confute), rebuke-ἐπιτιμάω (epitimaō)-to set a weight upon, chide, (i.e. to admonish or charge sharply), exhort-παρακαλέω (parakaleo)-to call near, or for, (i.e. beseech, call for, (be of good) comfort, desire, (give) exhort(-ation), intreat, pray) with all long suffering-μακροθυμίᾳ (makrothumia)-long suffering, (i.e. patience, endurance, constancy, steadfastness, perseverance) and doctrine-διδαχή (didachē)-teaching (the act), (i.e. [the act of] teaching, instruction)."
4"And I say unto you my friends-φίλοις (philois)-friend, (properly: dear, i.e. a friend), Be not afraid of them that kill-ἀποκτείνω (apokteinō)-to kill entirely, (i.e. slay, put to death) the body-σῶμα (sōma)-body, (i.e. the living body), and after that, have no more that they can do. 5 But I will forewarn-ὑποδείκνυμι (hypodeiknymi)-to show secretly, (i.e. to warn) you whom ye shall fear: Fear him-φοβήθητε (phobethete)-to cause fear, terrify, (i.e. to fear one, be afraid of one), which after he hath killed, hath power-ἐξουσία (exousia)-authority, privilege) to cast-ἐμβαλεῖν (embalein)-to throw in, cast into) into hell-γέεννα (geenna)-gehinna, (figuratively) as a name for the place (or state) of everlasting punishment:—hell), yea, I say unto you, Fear him."
Fear him-φοβήθητε: Verb, Aorist, Passive Deponent, Imperative, 2nd Person, Plural: ["be-ye-being-afraid-of!"]
8"Also I say unto you, Whosoever-πᾶς (pas)-everyone that) shall confess-ὁμολογέω (homologeō)-to speak the same thing (as another) me before men, him shall the Son of man also confess before the Angels of God: 9 But he that denieth-ἀρνέομαι (arneomai)-to deny, disown) me before men, shall be denied-ἀπαρνέομαι (aparneomai)-to deny utterly) before the Angels of God."
"For as the lightning-ἀστραπή (astrapē)-lightning) cometh out of the East, and shineth-φαίνω (phainō)-to (cause) to appear, shine) even unto the West: so shall also the coming-παρουσία (parousia)-a being alongside, presence, (i.e. the coming, arrival, advent) of the Son of man-(Jesus Christ) be."
“Grudge-στενάζετε (stenazete)-to groan, sigh, murmur) not-μὴ (me)-no, not least) one against another-κατ ἀλλήλων (kat allelon)-against each other), brethren-ἀδελφοί (adelphoi)-brethren, (i.e. fellow Christian, fellow believer:—plural), lest-ἵνα μὴ (hina me)-that not) ye be condemned-κατακριθῆτε (katakrithete)-to pronounce judgement against one, (i.e. damn): behold-ἰδού (idou)-see!, lo!), the Judge-κριτὴς (krites)-a judge, (by implication: the Lord Jesus) standeth-ἕστηκεν (esteken)-to set, place) before-πρὸ (pro)-before, in front of) the door-θυρῶν (thuron)-door:—plural).”
Grudge-στενάζετε: Verb, Present, Active, Imperative, 2nd Person, Plural: ["be-ye-groaning!"] not
ye be condemned-κατακριθῆτε: Verb, Aorist, Passive, Subjunctive, 2nd Person Plural: ["ye-may-be-being-condemned"]
the door-θυρῶν: Noun, Genitive, Plural, Feminine: ["DOORS"]
"And, behold-ἰδού (idou)-see!, lo!), I come quickly-ταχύ (tachy)-quickly, speedily), and my reward-μισθός (misthos)-hire, wage, reward, (i.e. pay for service (literally or figuratively), good or bad) is with me, to give every man-ἑκάστῳ (hekasto)-each, every) according as his work-ἔργον (ergon)-work, deed, business, (i.e. doing, labour, toil) shall be."
(2 Timothy 3:16-17)
16 "All Scripture is given by inspiration of God-θεόπνευστος (theopneustos)-God-breathed), and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, 17 That the man of God may be perfect-ἄρτιος (artios)-fitted, perfected, fully ready, (by implication) complete:—perfect)), thoroughly furnished-ἐξηρτισμένος (exertismenos)-to fit out, (i.e. to furnish perfectly, equip completely)) unto all good works-ἔργον (ergon)-work, deed, doing, labour, (by implication: an act))."
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